BCRM energy survey-II – John Notoane


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Presentation by John Notoane of OneWorld at the CHOICES project community energy workshops in Somerset East, Pearston and Cookhouse communities, Blue Crane Route Municipality in South Africa’s Eastern Cape, held in February and March 2013.

The presentation covers the results of a community energy survey carried out in the Blue Crane Route Municipality.

More information about OneWorld: http://www.oneworldgroup.co.za/

Further details of the CHOICES project: http://www.iied.org/choices-community-energy-project-south-africa

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BCRM energy survey-II – John Notoane

  1. 1. CHOICES SA – Community Knowledge Sharing and Energy Needs Workshop Survey Analysis Results
  2. 2. Purpose 1. Share BCRM energy survey results – for understanding and discussion 2. Only highlights from initial analysis – still more to follow and share 3. Bases of next steps to Choices – looking at Menu of Energy Options 4. Create a baseline for energy access – status quo to measure future impacts Share Your Views
  3. 3. 1. BCRM Social Profile 62% of energy purchase and use decisions are made by women 88% of households have 1 or 2 children at school Energy economy is cash based, no credit is used (or available) About 56% of respondents have cell phones How can women be empowered to participate in realising better energy access options and to save on energy costs?
  4. 4. 2. Household Income & Expenditure on Energy 89% of households - income is R2500 per month 40% of people rely on social grants Households in rural areas tend to exist in higher income brackets Income and expenditure – affordability for energy services?
  5. 5. 2. Income comparison BCRM urban vs rural (farms) Unexpected – rural higher bracket? Do urban households have a mix of work that isn’t fully captured here? 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 799 1,399 2,499 4,999 7,999 10,999 Percentageofhouseholds Income categories (R/month) Urban Rural
  6. 6. 3. Payment energy services between rural and urban households Given rural income is higher, can they afford to increase energy expenditure to improve quality of life? 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 0 50 100 200 300 400 500 >600 Numberofhouseholds Rands per month Urban Rural
  7. 7. 4. Primary Sources Used Understanding opportunity to transition to modern fuels? 0 50 100 150 200 250 Electricity Paraffin LP gas Firewood Numberofhouseholds
  8. 8. Cooking Majority electricity – easy – but expensive? Mbaula – low efficiency and health hazard – opportunity? Cooking Percentage of Households Electricity 62 Paraffin 15 LP gas 3 Firewood 19
  9. 9. Space Heating Consider the impact of health and temperature comfort - insulation could be opportunity? Space heating Percentage of Households Electricity 25 Paraffin 8 LP gas 0 Firewood 64
  10. 10. Lighting How much light in hrs per day does rural community enjoy? Cost of inefficient lighting? Lighting Fraction of Households Electricity 0.72 Paraffin 0.08 LP gas 0.00 Firewood 0.00 Candles 0.20
  11. 11. Water Heating Electricity is the preferred method for water heating (61% of households) Solar water heating emerging? Water heating Fraction of Households Electricity 0.61 Paraffin 0.14 Solar 0.05 LP gas 0.01 Firewood 0.19
  12. 12. Free Basic Electricity Which energy fuels do households use when the free basic electricity is finished – can energy efficiency makes it last longer Free Basic Electricity (FBE), 55% of these users run out of their FBE allocation in the first two weeks 87% have run out within three weeks (21 days).
  13. 13. Survey Key Points Low levels of income indicate affordability is key. Yet: • Urban: 88% use more than FBE, electricity considered expensive: case for increased efficiency and substituting electricity where possible – particularly for cooking? • Rural: firewood is widely used and time intensive, electricity availability low, income slightly higher: case for improved cooking, range of solar lighting options? • Both: Linking opportunities for income generation to energy use could be a win-win for both addressing energy needs and increased income. But these opportunities need exploring and mapping out.
  14. 14. Discussion