Safer Skies: Helicopter Infrastructure

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International Helicopter Safety Team (IHST) workshop presentation from HeliExpo 2013

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Safer Skies: Helicopter Infrastructure

  1. 1. TITLE Safer Skies: Infrastructure Work GroupSafer Skies: Infrastructure Work Group
  2. 2. • Premise: Safer Skies requires the same commitment—policy, innovation, funding, and technology for vertical flight that currently exists for commercial Part 121 aviation. • Premise: the current architecture to support vertical flight is not sufficient to realize the potential and promise of Next Gen.Safer Skies: New Technologies/Next Gen
  3. 3. • Helipads: • AC • Magnetic Interference • Markings • Lighting • Nationa databaseSafer Skies: New Technologies/Next Gen
  4. 4. PREMISE Some helipor t s have been shown t o have a high degr ee of magnet ic int er f er ence associat ed wit h t heir locat ions. This can be due t o a lar ge elect r ical consumer locat ed in t he vicinit y of t he helipor t envir onment such as:  Vent ilat ion Fan Mot or s  Elevat or Mot or s  Magnet ic Resonance I maging Syst ems (MRI )  Tr ansf or mer s Ot her possible sour ces of magnet ic int er f er ence can be associat ed wit h:  The ir on r einf or cement mat er ial (Re-Bar ) used in t he const r uct ion of t he concr et e f or t he helipor t it self .  Lar ge concent r at ions of elect r ical wir ing.  Lar ge concent r at ions of ir on piping f or wat er ser vice or dr ainage. 4 HeliExperts International LLC - All Rights Reserved
  5. 5. APPLICATION 5 HeliExperts International LLC - All Rights Reserved
  6. 6. FIELD APPLICATION 6 HeliExperts International LLC - All Rights Reserved
  7. 7. APPLICATION 7 HeliExperts International LLC - All Rights Reserved
  8. 8. Aircraft Shutdown& Rotor Slowdown Blade Tips Marked in Red 8 HeliExperts International LLC - All Rights Reserved
  9. 9. Broken Fin Departs AircraftBroken Fin 9 HeliExperts International LLC - All Rights Reserved
  10. 10. http://ambientairtech.com 10HeliExperts International LLC - All Rights Reserved
  11. 11. Flight Planning Requirements FAR Sec. 91.103 Pr ef light act ion  Each pilot in command shall, bef or e beginning a f light , become f amiliar wit h all available inf or mat ion concer ning t hat f light . FAR Sec. 135.299 — Pilot in command: Line checks: Rout es and air por t s.  (c) Each cer t if icat e holder shall est ablish in t he manual r equir ed by §135.21 a pr ocedur e which will ensur e t hat each pilot who has not f lown over a r out e and int o an air por t wit hin t he pr eceding 90 days will, bef or e beginning t he f light , become f amiliar wit h all available inf or mat ion r equir ed 11 f or t he saf e oper at ion of t hat - f light . HeliExperts International LLC All Rights Reserved
  12. 12. Possibilities I f a dynamic dat abase f or bot h public and pr ivat e helipor t s wher e const r uct ed how could it pot ent ially be ut ilized?  I n cockpit accessibilit y, i.e. Gar min GPS  Pilot updat eable via smar t phones  XM weat her over lay  Flight f ollowing int egr at ion  Point t o point messaging  Collision Avoidance  Aler t Syst em wit h t ext & email capabilit y 12 HeliExperts International LLC - All Rights Reserved
  13. 13. • WeatherSafer Skies: New Technologies/Next Gen
  14. 14. Current Sources of Weather Reporting 1100 Non-Fed AWOS 198 Federal AWOS 100 Federal AWSS 874 Federal ASOS 2,272 Total
  15. 15. WEATHER DISIMINATION METHODS IN USE TODAY THIRD PARTY OUTLETS •The Internet/WEB has seen an explosion of sites & apps providing Aviation Weather. •Sirius WM WX (In the Cockpit) •ForeFlight (Iphone, Ipad, Android) •FlitePlan (Jeppesen)
  16. 16. • IFRSafer Skies: New Technologies/Next Gen
  17. 17. Effects of Center Control Status On Operator 6000’ 3000’ ● ● Intermediate Departure at 00:30 IAF of Departure Fix GPS Approach Center Departure at 22:00 Approach Control TransferringPrimary Hospital Hospital(Trauma orSpecialty Center)
  18. 18. GPS Departure Procedures Pilot Nav Maneuvers and the Implications for Legacy Procedures
  19. 19. Typical Approach and Pilot Nav Departure PlatesDeparture is the Inverse of the Approach
  20. 20. • NVGSafer Skies: New Technologies/Next Gen
  21. 21. LED ISSUE Since t he int r oduct ion of LED light ing int o t he mar ket place it has been discover ed t hat while t hey ar e r eadily visible t o t he naked eye and can signif icant ly r educe elect r ical consumpt ion cost s t hey may not be visible when using many makes or models Night Vision Devices. NVGs t ypically use f ilt er s t o block cockpit light ing f r om sat ur at ing t he imaging syst em. This has t he unint ended ef f ect in many cases of making LED light ing invisible t o t he wear er of t he NVGs. This is due in par t t o t he f act t hat LED light s have a much nar r ower emission bandwidt h but is also due t o t he f act t hat LED light s do not emit similar amount s of inf r ar ed ener gy as incandescent light s. This can be an issue when using LED light s f or mar king hazar ds and obst r uct ions or when using LED light s t o communicat e inf or mat ion such as t he per imet er of a landing ar ea. 21 HeliExperts International LLC - All Rights Reserved
  22. 22. Wavelengths 22 HeliExperts International LLC - All Rights Reserved
  23. 23. The Albedo R ating (Reflective Coefficient) Problem AreaUnaided Aided 23 HeliExperts International LLC - All Rights Reserved
  24. 24. Obstruction Markings 24 HeliExperts International LLC - All Rights Reserved
  25. 25. • PBNSafer Skies: New Technologies/Next Gen
  26. 26. HUGHES PROPRIETARY IINFORMATION
  27. 27. HUGHES PROPRIETARY IINFORMATION
  28. 28. • Premise: Safer Skies requires the same commitment—policy, innovation, funding, and technology for vertical flight that currently exists for commercial Part 121 aviation. • Premise: the current architecture to support vertical flight is not sufficient to realize the potential and promise of Next Gen.Safer Skies: New Technologies/Next Gen

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