IHS Analysis - Pacific Operational S&t conference 2013


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With the Obama Administration’s pivot to the Asia-Pacific region, IHS attended the Pacific Operational S&T Conference and Exhibition on 5-8 March in Honolulu, Hawaii, for an update on US Pacific Command’s (PACOM) priorities and challenges.

This presentation provides selected IHS analysis of the event, its themes, outcomes and implications.

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IHS Analysis - Pacific Operational S&t conference 2013

  1. 1. IHS Jane’sAnalysis: Pacific OperationalS&T Conference 2013March 2013Introduction disputes, extremist threats and science and technology shortfalls. Several partners and allies presented their ownWith the Obama Administration’s pivot to the Asia-Pacific perspectives of regional and state challenges, echoingregion, IHS attended the Pacific Operational S&T many US concerns.Conference and Exhibition on 5-8 March in Honolulu,Hawaii, for an update on US Pacific Command’s Selected IHS analysis of the event, its themes, outcomes(PACOM) priorities and challenges. Conference organizer and implications are presented below.NDIA, in partnership with PACOM, noted that the effectsof sequestration 1 could be seen in the lower-than-usualturnout of US attendees and exhibitors, but the PACOM Faces Challenges Brought On By Sequester,international contingent from seven partner nations and Spending Limitationsallies was strong, with representatives from Brunei A top US Pacific Command (PACOM) official warned on 5attending for the first time. March that the Department of Defense’s (DoD’s) budgetary shortfalls could impact the country’s ability toBudgetary pressures and challenges were a central theme maintain a forward presence in the Asia-Pacific region,for the conference. Speakers from US PACOM highlighted undermining its efforts to refocus on the area.theatre issues and transnational threats, to include cyberwarfare, climate change, public health, regional territorial “We know for a fact that we’re not going to have the funding we’ve had in the past to conduct all the operations1 Follow ongoing IHS coverage of the US Budget debate here: 2013 US we had on the books for planning for Fiscal Year 2013Budget Debate – IHS Jane’s Defence Weekly© 2013 IHS 1 ihs.com
  2. 2. IHS Analysis: Pacific Operational S&T Conference 2013[FY13] and FY14,” PACOM’s deputy commander, US adversaries in the Asian-Pacific region are likely to knockMarine Corps (USMC) Lieutenant General Thomas out communications capabilities first, and thereforeConant, told the National Defense Industry Association’s developers will have to think of how to create resiliency inPacific Operational Science and Technology (S&T) those systems so that troops can continue to fight in aconference and exhibition in Honolulu, Hawaii. communications-denied environment.Although he assured partners and allies in attendance that Full articlePACOM “is not going out of business” and still intends tostay engaged throughout the region, the deputy US Economic Troubles Spurring China To Forge Ahead Incommander did concede that the organisation is facing a Defence Capabilitieschallenge because of mandatory spending cuts and cost- Unconvinced that budgetary shortfalls are generatingsaving measures that the services are now implementing. pressures on US defence capabilities, China is increasingFull article the pace at which its military is modernising in hopes of becoming a world class defence science and technologyComms, Weapons and ISR Top PACOM’s Shortlist (S&T) power by 2020, University of California (UC) researchers said on 7 March.US Pacific Command (PACOM) is seekingcommunications innovations, better weapons, and more As Chinese officials are not seeing a drop in US defencereliable platforms including persistent intelligence, S&T investments commensurate with the economicsurveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) systems, an downturn, they remain intent on forging ahead with newofficial said on 5 March. investment initiatives in their own defence research and development (R&D), said Tai Ming Cheung, director of thePACOM’s deputy commander, Lieutenant General UC Institute on Global Conflict and Co-operation (IGCC),Thomas Conant, told attendees of the Pacific Operational which is overseeing the Minerva Project on the Study ofScience and Technology conference and exhibition that Innovation and Technology in China, a five-year efforttroops in his area of responsibility (AOR) require assured funded by the US Department of Defense (DoD).internal and external communications, preferably throughsatellite means. “The new Chinese leadership sees military modernisation, especially in R&D, as critical to their long-term“If we don’t have the ability to shoot something up fast to development,” Cheung said during a presentation at thecover the task force or battle force, you’re going to be Pacific Operational S&T conference and exhibition.blind and you’re going to be deaf,” he said. Potential© 2013 IHS 2 ihs.com
  3. 3. IHS Analysis: Pacific Operational S&T Conference 2013Chinese officials recently announced they are beefing up Not only is South Korea seeking precision strike anddefence budgets by nearly 11%. The move continues the extended range for its preemptive and deterrencedecade-long trend of increased investments by the capabilities, but it also is in the market for intelligence,government in defence initiatives to help its military forces- surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) systems andthe People’s Liberation Army (PLA)-catch up with the cyber technology for an uncertain future environment, Leeworld’s premiere armed forces. said.Escalating tensions with Japan and southeast Asian Full articlestates, as well as the Obama administration’s strategicpivot to the Asia-Pacific region, are key drivers in the Japan Pursues International, Civilian Collaborations Foracceleration. Defence S&TFull article Facing a decrease in its defence budget, Japan is seeking research and development (R&D) partnershipSouth Korea Seeking Deterrence Capabilities, ISR, Cyber opportunities with other nations while also trying toTech For Future improve science and technology (S&T) collaborationsRising tensions in northeast Asia are prompting South between its own defence industry and civilian sectors, aKorea to take a two-pronged approach in its defence government official said on 6 March.strategy, an official said on 6 March. Hajime Wakuda, director for defence industry at Japan’sSituated well within range of North Korea’s recent Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry, said thatprovocations with nuclear tests and long-range missile Japan’s defence industry is not the sole sector being impacted by government budget cuts. Private sectortests, South Korea wants to snare “two hares with a singlerope”, said Hungon Lee, vice-president for the country’s investments in R&D also are stagnating following a 20%Agency for Defence Development. drop in funding levels in 2009.Its two-pronged strategy involves a victory scenario in Moreover, fewer of those investments are funding truedeterring North Korea, as well as long-term survival in the innovation; the bulk of the money is being used to improvefuture, given territorial disputes in the South China Sea existing technologies, Wakuda pointed out.and the increasing missile capabilities in the region. Despite the bleak fiscal outlook for defence R&D, Japanese officials are hopeful that the growing acceptance of dual-use technology efforts in robotics, IT,© 2013 IHS 3 ihs.com
  4. 4. IHS Analysis: Pacific Operational S&T Conference 2013energy, and materiels, in particular, will help to generate electromagnetic (EM) catapult technology, University ofsome growth in defence innovation. California (UC) researchers said on 7 March.Full article Following the completion of an extensive rebuild programme, aircraft carrierLiaoning was handed over toAustralia’s Defence S&T Strategic Plan Stresses the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) on 25Autonomy, Cyber And Space Systems September 2012. The 59,439-tonne vessel was purchased from Ukraine and is a Kuznetsov-class shipAustralia has drafted a new defence science and with a ski jump to launch aircraft.technology (S&T) plan that will help the nation strengthenits security in the Asia-Pacific region and offer it flexibility “China calls it a useful training ship, a useful research andto meet future challenges, an official said on 6 March. development [R&D] ship,” said Tai Ming Cheung, director of the UC Institute on Global Conflict and CooperationThe Embassy of Australia’s minister-counsellor for (IGCC).defence S&T, Torgny Josefsson, said the plan, whichgoes into effect on 1 July, is intended to aid the defence- With aspirations of becoming a maritime power, Chinaindustrial complex in becoming a leaner, more focused wants to build a next-generation carrier from scratch in itsorganisation in light of budgetary challenges. domestic shipyards and it is investing funds in R&D to achieve electromagnetic catapult technology.It stresses new priority research and developmentprogrammes, to include autonomy, cyber and space “They don’t want an aircraft carrier that uses ski jumps.systems as primary focus areas, and other disciplines, That’s not considered a world-class carrier,” said Cheung.such as bioterrorism, electronic warfare, hypersonics, Full articleintelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR),materiels and energy, and undersea warfare.Full article This analysis was first published in IHS Jane’s DefenceChina Hopes To Develop Next-Gen Carriers Weekly and IHS Jane’s Defence Industry.On the heels of its first aircraft carrier arriving in anortheastern homeport, China is already setting its sightson developing a next-generation flat-top complete with© 2013 IHS 4 ihs.com
  5. 5. IHS Analysis: Pacific Operational S&T Conference 2013About IHS About IHS Defence & SecurityIHS (NYSE: IHS) is a leading source of information and With over 100 years of history as Jane’s, IHS is the mostinsight in pivotal areas that shape today’s business trusted and respected public source of defence andlandscape: energy, economics, geopolitical risk, security information in the world.sustainability and supply chain management. With a reputation built on products such as IHS Jane’sBusinesses and governments around the globe rely on the Fighting Ships, IHS Jane’s All the World’s Aircraft and IHScomprehensive content, expert independent analysis and Jane’s Defence Weekly, IHS delivers comprehensive,flexible delivery methods of IHS to make high-impact credible and reliable news, insight and analysis across alldecisions and develop strategies with speed and key defence and security subject areas, and in support ofconfidence. critical military and security processes.IHS has been in business since 1959 and became a IHS military weapons information and analysis productspublicly traded company on the New York Stock represent an invaluable open-source news, informationExchange in 2005. Headquartered in Englewood, and intelligence asset for businesses, defenceColorado, USA, IHS employs more than 6,000 people in organisations and armed forces.more than 31 countries around the world.ihs.com© 2013 IHS 5 ihs.com