Making a PowerPoint Presentation


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PLANNING(WHAT,TO WHO,WHY,WHERE,WHEN) and developing powerpoint presentation,Features of Powerpoint that scientists can use to enhance their presentations

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Making a PowerPoint Presentation

  1. 1. Making a PowerPoint Presentation November 25, 2009 Ibadan, Nigeria
  3. 3. PLANNING YOUR PPT What? To Who? Why? Where? “When”?
  4. 4. PLANNING YOUR PPT-What?What?-What is thetheme-What is therelevance ofmessage-What informationalready exists
  5. 5. PLANNING YOUR PPP- To Who?To Who?-Who is myaudience?-Learn aboutyour audience-Know youraudience
  6. 6. PLANNING YOUR PPP- Why? Knowledge;Why? Information; Message-The purpose ofyourpresentation? Presenter Audience-Your goal-To impact &acquireknowledge Knowledge; feedback; Information
  7. 7. PLANNING YOUR PPP Where?Where?-Location ofpresentation Auditorium Board meeting-Setting of thevenue of yourpresentation Workshop
  8. 8. PLANNING YOUR PPP -When?When?-Begin planningimmediately-Presentation slot-Make itcurrent/relevantto an event.
  9. 9. PLANNING YOUR PPP cont. Why Plan?- To gaincredibility/trust-To manage ourtime effectively-To have thedesired impact
  10. 10.
  11. 11. Putting the Power-PointPresentation [PPP] Together 1. Theory [Tips] 2. Case Studies [Slides]
  12. 12. Scientific Content is like message in noise, metal in raw ore. Scientific Presentation seeks to refinethat message so well that the audience captures your thoughts and ideas within the presentation time allotted.
  13. 13. Scientific Presentations SP in SP in Oral Form Documents 1. Idea/Concept1. Introduction transfer2. Materials and 2. Content selection Methods 3. Sequence of3. Results content4. Discussion 4. Photographs5. Conclusion and 5. Graphs and Recommendatio Drawings n 6. Tables6. Summary 7. Maps
  14. 14. Development of Test of Proficiency Rubber Plantations in NigeriaThe trend of hectarage ofnatural rubber rose steadilyat introduction of natural ON A SHEET OF PAPERrubber into Nigeria in 1895to a peak of 247,000 in the1990s and a decline to Please re-docurrent level of 154,000haIt also note worthy that the slide onproportion of smallholdersin rubber farms was over70% in the 1960s but this the left as youhas reduced drastically toabout 64% would like it
  15. 15. Development of Rubber Trends in NaturalPlantations in Nigeria Rubber hectares 33 w in NigeriaThe trend of hectarage of naturalrubber rose steadily at 1895: brought to Nigeriaintroduction of natural rubberinto Nigeria in 1895 to a peak of 1990s: peaked at 247,000 ha247,000 in the 1990s and a 2009: declined to 154,000 hadecline to current level of 154,000 1960s: smallholders overha 70% of rubber farmsIt also note worthy that 2009: SRF fell to about 64%proportion of smallholders inrubber farms was over 70% in the Be brief, choose short1960s but this has reduced words, arrange themdrastically to about 64% well for better 66 w communication in PPP 15
  16. 16. Quote:“The political will of African leaders onthe vital issue of agriculture isquestioned. Otherwise, how do weexplain a situation where, for examplein Nigeria, about 70% of its people areengaged in agriculture, that stillcontributes up to 40% of the GDP, yetonly 2% of the Federal Budget isallocated to agriculture and relateddevelopment.”
  17. 17. The State of Food and Nutrition Security in Nigeria Malachy O. AKORODA, University of Ibadan Spot the difference10 on Food and Nutrition is by 3 on 2
  18. 18. Soil profile pit evaluationand testing are essential for managing oil palm plantationsProper cropping of photograph, with use of contrast, brightness, and matching
  19. 19. Yam Tuber Price (Naira/kg)to 2008 N iger State from 2004 in rural, urban, and average case in Niger State Markets 2004-2008 140.00Y am T uber P r ce ( n i 120.00 100.00 i N ai a) 80.00 r 60.00 40.00 20.00 0.00 Jan Feb M ar A pr M ay Jun Jul A ug Sep O ct N ov D ec Government can stabilise the price wave and spur higher outputs for select crops essential to national food and M onth nutrition security: not only petroleum products.
  20. 20. Competing with Carrot on beta-Carotene Sweetpotato yields 35 t/ha of roots with a high content of B-carotene (pro-vitamin A)Protecting Nigerian eyes by eating only 120 grams daily
  21. 21. Working by Zones?Geo-politicalAgro-ecologicalStateLocal Govt AreaHorticultural CropProduction is a carefulconsideration of verylocal challenges of end-users and consumersN-W zone: Sokoto, Kano, Kebbi, Zamfara, Jigawa, and katsinaN-E zone: Borno, Taraba, Adamawa, Gombe, Yobe, and BauchiN-C zone: Kaduna, Nasarawa, Kogi, Kwara, Niger, Plateau, and BenueS-S zone: Edo, Delta, Bayelsa, Rivers, Akwa Ibom, and Cross-RiverS-W zone: Ogun, Oyo, Lagos, Ekiti, Ondo, and OsunS-E zone: Enugu, Anambra, Abia, Ebonyi, and Imo Geo-politic al
  22. 22. Cut down all the forests Cut down the vegetationBring the desert southwards Make our landhotter, warmer Changing the Climate Slowly, we arekilling ourselves As we search for water for man and crop
  23. 23. Long healthy lifedepends on these. Eat them as often as your‘pocket’ can allow and your zest improves. Go! Do so daily
  24. 24. N P Soils need much help because only 15 % of Nigerian soils do not require manures and fertilisers to growK staple food crops well
  25. 25. Time as an essential in considering the growth of productivity in food and nutrition factors
  26. 26. Is Nigeria: a hungry ‘giant’ in the most hungry continent on the planet earth? To which country could poor and hungry Nigerians move to in Africa? OR Which nation shall package food andFood Security Support System send to Nigerians?
  27. 27. Optimize local agro-ecologies and advantages to the fullest Rice ecologies on 252 farms in 5 states of Nigeria, 2003. .......................................................................................................................... Aspect Niger Kaduna Ekiti Taraba Benue Overall .......................................................................................................................... Rice growing ecologies Percentages of households Upland 0a 56 97 24 30 37 Lowland (no water mgt) 95 54 3 91 85 70 Irrigated (with water mgt) 30 0 0 0 0 6 .......................................................................................................................... aPercentage of households within column; multiple responses implies same household can pertain to various categories at a time, thus percentages do not add up to 100 in one column. Source: Erenstein et al. (2003).
  28. 28. Dry weight of tuber Tuber moisture and shoot (g) content (%) 350 100 90 300 Moisture ght of tuber and top (g) 80 W ater content i tuber (%) 250 70 200 60 n Tuber 50 150 40 D ry w ei 100 Shoot 30 20 50 10 0 0 30 (O ct) 60 (Nov) 90 (Dec)120 (Jan) 150 (Feb) 180 (M ar) 210 (Apr) 240 (M ay) Days after pl ng anti Days after planting Growth of weight of tubers (g) yamweight of tops (g) in dry-season with seed Dry irrigated Dry plants M oi sture content of tubers (%)tubers planted at upland at Ibadan on 18 September 2008 and tubers harvested on 15 May 2009 (Kikuno 2009). It takes time to produce any food crop, process it, transport it and store it well
  29. 29. Presentation Aspects to Note1. Number of slides to use2. Dress: not over-done3. Voice: clear and varied4. Movement: slight/restricted5. Use pointer only for target6. Focus on details to discuss7. Allow audience read a bit8. Smile and make ‘eye contact’
  30. 30. Thank you for listeningBut remember that you and Iare part of the solutiononly if we do our small partsLife is Work and Hope
  31. 31. Have a niceday and
  32. 32. Features of Powerpoint that scientists can use toenhance their presentations
  33. 33. Features• Hyperlinks• Images• Sounds• Animations and transitions
  34. 34. Hyperlinks allow one to link to• another slide in the presentation• Another presentation• another slide in a different presentation• a website• an email address• another file on the computer
  35. 35. Pictures and graphsWorking with the picture tool bar
  36. 36. Adding video and audio clips• Audio• Video clips Sound effects may distract too
  37. 37. Transitions and Animations transitions - how slides move from one another animation effects - how your slide objects move onto the slide• Used to emphasize important points• Keep them to a minimum
  38. 38. Group Exercise• Donors• Scientists• Farmers