Martin J Levy - Hurricane Electric - The IPv6 global view - norway ipv6 - april 2012

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Martin J Levy - Hurricane Electric - The IPv6 global view - norway ipv6 - april 2012

  1. 1. The IPv6 World View – A global view of IPv6 commercial readinessHurricane ElectricIPv6 Native Backbone – Massive Peering! IPv6 konferansen Oslo, Norway – 24th April 2012 Martin J. Levy, Director IPv6 Strategy Hurricane Electric
  2. 2. IPv6 Global Connectivity – Talk Outline!! IPv6 at Hurricane Electric (I’ll keep it short and sweet!)!! Why do we need IPv6? (Just kidding – I’m assuming that!)!! Is the IPv6 routing table ready for the real world?!! How to motivate people into implementing IPv6?!! Summary – Should we panic or be happy? Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 2
  3. 3. Hurricane Electric Who is Martin Levy? Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 3
  4. 4. Martin Levy … ~30 years ago Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 4
  5. 5. Hurricane Electric Hurricane Electric Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 5
  6. 6. Hurricane Electric – Roots and History !! Founded 17+ years ago - ISP & datacenter operator "! 1994 – Roots within the Silicon Valley high-tech community "! 1999 – Expanded IPv4 network nationwide in the US "! 2001 – Started IPv6 native and tunnel connectivity ( http://tunnelbroker.net ) "! 2006 – Full “technology refresh” enabled native dual-stack IPv6 backbone "! 2008 – Became largest IPv6 backbone globally ( > 1Gbps IPv6 traffic level) "! 2009 – Continued expansion into Asia; enabled IPv6 6to4 & Teredo global service "! 2010 – Added more geographic coverage; expanded IPv6 6to4 and DNS service "! 2011 – Stop talking about IPv6; just talk about the “Internet” "! 2012 – World IPv6 Launch – 6th June 2012 – ready and waiting Deployed fully IPv6 ready Europe, Asia and the US and Toronto, Canada Further expansion in datacenter building expanded to 9 US, Backbone for BGP services in Atlanta 4 European Cities IPv6 tunnelbroker In Singapore and Tokyo and Zurich three continents 6to4 and teredo Ranked #1 IPv6 Added services Added services five other cities IPv6 backbone dns.he.net into Deployed IPv6 relays globally In Stockholm, in Hong Kong IPv6 services 206,000 sq ft adjacencies Added IPv6 PurchasedExpansion dual-stack Rolled outEuropean Added Q1 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q22005 2006 2007 2008 2008 2008 2008 2009 2009 2010 2011 2012 Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen - April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 6
  7. 7. Hurricane Electric’s 11 year experience with IPv6 IANA IPv4 exh austion!IETF kicks o ff IPng (IPv 6)! 2011! 1994! 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Curiosity & Intrigue True operational experience .net! IPv6 tunnelbroker 2001! Full technology re fresh! 2006! Deployed 6to4 & Teredo! 2009! !! Eleven years of experience really helps! !! IPv6 has matured Launch! !! 2012 – IPv6 is part of day-to-day work; no big deal! World IPv6 2012! Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen - April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 7
  8. 8. Hurricane Electric – IPv6 Global Network All Hurricane Electric POPs are full IPv6 Native routing and peering M%)E5?%)E J1A57+"1 D%57)E"#" ?1)15@-*A 2"356%+457+"1 01+- ./&-)-, ./&-)-, !"#"$%&" 88995>1#)&* ()*"+,-%) =145!%3"+ 2"31+4 F+"G%)* 01#%57#*% =)"5>-#$-+" 2"356%+4 K"E1L- B995>5C*$ 889:5;+1)< !"#"$%&" H1)5I%" P1)R%&U"+ H"1**#" H*%R4$%#G 0%+*#1)< K%)*+"1# K-))"1O%#- !%+%)*% N&T#-) 7G*"+<1G J"+#-) >1+13 H1#*5D14"5@-*A @#"U"#1)< 2"356%+4 F+1)4S&+* D%)<%) 0+1E&" !%4A% J1A57+"1 01+- H"%&# @$-R1E% Q&+-R$ P-"))1 N")U"+ 7$T&+)2"35N"#$- ?1)15@-*A K-#1) D15P"E1 M%)E5?%)E !1-O"- D% K1<+-< 7)E"#" 0$%")-, 7*#1)*1J1)E1#%+" N1##1 H-)E1O%+" M%&*%) K-1G- !"#$%$ Map o IPv6 peering at all major peering utdate d! points in US, Europe & Asia. Private and public peering capacity at 10Gbps and above. Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen - April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 8
  9. 9. Hurricane Electric – IPv6 Native Services!! Five+ years into fully-commercial/native IPv6 network deployment "! Touching on 10+ years of IPv6 on the network!! IPv6 native router platform across all POP’s "! All IPv6 BGP customer connections are native "! All IPv6 datacenter customer are native "! Every customer connection is IPv6 enabled by default!!! IPv6 dual-stack & native DNS/NTP/SMTP/Web servers!! IPv6 & IPv4 public looking glass & route servers!! 24/7 NOC with IPv6 expertise Not just “Joe” on Thursdays!! IPv6 hosting services Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 9
  10. 10. Hurricane Electric – IPv6 Native Services!! Applied for and got IPv6 address allocation from RIR? #!! Picked hardware & firmware? #!! Enabled IPv6 (dual stack) everywhere? #!! IPv6 peering & global connectivity? #!! Built IPv6 routing for customer interconnections? #!! Reverse-DNS & other backbone IP layer offerings? #!! Evangelized IPv6 excessively? ###!! Saw real use from customers? #!! We’re done! Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 10
  11. 11. Hurricane Electric mindset – always “yes” to IPv6!! It’s 2012 (and not 2005, 2006, 2007, etc) "! IPv6 capable hardware subsystems are available "! IPv6 capable operating systems are available "! IPv6 capable open-source software packages are available "! IPv6 capable service providers are available "! IPv6 expertise is absolutely available!!! It’s 2012 "! No reason to say “no” to IPv6 anymore!! IPv6 in the peering world requires some actions … "! … and there’s no problem finding the answers! Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 11
  12. 12. Hurricane Electric Why do we need IPv6? (Just kidding – I’m assuming that!) Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 12
  13. 13. IPv6 – Maybe the one-page history lesson IPv4 IPv6 V L TOS Total Len V Class Flow Label Hop It’s all about address space size Identification Flags Frag’ Off Payload Length NH Limit TTL Proto Checksum 128 ts! b its! 32 bi Source Address Source Address Destination Address Options Pad typedef __uint32_t in_addr_t;! Destination Address struct in_addr {! in_addr_t s_addr;! }! struct sockaddr_in {! __uint8_t sin_len;! struct in6_addr {! sa_family_t sin_family;! union {! in_port_t sin_port;! __uint8_t __u6_addr8[16];! struct in_addr sin_addr;! __uint16_t __u6_addr16[8];! char sin_zero[8];! __uint32_t __u6_addr32[4];! };! } __u6_addr; /* 128-bit IP6 address */! };!1981 IPv4’s Lifespan 30 Year 2011 IPv6’s Lifespan? ???? IPv6 Deployment with tons of space (no end in sight) IPv4 Deployment – but no additional space Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen - April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 13
  14. 14. Hurricane Electric Does IPv6 have global coverage? Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 14
  15. 15. IPv6 and global deployment worldwide!! Is there IPv6 deployment everywhere? "! Jan 2010 – 90+ countries had a “live” IPv6 presence "! Jan 2010 – IPv6 active at nearly all Internet peering points From : Date: Owen De July Long To: M 2 artin , 2010 Subje Le ct: Fo vy r you r map With much that A help m fr on th erican S om Alex e sta amoa yeste custo te te rday, mer ( lecom now has I am who i ) incl IPv6 h s also uding (Blue appy to r Sky, Addit io an em ploye servic e still w eport have nally, Fed e of B to one ork reside ing IPv6 erate lueSk confe d d y). ntial rence eployed w States o Data from Jan/2010 tries! . ithin f Mic two w r oun Owen eeks onesia e 9C of ret x urnin pects to w 14 g from No the Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 15
  16. 16. IPv6 questions to check on global deployment!! Is IPv6 supported? (the basic questions) "! Is IPv6 native on all backbones? "! Is IPv6 interconnections/peering prevalent? "! Is IPv6 part of the standard product mix? Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 16
  17. 17. Hurricane Electric Is the IPv6 routing table ready for real world use? Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 17
  18. 18. Basic question: Is IPv6 routing ready?!! Theory #1: It’s been ready for years… "! Plenty of backbones running v6 routing "! Plenty of v6 inter-backbone peering "! Plenty of v6 talks at conferences!! Theory #2: We are not ready yet; but close… "! Still a few gaps in the routing tables "! Still some spotty cleanup’s here-and-there Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 18
  19. 19. Checking global IPv6 routing – graphically! Showing IPv4/IPv6 route propagation in a graphical form et/! gp. he.n ttp ://bCaveat: h - This tool is only as good as its source data. - IP information is uploaded from RIPE RIS & Oregon routeviews. - Some views are missing; not all routes and paths are visible. - NOT based on the Hurricane Electric routing tables. Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 19
  20. 20. http://bgp.he.net/ - Searching on ASN, IP, etc. ASN AS29695 IPv4 address 93.93.96.21 IPv4 block 84.218.0.0/17 Search command IPv6 address 2a01:798::1aa:a1b:c1ab:babb:a1b IPv6 block 2001:4600::/24 …etc … Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 20
  21. 21. Example of BGP tools – IPv4/IPv6 statistics IPv6 and IP4 BGP and routing information http://bgp.he.net/ Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 21
  22. 22. http://bgp.he.net/ – Available information!! BGP Prefix Report "! Prefixes, Networks, Distribution !! IPv4/IPv6 Prefixes Originated (90 Days) !! ASN’s with IPv4/IPv6 Announcements (90 Days) !! IPv4/IPv6 Announced Prefix Count by CIDR!! BGP Peer Report "! Adjacencies, Adjacency History !! IPv4/IPv6 Adjacencies !! IPv4/IPv6 Adjacency Count (90 Days) "! Prefixes, Prefix History !! IPv4/IPv6 Prefixes Announced !! IPv4/IPv6 Prefixes Announced (90 Days) "! IPv4 Addresses Originated !! IPv4 Addresses Originated!! Bogons "! IPv4 & IPv6!! Top Host Report!! Internet Statistics Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 22
  23. 23. http://bgp.he.net/ – Route propagation graphs Select tab for v4 or v6 graphs Routes see downstream of peers Peers that see routes ASN originating routes Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 23
  24. 24. Is IPv6 routing/interconnect/peering prevalent? ~94% average increase per year! http://bgp.he.net/report/prefixes#_prefixes ~62% average increase per year! http://bgp.he.net/report/prefixes#_networks Simple conclusion #1 – “up and to the right” Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 24
  25. 25. Is IPv6 native on all backbones? (globally)NTT Telia Level3 TATA Cogent Verizon AboveNet AT&T TInet GBLX Sprint Hurricane Qwest http://bgp.he.net/ Simple conclusion #2 – global routing seems to exist on nearly every tier1 backbone Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 25
  26. 26. IPv6 routing on backbones (the summary)!! Classic backbones have (finally) got IPv6 "! This is not news to a savvy IPv6 crowd! "! One Tier1 backbone only completed this step in 2010!!! Some backbones still have a few missing routes "! Uninteresting to multi-homed networks!! Expect the trickle-down effect to other networks Simple conclusion #3 – it took till 2010 for some Tier1 backbones to get v6 ready! Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 26
  27. 27. Is IPv6 deployed in a specific country? (i.e. NO?)http://bgp.he.net/country/NO 70 IPv6 ASNs enabled 141 IPv4 ASNs enabled %! 49.6 Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 27
  28. 28. Just an aside … bgp.he.net has RPKI infohttp://bgp.he.net/AS29695#_prefixes6 ROA exists and is valid Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 28
  29. 29. IPv6 measured at via BGP ASNs with IPv6 http://bgp.he.net/ipv6-progress-report.cgi Networks Running IPv6 We can measure the percentage of networks running IPv6 by comparing the set of ASes in the IPv6 routing table to those in the combined set of IPv4 and IPv6. IPv4 and IPv6 RIBs Last Parsed: Sun Apr 1 00:59:15 PDT 2012 $"# IPv4 ASes: 40735 $&"# IPv6 ASes: 5457 13.4% $%"# ASes using only IPv4: 35416 $$"# ASes using only IPv6: 138 Percentage of ASNs running v6 ! W6D $!"# ASes using IPv4 and IPv6: 5319 ,"# ASes using IPv4 or IPv6: 40873 +"# Percentage of ASes (IPv4 or IPv6) ! IANA Runout ! *"# running IPv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ate Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 29
  30. 30. Hurricane Electric 2011 & WORLD IPv6 DAY Every day is IPv6 Day at Hurricane Electric … Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 30
  31. 31. World IPv6 Day and real IPv6 traffic!! World IPv6 Day was about enabling web-based traffic for IPv6 "! Focus on content providers "! Web (port 80 & 443 TCP traffic) plotted below Instant traffic at 00:00 UTC 5X traffic peak Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 31
  32. 32. World IPv6 Day and real IPv6 traffic!! Long term win since W6D in IPv6 traffic levels "! That means there are both content and eyeballs in play Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 32
  33. 33. Hurricane Electric W6D and translation traffic!! Yes – there is 6to4 traffic "! Lots of traffic on Hurricane Electric’s backbone!!! Measured on the largest 6to4 global deployment (with Teredo included) "! AMS ASH CHI FMT FRA HKG LAX LON MIA NYC PAO PAR SEA SIN SJC STO TYO Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 33
  34. 34. IPv6 measured on the Alexa 1m list http://bgp.he.net/ipv6-progress-report.cgi Top Websites Running IPv6 A very quick way to measure IPv6 deployment for websites is just to check for a AAAA record in DNS. Alexa Top 1 Million Domains Downloaded: Sun Aug 28 00:00:05 2011 Alexa Top 1 Million Domains Processed: Sun Aug 28 00:37:44 2011 Alexa 1M raw domains: 1000000 Alexa 1M raw with a direct IPv4 address: 942156 Alexa 1M raw with a direct IPv6 address: 9595 Date Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 34
  35. 35. World IPv6 Day – tunnelbroker.net users June 7th 2011 / June 8th 2011 A large jump in new accounts(shows a great interest in IPv6 on W6D) Smaller effect March 2008 Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen - April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 35
  36. 36. Hurricane Electric W6D – Observed issues!! PMTU & ICMP6 blocking "! Heard again and again all over the net "! Enabling IPv6 (for the first time) with too-aggressive filtering!! Two failure modes "! Pre W6D testing – normally on “ipv6.example.com” "! During W6D – affected “www.example.com”!! Trigger points? "! Testing from Teredo or 6to4 enabled end-nodes "! Real-world tunnels!! ICMP6 re-explained "! Teredo requires end-node to respond to a ping to initiate protocol "! This breaks classic enterprise firewall/filter setups "! Consensus is that elements ahead of server perform this function Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 36
  37. 37. http://www.worldipv6launch.org/ 2012 & WORLD IPv6 LAUNCH Don’t be left behind Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 38
  38. 38. World IPv6 Launch – June 6’th 2012 http://www.worldipv6launch.org/!! Do much more than last years W6D 24 hour test!! Turn on IPv6; leave IPv6 on; success!!! Primary focus on access networks; but also … "! Website Operators / Hosting Companies "! Home Router Hardware Companies "! … and everything else!! IPv6 support in everything must be a focus! "! If you configure IPv4; then configure IPv6!! IPv6 support should be fundamental within all Internet services Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 39
  39. 39. World IPv6 Launch – June 6’th 2012 http://www.worldipv6launch.org/!! Google & Facebook statements: For Google, World IPv6 Launch means that virtually all our services, including Search, Gmail, YouTube and many more, will be available to the world over IPv6 permanently. Previously, only participants in the Google over IPv6 program (several hundred thousand users, including almost all Google employees [PDF]) have been using it every day. Now we’re including everyone. The vast majority of users shouldn’t notice … http://googleblog.blogspot.com/2012/01/ipv6-countdown-to-launch.html “Last years industry-wide test of IPv6 successfully showed that the global adoption of IPv6 is the best way to keep web devices communicating in the future. Permanently enabling IPv6 is vital to keeping the Internet open and ensuring people stay connected online as the number of web users and devices continues to grow.” https://www.facebook.com/note.php?note_id=10150602344750676 Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 40
  40. 40. Hurricane ElectricHurricane Electric’s IPv6 Tunnel Broker http://tunnelbroker.net/ (IPv6 Tunnels Exist! – sometimes it’s the only way) Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 41
  41. 41. Hurricane Electric – IPv6 tunnelbroker.net Geographically diverse locations allowing customers AVAILABLE best routing – coincident with IP peering AVAILABLE AVAILABLE BGP AVAILABLE AVAILABLE AVAILABLE BGPBGP AVAILABLE AVAILABLE BGP AVAILABLEAVAILABLE BGP BGP AVAILABLE AVAILABLE Three step process: 1)! Go to http://tunnelbroker.net/ 2)! Setup an account – choose a location 3)! Setup your own host or router to allow tunnels Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen - April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 42
  42. 42. Hurricane Electric – IPv6 tunnelbroker.net setup Select Global Location ` Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 43
  43. 43. Hurricane Electric – IPv6 tunnelbroker.net setup BGP Configuration information Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 44
  44. 44. Hurricane Electric – IPv6 tunnelbroker.net setupWindows XP Juniper JunOSipv6 installipv6 rtu ::/0 2/::72.52.##.## pub interfaces {ipv6 adu 2/2001:470:##:##::2 ip-0/1/0 { unit 0 {Linux tunnel { source ##.##.##.##;modprobe ipv6 destination 72.52.##.##;ip tunnel add he-ipv6 mode sit } remote 72.52.##.## local ##.##.##.## ttl 255 family inet6 {ip link set he-ipv6 up address 2001:470:##:##::2/64;ip addr add 2001:470:##:##::2/64 dev he-ipv6 }ip route add ::/0 dev he-ipv6 } Cisco IOSip -f inet6 addr } } configure terminalMacOS X routing-options { Tunnel0 interface description Hurricane Electric IPv6 Tunnel Broker rib inet6.0 {ifconfig gif0 tunnel ##.##.##.## 72.52.##.## static { address no ipifconfig gif0 inet6 2001:470:##:##::2 2001:470:##:##::1 prefixlen 128 routeenable ipv6 ::/0 next-hop 2001:470:##:##::1;route -n add -inet6 default 2001:470:##:##::1 } ipv6 address 2001:470:##:##::2 } tunnel source ##.##.##.##Windows Vista / Windows 7 } tunnel destination 72.52.##.## tunnel mode ipv6ipnetsh interface ipv6 add v6v4tunnel IP6Tunnel ##.##.##.## 72.52.##.## ipv6 route ::/0 Tunnel0netsh interface ipv6 add address IP6Tunnel 2001:470:##:##::2 endnetsh interface ipv6 add route ::/0 IP6Tunnel 2001:470:##:##::1 write Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen - April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 45
  45. 45. Hurricane Electric – IPv6 tunnelbroker statistics More stat’s available at: http://tunnelbroker.net/ Norway Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 46
  46. 46. Hurricane Electric Hurricane Electric’s Free IPv6 Certification Program http://ipv6.he.net/certification/ Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 47
  47. 47. Hurricane Electric – IPv6 Certification (learning?)•! Prove that you have IPv6 connectivity•! Prove that you have a working IPv6 web server•! Prove that you have a working IPv6 email address•! Prove that you have working forward IPv6 DNS•! Prove that you have working reverse IPv6 DNS for your mail server•! Prove that you have name servers with IPv6 addresses that can respond to queries via IPv6•! Prove your knowledge of IPv6 technologies through quick and easy testing•! the format of IPv6 addresses•! AAAA records http://ipv6.he.net/certification/•! reverse DNS for IPv6•! the IPv6 localhost address•! the IPv6 default route•! the IPv6 documentation prefix•! the IPv6 link local prefix•! the IPv6 multicast prefix•! do an IPv6 ping•! do an IPv6 traceroute•! common IPv6 prefix•! and more! Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 48
  48. 48. Hurricane Electric – IPv6 Certification (sample test) http://ipv6.he.net/certification/ The test – to send and receive IPv6 emails Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 49
  49. 49. Hurricane Electric – IPv6 Certification LevelsNewbie Test This is a basic level test of the information here. With this primer at hand these questions should be a snap for you.Enthusiast Test This test validates that you have an IPv6 capable machine setup that can browse the web via IPv6, as well as the fact that you have a web server setup that can serve files via IPv6.Administrator Test This test validates that your SMTP server is able to accept mail over IPv6Professional Test This test validates that Reverse DNS for the IPv6 address of your SMTP server is properly configured.Guru Test This test validates that your nameservers have AAAA records for themselves and that these nameservers can be queried over IPv6 for your domain.Enthusiast Questionnaire These are a few questions to gauge interest and usage level for IPv6 and gather data as to your experiences with IPv6 deployments.Administrator Questionnaire These are a few questions to gauge interest and usage level for IPv6 and gather data as to your experiences with IPv6 deployments.Professional Questionnaire These are a few questions to gauge interest and usage level for IPv6 and gather data as to your experiences with IPv6 deployments.Guru Questionnaire These are a few questions to try to gauge interest and usage level for IPv6 and gather data as to your experiences with IPv6 deployments.Enthusiast Technical Test This test covers technical knowledge of ping and traceroute commands on Linux and Windows.Administrator Technical Test This test covers technical knowledge of DNS and general IPv6 topics.Professional Technical Test This test covers technical knowledge of well known IPv6 prefixes and expands on your understanding of IPv6 related Linux and Windows commands.Guru Technical Test This test covers technical knowledge of IPv6 routing and IPv6 related protocols.Explorer Test This test validates that you have Native or Tunneled IPv6.Sage Test This test validates that you have IPv6 Glue at your registrar Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen - April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 50
  50. 50. Hurricane Electric – IPv6 Certification – Sages Europe 2,304 North America 1,945 South America 102 Asia 313 Africa 33 Oceania 179 Unknown 37 TOTAL 4,923 Sage level is the highest level obtainable. There are 4,923 IPv6 Sages in 104 countries http://tunnelbroker.net/usage/sages_by_country_and_state.php Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 51
  51. 51. IPv6 Certification – Now in additional languages … more being added Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 52
  52. 52. Hurricane Electric – IPv6 Certification – SagesIPv6 Certification (on a lighter note) … Motivating people to think about IPv6 … maybe t-shirts will help? Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 53
  53. 53. Hurricane Electric – IPv6 and t-shirts?Hurricane Electric sends email saying “free IPv6 t-shirt” for sage-level usersFrom: <ipv6@he.net>Date: Thu, May 27, 2010 at 11:32 PMSubject: Hurricane Electric IPv6 Update…* Attention Sages!Hurricane Electric would like to send you an "IPv6" T-shirt!Please log into http://ipv6.he.net/certification/, and verify your address information whichwill only be used for shipping out this T-shirt.After making certain it is correct (remember to click "Update Info" if you made changes,before validating), you will see T-shirt size selections for S/M/L/XL/XXL, and a button thatwill submit your preferred shirt size and log that you have validated your address.This is optional, and will only be sent to validated addresses.Well be adding on some points to your score for Sages that want to get a T-shirt!We are looking to get the t-shirts out around the end of June. We need make sure to getenough of each size before sending them out to all of you. … Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen - April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 54
  54. 54. Hurricane Electric Final thought … Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 55
  55. 55. Summary – Have a positive IPv6 mindset IPv6 Time Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 56
  56. 56. Q&A Contact: ? at y y Da e Elec Ever rican Hur Day! is v6 tric! Martin J. Levy Director, IPv6 Strategy Hurricane Electric 760 Mission Court Fremont, CA 94539, USA http://he.net/ martin at he dot net +1 (510) 580 4167 Hurricane Electric - Oslo Norway - IPv6 konferansen -April 2012 Martin J. Levy - Director IPv6 Strategy Page 57

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