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Ethiopian livestock feed (ELF) project: Fodder and feed in livestock value chains in Ethiopia

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Presented by Alan Duncan at the Inception workshop for the ‘Fodder and feed in livestock value chains in Ethiopia’ project, ILRI, Addis Ababa, 21-22 February 2012

Presented by Alan Duncan at the Inception workshop for the ‘Fodder and feed in livestock value chains in Ethiopia’ project, ILRI, Addis Ababa, 21-22 February 2012

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  • 1. Ethiopian Livestock Feed (ELF) Project Fodder and feed in livestock value chains in Ethiopia – trends and prospects By Alan Duncan, Inception meeting for the ‘ Fodder and feed in livestock value chains in Ethiopia ’ project ILRI, Addis Ababa, 21-22 February 2012
  • 2. Why are we here?
    • ACIAR have agreed to fund a feed scoping study in Ethiopia (Fodder and feed in livestock value chains in Ethiopia – trends and prospects )
  • 3. Structure
    • Duration: Feb – June, 2012!
    • Lead implementer: ILRI
    • Collaboration with EIAR and ARARI
    • Parallel activities: ACDI-VOCA
    • Implementation
      • Co-ordination: ILRI (Alan)
      • India research: ILRI (Nils)
      • Tanzania research: CIAT (Brigitte)
      • Additional inputs
        • on feeds: Ben, Michael
        • on value chains/ economic assessment: Ayele?
        • on Tz dairy scene and wider issues: Amos
  • 4. Outputs
    • Refined tools for feed resource assessment, value chain analysis, rapid market appraisal and feed technology prioritization
      • Targeted value chain assessment of feed elements of dairy, beef and sheep value chains
    • Data base of price, quality and volume data on a seasonal basis for key feeds associated with the target value chains.
    • Synthesis of experiences with successful small ruminant feeding strategies from elsewhere and their local applicability
    • Assessment of feed availability and demand for small ruminant production in Menz area*
    • Synthesis workshop
  • 5. Anticipated links to other initiatives
    • Gates-funded East Africa Dairy Development Project (Phase 2)
    • Multi-donor funded Agricultural Growth Programme for Ethiopia
    • CIDA-funded Livestock Value Chain Enhancement (LIVES) project
    • CGIAR Research Programme 3.7, More milk, meat and fish, for and by the poor which involves targeted research on the small ruminant value chain in Ethiopia.
  • 6. Objectives
    • Original: To develop a preliminary understanding of how feed components of intensifying livestock production systems in Ethiopia are changing as systems intensify and how this is reflected in the feed-related elements of focal value chains
    • Evolving: To develop refined tools for rapid assessment of feed resources to allow effective feed intervention strategies to support intensification of livestock production in value chains benefiting smallholder producers.
  • 7. Which tools?
    • Value chain analysis (VCA)
    • Feed assessment tool (FEAST)
    • Feed technology prioritization (Techfit)
  • 8. Value chain analysis
    • Commodity: milk, meat, eggs …
    • Production
      • Who produces? What breeds? How are they fed? What are the problems?
    • Inputs/services
      • Who supplies… AI, feed, drugs, equipment…? Problems?
    • Processing and marketing
      • How is product processed? what are the market channels? Problems?
  • 9. Feed Assessment Tool (FEAST)
  • 10. PRA plus quick quantitative assessment of feed resources PRA Quantitative assessment
  • 11. Techfit
    • Tool for Feed Technology Screening and Prioritisation ( Techfit)
  • 12.  
  • 13. Process vs output
    • Tools are designed as “ discussion tools ”
    • No recipes or blue prints. Only a way of guiding and informing enquiry and suggesting options
    • Use of tools needs to involve a range of actors: research, development, private sector, NGO etc
  • 14. Gaps
    • Tools are prototypes
    • Sequencing needs to be thought through
    • Action phase needs to be developed further
  • 15. Deliverables Deliverable & milestone date Activity Timing Menz assessment report (4), May 15 th Inventory and balance sheet of feed resources March- early May Synthesis report, SR feeding strategies (3), May 15 th Desk study March-April Database of feed prices, quality & vol (2.2), June 15 th Literature search and field data April-early June R eports of feed assessments of dairy, beef and sheep value chains (2.1), May 30 th Training for, and field-testing of, VCA, Techfit and FEAST and reporting Training: early March; Field-testing: mid March - late April; Draft site reports: early May; Synthesis reports: late May. Synthesis reports on FEAST and Techfit tools (1), June 15 th Field-testing and evaluation, and synthesis workshop Testing: early March-late May Workshop: Late May-early June Synthesis workshop report (5), June 30 th Synthesis Workshop and reporting Late May/early June      

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