Importance of Occupational Safety

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:Why Occupational safety,Important factors of Occupational safety in Agriculture.causes and common types of accidents.Occupational safety is very important and it is the joint responsibility of all: the government,the employer and the worker.

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Importance of Occupational Safety

  1. 1. Importance ofOccupational Safety Professor F.K. Ewete Dean, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  2. 2.  What is Safety? state of being certain that adverse effects will not be caused by some agents under defined conditions; usually that will affect the health of an individual or group. Occupational Safety?  a cross-boundary area concerned with protecting the safety, health and welfare of people engaged in work or employment.  As secondary effect, may also protect co-workers, family members, employers, customers, suppliers, nearby communities, and other members of public who are impacted by the workplace environment.
  3. 3. Occupational safety Objectives the promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations; the prevention amongst workers of departures from health caused by their working conditions; the protection of workers in their employment from risks resulting from factors adverse to health; the placing and maintenance of the worker in an occupational environment adapted to his physiological and psychological capabilities;
  4. 4. Safety Against HazardsThe degree of exposure to hazards ordangers diferred greatly with each work orworker Occupational Safety concerns: • the worker • the employer • the government
  5. 5. Why Occupational safety? Moral –an employee need not be subjected to risk injury at work, nor others associated with the work environment. b. Economic - poor occupational safety and health performance results in  huge costs to the State (e.g. through social security payments to the incapacitated, costs for medical treatment, and the loss of the "employability" of the worker especially in countries where the welfare of the citizens are taken as paramount to national development).  costs to employer in the event of an incident at work through payments e.g. legal fees, fines, compensatory damages, investigation time, lost production, lost goodwill from the workforce, from customers and from the wider community). c. Legal - without extra "encouragement" of potential regulatory action or litigation, many organisations would not act upon their implied moral obligations.
  6. 6. Legal perspectives to Occupational and Health safety in Nigeria – Contributions of Chief rotimi Williams There is need to commence work on a comprehensive review of the Nigerian Law for the purpose of meeting the challenges that were imminent in Occupational and Health safety in Nigeria .
  7. 7. Importance of Occupational safety it seeks to secure the health, safety and welfare of all persons at work and other persons who may be at risk as a result of activities at work. It provides that employers maintain plants and systems that are reasonably and practicably safe, they ensure safe methods of handling, storing and transporting materials and also provide adequate induction, training and supervision in those methods. It provides that employers must keep revised, written safety policy statement showing the arrangement and organization of their safety procedures. These rules and procedures must be known to all employees.
  8. 8. Importance of Occupational safety cont’d It provides that employees are also required by law to cooperate in meeting statutory requirements and must not interfere with or misuse materials provided to secure health safety and welfare. It ensures that Commission set up by government are empowered to make health and safety regulations or codes of practice for most industries and failure to observe any provision of practice may render an employer liable to prosecution. Ensures regular compliance to standards and wide ranging powers are given to inspectors to ensure compliance with the Act.
  9. 9. Important factors of Occupational safety inAgriculture major hazards to the worker:  Consequences  infections by  significant but pathogens, preventable expenditure  physiological especially on treatments, disorders, premature ageing,  respiratory tract absenteeism from work infections, and declining productivity. In addition,  allergies this adds up to  musculoskeletal disorders  increased social and  injuries from health costs for the exposure country.  poisoning.
  10. 10. Occupational safety Practices relating toAgriculture in Southwest Nigeria - accidents Causes:  ignorance or illiteracy;  lack of use or availability of personal protective equipment,  inadequate information on occupational hazards  non-existence of or inadequate training.  common types:  stepping on sharp objects,  wounds from tools,  insect bite and  poison from agro-chemicals.
  11. 11. Occupational safety Practices relating to Agriculture in Southwest Nigeria - Findings Recommended precautionary measures to farmers  The recommendations include wearing of nose shield to avoid chemical inhalation,  protective clothing, rubber gloves and boots,  refraining from smoking,  eating and drinking during chemical applications,  covering food and water to avoid contamination. Findings  most farmers were not enthusiastic about the need to use safety devices to prevent the listed accidents.  The farmers were aware of deaths resulting from accidents on farm  major reason for non-use of the safety gears were cost of procurement and convenience of use.  Farmers in the area are prone to accidents and illness from the activities on farm principally due to non use of safety devices.. These studies established that agriculture is hazardous and most accidents identified are indeed preventable
  12. 12. Conclusion Occupational safety is very important and it is the joint responsibility of all: the government, the employer and the worker.

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