0
1
Plan Vivo: Improving livelihoods, restoring ecosystems
Community carbon trading: does the market pay
and what is in it f...
• Developing institutional capacity
Lessons learned on payment systems, monitoring and reporting frameworks since
1990s, c...
3
Key lessons for community REDD+
1. Principle of aggregation – programmatic –
interventions take time
2. Integrated objec...
Ongoing role for Plan Vivo
Short/medium term
• Communicating Plan Vivo
approach to markets
• Accessing current REDD+
Readi...
National
govt
International
carbon markets
Global readiness
funds or other
donor funding
Plan Vivo programme
coordinator
(...
REDD+ demand & supply
• Projections for REDD+ supply
outstripping demand.
• IFF report quantified large gap between
projec...
Covering costs & sharing revenue
• Lower price commanded for REDD+ carbon credits.
• Perceptions that costs of implementin...
Making the numbers balance
when communities are equitably
compensated.
8
Staged
payment to
communities/
producers
$3.60
Ad...
Gains and motivations for buyers
Key benefits for buyers of community carbon in voluntary sector
• Environmental sustainab...
10
Motivations of buyers
Resale (pre-compliance)
CSR
Demontrating climate
leadership
Direct pre-compliance
Resale (volunta...
Looking forward for community carbon
• Plugging the gap in demand in
REDD+ markets.
• Communicating social return
on inves...
• Currently community REDD+ projects operating in voluntary
market; low recognition of biocarbon standards, low integratio...
13
Thank you
Kathleen Edie
Programmes Manager
kathleen@planvivofoundation.org
www.planvivo.org
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Community carbon trading: does the market pay and what is in it for intermediaries (sellers) and buyers?

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The presentation of Kathleen Edie, of Plan Vivo, to the IIED-hosted Moving ahead with Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) workshop on 9-10 April 2014.

The presentation, made in the third session on experiences from the ground and REDD+ financing, focused on community carbon trading, and examined what the market would pay and what intermediaries (sellers) and buyers could gain from REDD+.

More information on Plan Vivo's work: http://www.planvivo.org/.

Further details of the workshop and IIED's work on REDD+ are available via http://www.iied.org/coverage-moving-ahead-redd-prospects-challenges-workshop.

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Transcript of "Community carbon trading: does the market pay and what is in it for intermediaries (sellers) and buyers?"

  1. 1. 1 Plan Vivo: Improving livelihoods, restoring ecosystems Community carbon trading: does the market pay and what is in it for intermediaries (sellers) and buyers? • Plan Vivo approach • Voluntary market space for community carbon • Covering costs and sharing revenue • Gains for resellers/buyers • Looking forward for community carbon
  2. 2. • Developing institutional capacity Lessons learned on payment systems, monitoring and reporting frameworks since 1990s, can be built upon without ‘re-inventing the wheel’ • Putting sub-national financial frameworks in place PES infrastructure developed through Plan Vivo to channel funds transparently to community level and micro-projects in different contexts • Directly supporting national level policy and strategy development Plan Vivo project coordinators involved in REDD+ development in Mozambique, Mexico, Uganda and Tanzania, feeding in real project experience Plan Vivo approach to REDD+ development
  3. 3. 3 Key lessons for community REDD+ 1. Principle of aggregation – programmatic – interventions take time 2. Integrated objectives (social & ecosystem safeguards already built-in) 3. Meaningful & continuing incentives – Up-front and continuing payments – Revenues from timber, crops, NTFPs 4. Risk management and continuous improvement 5. Pragmatic and simple where possible ― Decentralisation, systems for social monitoring Plan Vivo Addresses Key Issues of Transparency and Local Governance for Interim REDD+ Actions
  4. 4. Ongoing role for Plan Vivo Short/medium term • Communicating Plan Vivo approach to markets • Accessing current REDD+ Readiness funding streams • Ensuring Standard is practical and relevant for REDD+ • Building tools and guidance based on project experience Medium/longer term • Adapting governance procedures so Plan Vivo System can be used within national programmes 4
  5. 5. National govt International carbon markets Global readiness funds or other donor funding Plan Vivo programme coordinator (sub-national implementer) Plan Vivo Certificates used as offsets Plan Vivo Certificates as proof of performance flow of funds flow of Plan Vivo Certificates Intermediate funding for Plan Vivo projects
  6. 6. REDD+ demand & supply • Projections for REDD+ supply outstripping demand. • IFF report quantified large gap between projected supply and demand in REDD+ sector; Reductions 3,300 – 9,900 MtCO2e Demand 253 MtCO2e • 2012 REDD+ transactions totaled 8.6 MtCO2e / $70 million. • Plan Vivo REDD+ projects ‘break even point’ not earlier year 3. 6
  7. 7. Covering costs & sharing revenue • Lower price commanded for REDD+ carbon credits. • Perceptions that costs of implementing and operating REDD+ and avoided deforestation lower than other land-use interventions. • Opportunity costs are often critical in small-holder and community systems. • Implementation costs of well-designed projects which address key drivers often higher in small-holder and community settings. • Opportunity for MRV costs to be lower, given community-context specific frameworks. 7
  8. 8. Making the numbers balance when communities are equitably compensated. 8 Staged payment to communities/ producers $3.60 Admin’ monitoring, etc $1.40 Verification, marketing? $0.60 Certification $0.40 Example price: $6 / tCO2
  9. 9. Gains and motivations for buyers Key benefits for buyers of community carbon in voluntary sector • Environmental sustainability goals • CSR • Investment in supply chain security • Brand value • Stakeholder engagement • Social ROI Other benefits • Host country influence, case building for investments and financial capital, specific biodiversity conservation. 9
  10. 10. 10 Motivations of buyers Resale (pre-compliance) CSR Demontrating climate leadership Direct pre-compliance Resale (voluntary) Climate-driven mission State of the forest carbon market report, 2012. Ecosystems Marketplace.
  11. 11. Looking forward for community carbon • Plugging the gap in demand in REDD+ markets. • Communicating social return on investment. • Realistic costing of community systems. • REDD+ income as a stimulus & challenge of ensuring equitable benefit sharing. 11
  12. 12. • Currently community REDD+ projects operating in voluntary market; low recognition of biocarbon standards, low integration of voluntary and compliance markets, community ownership and leadership of REDD+ activities not well supported or integrated in national schemes. Ideally • ambitious national carbon targets, • biocarbon standards integrated into national and sub-national schemes with recognition of community contribution. 12
  13. 13. 13 Thank you Kathleen Edie Programmes Manager kathleen@planvivofoundation.org www.planvivo.org
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