A national platform/network for land and water management in the Nile Basin: Why do we need one? Kees Swaans and Ranjitha ...
Land and water management in the Nile Basin  Globalisation  (knowledge networks, markets) Institutions  (local, national, ...
Need for innovation <ul><li>I nnovation is something new, what has not been tried before in a certain context </li></ul><u...
Actor landscape <ul><li>Over 140 actors engaged in RWMS (mainly governmental organizations, universities, research institu...
Experiences (implementation) <ul><li>Although recent guidelines and training programs emphasize ‘participation’ of communi...
Experiences (research) <ul><li>Little systematic comparative research on water management practices and technologies, and ...
Why a platform <ul><li>Innovation processes can be enhanced by creating more possibilities for actors to interact  </li></...
Platforms as part of  Learning alliances Other Districts Local level Regional National  Sites within district Non-project ...
Roles of the alliances   <ul><li>Advisory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitate participatory planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
What needs to be scaled up/out? <ul><li>Principles and methods of stimulating local innovation processes </li></ul><ul><li...
Action Learning <ul><li>A process in which a group of people come together more or less regularly to help each other to le...
How do you facilitate learning? <ul><li>Periodic meetings and workshops with stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Joint action p...
Things to define precisely.. <ul><li>Why a platform/network?  </li></ul><ul><li>How do we define it – what are we trying t...
Hoped for outcomes <ul><li>Better information sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Less duplication of efforts </li></ul><ul><li>More...
Traps we need to avoid <ul><li>All talk no action – need some concrete actions to build momentum </li></ul><ul><li>Relying...
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A national platform/network for land and water management in the Nile Basin: Why do we need one?

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Presented by Kees Swaans and Ranjitha Puskur (ILRI) – Nile BDC 'Platforms' Workshop, Addis Ababa, April 8, 2011

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A national platform/network for land and water management in the Nile Basin: Why do we need one?

  1. 1. A national platform/network for land and water management in the Nile Basin: Why do we need one? Kees Swaans and Ranjitha Puskur (ILRI) – Nile BDC Workshop, Addis Ababa, April 8, 2011
  2. 2. Land and water management in the Nile Basin Globalisation (knowledge networks, markets) Institutions (local, national, regional, global) Markets (consumption, supermarkets, integration) Policy (decentralisation, privatisation) <ul><ul><li>Population pressure Climate change </li></ul></ul>Intensification Soil erosion Evolving challenges and opportunities Huge implications for the poor
  3. 3. Need for innovation <ul><li>I nnovation is something new, what has not been tried before in a certain context </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in terms of technologies, way of organization, institutions (they way we routinely do things), and policies </li></ul><ul><li>Hence innovation also refers to a social process involving many different actors </li></ul>
  4. 4. Actor landscape <ul><li>Over 140 actors engaged in RWMS (mainly governmental organizations, universities, research institutes, national and international NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>Few, but potentially useful private sector actors operate in the basin; similarly a few development associations seem to be important </li></ul><ul><li>18 loosely organized networks and forums; most focus on broad areas of rural and agricultural development (certain aspects of water such as use or conservation) </li></ul><ul><li>Over a dozen (mostly) cross-region on-gong and new initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>(source Ayele et al, 2011) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Experiences (implementation) <ul><li>Although recent guidelines and training programs emphasize ‘participation’ of communities, it will take many years to change the dominant culture of the government and change the mind set of communities. </li></ul><ul><li>People are so constrained in terms of meeting short-term consumption requirements that they cannot wait for benefits that at best accrue only in the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of policy for management of rain water, so called ‘green water policy’ </li></ul><ul><li>Minimal integration of water management, and management of livestock and agroforestry, and non-availability of low-cost equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation programs have not been linked sufficiently to research programs </li></ul><ul><li>(Source: Merrey and Gebreselassie, 2011) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Experiences (research) <ul><li>Little systematic comparative research on water management practices and technologies, and the various ways to improve the productivity of water used by crops, livestock and forestry. </li></ul><ul><li>The outcomes and social and economic impacts of these technologies are not well-researched </li></ul><ul><li>Gap related to the interactions and synergies among diverse RWM technologies and practices </li></ul><ul><li>Need for nuanced in-depth local level case studies on local, cultural, social and institutional dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-disciplinary participatory action-research on RWM is rare in Ethiopia </li></ul><ul><li>(Source: Merrey and Gebreselassie, 2011) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Why a platform <ul><li>Innovation processes can be enhanced by creating more possibilities for actors to interact </li></ul><ul><li>For better coordination – strive for complementary and integrated approaches </li></ul><ul><li>For sharing and learning – how can we do things better </li></ul><ul><li>For engaging and informing policy makers – to create an enabling environment </li></ul>
  8. 8. Platforms as part of Learning alliances Other Districts Local level Regional National Sites within district Non-project sites within district Learning Scaling out Chair Chair
  9. 9. Roles of the alliances <ul><li>Advisory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitate participatory planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitate scaling up innovations (technical, institutional and organisational) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitate ownership/institutionalisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitate an enabling policy environment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>M&E </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>of process and outcomes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>of project and alliance activities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific learning events </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. What needs to be scaled up/out? <ul><li>Principles and methods of stimulating local innovation processes </li></ul><ul><li>Lessons from experience in supporting institutional change </li></ul><ul><li>Lessons in building multi-stakeholder partnerships to create enabling conditions for local innovation processes </li></ul>
  11. 11. Action Learning <ul><li>A process in which a group of people come together more or less regularly to help each other to learn from their experience. </li></ul><ul><li>The experience can be something which is taking place, or more often is set up for the occasion.  </li></ul><ul><li>It is cyclic, involves action and reflection on that action.  </li></ul><ul><li>Intended to improve practice.  </li></ul>
  12. 12. How do you facilitate learning? <ul><li>Periodic meetings and workshops with stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Joint action planning, implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure visits </li></ul><ul><li>Learning alliances </li></ul><ul><li>Platforms </li></ul>
  13. 13. Things to define precisely.. <ul><li>Why a platform/network? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we define it – what are we trying to achieve? - clear objectives </li></ul><ul><li>At what level should it be established? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What would their functions be? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What would be their membership? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who would facilitate them </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Format and frequency </li></ul><ul><li>Communication & policy engagement </li></ul><ul><li>… . </li></ul>
  14. 14. Hoped for outcomes <ul><li>Better information sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Less duplication of efforts </li></ul><ul><li>More momentum through shared action </li></ul>
  15. 15. Traps we need to avoid <ul><li>All talk no action – need some concrete actions to build momentum </li></ul><ul><li>Relying on facilitator to “push” action </li></ul>
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