Wel Come To This presentationBy J R Pawar,WOTR/SIED, INDIA7th International conference onCommunity Based Adaptation To Cli...
Adaptive sustainable agriculture inAdaptive sustainable agriculture inClimate Change AdaptationClimate Change Adaptationin...
Sustainable Agriculture• Agro Metrology-for tracking weather patterns at thevillage level leading to generation of advisor...
Agro Metrology• WOTR’s Agro-Meteorology component ofClimate Change Adaptation Project -includeslocale-specific Met-advisor...
What problem is being addressed?• Agriculture is weather dependent at the local level. Yet, currently, farmersdo not have ...
The Agro-meteorology ensures:• Local weather data isavailable to the farmers.• Local communityunderstands and usesweather ...
Key Achievements (2012-13)AutomatedWeatherStationsIndianMeteorologicalDept., NewDelhiWeather-Based Crop Advisories through...
Water budgeting• WOTR’s conceptualization of Water Budgetingis geared towards ensuring optimum and mostefficient use of wa...
Water budgeting• This kind of integrated approach and exerciseshelp the village community understand theimplications of th...
Water budgeting• This consideration of various local claims onwater resources in the village provide a strongbasis for mak...
Water-budgeting in Gram PanchayatsKey Achievements (2012-13)Pan-evaporimeter
Stone BundsLand Treatments: Catching Rainwater Everywhere!Land Treatments: Catching Rainwater Everywhere!Land Treatments: ...
Adaptive sustainable agriculture• WOTR has been extensively promotingsustainable agriculture practices as part of itsadapt...
Adaptive sustainable agriculture• FFS is an effort toward bringing new technological advances inorganic and sustainable ag...
Adaptive sustainable agriculture• Through FFS, farmers now have an effective platformwhich they can now use to avail infor...
SystematicApplicationof OrganicInputsSoilPreparationandManagementSystem of Crop IntensificationMicro-nutrientfoliar spraya...
FOOD&WATERConservation,Management,UseEfficiency Adaptive Sustainable AgricultureWater BudgetingWaterCroppingPatternWaterSh...
FarmersFieldSchoolsCropDemostraining withvisualdocumentation& exposurevisitson-sitetechnicalsupportMarket meets , Drip sys...
Systematic Applicationof Organic InputsImproves soil fertility,microbial and organiccontentin the soil, maintains soilin t...
Crop Demonstrations• Live demonstrations make a huge difference
Who we areWho we areWho we areWho we are• No. of People directly impacted - >1,100,000• No. of Watershed Villages - 1145Vi...
Kachner ClusterLEGENDProject StatesProject DistrictsProject BlocksTotal Villages : 65Districts / Blocks : 6Area ha. : 40,7...
Tools and MethodologiesSuccessfully tested and finalized various tools to aid bottom-up project planning, design and execu...
Thank You.Visit us: http://wotr.org
Adaptive sustainable agriculture in Climate Change Adaptation in Rainfed Regions of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra...
Adaptive sustainable agriculture in Climate Change Adaptation in Rainfed Regions of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra...
Adaptive sustainable agriculture in Climate Change Adaptation in Rainfed Regions of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Adaptive sustainable agriculture in Climate Change Adaptation in Rainfed Regions of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh

308
-1

Published on

By J R Pawar,
WOTR/SIED, INDIA
7th International conference on
Community Based Adaptation To Climate Change
April 22-25, 2013 Dhaka

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
308
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
14
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Adaptive sustainable agriculture in Climate Change Adaptation in Rainfed Regions of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh

  1. 1. Wel Come To This presentationBy J R Pawar,WOTR/SIED, INDIA7th International conference onCommunity Based Adaptation To Climate ChangeCommunity Based Adaptation To Climate ChangeApril 22-25, 2013 DhakaWatershed Organisation Trust (WOTR) 1
  2. 2. Adaptive sustainable agriculture inAdaptive sustainable agriculture inClimate Change AdaptationClimate Change Adaptationinin RainfedRainfed Regions ofRegions of Maharashtra,Maharashtra,Madhya Pradesh and Andhra PradeshMadhya Pradesh and Andhra PradeshAn Overview
  3. 3. Sustainable Agriculture• Agro Metrology-for tracking weather patterns at thevillage level leading to generation of advisories tofarmers on what steps to take in emergency conditions.• Water budgeting- To use water judiciously for humans,agriculture and livestock with a view to optimizingagriculture and livestock with a view to optimizingbenefits in a context of climate variability, erratic rainfalland possible drought.• Adaptive Sustainable Agriculture-System of CropIntensification , Promotion of organic fertilizers and lowexternal inputs ensures high productivity as well as soilhealth.Watershed Organisation Trust (WOTR) 3
  4. 4. Agro Metrology• WOTR’s Agro-Meteorology component ofClimate Change Adaptation Project -includeslocale-specific Met-advisories and Agro-advisories for timely weather information to helpfarmers plan their agricultural activities. Also aweb based initiative, it is marked by its uniquefarmers plan their agricultural activities. Also aweb based initiative, it is marked by its uniqueautomated platform and software to providevillage wise weather trends that can be widely upscaled.• The advisories and met-forecasts are shared withthe communities through phone and smses.Watershed Organisation Trust (WOTR) 4
  5. 5. What problem is being addressed?• Agriculture is weather dependent at the local level. Yet, currently, farmersdo not have access to reliable locally relevant meteorological andagricultural information by which to plan and manage their farmingoperations. Information presently available is based on inputs fromweather stations that are located at taluka places and which are manuallyobtained. In the monsoon-driven weather system that is ours, local agro-meteorological conditions, especially rainfall, vary within even a kilometer;and such distantly located weather stations are not able to provide dataand such distantly located weather stations are not able to provide datathat can generate locale-specific knowledge and advisories. In earlier days,before technology drove our lives, the elders of the village planned theiragriculture activities based on how they sensed the forthcoming weatherand what they observed in the surrounding flora ( plants and trees) andfauna ( insects, birds and animals). Most of this indigenous knowledge isnow lost.• It is, thus, important to retrieve, document, analyse, utilize anddisseminate practices that are promising and useful.Watershed Organisation Trust (WOTR) 5
  6. 6. The Agro-meteorology ensures:• Local weather data isavailable to the farmers.• Local communityunderstands and usesweather information forWatershed Organisation Trust (WOTR) 6weather information foragriculture planningand management.• Agro-advisories areprovided based on localweather data.
  7. 7. Key Achievements (2012-13)AutomatedWeatherStationsIndianMeteorologicalDept., NewDelhiWeather-Based Crop Advisories through SMSPreparation ofCrop AdvisoriesKrishisalla byExpertsAutomatedcontentManagementsystem &CropWeatherCalendarSoftwareSMSAdvisories
  8. 8. Water budgeting• WOTR’s conceptualization of Water Budgetingis geared towards ensuring optimum and mostefficient use of water. This involves gaining anunderstanding of water availability,understanding of water availability,community’s existing needs and requirementsof water, crop-planning based on wateravailability, optimizing irrigation, equitablesharing of excess water, and considereddecisions on groundwater withdrawals.Watershed Organisation Trust (WOTR) 9
  9. 9. Water budgeting• This kind of integrated approach and exerciseshelp the village community understand theimplications of the different patterns of water usethat are prevalent. By obtaining village levelwater availability data (from the rainfall and thatobtained from the well data), the people are ablewater availability data (from the rainfall and thatobtained from the well data), the people are ableto assess the water available at their disposal forthe coming months, plan the judicious uses ofwater and decide on the crops accordingly, aftertaking into consideration the needs ofhouseholds and livestock.Watershed Organisation Trust (WOTR) 10
  10. 10. Water budgeting• This consideration of various local claims onwater resources in the village provide a strongbasis for making decisions regarding thedifferent and appropriate cropping patterns,different and appropriate cropping patterns,area to be taken for cultivation, the method ofapplication of irrigation water, imposition ofwater use charges, if any, that arrives at notonly equitable sharing of waterbutalso optimizing output per drop of water.Watershed Organisation Trust (WOTR) 11
  11. 11. Water-budgeting in Gram PanchayatsKey Achievements (2012-13)Pan-evaporimeter
  12. 12. Stone BundsLand Treatments: Catching Rainwater Everywhere!Land Treatments: Catching Rainwater Everywhere!Land Treatments: Catching Rainwater Everywhere!Land Treatments: Catching Rainwater Everywhere!
  13. 13. Adaptive sustainable agriculture• WOTR has been extensively promotingsustainable agriculture practices as part of itsadaptive sustainable development approach. Theobjective is to promote low external inputs,increase land productivity, use of indigenousseeds, and reduce cost of cultivation. Thisincrease land productivity, use of indigenousseeds, and reduce cost of cultivation. Thisinvolves promotion of agricultural demonstrationplots, vermi-compost pits, training farmers onbetter practices of transplantation, cropgeometry (spaced planting), soil and manurepreparation, correct tillage operations, seedtreatment, better sowing methods etc.Watershed Organisation Trust (WOTR) 14
  14. 14. Adaptive sustainable agriculture• FFS is an effort toward bringing new technological advances inorganic and sustainable agricultural practices at the village level,right to farmers’ homes. It aims at achieving maximum yield at theleast cost to farmers, while also keeping in mind the long termsustainability of their lands.• What is unique about FFS is that it has been able to bring thebenefits of an existing government programme of technicalbenefits of an existing government programme of technicalguidance for farmers directly to the community through NGOfacilitation. The technical support in FFS is given by the GovernmentAgriculture Departments at District and Taluka• The farmers collected in groups once a week and were guided byvarious experts on different subjects- preparation of the land,sowing of seeds, spacing of the crop, kinds of pests, the correcttime and amount of fertilizers and pesticides to be used, weedingetc. They were also taken on exposure and training visits and to seethe work of other group farming endeavours.Watershed Organisation Trust (WOTR) 15
  15. 15. Adaptive sustainable agriculture• Through FFS, farmers now have an effective platformwhich they can now use to avail information aboutrelevant schemes and also for the overall developmentof their villages. FFS also has a very strong socialimpact by being open to all levels of farmers andbringing them together as a group with commonbringing them together as a group with commonconcerns. The farmers have now realised the potentialof coming together as a group. One can also see agradual change in the attitude of young farmers. Thetrend of rising disinterest in agriculture has beenreplaced with greater enthusiasm and dreams for thefuture.Watershed Organisation Trust (WOTR) 16
  16. 16. SystematicApplicationof OrganicInputsSoilPreparationandManagementSystem of Crop IntensificationMicro-nutrientfoliar sprayand basalapplicationsCropGeometry4 step approach to enhancing productivity of both soil &crop yields
  17. 17. FOOD&WATERConservation,Management,UseEfficiency Adaptive Sustainable AgricultureWater BudgetingWaterCroppingPatternWaterSharingPilot CropDemos/Farmer FieldSchoolsFOOD&WATERConservation,Management,UseEfficiencyWater BudgetingAgro metrologySustainable agripracticesWaterConservationTechnologiesIntegratedWater-NutrientMgmtIntegratedPestManagement
  18. 18. FarmersFieldSchoolsCropDemostraining withvisualdocumentation& exposurevisitson-sitetechnicalsupportMarket meets , Drip systems ,Agro-advisoriesFieldSchoolsscientific datarecording &disseminationincentivisationenterprisepromotion
  19. 19. Systematic Applicationof Organic InputsImproves soil fertility,microbial and organiccontentin the soil, maintains soilin the soil, maintains soiltextureand most critical for dryareas is "increases thesoils water holdingcapacity,Low cost
  20. 20. Crop Demonstrations• Live demonstrations make a huge difference
  21. 21. Who we areWho we areWho we areWho we are• No. of People directly impacted - >1,100,000• No. of Watershed Villages - 1145Vision: "Communities, especially the poor within, are empowered to livein dignity and secure their livelihood in sustainable eco-systems"• No. of Watershed Villages - 1145• No. of Project Villages - 2516• No. of States Operating In - 6• Total Area Covered (ha) - ≈696,000 ha• No. of People Trained - > 310,000• Support provided to Projects in Somaliland,Kenya, Tanzania and Malawi .
  22. 22. Kachner ClusterLEGENDProject StatesProject DistrictsProject BlocksTotal Villages : 65Districts / Blocks : 6Area ha. : 40,734Population : 63,282WOTR’s Climate Change Adaptation ProjectWOTR’s Climate Change Adaptation ProjectNarayanganj Cluster(Niwas Tehsil, Mandla District)Total Villages : 8Area : 2,859 ha.Tallakondapally Cluster(Mahboobnagar District)Total Villages : 3Area : 2,290 ha.Atmakur Cluster(Kurnool District)Total Villages : 3Area : 2,041 ha.Akole – Sangamner(Ahmednagar District)Total Villages : 41Area : 29,142 haa.Kachner ClusterAurangabad /Paithan Taluka(AurangabadDistrict)Total Villages : 10Area : 4402 ha.
  23. 23. Tools and MethodologiesSuccessfully tested and finalized various tools to aid bottom-up project planning, design and executionVulnerability Assessment ToolVulnerability Assessment ToolDisaster Risk Reduction MethodologyMethodology for implementing the PBRsLivelihood assessment tools – CASDAAT and LM3
  24. 24. Thank You.Visit us: http://wotr.org
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×