European policy debate:
How do we support older workers?
3rd September 2013
This event is kindly supported by Prudential
#...
Welcome
Tim Fassam
Head of Public Affairs
Prudential
This event is kindly supported by
#workinglongereu
Welcome
Baroness Sally Greengross
Chief Executive
ILC-UK
This event is kindly supported by
#workinglongereu
Steve Webb MP
Minister of State for Pensions
Response to Research
This event is kindly supported by
#workinglongereu
David Sinclair
Assistant Director, Policy and Communications
ILC-UK
Working Longer: An EU perspective
This event is kindly...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank
dedicated to addressing issues of longevi...
Response to Research
This event is kindly supported by
#workinglongereu
Christopher Brooks
Policy Adviser for Employment a...
Panel Debate and Q&A
• How can we tackle the barriers to working longer amongst
older women
• How can we improve the skill...
European policy debate:
How do we support older workers?
3rd September 2013
This event is kindly supported by Prudential
#...
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'How can we support older workers?' an ILC-UK European policy debate, supported by Prudential

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Tuesday 3rd September, M&G, Governor’s House, Laurence Pountney Hill, London, EC4R 0HH, 16:00 for a 16:30 start – 18:30

Featuring Steve Webb MP (Minister for Pensions); Christopher Brooks (Age UK) and David Sinclair (ILC-UK), presenting findings from a new policy review of European innovations in supporting longer working lives. Chaired by Baroness Greengross, CEO, ILC-UK and cross-bench peer

Europe needs older workers. Its long-term ageing population and recent economic hardships are creating huge fiscal and demographic pressures - pressures which could be greatly relieved if it can encourage its workers to remain in work for longer.

How is this to be achieved?

The European Union recently launched its Europe 2020 strategy which set employment targets of 75% for workers aged 20-64. However, with the old-age dependency ratio for the EU28 predicted to climb over 50% by 2050, much more still needs to be done.

In this event we will hear UK and EU perspectives on how older workers can be supported, with contributions from Steve Webb MP, the UK Minister for Pensions; and Christopher Brooks (Age UK)

To inform this debate, ILC-UK launched a report at the event, supported by Prudential, which shares key policy approaches being taken across to support older workers.

Published in: News & Politics, Career
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'How can we support older workers?' an ILC-UK European policy debate, supported by Prudential

  1. 1. European policy debate: How do we support older workers? 3rd September 2013 This event is kindly supported by Prudential #workinglongereu
  2. 2. Welcome Tim Fassam Head of Public Affairs Prudential This event is kindly supported by #workinglongereu
  3. 3. Welcome Baroness Sally Greengross Chief Executive ILC-UK This event is kindly supported by #workinglongereu
  4. 4. Steve Webb MP Minister of State for Pensions Response to Research This event is kindly supported by #workinglongereu
  5. 5. David Sinclair Assistant Director, Policy and Communications ILC-UK Working Longer: An EU perspective This event is kindly supported by #workinglongereu
  6. 6. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. David Sinclair, International Longevity Centre – UK @ilcuk @sinclairda
  7. 7. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Thank you Thanks also to Gordon Scott, Tim Fassam and Prudential for making this piece of work possible. Brian Beach, Jessica Watson And: Matt Hawkins, Michelle McGagh, Trinley Walker. The participants at our consultation event in Brussels in June 2013. Including our speakers at the event, Rebecca Taylor MEP, Oscar Vargas (Eurofound), David Lain (University of Brighton), Clare Talbot (Department for Work and Pensions, UK). Thanks particularly to Maureen O’Neill (President of the Social Affairs Section, European Economic and Social Committee), for hosting the event.
  8. 8. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Working Longer: An EU Perspective  Explored what works  Why do some EU countries do much better than others when it comes to older workers?  Policy and evidence review  28 country profiles  Event in Brussels (EESC)  Incorporated latest statistics  ILC-UK are an international organisation  One of 14 members of the ILC family (USA; Israel; India; China; Brazil; South Africa..)  We are currently working on European projects on immunisation; constipation; health seeking behaviour; IT  Frequently called on to speak internationally
  9. 9. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Explored the role of innovation in extending working lives Extending working lives Discussed the macro- economic importance of extending working lives Highlighted the need for a new narrative about retirement. Highlighted the barriers to gradual retirement for older workers. Made the case for focusing on the demand for older workers Set out the reasons why people retire when they do
  10. 10. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Summary Participation rates of older workers across Europe Why do we need to work longer? What is the EU doing? Seven challenges to overcome What should we do? Messages for the Minister
  11. 11. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Participation rates of older workers across Europe
  12. 12. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Who “does” older workers well? http://www.flickr.com/photos/85169589@N00/1027343397/in/photolist-2yMppc-5ohnBt-d5C9Dq- 7VXeAX-8Dopm9-8DokGs-8DkdhV-8DnzoQ-8DnF1s-8DnHQ3-cNNv2d-9H5AuG-7J8a4d-8Doqsm-8DjHSg- 8DkaAB-8Dkp54-8DonDo-8DkmpV-8DoiuG-8Dog5J-8Dowms-8Dkivt-8Doo45-8Dkpot-8DouFN-8Dk96R- 8Dkaht-8DovfQ-8Dkosi-8Dka1T-8DotJq-8DohRm-8DomR1-8DoidN-8Doe4f-8Dk822-8DoiQE-8DohzC- 8DjMVF-8DnRwo-8DnSCj-8DjPY2-8DjuKB-8DjCTr-8DnDVG-8DnBPy-8DjNKZ-8DjLXc-8DjtF4-8DnAxy Over 80% of men and 70% of women aged 55-64 in Sweden are part of the labour force. Fewer than one in five women aged 55-64 in Malta are in work.
  13. 13. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. When would Tintin retire? The Labour Force Participation of Belgians aged 55-64 is under 50% In 1929 Tintin was 14- 17 He would now be between 97 and 100 He would (probably) have retired a long time ago http://www.flickr.com/photos/97043691@N05/8975822752/in/p hotolist-eFaroG-eFaq4q-aFk3ge-8jb8T7-9Kbhqj-axt3E4-ffpKZe- aeNV3z-aiBjFu-bBFoCG-dKZ9MJ-aoT3vQ-dvGbsV-aFjAC4-ax3hHd- 9Hhp4B-9yPKVt-9taEdN-8fLk2L-7XVGwS-aH2rRk-b15Ffc-eu3XGm- 8zZ1hJ-8iSLY7-dhsKmn-dNAEoo-ayQUtD-aGaR44-aGaQXD- a3oAeU-a3oBqh-dpDmWX-ex8UnK-8swDeC-cARkbu-8QdyRs- ayQUvK-axqX7E-7H8VNP-7H8bMg-7Hc7VG-7Hc8vW-7H8WeF- auFs3Z-7ZN6ig-8gGkU5-9xQ22w-bcC9rx-9Cpaxt-a3k2jx
  14. 14. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. A culture of early retirement Belgium has a strong culture of early retirement, which puts it among the countries with the lowest levels of older workers. In 2006 the Solidarity Pact between Generations was introduced, including a goal to increase the employment levels of the older age group (55+). Since these measures were introduced, the Belgian government has supported a number of initiatives such as workplace improvements, intergenerational relations in the workplace and health at work schemes. In 2012, the OECD reported that its impact on these fronts had been ‘minimal’.
  15. 15. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Since the 1970s.. 1970s-90s: Long-term falls in the participation of older workers continues due to unemployment; public and private pension schemes incentivising early retirement; and the provision of relatively generous pension schemes and social security. 1995-2007: The long-term falls in employment of older people across Europe begin to reverse as incentives to retire early are reduced. Post 2007: The growth in the participation of older workers across Europe continues despite the recession. However, unemployment amongst older people increases.
  16. 16. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. The Netherlands – a typical example? The Netherlands saw huge falls in employment of older workers between the 1970s and 1990s. Labour marker participation of older men fell from 81% in 1971 to 42% in 1993. This drop has been attributed to ‘a generous social security system that has actively promoted early retirement’. Nonetheless, it has also witnessed the sharpest participation level increase among OECD countries during the subsequent decade, up by more than 16%. http://www.flickr.com/photos/terence_s_jones/7403905450/sizes/m/in/p hotolist-chfX9f-fbFJRW-fbFB5E-9YzaoF-9Yzbcv-9YC567-8dr1h4-92Z5ZA- 9614JN-9RJ9zf-7TwDqg-8wSmh5-866eaa-8gJd51-7AFfh6-8ecNHW-7LZqLX- bG9gAD-9S13LM-9GXirS-ayFH7x-a2jySg-9Htd6A-9Q1oy8-bVJ4QF-8JgZjV- 9GUsgB-9S4bGf-9S4m4w-9S1SaM-9S4pUh-9S1jUB-9S48EE-9S7ZpU-9S1PST- a1LuUt-9S1yZT-9S133F-9S1kHe-9S4HcU-9S4CbW-9S4Noj-9S4MgY-9S1D7P- 9S4qFw-9S4vG9-9S1GJi-9S1Hhk-9S4fCL-9S4Af3-9S4u49/
  17. 17. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. “Europe” is interested in older workers In 2001, the European Council of Stockholm set a target to increase the employment rate among older workers (55 to 64) in the EU to 50% by 2010, up from 37% in 2000. The 2002 Barcelona Target then set the ambition of adding five years to the average age at which workers exit the labour market. The EU’s flagship Europe 2020 growth strategy targets a 75% employment rate for workers aged 20-64 by 2020. Achieving this will require increased participation of older people in the workforce and a reduction in rates of early retirement and labour market exit.
  18. 18. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Half of 55-64 year olds across Europe are not in work
  19. 19. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Labour Force Participation rates by gender for people aged 55-64 in 2012
  20. 20. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Participation is up Across the EU, the Labour market participation of older workers is up http://www.flickr.com/photos/mike_miley/9329810305/sizes/m/in/photolist-fdrHyn-8xz3FR-9vnwcd- fAtowj-dzqfDv-dL6bCk-7JYQ65-aeEvcc-aTr5g8-7TmCAE-8xbijT-8x91h7-cCpgPq-cCpeuh-cCpeSj-8x6272- e1Btov-e1H8kd-e1H8i5-e1H7RU-e1H8ym-e1Bt2e-e1H7T7-e1H8qq-e1BtwF-e1Btc4-e1H8M3-e1BtjB- e1BsW4-e1H7Hm-e1BsZz-e1H8Tb-e1BtvD-e1H7NL-e1H835-e1H7US-e1BtJB-7TYQKq-a5s36p-cAsDzu- cAsK5Y-cAsGqo-dQiX5Q-8w36Fd-fCmQeo-7GG6RH-dKD24E-9mPYKU-aeHusB-dPUVKv-dQ1xmQ/
  21. 21. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Changes in Labour Force Participation of Males aged 55-64, 2002-2012
  22. 22. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Changes in Labour Force Participation of Females aged 55-64, 2002-2012
  23. 23. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Percentage of men aged 55-64 in employment in 2002 and 2012
  24. 24. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Percentage of Women Aged 55-64 in Employment in 2002 and 2012
  25. 25. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. But it is not time for complacency  Across Europe, just under one in three of those aged 60-64 are in employment  Just 13% of Hungarians aged 60-64 were in work in 2010 compared to over 60% of Swedes.  There are still countries where fewer than 40% of people aged 55-64 are in employment (Slovenia, Malta, Greece, Croatia, Hungary, Belgium and Poland in 2012).  In one third of Member States, no more than one out of five workers (60-64) is employed.’  Over the period 2002-2008, the average age of labour market withdrawal among the EU-28 had only increased by an estimated 1.3 years, from 60.1 to 61.4 http://www.flickr.com/photos/heartindustry/3539408126/sizes/z/in/photolist- 6oLoJ3-6t2ZRY-6tE2Zp-6tE2Zt-6tE2Zz-6yNN61-6zee36-6zg5kx-6zGKop-6Azi8D-6Azj1X- 6C6Jc3-6DfPU7-6F7Z4y-6HsjYN-6KxdVN-6PMdG9-6RTF24-6RTVSj-74t2G7-757chN- 76mWJ9-77X5Vp-78orde-79ZZG9-7bpyf9-7cLdny-7hJf7s-7jwENJ-7kTpsU-7kY2Ku- 7pri8t-7psPSN-7qZWHT-7rtx6Z-7tB2Lw-7uskh2-7wghjp-7wghNr-7wghQF-7wk6Jj- 9WDMaM-89dsU1-7TYQKU-dBf26o-84k1CX-eeoG5V-eYkq5p-eYkrkr-eYkt5c-eYkqER/
  26. 26. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Why do we need to work longer?
  27. 27. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. We are living longer
  28. 28. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. And more of us expect to work longer A 2010 survey of 7,500 citizens in ten European countries found an expectation among 55% of respondents that working lives would extend beyond current national ‘retirement ages’. But we still don’t like the idea of higher “retirement ages” ‘a 2012 Eurobarometer survey showed most Europeans (60%) reject the need for higher retirement ages.
  29. 29. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. And we will need the money Adapted from Aon 2010 State Pension Age has increased (and/or become less generous). Unless we extend working lives there are significant risks of future pensioner poverty
  30. 30. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Governments are beginning to link SPA to longevity In Sweden, pension entitlements are adjusted on the basis of expected life expectancy at the time of retirement. The Greek government has created an automatic adjustment mechanism that will kick-in in 2020 and will incrementally increase the statutory retirement age in line with increases in average life expectancy. The UK is exploring how to link pension age to life expectancy.
  31. 31. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Fewer workers The number of working age adults across Europe has begun to decline across the EU-28. Despite the recession, some sectors of the European economy already suffer from skills shortages. There are 13.5 million UK job vacancies, which need to be filled over the next ten years, but only seven million young people are projected to leave school and college over that time. A report published by the Dutch Ministry of Interior and Kingdom Relations has suggested that by 2020 ‘there will be gaps of 30% or more in the employment pool for teachers and policemen, and even higher gaps for nurses’. http://www.flickr.com/photos/yooperann/86 84179741/sizes/m/in/photolist-eeoG5V- eYkq5p-eYkrkr-eYkt5c-eYkqER-eYwQ3A- eYkst8-eYksZe-eYusTG-egUZvF-8LzKbh- 8NXiGF-dG2nQD-dxeYhH-aeo7Fr-aW6xkV- 7TYQJN-7NE7J6-7NE7ug-cCsnC3-cCsonj- cCsmY7-8Xunt9-cCJC3N-9vYwDu-cCKwUW- drCVg5-bYvrFJ-boAHXD-ePBAmL-9bTuNn- 7AWjby-8rpRUo-fAzNBv-aeEupK-b8haur- 93ywzE-d8CVHw-fysKGk-9ukpCn-aeEvBc- aeEDbp-aeECQM-9qWM9P-fAtoq9-bY34zN- aJDtZF-8XMw7e-8x61Sr-asR8ab-84RcrD/
  32. 32. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Projected Old-Age Dependency Ratio, 2010-2060
  33. 33. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Migration won’t solve the problem The EU will receive over 60 million net migrants over the next 50 years (yearly average of around 0.2% of the EU population). Although inward migration could play a part in reducing dependency ratios, the EU would require a far higher level of net migration to maintain the current dependency ratio (an additional 11 million migrants by 2020).
  34. 34. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. And migration within the EU is creating significant problems for some member states With over a million Bulgarians currently choosing to live and work abroad Bulgaria is increasingly suffering from an exodus of people of working age. Eurostat estimates that in 2060 Bulgaria’s old-age dependency ratio will hit 60% – and at that stage it will be the fifth highest in Europe. This problem is being confounded by a low-birth rate and by poor public health – the latter of which is prompting people to withdraw from the labour market prematurely. The Bulgarian government has expressed its desire to take action to promote economic activity amongst older workers and tackle this worrying trend towards a reliance on an increasingly small working-age population
  35. 35. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. The cost of ageing Across the EU, age-related spending is projected to rise from an annual cost of 25% to 29.1% of GDP between 2010 and 2060.
  36. 36. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Europe’s Economy needs older workers  Older workers are likely to play an important part in delivering future EU economic growth  The lump of labour fallacy has been debunked “States with the highest employment rates for older workers also have some of the lowest youth unemployment rates.’ http://www.flickr.com/photos/wobblin/93110984/sizes/m/in/photolist- 9edDN-cEtQ8-d9vjk-dsULJ-e2UpY-i8roy-nCkvH-qCksF-suxzs-xifA2- AXqRq-HUtkC-K5ZPt-2xDrtX-34HXSE-3bkVxT-3n2a4g-3s8Y22-3z6FTQ- 3JiS8Y-3KaBnu-4dHUEQ-4iCUGq-4wNbM8-4wSkmb-4KyV1j-4N3Rc1- 56fKcL-57iwU3-583aQs-5cva8f-5k543p-5nxxYa-5vzBXm-5xCQMQ- 5AdZMc-5BStWT-5QYtPA-5R3Qve-5RUEc2-5WwEZ7-69cPMM-6cCG5h- 6nzjkK-6oLoJ3-6tE2Zp-6tE2Zt-6tE2Zz-6Azi8D-6Azj1X-6C6Jc3/
  37. 37. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. A retirement, not an ageing problem
  38. 38. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. EU Initiatives supporting working longer Pensions and retirement  Promoting ‘adequate, safe and sustainable’ pensions  Encouraging Member States to reform public pensions systems Employment law, equality and age discrimination  Legislating on age discrimination  Support and promotion of Member States’ policies  Creating strategies around active ageing and extending working lives Structural and cohesion funds Funding research Funding programmes such as FP7
  39. 39. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. EU support to national policymakers: coordinated strategies and mutual learning  Understanding demographic change  The European Employment Strategy  The Open Method of Coordination (Social Inclusion and Social Protection)  Challenging age-based discrimination  Equal opportunities for people with disabilities  A strategy for gender equality  Social innovation  The EU Programme for employment and social solidarity (Progress)  Public health priorities, physical activity promotion and funding  Promoting accessibility and mobility  Promoting ICT for active ageing  Encouraging lifelong learning
  40. 40. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. European Social Fund Slovakia has used the €1.5 billion received from the European Social Fund in 2007-2013 to invest in education and training. From 2007-2011, 24,000 new jobs were also created. Although these jobs were not specifically for older people, the project does aim to establish a lifelong learning culture in Slovakia.
  41. 41. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Seven challenges to overcome
  42. 42. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Seven Challenges to overcome  Achieving gender equality  Skilling up the older workforce  Supporting older people in the recession  Matching the demand and supply of older workers  Tackling ageism  Improving health  Recognising the diversity of the working experience
  43. 43. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Achieving gender equality In every EU Member State, the life expectancy of women is higher than that of men, by 5.9 years on average. Yet despite living longer across the EU, women participate less in the labour market and retire earlier.
  44. 44. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Pension equalisation Increasing the employment rates of older women is important in the context of the move towards gender equalisation of pension ages across Europe.  In 2009 13 Member States had lower pensionable ages for women than for men.  By 2020, 18 will have equalised pension ages.  Five further Member States have long-term plans to equalise pension ages, and just four have no legislation in place to do this.
  45. 45. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Are things changing? In the UK, 30 years ago women’s work was mainly low- skilled manual work. Now those women working in their 50s are working at similar levels - if not pay - as men. There is a significant gender divide in Malta. While 74.6% of males in the 55-59 age group are in employment, the figure shrinks to 22.5% for women. The main reason for this withdrawal from the workforce (generally and also specifically for women) is not due to retirement but a culture in which families are the main care units for the old, young, or disabled.
  46. 46. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Gender difference in employment rates of people aged 55-64, 2012
  47. 47. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Skilling up the older workforce The current cohort of older workers in Europe have low levels of education and qualifications compared to younger groups, and are more likely to have worked in agriculture and production http://www.flickr.com/photos/vancouverislanduniversity/7030135879/sizes/m/in/p hotolist-bHehti-bujtkb-bujsVQ-bHehDa-85BTMf-fB3sz9-8U4aEt-8U7ef5-8U7dZq- 8U4azx-8U7e2J-8U4amK-8U4aoF-8U4bBx-8U4aqD-8U4ava-8U4bxt-8U4awT-8U4aJT- dANpSj-efjvLR-efjvMa-fAtoH5-efqfy9-9TKhNE-dMDErt-cC4Rpo-dyTQy4-dyZiFS- dyTQBk-dyTQfH-dyZiRW-dyTQVk-dyZj3E-cbr6db-cC4RQf-dpMRHC-dM4fu3-eBwiug- 9sWF5C-bqSX4Z-8L8bJY-bHefuX-asYrni-8pHJLM-bVbsTU-egmkn9-d9aUVJ-bxEvP5- bxEvrf-bLzdct/
  48. 48. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. In Poland, 350 universities have registered to become Third Age Universities as part of a scheme designed to promote more flexible learning for older people. The Polish programme 45/50 PLUS provides on-the-job and vocational training for older people to help them return to the job market. In order to increase the education and training opportunities, the German government intends to introduce greater flexibility to working time and open up more sabbaticals for its older workforce. The Estonia Unemployment Insurance Fund (EUIF) has therefore invested in mentoring and counselling schemes for older workers.
  49. 49. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Supporting older people in the recession In all recessions before 2008, older workers were treated as a disposable resource: the first to leave, encouraged by early retirement and generous redundancy schemes. Increasing unemployment over recent years has meant that European policy-makers particularly at a Member State level, have not had an adequate incentive to invest in policy initiatives to improve access to the workplace for older workers.
  50. 50. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Portugal, Spain, Cyprus, Greece, and Ireland, the countries arguably hardest hit due to the economic crises, have seen falls in the employment rates of men aged 55-64. But these countries are not alone; of the 28 Member States just seven - Malta, Austria, Germany, Poland, Bulgaria, Finland and Slovakia – have seen unemployment fall between 2002 and 2012 for men aged 55-64, with Slovakia witnessing the largest fall in unemployment. http://www.flickr.com/photos/9908376@N07/4373407902/sizes/ m/in/photolist-7EsRNw-8RJjdB-bxWpLx-etxshm-7Ucs5f-7LijWT- atUvu1-aJB6ma-8HgfbD-84JRCz-7xLBS4-7URU5v-awFypQ-e1wDjw- 9FUpvN-f36Fby-8UuX2V-8rqiTR-bxDTPt-9LSGwg-8Eqq7X-bJ64j2- e14cTm-9qrePP-8tQSxH-8y4MwB-8y8Crf-9qR8sV-7LAAaq-9KQC44/
  51. 51. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Unemployment rate of men aged 55-64 in 2002 and 2012
  52. 52. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Unemployment rate of women aged 55-64 in 2002 and 2012
  53. 53. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Long-term unemployed (12+months) as % of total unemployment for people aged 55-64 in 2012
  54. 54. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. The current (2012) unemployment rate in Finland is around 7.5%, below the EU average, and the employment levels of older people have increased more than employment overall. However, older workers are often over- represented among those made redundant. http://www.flickr.com/photos/76657755@N04/8125991446/sizes/ m/in/photolist-do4Q9N-aFgGDj-86TEBW-9X5Lqo-f5vgmU-f5vg6m- bpmgQw-cZXCwf-f5Aius-a3c5r8-8Bgicg-fbumXo-bTYvjt-9h1sGm- 8aHRDx-7GNpAC-8aM9nq-7JRuoY-7JMyH4-9JJouy-7JMyFV-7JRujY- 7JRuiW-aNpW5P-aZhUrc-8fc3Fd-dntomG-8kSS8s-8kPEYD-8kPEV6/
  55. 55. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Matching demand and supply in the labour market  Is Europe’s economy creating the right jobs to meet the needs and wishes of the supply of older workers  A need for a focus on demand. More part time work opportunities? http://www.flickr.com/photos/viskadourakis/3468991141/sizes/ m/in/photostream/
  56. 56. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Tackling ageism A survey of employers from five European countries in 2010 found large numbers of employers opposed to the idea of employees working even past 60, let alone 65  Kelly Services reported that ageism was a bigger issue than gender discrimination in Hungary.  In Romania, ‘the labour market and its actors are still relatively less positive to older workers’.  Employers in Greece tend to view age as an inhibitor to productivity, rather than seeing the benefits that experience and knowledge can bring.  Despite ageism being a particular challenge in Estonia, there are at present few if any efforts made to create an age-friendly culture amongst employers and the general population.
  57. 57. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Improving health 45% of survey respondents were concerned about health as a barrier to working longer. In Germany and Norway, about two-thirds of respondents said this was their main worry (Aon 2010) Our analysis has found relatively few initiatives by governments or employers to explicitly improve the health of older workers.
  58. 58. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change.  All Portuguese workers of 50+ are now required to carry out annual general medical exams.  Ageing at Work is a European Commission supported project that develops training for HR professionals on health and age management at a European level.  The Work Ability model developed by the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health offers a framework and set of interventions to help organisations make the necessary adjustments.
  59. 59. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Recognising the diversity of the working experience  Older workers across Europe are more likely than other ages to be self employed, on open-ended contracts, or working part-time.  We need to better understand the informal economy in relation to older workers?
  60. 60. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. What should be done to support working longer?
  61. 61. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Taking a life course approach to working longer A high percentage of people aged 25-49 across Europe are in employment (78% in 2010), and there is not significant variation across the EU (between 70% in Spain and 85% in Sweden). The EU and Member States should not seek to ‘pitch one generation against another’ in creating opportunities for extending working lives; The EU and Member States should begin to measure labour market adjusted dependency ratios; Member State initiatives to support flexible working should be accessible to people of all ages; People of all ages should be supported and encouraged to take up learning opportunities.
  62. 62. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Better use of fiscal incentives to support working longer  The EU is right to continue to promote increases in state pension age as a tool not just for fiscal sustainability, but to nudge an increase in the participation of older workers;  Member States should not assume that increases in pension age alone would automatically increase retirement age. Member States will also need to do more to support and encourage, rather than just force, working longer;  The EU should evaluate the impact of pension reform on extending working lives;  Member States should remove any existing incentives for early retirement that remain within their state pension systems.  Member States should explore policies that consider the impact retirement has on couples, not just individuals.
  63. 63. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. What works?  A nation-wide measure in Bulgaria to encourage businesses to hire unemployed persons of aged 50 and above had, by 2011, hired an estimated 500 people, whilst another scheme (HRD) had been estimated to have helped just 100 older people back into work.  In Spain, the government attempted the introduction of partial pension systems. This programme had poor take-up.  Belgium introduced a 2006 Solidarity Pact between Generations, including a goal to increase the employment levels of the older age group (55+). The Belgian government has supported a number of initiatives such as workplace improvements, intergenerational relations in the workplace and health at work schemes. In 2012, the OECD reported that its impact on these fronts had been ‘minimal’.
  64. 64. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change.  A Portuguese New Opportunities Initiative gives preferential access for older people to lifelong learning. So far, however, this has registered a very small number of workers of age 55+.  As of 2008, employees in Poland aged 45+ have been able to use the services of the Labour Office for vocational training and financing the cost of personal qualifications. In 2010 just 601 employees aged 45+ received training support through the Labour Office.  The Portuguese Intervention Programme for the Senior Unemployed was launched to stimulate job creation for older workers. From 2008-2010 this reached just half of the number of unemployed it was expected to reach (an expected 90,000 people).
  65. 65. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Incentives to early retirement remain  There are positive disincentives in Hungary to remain in work because pension wealth actually declines after the age of 60.  Early retirement schemes have played a major part in reducing the participation of older people in the workforce in the Czech Republic.
  66. 66. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Creating more, better and more appropriate jobs for older workers  The EU should better promote the potential to use the European Social Fund to provide more support for older workers;  The EU and Member States should better promote good practice in workplace and job adaptation.  EU and Member State initiatives to tackle age discrimination should continue;  The UK’s experience of removing the default retirement age should be evaluated with a view to speeding a process of ensuring that older people may not legally be discriminated against in employment simply because of their age;  The EU and Member States should continue to ensure that workplaces are appropriate and safe for an older workforce;
  67. 67. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Creating more, better and more appropriate jobs for older workers  Member States should take a strategic approach to working longer rather than introduce ad-hoc initiatives. The strategic, long-term approach should involve employers, employees and trade unions;  EU regional policy should support the creation of jobs for people of all ages. It should recognise and respond to the challenges of ageing regions and understand the diversity of approaches needed at a regional level;  The EU and Member States should focus more attention on demand side solutions to extending working lives. Creating the sort of jobs for an ageing society;  The EU and Member States should recognise that public sector spending cuts may have a negative impact on the employment opportunities of older people and initiatives must be put in place to ensure public sector employees can transfer their skills to other sectors.
  68. 68. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Gradual retirement and flexible working is vital France has introduced a gradual retirement scheme, which allows workers to reduce their working hours on reaching 60 (62 in 2017) and receive a proportion of theirpension in return.240 However, take-up has been low and the OECD has argued that the scheme should better support employees in their negotiations with employers. In 2007, Austria, Norway and Spain introduced phased retirement systems. Changes to the Labour Code were introduced in 2012 in Czech Republic to help increase flexibility in working hours and to reduce severance pay when someone has been employed for two years or less.242
  69. 69. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change.  Lithuanian law provides a legal-base for working part-time or with flexible hours, but this is rarely enforced; in 2010, just 8% of Lithuanian workers were working part-time.  Flexible working practices and additional leave have also been introduced in Slovenia to encourage people to stay in work for longer. http://www.flickr.com/photos/regus- media/5839014005/sizes/m/in/photostream/
  70. 70. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Tackling inequalities The EU and Member States must continue to promote lifelong learning Age should not influence access to training opportunities The EU and Member States must invest in tackling health inequalities The EU and Member States should explicitly target initiatives at increasing the participation of older women in the workplace;
  71. 71. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Ensuring the research agenda contributes to extending working lives  The Commission research agenda must promote ‘what works’ in extending working lives;  The Commission and Member States must engage and support researchers interested in better understanding the motivations of extending working lives;  The Commission research agenda could better understand and promote the best ways the private and public sector can adapt jobs to meet the needs of an ageing society;  The Commission research agenda must explore how to tackle health inequalities and should monitor age discrimination and its impact on older workers.
  72. 72. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Inadequate focus on care as a barrier to working longer The EU and Member States must ensure that care-giving is not a barrier to working longer.
  73. 73. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Messages for the Minister  Can we aim to push our way up the participation tables? We could lead the world. How can we work together to get there?  Focus extra policy efforts on skills, gender issues and health and care  Keep talking positively about older workers and their importance  Be honest. Keep reminding people they are going to have to work longer. Move the social norm.  Evaluate what works (independently). We don’t really know what works across Europe.  Plan for the long term (Take a strategic approach to older workers)  Get your colleagues in other departments involved. How can we engage other departments (e.g. BIS, DFE and DH)?
  74. 74. The International Longevity Centre-UK is an independent, non-partisan think-tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. Many thanks David Sinclair Assistant Director, Policy & Communications International Longevity Centre Davidsinclair@ilcuk.org.uk 02073400440 Twitter: @ilcuk and @sinclairda
  75. 75. Response to Research This event is kindly supported by #workinglongereu Christopher Brooks Policy Adviser for Employment and Skills Age UK
  76. 76. Panel Debate and Q&A • How can we tackle the barriers to working longer amongst older women • How can we improve the skills of older people across Europe • How can we tackle ageism in employment • How can we encourage employers to improve the health of their workforce • How can we get employers to innovate for an ageing society • What would your policy priority be for the EU/UK This event is kindly supported by #workinglongereu
  77. 77. European policy debate: How do we support older workers? 3rd September 2013 This event is kindly supported by Prudential #workinglongereu

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