Durable Solutions to Water Scarcity and Land Degradation
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Durable Solutions to Water Scarcity and Land Degradation

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solutions to water scarcity, land degradation and ecosystem sustainability,Governance and management

solutions to water scarcity, land degradation and ecosystem sustainability,Governance and management

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  • 1. CRP 5: Durable Solutions to Water Scarcity and Land DegradationDevelopment challenges• Poverty, food insecurity partly caused by water scarcity and land degradation through agriculture• People must learn to produce more with less water while reversing land degradation• People must change the way water and land resources are managed www.iita.org
  • 2. CRP 5: Durable Solutions to Water Scarcity and Land DegradationGoal• To sustainably improve livelihoods, reduce poverty, and ensure food security through research-based solutions to water scarcity, land degradation and ecosystem sustainabilityObjectives• Enhance and safeguard land and water access for the poor to sustainably benefit from resource use• Deliver greater water and land productivity in rainfed and irrigated systems for crops, fisheries and aquaculture, livestock, and agroforestry to cope with water scarcity and land degradation• Improve land and soil health and water quality to reverse widespread degradation of agricultural production systems• Enhance ecosystem services and resilience by enhancing the ability of people to manage water and land to sustain ecosystem services within and beyond agroecosystems as influenced by agricultural practices• Change actions, behaviors, attitudes and beliefs reflected in practices and policies within communities of stakeholders (farmers, researchers, public sector officials in water and related sectors, politicians and the private sector) www.iita.org
  • 3. CRP 5: Water Scarcity and Land DegradationBest bets (solutions to water scarcity, land degradation and ecosystem sustainability)• Rainfed: how to improve soil fertility, land and water management to unlock the potential of rainfed agriculture while reversing trends of ecosystems degradation?• Irrigation: what must we do to revitalize irrigation in Africa and Asia?• Wastewater: how can we enhance food security by recovering nutrients and other resources from solid and liquid waste streams?• Basins: how do we manage water and land resources in major agricultural river basins in ways that meet the needs of people and ecosystems? www.iita.org
  • 4. Best bets - continued• Groundwater: how do we make groundwater use sustainable?• Pastoral: what changes are needed in land and water management to support pastoral livelihoods?• Ecosystems: how do we improve ecosystem resilience and services to provide farmers and pastoralists with production systems that have increased adaptability to environmental changes?• Information systems: how can we use land, water and ecosystems information systems to generate evidence-based policy recommendations? www.iita.org
  • 5. CRP 5: Rainfed systemsOutputs• Development of research informed investment packages including out-scaling strategies, opportunities and supportive policy programs for rainfed areas• New options for sustainable water and land productivity in water-scarced environment developed and disseminated• New insights developed and communicated on nutrient replenishment, food production systems, organic and biofertilizers, carbon sequestration etc• Training materials developed and links to training institutes formedOutcomes• In 3 years, documented use of tools generated by the program in 10 sites• In 6 years, sizeable investment programs into water and land practices, improved capacity to carry out integrated soil, water, and ecosystem research www.iita.org
  • 6. CRP 5: Revitalizing surface irrigation:Outputs• A standardized performance benchmark methodology applied across 20 case study systems with management improvement plans• A tool kit of options and capacity building materials for improving the management design and performance of surface irrigationOutcomes• In 3 years, A community of practice jointly assessing performance and developing improvement options across 40 irrigation systems in Africa and Asia• In 6 years, in 10 irrigation systems, documented changes attributable to CRP5 in institutions for managing for more accountability resulting in better service to farmers and multiple users, increased water productivity and environmental measures• Documented cases of investors and designers using these materials in 3 new irrigation systems in Sub-Saharan Africa www.iita.org
  • 7. CRP 5: Pastoral systems :Outputs• Participatory mapping, assessment and planning techniques of rangeland resource conditions and use• Assessment of costs and benefits of various institutions, policy and practice changes in terms of livelihood restoration and ecosystems service• New insights into relationships between water access and pastoral livelihoods, opportunities to better use rain water, opportunities for carbon sequestration, valuation of rangeland of biodiversity.Outcomes• In 3 years: Communities in 3 locations use the tools and information emanating from the program• In 6 years: Documentation of interventions on policy changes and investments based on program activities in 3 areas. www.iita.org
  • 8. CRP 5: Ground water management :Outputs• Science-based policy investment and management options that include levels outside the groundnut water and water-resource sector• An analysis of the role of ground water and conjunctive use systems and how they can be relied upon and affected by climate change• A training module for formal groundwater management agencies covering an array of social and technical issues that go beyond monitoring the resource baseOutcomes• Documented change in strategy, policy and practices in 4 different regions in Asia• 200 groundwater specialists trained within 6 years.• In 6 years, stimulation of groundwater use in 2 under-utilized areas in Africa through an improved knowledge base and the provision of reasonably priced technologies and water supplies that boost production and income www.iita.org
  • 9. CRP 5: Resource RecoveryOutputs• Innovative agricultural reuse and treatment models for waste water, excreta and organic waste that delivers social and financial return• Global map of waste water and excreta reuse and assessment of consumer risks and benefits• Options for reuse of waste streams including on-farm and off-farm opportunities for reducing microbial contamination of water resources• Business models to make an asset out of waste waterOutcomes• Increased institutional and public knowledge on the extent of water, organic matter, and nutrient recovery of waste streams, related risks and benefits and agronomically, economically and socially viable options for up-scaling and out- scaling resource recovery models. www.iita.org
  • 10. CRP 5: BasinsOutputs• Guidelines for selection and evaluation of individual water storage options and their combination at the basin scale that take into account the magnitude and distribution of benefits and costs and the role of infrastructure in managing hydrological extremes• Guidelines for allocating and managing water in the basin to reduce poverty, risk, increase productivity, improve energy, manage the effects of hydrological extremes and provide for ecosystems services and take account of water rights• Options for increased water and land productivity at basin scale• Institutional options for benefit sharing mechanism to improve the livelihoods of upstream communities, conserve fragile upland areas, reduce sediment flows and improve downstream water availability• Methods for analyzing trade offs between water and land usersOutcomes• Discussions in investment and water allocation in 5 river basins• Benefit sharing mechanisms are in use in 5 locations• Improved research capacity to analyze benefits, improve water and land monitoring and mitigating negative impacts of anthropogenic interventions• In 10 years, basin managers successfully manage water scarcity www.iita.org
  • 11. CRP 5: EcosystemsOutputs• Insights into the levels and scales at which ecosystems components provide services that help reduce poverty• Identification of management practices and incentive systems to enhance or create ecosystems services for current and future use to reduce poverty across CRP5 Best Bets and in support of other CRPs• Identification of custodians of ecosystem resources across key research sites with action plan for creating enabling policy to support them• Methods to test, monitor and evaluate the impact of intervention aimed at promoting the use, maintenance and enhancement of ecosystem resource in support of the rural poorOutcomes• After 6 years in 10 areas, document success of interventions• Farmers and resource managers are moving towards insurance policies comprised of multiple ways to better use soil, water ,and biotic resources that enhance ecosystem services• Natural resource managers will support and create partnerships with small scale producers who use water, soil and biotic management, methods that reduce vulnerability in the production system while at the same time maintaining productivity• Consumer and retailer norms and behaviors are supporting agricultural production systems that reduce vulnerability• Policies, legal measures and incentives that support production systems with less dependent on external inputs www.iita.org
  • 12. Information sharing• Outputs• Agro‐ecosystem information systems comprised of: Comprehensive, web‐enabled agro‐ecosystem database and map server for CGIAR regions, of soil and vegetation conditions and water resources status.• A Sentinel Site Surveillance System consisting of a set of well characterized, long‐term monitoring sites within CG benchmark sites, including over 60 sites under the Africa Soil• Information Service, as a resource for intervention evaluation, ecosystem monitoring, model building and validation• Scenario, simulation and statistical models for a range of land and water management decision problems, including land and water resource evaluation and planning, watershed management, soil and livestock management, and water supply and demand modeling.• Increased capacity of regional and national organizations to design and apply environmental information and surveillance systems, including end user cases, decision profiles and example decision support modules. www.iita.org
  • 13. Information sharing Outcomes• Land and water information and surveillance systems are adopted as an integral part of decision making processes on land and water management in regional, national and local systems, resulting in policies and practices that are well targeted at key risks to land, water and ecosystem health.• Documentation of 6 cases.• A wide range of stakeholders engaged with land and water management, from international and regional policy makers and donors to individual users of the information and surveillance systems.• Fifty thousand people will be using the information. www.iita.org
  • 14. CRP 5: Governance and management• IWMI (lead center) to sign performance contracts with consortium board, centers and other institutions who will be responsible for leading best bets• Steering committee – comprises main CG (based on financial contributions >USD4 million) and external partners – TORs of steering committee: overall strategic and annual workplans, approve budget allocation, oversee annual performance reporting processes, & oversee monitoring and evaluation processes• Scientific and Impact Advisory Committee – Specific advice on scientific directions, science quality and feasibility of proposed approaches – Specific advice on partnership and uptake/impact strategies – Oversight and advice on gender and capacity building issues www.iita.org
  • 15. CRP 5: Governance and management• Management committee (Program Director plus leaders of each of the Best Bets) – planning scientific delivery of CRP outputs via the development of rolling annual workplans and strategic reviews of progress – recommend budget allocations among centers – Integrate across and within CRPs ‐ bringing context, contribution and synergy between different CRPs and CRP components – Facilitate collective agreement on equitable mechanisms, processes and decision criteria for funding allocations – Submission of CRP documentation and funding requests through the lead centre – Development of and reporting against annual CRP budgets in collaboration with all partners – CRP communications planning, reporting against workplans, milestones and outcomes – Initial dispute arbitration www.iita.org
  • 16. CRP 5: Budgets, Impact Areas and PartnersPrincipal partner’s 2009 audited budget + 10% – 2011: $78.586 million – 2012: $85.424 million – 2013: $93.953 million• IITA role – Minor (soil fertility management & SP-IPM) – 2.85% (total budget request)Impact Areas (regions)• Latin America, sub Saharan Africa , West, Central, & South AsiaPartners• IWMI (lead center), African Rice, bioversity, CIAT, CIP, CPWF, IITA, ICARDA, ICRAF, ICRISAT, IFPRI, ILRI, IRRI, World Fish center plus others non CG organizations www.iita.org