Security analysis of generalized confidentialmodulation for quantum communication
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We propose a new evaluation method for‘generalized confidential modulation(GCM)’ for quantum ...
We propose a new evaluation method for‘generalized confidential modulation(GCM)’ for quantum
communication. Confidential modulationrealizes a secret communication by using secret information for
modulationand noise in a channel. Y-00 is one of the famous methods of GCM forquantum communication.
The existing evaluation methods for GCM arebased on stream ciphers. They can estimate its analytical
security andthe evaluation depends on the security status of pseudo random numbergenerator (PRNG)
which controls the modulation. On the other hand,our method is based on mode of operation for block
ciphers and clears theweaknesses from structural viewpoint. Using our method, we can comparethe
security of different GCM structures. Our method of security evaluationand comparison does not depend on
the security status of PRNG.From the results of our evaluation, we conclude that the security of GCMis
limited to computational security.
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