Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Planetary and societal risks
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Planetary and societal risks

347

Published on

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
347
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
13
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • To note:London 7-10 MayPlanetary meeting focusing on solutions2500 leading global-change thinkersInfluence 2012 Earth Summit: Rio +20INTEGRATION of many research and policy communities is key. We want the best global change thinkers to attendPlanet Under Pressure: new knowledge, new solutions
  • This great acceleration really started in the 50s
  • To note:London 7-10 MayPlanetary meeting focusing on solutions2500 leading global-change thinkersInfluence 2012 Earth Summit: Rio +20INTEGRATION of many research and policy communities is key. We want the best global change thinkers to attendPlanet Under Pressure: new knowledge, new solutions
  • The biophysical responses of the Earth System show many of the same features as the Great Acceleration in the human enterprise.The hockeystick pattern applies all key indicators that form the basis for human well being and environmental health.
  • Nitrous oxide makes up an extremely small amount of the atmosphere - it is less than one-thousandth as abundant as carbon dioxide. However, it is 200 to 300 times more effective in trapping heat than carbon dioxide.Nitrogen is removed from the atmosphere by plants and converted into forms such as ammonia, which can then be used by the plants. This is called nitrogen fixation. At the same time, micro-organisms remove nitrogen from the soil and put it back into the atmosphere - denitrification - and this process produces nitrous oxide. Nitrous oxide also enters the atmosphere from the ocean.Nitrous oxide has one of the longest atmosphere lifetimes of the greenhouse gases, lasting for up to 150 years.Burning fossil fuels and wood is one source of the increase in atmospheric nitrous oxide, however the main contributor is believed to be the widespread use of nitrogen-base fertilisers. Sewage treatment plants may also be a major source of this gas.Since the Industrial Revolution, the level of nitrous oxide in the atmosphere has increased by 16%.
  • Beyond climate
  • Transcript

    • 1. PLANETARY BOUNDARIES<br />the urgent need for societal transformations<br />
    • 2. PLANETARY BOUNDARIES<br />the urgent need for societal transformations<br />MODERATOR: Andrew Revkin<br />dotEarth, New York Times<br />Sybil Seitzinger<br />International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme<br />Deborah Rogers<br />International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change<br />Gisbert Glaser<br />Senior Policy Advisor<br />International Council for Science<br />
    • 3. Planetary and societal risksWhy we need planetary stewardship<br />Professor Sybil Seitzinger<br />Executive Director<br />International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme<br />
    • 4.
    • 5. Antarctic ice core<br />Modern humans appear in Africa<br />Carbon dioxide<br />Methane<br />Carbon<br />dioxide<br />Temperature<br />Methane<br />Loulergue, L.,et al Orbittal and millennial-scale features of atmospheric CH4 over the past 800,000 years, Nature, 2008.<br />Lüthi, D. et al High-resolution carbon dioxide concentration record 650,000-800,000 years before present Nature, 2008. <br />
    • 6. Antarctic ice core<br />Beyond natural boundaries<br />Methane<br />Carbon<br />dioxide<br />Loulergue, L.,et al Orbittal and millennial-scale features of atmospheric CH4 over the past 800,000 years, Nature, 2008.<br />Lüthi, D. et al High-resolution carbon dioxide concentration record 650,000-800,000 years before present Nature, 2008. <br />
    • 7. Source: GRIP ice core data (Greenland)<br />And S. Oppenheimer, ”Out of Eden”, 2004<br />Human Development andGlacial-Interglacial Cycling<br />Source: GRIP icecore data (Greenland) and S. Oppenheimer, ”Out of Eden”, 2004<br />
    • 8. IGBP Climate-change index<br />Global carbon dioxide<br />Arctic sea-ice minimum<br />Global surface temperature<br />Global sea level<br />
    • 9. IGBP Climate-change index<br />
    • 10. The Great Acceleration – a planet under pressure<br />
    • 11. Population<br />US Bureau of the Census (2000) International database<br />IGBP synthesis: Global Change and the Earth System, Steffen et al 2004<br />
    • 12. Total real GDP<br />Nordhaus (1997) The economics of new goods. University of Chicago Press<br />IGBP synthesis: Global Change and the Earth System, Steffen et al 2004<br />
    • 13. Foreign direct investment<br />World Bank (2002) data and statistics<br />IGBP synthesis: Global Change and the Earth System, Steffen et al 2004<br />
    • 14. Damming of rivers<br />World Commission on Dams (2000)<br />IGBP synthesis: Global Change and the Earth System, Steffen et al 2004<br />
    • 15. Water use<br />Shiklomanov (1990) Global Water Resources<br />IGBP synthesis: Global Change and the Earth System, Steffen et al 2004<br />
    • 16. Fertiliser consumption<br />International Fertilizer Industry Association (2002)<br />IGBP synthesis: Global Change and the Earth System, Steffen et al 2004<br />
    • 17. Urban population<br />The State of the World’s Cities (2001)<br />IGBP synthesis: Global Change and the Earth System, Steffen et al 2004<br />
    • 18. Paper consumption<br />Pulp and paper international (1993)<br />IGBP synthesis: Global Change and the Earth System, Steffen et al 2004<br />
    • 19. Motor vehicles<br />Global environmental outlook (2000)<br />IGBP synthesis: Global Change and the Earth System, Steffen et al 2004<br />
    • 20. Telephones<br />Canning (2001) A database of world infrastructure stocks, 1950-95 World Bank<br />IGBP synthesis: Global Change and the Earth System, Steffen et al 2004<br />
    • 21. International tourism<br />World Tourism Organization (2001) Tourism industry trends<br />IGBP synthesis: Global Change and the Earth System, Steffen et al 2004<br />
    • 22. Shrimp farm production<br />IGBP synthesis: Global Change and the Earth System, Steffen et al 2004<br />
    • 23. Domesticated land<br />IGBP synthesis: Global Change and the Earth System, Steffen et al 2004<br />
    • 24. Planetary response<br />
    • 25. Atmospheric CO2 concentration<br />Etheridge et al. Geophys Res 101: 4115-4128<br />IGBP synthesis: Global Change and the Earth System, Steffen et al 2004<br />
    • 26. Atmospheric N2O concentration<br />Machida et al Geophys Res Lett 22:2921-2925<br />IGBP synthesis: Global Change and the Earth System, Steffen et al 2004<br />
    • 27. Atmospheric CH4 concentration<br />Blunier et al J Geophy Res 20: 2219-2222<br />IGBP synthesis: Global Change and the Earth System, Steffen et al 2004<br />
    • 28. Northern hemisphere average surface temperature<br />Mann et al Geophys Res Lett 26(6): 759-762<br />IGBP synthesis: Global Change and the Earth System, Steffen et al 2004<br />
    • 29. Ozone depletion<br />IGBP synthesis: Global Change and the Earth System, Steffen et al 2004<br />
    • 30. Tropical rainforest and woodland loss <br />IGBP synthesis: Global Change and the Earth System, Steffen et al 2004<br />
    • 31. Natural climatic disasters <br />IGBP synthesis: Global Change and the Earth System, Steffen et al 2004<br />
    • 32. Fisheries exploitation<br />IGBP synthesis: Global Change and the Earth System, Steffen et al 2004<br />
    • 33. Coastal zone nitrogen flux<br />IGBP synthesis: Global Change and the Earth System, Steffen et al 2004<br />
    • 34. Biodiversity loss<br />IGBP synthesis: Global Change and the Earth System, Steffen et al 2004<br />
    • 35. Great acceleration<br />IGBP synthesis: Global Change and the Earth System, Steffen et al 2004<br />
    • 36. “Our foot is stuck on the accelerator and we are heading towards an abyss.”<br /> Ban Ki-Moon <br />
    • 37. A resilient Earth System<br />
    • 38. Reduced resilience – our precarious predicament<br />
    • 39. Where are the thresholds in the Earth system?<br />Photograph by Annie Griffiths Belt<br />National Geographic, February 2008 – © National Geographic Society, All rights reserved.<br />
    • 40. Ozone<br />Depletion<br />Climate Change<br />Atmospheric Aerosol Loading<br />Nitrogen<br />Ocean <br />Acidification<br />Phosphorus <br />Rate of Biodiversity Loss<br />Global <br />FreshwaterUse<br />Land System Change<br />Chemical <br />Pollution <br />Rockström et al. 2009<br />
    • 41. 2011 Global Risks ReportWorld Economic Forum<br />“The world is in no position to face major, new shocks.”<br />
    • 42. Planetary stewardship- a safe operating space for humanity<br />
    • 43. Planetary Stewardship<br />2020<br />2040<br />2050<br />2030<br />
    • 44. New knowledge toward solutionsLondon, 26-29 March 2012<br />
    • 45. Planetary and societal risksWhy we need planetary stewardship<br />Professor Sybil Seitzinger<br />Executive Director<br />International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme<br />www.igbp.net<br />Sybil.seitzinger@igbp.kva.se<br />

    ×