Galaxy Forum Kansas 2014 -- Daniel Webb -- Colonizing Mars and Investigations with Cassini and Juno

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Galaxy Forum Kansas 2014 -- Daniel Webb -- Colonizing Mars and Investigations with Cassini and Juno

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Galaxy Forum Kansas 2014 -- Daniel Webb -- Colonizing Mars and Investigations with Cassini and Juno

  1. 1. Colonizing Mars and Investigations with Cassini and Juno Daniel Webb Galaxy Forum 2014
  2. 2. Road Map • Mars – Future Missions to Ultimate Goal – Missions Outside of NASA – Terraforming Possible? • Saturn – Cassini Spacecraft – Enceladus – Titan • Jupiter – Juno
  3. 3. Why Mars is not fun to live on • It’s pretty cold – 70°F at best – -225°F – Approx. -76°F to -50°F for our respective location
  4. 4. Why Mars is not fun to live on • It’s pretty cold • Its atmosphere is escaping
  5. 5. Why Mars is not fun to live on • It’s pretty cold • Its atmosphere is escaping • Less atmosphere = Lots of radiation! • Little Oxygen
  6. 6. Organizations Targeting Mars • Nasa – Mars Exploration Missions
  7. 7. NASA Mars Exploration • Opportunity – Rover exploring minerals • Curiosity – Rover laboratory • MAVEN – Atmosphere evolution • Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter – Finding evidence of past water
  8. 8. Mars Exploration Future • InSight – Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport – Systems that can drill hundreds of meters below the surface
  9. 9. Mars Exploration Future • InSight – Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport – Systems that can drill hundreds of meters below the surface • Astrobiology Field Laboratory – Search for past or present life
  10. 10. Organizations Targeting Mars • Nasa – Mars Exploration Missions • SpaceX
  11. 11. SpaceX • “The reason SpaceX was created was to accelerate development of rocket technology, all for the goal of establishing a self- sustaining, permanent base on Mars.” • Falcon 9 – Reusable rocket • Falcon Heavy Weight – Able to carry heavy loads of supplies
  12. 12. Organizations Targeting Mars • Nasa – Mars Exploration Missions • SpaceX • Mars One
  13. 13. Mars One • Detailed plan for a capsule based colony 2018- Comsat Mission 2020- Rover Launched 2022- Cargo and Supplies Launched 2023- Outpost Operational 2024- Crew One Launched 2025- Crew One Arrival 2026- Crew Two Departure
  14. 14. Organizations Targeting Mars • Nasa – Mars Exploration Missions • SpaceX • Mars One • Inspiration Mars Foundation – Not actually landing on Mars
  15. 15. Terraforming? • What must be done? – Atmospheric Pressure Increase – Increase of Greenhouse Gases – Surface Temperature Increase – Melt Polar Ice
  16. 16. SATURN
  17. 17. Cassini-Huygens Spacecraft • Launched in 1997 • Arrived in 2004 • Size of a bus • Orbits Saturn, taking data from of Saturn and its satellites • Landed Huygens probe on Titan in 2005
  18. 18. Enceladus • Frozen Ice Moon – ~100% Albeito • Possible Tidally Heated • Plume ejects particles that came from liquid saltwater from beneath the crust.
  19. 19. Titan • Smaller than it looks • Very thick atmosphere • Has a hydrological system of methane • Huygens probe found spongey ground MS-ESS1-3: Analyze and interpret data to determine scale properties of objects in the solar system
  20. 20. JUPITER AND JUNO
  21. 21. Jupiter • Gas Giant (1.9x1027kg, radius 70,000km) • Mostly Hydrogen • Lacks well defined solid surface • Very bright in the night sky • Has 67 moons, 4 of which discovered by Galileo – Io, Ganymede, Europa, Calypso HS-ESS1-4: Use mathematical or computational representations to predict them motions of orbiting objects in the solar system
  22. 22. JUNO 2016 • Juno will improve our understanding of the solar system's beginnings by revealing the origin and evolution of Jupiter. • Determine how much water is in Jupiter's atmosphere, which helps determine which planet formation theory is correct (or if new theories are needed) • Look deep into Jupiter's atmosphere to measure composition, temperature, cloud motions and other properties • Map Jupiter's magnetic and gravity fields, revealing the planet's deep structure
  23. 23. Thank You

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