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Achievement of the community based sheep breeding project in Menz area

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Presented by Tesfaye Getachew and Solomon Gizaw at the ICARDA-ILRI-BOKU Project workshop on Designing community-based breeding strategies for indigenous sheep breeds of smallholders in Ethiopia, Addis …

Presented by Tesfaye Getachew and Solomon Gizaw at the ICARDA-ILRI-BOKU Project workshop on Designing community-based breeding strategies for indigenous sheep breeds of smallholders in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, October 29, 2010.

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  • 1. Achievement of the community based sheep breeding project in Menz area Presented by Tesfaye Getachew and Solomon Gizaw at the ICARDA-ILRI-BOKU project workshop on Designing community-based breeding strategies for indigenous sheep breeds of smallholders in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, October 29, 2010. Debre Berhan Agricultural Research Center
  • 2. Background
    • Menz
    • One of the food insecure district
      • High contribution of sheep to the livelihood
    • Government focused on sheep specialization
    • Adaptive to low feed resource
    • Resistant to parasite
    • Tasty meat
  • 3.
    • Within breed improvement are highly challenging
    • Small flock size
    • Pedigree information
    • Performance recording
    • Uncontrolled mating
    • Negative selection
    • Inadequate farmers organization at village level
    • Take long time
    • Feed, health and market problems
  • 4. Designing community-based breeding
    • Planning work shop in Feb 2007
    • Site selection
    • Project site
        • Sinamba and Boda in Menz Gera
        • Keyafer and Zole in Menz Mamma
  • 5.
    • Awareness creation in October 2007
    • Questionnaire survey in December 2007
      • Characterization of breed and their production system
      • Herding and breeding practices, selection criteria, constraints of sheep production . . .
    Designing community-based breeding
  • 6.
    • Choice experiment in 2008,
    • Ranking of animals, 2008
    • Heritability exercise, 2008
      • Identifying selection criteria and breeding objective
    • Market studies, 2008/09
    • Social network, 2009
    Designing community-based breeding
  • 7. Designing community-based breeding
    • Alternative breeding strategy was designed
    • presented to farmers in May 2009
      • Farmers agreed to select 10% of the ram and to use the selected rams for 2 years
      • Two stage ram selection (at 6 month and yearling)
      • live weight, lamb survival and fleece weight
  • 8. Designing community-based breeding
    • Base line flock establishment (June 2009)
      • Menz Gera about 1500
      • Menz Mamma about 1100 sheep were recorded
      • A total of 125 households
    • Herd book provided for each farmers
    • An enumerator recruited for data collection
    • Training provided to farmers
  • 9. Achievements
    • About 1800 births with full record
  • 10.
    • Farmers have been practiced data collection
  • 11. Ram selection
    • Two round selection was implemented
    • 1 st round (Feb 2010)
      • 12 ram lambs selected from 150 candidate in Gera
      • 8 ram lambs selected from 42 candidate Mamma
    • 2 nd round (June 2010)
      • 11 ram lambs from 84 candidate in Gera
      • 13 ram lambs 100 candidate in Mamma
  • 12. Sheep selection Feb 20, 2010 Sheep selection and Award
  • 13.
    • Lamb Id 11728
    • Rank 1
    • Birth Date Aug 2, 09
    • Birth weight 1.8
    • TMWt 12.5 kg
    • Smwt 19.07 kg
    • Ewe parity 2
    • EPPWT 25.2 kg
    Sheep selection and award
  • 14.
    • Lamb ID 11559
    • Rank 2
    • Birth Date July 4, 2009
    • Birth Weight 2.1
    • TMWT 18.3
    • SMWT 23.67
    • Ewe parity 4
    • Ewe PPWT 21.0
    Sheep selection and award
  • 15.
    • Lamb Id 11548
    • Rank 3
    • B Date July 31, 09
    • Birth Wt 2.5 kg
    • TMWT 15.5 kg
    • SMWT 18.89 kg
    • Ewe parity 5
    • Ewe PPWT 21.4 kg
    Sheep selection and award
  • 16. Best farmers Award Sheep selection and award
  • 17. Group photo with farmers holding their best sheep Rosette
  • 18. Ram grouping
    • Ram group has been formed
      • Neighborhood
      • Communal grazing land
      • Number of ewes
    • 8 ram group/village, each having 5 to 8 HHs
    • Selected rams assigned to each ram group
    • We have a signed agreement with each group
    • Each group has their own leader
  • 19.
    • The leaders are responsible
      • For ram rotation within group
      • Report any problem observed on the ram
      • Communicate the group with the researchers
    Ram selection
  • 20.
    • Forage development
      • Oat/vetch hay
      • Trelucern
    • Developing and Introducing feeding and fattening package
      • Breeding ewe feeding
      • Lamb fattening
      • Old ewe
      • Castrated
    Feed intervention
  • 21.
    • Animal health activities
      • Paseurellosis, liver fluke and coenurosis
    • We are in process to start community health service
      • Farmers are selected
      • We planned to train and equip them
    Health intervention
  • 22.
    • Cooperative (under way)
      • Facilitate ram selection, rotation and utilization
      • Forage development
      • Fattening and marketing
    • Challenging
    • Farmers organized in informal way
    • 5 farmers selected as committee/village
    • Prepared by law (Menz Gera)
    Co-operative formation
  • 23.
    • Other activities
      • highland fruit
      • horticulture
  • 24.
    • Farmers are interested to this project
    • Considered as good way to escape poverty
    • Team work
    • Commitment of scientists and researchers
    • The breeding program is at infant age (1.25 yrs)
    • The breed improvement set up is appreciated
    • Best rams are maintained
    • Ram utilization has settled
      • Definitely they will transfer their genes to the their offspring
    • This indicated that we will achieve what we plan
    Conclusion
  • 25.
    • Many of the problems have got solution
      • Negative selection
      • Uncontrolled mating
      • Small flock size
      • Pedigree information
      • Performance recording
  • 26.
    • Some still require support
    • Inadequate farmers organization at village level
    • Feed, health and market problems
    • Take long time
    • Skipping at this time is a loss
    • We have to be with farmers until they, surrounding farmers and development agents start to appreciate the change
  • 27. Thank You