Apiculture value chain development: interventions and lessons
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Apiculture value chain development: interventions and lessons

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Poster for the ‘Market-Oriented Smallholder Development: IPMS Experience-Sharing Workshop,’ Addis Ababa, 2-3 June 2011

Poster for the ‘Market-Oriented Smallholder Development: IPMS Experience-Sharing Workshop,’ Addis Ababa, 2-3 June 2011

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  • 1. Apiculture value chain development Interventions and lessons Knowledge Va l u e c h a i n i n t e r v e n t i o n s management / Capacity development Input supply interventions: Ta r g e t i n g • Owners of traditional hives with sufficient water and forage resources • Landless youth • Women can be targeted for Involve cooperative and private shops Involve small scale carpenters, bee in the sale of beekeeping accessories keepers in construction of top bar modern hives which are easy and providing services (wax foundation hives sheets) to manage and inspect in their backyard Knowledge management / skill Apiculture value chain actors and development their roles Access knowledge through study tours, farmer field days, farmer to farmer exchange Increase supply of bee colonies by splitting techniques Knowledge/Skills Input supply programs, and woreda knowledge centers MoARD, BoARD, oARD services Production interventions: EARS (Holeta) Apiculture shops Private apiculture industry Cooperative shops Specialist farmers Local carpenters Consultants Colony producers-collec- NGOs (SNV) tors Emphasize practical training including indifenous knowledge with follow up by available experts Honey Producers Top bar hives or transitional hives, Frame hives or modern hives should should be considered when the main be considered when honey extraction market outlet is for crude honey. equipment is available and a market for pure honey has been identified. Credit Processing / Additional ICT-supported Marketing information /knowledge via Microfinance institutions Ethiopian Agriculture Portal Cooperatives Private apiculture industry (EAP) www.eap.gov.et NGOs Cooperatives Private apiculture industry Traders Apiculture shops Match apiculture development with Often hives are managed in backyards available bee forage resources of individual farms. including new crops, rehabilitated grazing areas, planted multipupose bee forages. Lessons & Challenges • Apiculture value chain development is a continuous process, which requires new responses in knowledge, skills and interventions and sets of actors depending on differences in the level of commercialization of households and Districts. Processing / Marketing interventions • In all Districts the project has been able to assist in the commercial transformation process for apiculture production by introducing and/ or expanding the use of improved (frame and top bar) hives through a participatory market oriented value chain approach. Productivity increases vary considerably between farmers and will need further attention with increased levels of commercialization. • Previous production interventions had focused solely on the introduction of frame hives, which are appropriate for beekeepers and Dis- tricts, with a substantial market for pure honey. At early stages of commercialization, where the main market is for crude honey, top bar hives are more adequate for most farmers and Districts. It is noted that improved hives are easier to manage by women as compared to traditional hives. • In general the public sector staff and beekeeper’s knowledge and skills required for the introduction of improved hives were inadequate and were therefore augmented with i) study tours, ii) in service training with follow up learning sessions in the field, iii) improved access to knowledge through Woreda Knowledge Centers and FTCs and iv) use of trainers from the apiculture industry, research and consultants. Since apiculture does not need own land resources, landless youth groups and women can be targeted. • To improve apiculture management, attention need to be paid to matching bee forage resources with apiculture development, especially Stimulate cooperatives and private sector partners to develop village when such forage becomes available as a result of area closures and soil and water conservation. level honey extracting and/or pressing services once honey volumes from frame or top bar hives are sufficiently increased • To cope with the demand for colonies, colony transfer technologies (from traditional to improved hives) were introduced together with colony splitting services by specialized beekeepers. • The supply of accessories for improved hive management is still at an early stage, but some private sector involvement, supported with credit, can already be observed in a few locations. This development should be stimulated when there is increased commercialization. • Commercial marketing of pure honey from frame hives is emerging, but has not yet resulted in a financially sustainable honey extraction service at village or community level. Some examples (Atsbi, Ada) are emerging of agro industry providing such services through mobile units. • While linkages with large scale processors of pure honey were made, farmers, at this stage of commercialization are still selling most of their honey in the established channels (often at higher prices). With increased commercialization more attention needs to be paid to de- veloping linkages with this new evolving market, including niche market development. • Apiculture in general has a positive effect on the environment since it benefits other crops. It is noted however that it is usually negatively affected by the commercialization of agriculture – through land use changes and use of agro chemicals. Honey from improved hives is a new product, which requites a new market, predominantly outside the District. New market channels have to be developed to link Districts with large urban centers and exporters.