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Ontology matching finds correspondences between similar entities of different ontologies. Two ontologies may be similar in some aspects such as structure, semantic etc. Most ontology matching systems integrate multiple matchers to extract all the similarities that two ontologies may have. Thus, we face a major problem to aggregate different similarities.
Some matching systems use experimental weights for aggregation of similarities among different matchers while others use machine learning approaches and optimization algorithms to find optimal weights to assign to different matchers. However, both approaches have their own deficiencies.