OSGeo, FOSS, OSM &             OSLicensing (ODbL)                           Arnulf Christl                          OSGeo ...
Arnulf Christl       Geospatial Systems Architect at metaspatial.         ●   President of OSGeo         ●   OGC Architect...
A perspective on:                              Open Source Geospatial                              Free Software Licenses ...
Agenda                What is OSGeo?                What is FOSS?                What is OSM?                What is s...
Let us put some                                         Order into Chaos                                   ...and make thi...
Part I                              What is OSGeo? The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum    OSGeo - Professional Open Source   6/40
Using Open Source?Yes, … but:     Anybody can call anything "Open Source"             And a name does not automagically   ...
Quality Open Source      Open Source Geospatial Foundation          http://www.osgeo.org                     Your Open Sou...
The OSGeo Foundation    OSGeo is a global non-profit organization     founded in February 2006    Leading voice for     ...
OSGeos Mission                   Support and promote                    the highest quality                      Open Sour...
OSGeos Goals    Provide resources for FOSS4G projects:        Infrastructure        Legal                          http...
OSGeos Structure                Charter Members vote                 Board of 9 Directors                   and President ...
Activities    Support FOSS4G on a global scale    Support local activities and capacities    Facilitate inter-project c...
Part II              What is Free Software (licensing)?The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum   OSGeo - Professional Open Source   14...
Free Software LicensingFree Software Licensing    Not as in "free beer"     but as in free speech    You are free to:   ...
Proprietary Licenses  You                   are not allowed to copy  You                are not allowed to modify    Yo...
Free Software LicensingFree Software is a legallicensing model (a vaccine)protecting your interests.The opposite is propri...
FOSS Licenses    Clear BSD License    GNU General Public License (GPL), Version 3    GNU Lesser General Public License ...
Free Software LicensingFree Software Licensing    Not as in "free beer"                                     !     but as ...
Part III            What is Open Source (development)?The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum   OSGeo - Professional Open Source   20/40
Software Development               Problem is identified            Software development team                Solves the pr...
Overall Revenue in IT           Less than 10% of revenue in IT is           generated through selling software            ...
Why does it Work?     Because            there is a need for      software     Because there is a community     Because...
Part IV                      What is OpenStreetMap?The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum   OSGeo - Professional Open Source   24/40
OpenStreetMap                      OpenStreetMap is                   a community project to                    create a f...
How does it Work?   Maps are created using data from    portable satellite navigation devices     (aka GPS)    aerial ph...
Why does it Work?     Because   there is a need for      free map data     Because there is a community     Because we ...
Part V               How to License Geospatial Data?The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum   OSGeo - Professional Open Source   28/40
How is OSM licensed?   Since the beginning of the project       Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0   Then over ...
ODbLThe 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum   OSGeo - Professional Open Source     30/40
OBbL – Rights (human readable version)                 http://opendatacommons.org/licenses/odbl/summary/The 12th Saxonian ...
OBbL – Duties (human readable version)The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum   OSGeo - Professional Open Source   32/40
Major ChangesMajor changes apply to Produced Work andDerivative Databases.    Produced Work does not have to be published...
Derivative Databases4.6 Access to Derivative Databases. If You Publicly Use a Derivative   Database or a Produced Work fro...
Dispute    There was a long discussion about usefulness     and harm of the ODbL introduction .    It was never closed.h...
The Solution                               Public Domain                                  Commons                         ...
Thank you for        your Attention!                                                The annual Conference on              ...
INSPIRE (and PSI)      How is the data released through INSPIRE       licensed?  Open questions:      What is the meanin...
Copying is not TheftThere is a big difference between material theftand digital copying.     We have difficulties understa...
References    OSGeo Foundation website: http://www.osgeo.org    Wiki: http://wiki.osgeo.org    Open Source: http://prod...
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GI2012 christl-keynote arnulf-christl-open_data-licensing

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12. Sächsisches GIS-Forum
Dresden: 18./19.05.2012
GI2012-OpenDataPolicies-FORUM

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GI2012 christl-keynote arnulf-christl-open_data-licensing

  1. 1. OSGeo, FOSS, OSM & OSLicensing (ODbL) Arnulf Christl OSGeo PresidentThe 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum
  2. 2. Arnulf Christl Geospatial Systems Architect at metaspatial. ● President of OSGeo ● OGC Architecture Board Member  ● OpenStreetMap Advocate Founder of several companies and initiatives,  provides consulting for SDI and travels a lot. The 12th Saxonian GIS­Forum The 12th Saxonian GIS­Forum OSGeo ­ Professional Open Source 2 / 48 2 / 42
  3. 3. A perspective on: Open Source Geospatial Free Software Licenses Open Source Development OpenStreetMap Open Database LicensingThe 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 3/40
  4. 4. Agenda  What is OSGeo?  What is FOSS?  What is OSM?  What is special about Open Data Licensing (ODbL)?This presentation is available for download at http://arnulf.us/PublicationsThe 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 4/40
  5. 5. Let us put some Order into Chaos ...and make things clearThe 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 5/40
  6. 6. Part I What is OSGeo? The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 6/40
  7. 7. Using Open Source?Yes, … but:  Anybody can call anything "Open Source" And a name does not automagically make better software!The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 7/40
  8. 8. Quality Open Source Open Source Geospatial Foundation http://www.osgeo.org Your Open Source Compass ...organizes spatial ITThe 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 8/40
  9. 9. The OSGeo Foundation  OSGeo is a global non-profit organization founded in February 2006  Leading voice for Geospatial Open Source  Structure similar to the Apache Foundation  Volunteer based  Funded by sponsorshipThe 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 9/40
  10. 10. OSGeos Mission Support and promote the highest quality Open Source Geospatial SoftwareThe 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 10/40
  11. 11. OSGeos Goals  Provide resources for FOSS4G projects:  Infrastructure  Legal http://www.osgeo.org  Financial  Promote free and open geospatial data  Create and maintain a quality brand  Create and promote free curriculum  Promote and contribute to standardsThe 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 11/40
  12. 12. OSGeos Structure Charter Members vote Board of 9 Directors and President Officers Officers 25 Officers represent Committees Committees Committees Committees Committees Committees Local Local Chapters Local Foundation Chapters Local Chapters Projects Local Chapters Chapters 125 Charter Members elected by Membership SponsorsThe 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 12/40
  13. 13. Activities  Support FOSS4G on a global scale  Support local activities and capacities  Facilitate inter-project communication  Build a solid market for businesses and users  Interface with industry and business  Support the education of domain experts not «brand-specialists»  Many more...The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 13/40
  14. 14. Part II What is Free Software (licensing)?The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 14/40
  15. 15. Free Software LicensingFree Software Licensing  Not as in "free beer" but as in free speech  You are free to:  use it anywhere for any purpose  understand and improve it  adjust it to suit your needs  collaborate with anybody elseThe 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 15/40
  16. 16. Proprietary Licenses  You are not allowed to copy  You are not allowed to modify  You are not allowed to give away  You are not allowed to improve  You are not allowed to install  You are not allowed to share  You are not allowed to... ...another cartoon by Nina Paley: Terms of Services!The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 16/40
  17. 17. Free Software LicensingFree Software is a legallicensing model (a vaccine)protecting your interests.The opposite is proprietarysoftware protecting only thevendors interests.Nota bene:"commercial software" is afrequently used misnomer.The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 17/40
  18. 18. FOSS Licenses  Clear BSD License  GNU General Public License (GPL), Version 3  GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL), Version 3  Apache License, Version 2.0  Modified BSD license  FreeBSD license  Mozilla Public License (MPL) version 2.0  XFree86 1.1 License  etc.http://www.gnu.org/licenses/license-list.html#SoftwareLicensesThe 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 18/40
  19. 19. Free Software LicensingFree Software Licensing  Not as in "free beer" ! but as in free speech  You are free to: d use it anywhere for ee purpose  n t it any rayour needs  understand and improve  u awith anybody else adjust it to suit  G collaborateThe 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 19/40
  20. 20. Part III What is Open Source (development)?The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 20/40
  21. 21. Software Development Problem is identified Software development team Solves the problem Publish Software (or Code) Software users have new requirements, find bugs Code is improved new version is releasedThe 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 21/40
  22. 22. Overall Revenue in IT Less than 10% of revenue in IT is generated through selling software usage licenses. (i.e. by restricting copying) Read http://arnulf.us/Cadastre for more detailsThe 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 22/40
  23. 23. Why does it Work?  Because there is a need for software  Because there is a community  Because we are all connected (through the Internet)The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 23/40
  24. 24. Part IV What is OpenStreetMap?The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 24/40
  25. 25. OpenStreetMap OpenStreetMap is a community project to create a free editable map of the worldThe 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 25/40
  26. 26. How does it Work? Maps are created using data from  portable satellite navigation devices (aka GPS)  aerial photography  other free sources  local knowledgeThe 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 26/40
  27. 27. Why does it Work?  Because there is a need for free map data  Because there is a community  Because we are all connected (through the Internet) (a lot of experience comes from the Open Source movement)The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 27/40
  28. 28. Part V How to License Geospatial Data?The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 28/40
  29. 29. How is OSM licensed? Since the beginning of the project  Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Then over three years a major change was initiated which lead to a completely new license: Since April 1st 2012:  Open Database License (OBbL) st The data which was committed until 2012 March 31 is still, and will forever be available under the CC license. http://opendatacommons.org/licenses/odbl/1.0/The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 29/40
  30. 30. ODbLThe 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 30/40
  31. 31. OBbL – Rights (human readable version) http://opendatacommons.org/licenses/odbl/summary/The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 31/40
  32. 32. OBbL – Duties (human readable version)The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 32/40
  33. 33. Major ChangesMajor changes apply to Produced Work andDerivative Databases.  Produced Work does not have to be published under the ODbL but reasonable attribution has to be added  On "request" the Derivative Database used to create the Produced Work have to be conveyed to the requester  or, the processes which lead to the Derivative Database have to be conveyed to the requester  There is an exception for Collective Databases which do not have to be published under the ODbL (except for the parts which already are licensed under the ODbL)The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 33/40
  34. 34. Derivative Databases4.6 Access to Derivative Databases. If You Publicly Use a Derivative Database or a Produced Work from a Derivative Database, You must also offer to recipients of the Derivative Database or Produced Work a copy in a machine readable form of:a. The entire Derivative Database; orb. A file containing all of the alterations made to the Database or the method of making the alterations to the Database (such as an algorithm), including any additional Contents, that make up all the differences between the Database and the Derivative Database. The Derivative Database (under a.) or alteration file (under b.) must be available at no more than a reasonable production cost for physical distributions and free of charge if distributed over the internet.The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 34/40
  35. 35. Dispute  There was a long discussion about usefulness and harm of the ODbL introduction .  It was never closed.http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Open_Data_License/Why_You_Should_DeclineOpen questions:  What license can the public administration use?  What does "Commercial Use" mean?  What is the way forward for INSPIRE?The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 35/40
  36. 36. The Solution Public Domain Commons CC0The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 36/40
  37. 37. Thank you for your Attention! The annual Conference on Free and Open Source Software With friendly support by: for Geospatial http://www.metaspatial.net Copyright: Arnulf Christl, metaspatial. This slide set is copyrighted to the commonsThe 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 37/40
  38. 38. INSPIRE (and PSI)  How is the data released through INSPIRE licensed? Open questions:  What is the meaning of Public Sector Information (PSI)?  How can geospatial PSI be used?  What license can the public administration use?  What does "Commercial Use" mean?  What is the way forward for INSPIRE?The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 38/40
  39. 39. Copying is not TheftThere is a big difference between material theftand digital copying. We have difficulties understanding this because we are material.But our Mind is not entirely material, therefore wecan understand. A great 60 second cartoon by Nina Paley: Copying is not Theft.The 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 39/40
  40. 40. References  OSGeo Foundation website: http://www.osgeo.org  Wiki: http://wiki.osgeo.org  Open Source: http://producingoss.org by Karl Fogel  OpenStreetMap: http://www.openstreetmap.org/  A note on Copyright: http://arnulf.us/Seven:Copyrights  The ODbL http://opendatacommons.org/licenses/odbl/1.0/  OSM Dispute: http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Open_Data_License/Why_You_Should_Decline  Lawyer talk: http://www.ifross.org/ifross_html/home2_2009.html This presentation is available for download at http://arnulf.us/PublicationsThe 12th Saxonian GIS-Forum OSGeo - Professional Open Source 40/40
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