“An integrated “farm to fork approach” to improving food and nutrition security in the
Caribbean by linking agricultural p...
• Background and Problem definition
• Project Goals
• Farm to Fork Model building
• Project Results
• Significance of find...
Trinidad and Tobago
Guyana
St. Lucia
St. Kitts and Nevis
BACKGROUND: CARICOM Countries
CARICOM countries social economic profile : Selected Indicators (2013)
COUNTRY POPULATI
ON
(thousand
s)
Area
(Km2)
Populat...
CARICOM countries social economic profile : Selected Indicators (2013)
COUNTRY POPULATION
(thousands)
Area
(Km2)
Populatio...
Prevalence of Overwt / Obesity in the Caribbean in > 30 years old
23
16
25
7 8
20
16 15
14 12 11 10 10
1
57
55 54
46
43
34...
0
5
10
15
Under Weight Over Weight
4
6
3
13
Percentage
Changes in Childhood (0-5yr) Underweight and Overweight
Status Duri...
Food
Availability
Availability1 (Kcal/per
capita/day) % of change
2009-1990
RPG2 2009 Surplus (+) or
Deficit (-) relative
...
Food
Availability
Availability1 (Kcal/per
capita/day) % of change
2009-1990
RPG2 2009 Surplus (+) or
Deficit (-) relative
...
-
500
1,000
1,500
2,000
2,500
3,000
3,500
4,000
4,500
U$Million
Year
TRENDS IN CARICOM AGRICULTURALTRADE IN
CROPS AND LIVE...
• Improve nutrition & health outcomes of CARICOM populations through availability of foods that
would increase intake of v...
MODEL Building
Preconditions for successful farm to fork model
Policy
instru
ments
Build partnerships
Knowledge
generation
CHANGE
MODEL BUILDING: Framework for change
Effort
NCD’s
Agric...
 Collective
action
 Innovation
 Technology
adoption
 Social
capital
 Policy
MODEL Building: Farm to Fork Model
for CA...
Market-driven production of local produce to address food
and nutrition insecurity (obesity & overweight):
3 pillars and a...
Project
Themes
Research Interventions/
Activities
St. Kitts and
Nevis
Trinidad and
Tobago
Guyana
St. Lucia
Community
Nutri...
Source: Adapted from Ezilon maps, 2014
Pilot Countries
MANSION
STAPLETON
SANGRE
GRANDE
SAN JUAN-
LAVENTILLE
School Lunch Feeding
MODEL Building
(
METHODOLOGY: Study
Period ad Sample Size
Country
Treatment
# of children
(total=1871)
# of children
assessed (5-12 yr)
(...
Menu Planning goals in keeping with the US National School Meals Program, 2010.
1/3 of daily recommendations
Fat: Reduce t...
Before
 Rice and beans, turkey wings,
Noodles/ground meat
 Hot dogs
 Chicken soup with pumpkin
and dumplings
 Cheese s...
Agricultural technology for crop
productivity and diversity
Model Building
• 4 on-farm experimental sites (2 in St. Kitts ;
2 Guyana);
• 16 farmers in SK; 10 in east coast Guyana
• For St. Kitts, t...
PROJECT RESULTS
Preconditions for successful farm to fork model
String beans
TomatoesCucumbers
Cabbage
Melons
Pumpkin
Watermelon
RESUTS: Drip Irrigation for crop
productivity and diversi...
RESULTS: Drip Irrigation for crop
productivity and diversity
24883
9840
30976
24167
16800
2800
17920
16800
7238
9613
15246...
RESULTS: Drip Irrigation for crop
productivity and diversity
11994
11099
5154
13806
11200 11200
13440
16800
18346
16352
10...
RESULTS : Using the McGill IRRIMOD© Soil Water
Balance Model
Average monthly irrigation requirement at the three study sit...
RESULTS: Post-harvest Losses
Mapping
RESULTS: Controlling Post-harvest Losses
Direct sunlight control Packaging materials
Wrapping materials
School Feeding
RESULTS: School Feeding
• Baseline Data: food security; nutritional status; obesity
• Produce Procurement by school meals Centre:
– produce suppli...
BASELINE RESULTS: BMI of
subjects in St. Kitts
Food security status % Overweight and
Obesity among
children (%)
% of Thin among
children (%)
Food insecure 46 28 5
Food s...
2013 2014
Product Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Sept Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar
Tomato 26
19%
surplus
83%
surplus 0 0 17 57 43 53 3...
Roots – White potato, Sweet potato, Carrots and Breadfruit; Vegetables – Tomato, Pumpkin,
Cucumber, Cabbage. Collard leave...
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
January
February
March
April
May
June
September
October
November
December*
January
February...
6
5
7
5
7 7
8
6
11
7
13 13
11
4
5 5
4
5
6
5 5
8
7
12
11
9
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
January
February
March
April
May
June
Septemb...
319
391
0
200
400
600
Calories (Kcal)
Energy intake (Kcal/child/d/lunch
meal) by school children in St.
Kitts
Control Scho...
Intervention 24hr recall
“End of project” intake of fruit and vegetables (no. of servings) by children (8 to 12
year old) ...
Control Test meal -April
2013
Test meal –
Sept-Oct 2013
Fruit /Veg servings 0.13 0.51 1.07
% of Children
accepting new
foo...
MODEL Adoption and
Preconditions
Preconditions for successful farm to fork model
 Collective
action
 Innovation
 Technology
adoption
 Social
capital
 Policy
Farm to Fork Model
for CARICOM Food & Nut...
1. CARICOM project: First in CARICOM to adopt a multi-sectoral
approach to generating an integrated package of scientific
...
Regional and National emphasis on
components of Food Security
Caribbean Agricultural Research and
Development Institute (C...
• School feeding programs (SFP,s) are underutilized vehicles for reversing the
obesity trends in CARICOM while providing m...
Acknowledgements
Funding for this project was provided by The Canadian International Food Security Research
Fund (CIFSRF) ...
THANK YOU
CARICOM Project website:
www.mcgill.ca/globalfoodsecurity/research-initiatives/caricom-
project
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Nutrition and Health: An integrated "farm to fork approach" to improving food and nutrition security in the Caribbean

  1. 1. “An integrated “farm to fork approach” to improving food and nutrition security in the Caribbean by linking agricultural productivity and diversity on small holder farms to school feeding programs” Presented by Leroy E. Phillip Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, McGill University, Montreal, Canada Phillip, L.E., Gray-Donald, K. C. , Carvalho, R. M. P. de, Stanley, A., I. Granderson, I. Liburd- Willett, I. and Madramootoo, C.A. Sponsored By: Hosted By: Presented at the International Food Security Dialogue 2014 Theme: “Nutritional security - relations between food, agriculture, health and nutrition”
  2. 2. • Background and Problem definition • Project Goals • Farm to Fork Model building • Project Results • Significance of findings and conclusions Outline
  3. 3. Trinidad and Tobago Guyana St. Lucia St. Kitts and Nevis BACKGROUND: CARICOM Countries
  4. 4. CARICOM countries social economic profile : Selected Indicators (2013) COUNTRY POPULATI ON (thousand s) Area (Km2) Population density/Km2 DEBT TO GDP RATIO GNI PER CAPITA INCOME (US dollars) Poverty (%) Per capita food supply (Kcal/capita/day) 2009 ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA 91 440 186 89.3 12,640 18.4 2,428 BAHAMAS 355 13,878 23 52.4 21,280 9.3 2,626 BARBADOS 275 432 660 100.3 12,380 19.3 2,956 BELIZE 331 22,966 14.5 83.6 4,180 41.3 2,716 DOMINICA 68 750 105 79.9 6,460 28.8 3,014 GRENADA 106 344 318.5 112 7,110 37.7 2,456 GUYANA 759 214,970 3.5 .. 3,410 36.1 2,621 HAITI 10261 27,750 350 15.1 760 77 n/a JAMAICA 2771 10,991 252 131.3 5,140.00 17.6 2,808 ST. KITTS-NEVIS 54 261 164 133 13,330 21.8 2,546 ST. LUCIA 180 617 298 80.4 6,530 28.8 2,664 ST. VINCENT & THE GRENADINES 109 389 307 70.3 6,380 30.2 2,914 SURINAME 539 163,821 2.9 .. 8,480 31 2,548 TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO 1355 5,131 254 46.6 14,440 21 2,778 Source: Adapted from J. R. Deep Ford 2013; FAO country Profiles BACKGROUND: Country Profiles
  5. 5. CARICOM countries social economic profile : Selected Indicators (2013) COUNTRY POPULATION (thousands) Area (Km2) Population density/Km2 DEBT TO GDP RATIO GNI PER CAPITA INCOME (US dollars) Poverty (%) Per capita food supply (Kcal/capita/day) 2009 ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA 91 440 186 89.3 12,640 18.4 2,428 BAHAMAS 355 13,878 23 52.4 21,280 9.3 2,626 BARBADOS 275 432 660 100.3 12,380 19.3 2,956 BELIZE 331 22,966 14.5 83.6 4,180 41.3 2,716 DOMINICA 68 750 105 79.9 6,460 28.8 3,014 GRENADA 106 344 318.5 112 7,110 37.7 2,456 GUYANA 759 214,970 3.5 .. 3,410 36.1 2,621 HAITI 10261 27,750 350 15.1 760 77 n/a JAMAICA 2771 10,991 252 131.3 5,140.00 17.6 2,808 ST. KITTS-NEVIS 54 261 164 133 13,330 21.8 2,546 ST. LUCIA 180 617 298 80.4 6,530 28.8 2,664 ST. VINCENT & THE GRENADINES 109 389 307 70.3 6,380 30.2 2,914 SURINAME 539 163,821 2.9 .. 8,480 31 2,548 TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO 1355 5,131 254 46.6 14,440 21 2,778 Source: Adapted from J. R. Deep Ford 2013; FAO Country Profiles BACKGROOUND: Country Profiles
  6. 6. Prevalence of Overwt / Obesity in the Caribbean in > 30 years old 23 16 25 7 8 20 16 15 14 12 11 10 10 1 57 55 54 46 43 34 30 29 27 25 24 23 22 19 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Barbados TrinidadandTobago Dominica Jamaica SaintLucia Bahamas SaintKittsandNevis AntiguaandBarbuda Grenada SaintVincentandthe Grenadines Belize Suriname Guyana Haiti PrevalenceofObesity Males Females Source: J. R. Deep Ford 2013; FAO BACKGROUND: Obesity Problem
  7. 7. 0 5 10 15 Under Weight Over Weight 4 6 3 13 Percentage Changes in Childhood (0-5yr) Underweight and Overweight Status During a decade 2000 2010 Source: CFNI BACKGROUND: Obesity Problem
  8. 8. Food Availability Availability1 (Kcal/per capita/day) % of change 2009-1990 RPG2 2009 Surplus (+) or Deficit (-) relative to RPG (%) 1990 2009 Total Food Calories 2393 2636 10 (+) 2250 17 (+) Staples3 965 1140 18 (+) 1012 13 (+) Fruits & Vegetables 162 213 31 (+) 337 37 (-) Sugar & Sweeteners 389 367 6 (-) 180 104 (+) Fats & Vegetable Oils 842 838 0 450 83 (+) Protein 229 263 15 (+) 225 17 (+) BACKGROUND: Food Availability Pattern 1Kcal/per capita/day; 2Recommended Population Goal (2002); 3Staples= Cereals + Starchy Roots Source: Food Balance Sheets - FAOSTATS, http://faostat.fao.org/, April 2014
  9. 9. Food Availability Availability1 (Kcal/per capita/day) % of change 2009-1990 RPG2 2009 Surplus (+) or Deficit (-) relative to RPG (%) 1990 2009 Total Food Calories 2393 2636 10 (+) 2250 17 (+) Staples3 965 1140 18 (+) 1012 13 (+) Fruits & Vegetables 162 213 31 (+) 337 37 (-) Sugar & Sweeteners 389 367 6 (-) 180 104 (+) Fats & Vegetable Oils 842 838 0 450 83 (+) Protein 229 263 15 (+) 225 17 (+) 1Kcal/per capita/day; 2Recommended Population Goal (2002); 3Staples= Cereals + Starchy Roots Source: Food Balance Sheets - FAOSTATS, http://faostat.fao.org/, April 2014 BACKGROUND: Food Availability Pattern
  10. 10. - 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 U$Million Year TRENDS IN CARICOM AGRICULTURALTRADE IN CROPS AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 1990-2011 Total EXPORTS U$M Total IMPORTS U$M Source: J. R. Deep Ford 2013; FAO BACKGROUND: Food Import Bill
  11. 11. • Improve nutrition & health outcomes of CARICOM populations through availability of foods that would increase intake of vegetables & fruits, decrease caloric intake, and increase micronutrient intake; • Develop food production systems based on agricultural diversification, water conservation & efficient use of land; • Understand constraints to, and accelerate the rate of technology adoption by small farmers; • Adapt international standards of food safety and quality for a healthy, market-oriented food supply chain; • Build and test a Farm to Fork Model for CARICOM food and nutrition security; • Expand and build human and institutional capacity to solve problems of food and nutrition insecurity in CARICOM; Project Goals
  12. 12. MODEL Building Preconditions for successful farm to fork model
  13. 13. Policy instru ments Build partnerships Knowledge generation CHANGE MODEL BUILDING: Framework for change Effort NCD’s Agriculture Education Health
  14. 14.  Collective action  Innovation  Technology adoption  Social capital  Policy MODEL Building: Farm to Fork Model for CARICOM Food Security
  15. 15. Market-driven production of local produce to address food and nutrition insecurity (obesity & overweight): 3 pillars and a matrix: • Nutrition interventions in school feeding programmes (SFP); • Technologies for small farmers to sustainably enhance year-round availability & diversity of produce to meet SFP needs for safe, nutritious food; • Structured system for strategic procurement of produce from local farmers; Matrix (glue): Fostering collective action and innovation through better understanding of technology adoption , social capital, knowledge sharing policy and institutions, and gender equity. MODEL Building: Farm to Fork Model
  16. 16. Project Themes Research Interventions/ Activities St. Kitts and Nevis Trinidad and Tobago Guyana St. Lucia Community Nutrition & Health Menu modification to school lunch X X n/a n/a Nutrition education n/a X n/a n/a Food safety X X X X Socioeconomics Policy and Institutions X X X X Food choice experiments/ Technology adoption X n/a X n/a Water and Land resources (Agricultural technologies) Drip Irrigation for food crops X X X X Protected agriculture X X n/a X Open field cropping systems X X X X Post harvest Quality X X X X Silage-based small ruminant production X n/a n/a n/a Research Interventions
  17. 17. Source: Adapted from Ezilon maps, 2014 Pilot Countries MANSION STAPLETON SANGRE GRANDE SAN JUAN- LAVENTILLE
  18. 18. School Lunch Feeding MODEL Building
  19. 19. ( METHODOLOGY: Study Period ad Sample Size Country Treatment # of children (total=1871) # of children assessed (5-12 yr) (Total= 491) St. Kitts and Nevis Menu modification 839 101 Control 567 87 Trinidad and Tobago Menu modification (MM) 119 80 Nutrition education (NE) 99 54 MM+NE 150 101 Control 97 68
  20. 20. Menu Planning goals in keeping with the US National School Meals Program, 2010. 1/3 of daily recommendations Fat: Reduce total fat to no more than 30 percent of calories. Sodium- Reduce intake of sodium to 600-800 mg Iron include iron rich foods to provide approximately 2-4 mg Protein To include a variety of protein sources (peas and beans, fish and poultry) Energy Approximately 470 kcal Fiber Increase use of whole grains, roots and tubers Fruits & Vegetables 1 serving of whole fruit or 100% fruit Juice and 1 serving of Vegetables Menu Planning Goals
  21. 21. Before  Rice and beans, turkey wings, Noodles/ground meat  Hot dogs  Chicken soup with pumpkin and dumplings  Cheese sandwich  Sugar drink Added  String beans, carrots  Tomatoes, cucumbers  Sweet potato, pumpkin  Melon, green banana  Mutton 21 Innovation: Menu changes in St Kitts
  22. 22. Agricultural technology for crop productivity and diversity Model Building
  23. 23. • 4 on-farm experimental sites (2 in St. Kitts ; 2 Guyana); • 16 farmers in SK; 10 in east coast Guyana • For St. Kitts, the irrigated area was 1.84 ha in total; 0.66 in Stapleton and 1.18 in Mansion. • In Guyana, the irrigated area was 1.65 ha in ( total; 0.85ha in Parika region and 0.80ha in Black Bush Polder). • Crops : 13 different crops (F& V) • Study Design: 3 irrigation scheduling treatments (Control, 80% of AWC and 100% of AWC) • Measurements : crop yield, soil moisture, climate parameters Methodology – Drip Irrigation Studies
  24. 24. PROJECT RESULTS Preconditions for successful farm to fork model
  25. 25. String beans TomatoesCucumbers Cabbage Melons Pumpkin Watermelon RESUTS: Drip Irrigation for crop productivity and diversity Carrots
  26. 26. RESULTS: Drip Irrigation for crop productivity and diversity 24883 9840 30976 24167 16800 2800 17920 16800 7238 9613 15246 Pumpkin String beans Tomato Honeydew* Comparative project yield (Kg/ha) - St. Kitts Irrigated Not irrigated Carribean FAOSTATS 2012 values
  27. 27. RESULTS: Drip Irrigation for crop productivity and diversity 11994 11099 5154 13806 11200 11200 13440 16800 18346 16352 10963 11923 Cabbage Carrot Cucumber Watermelon Comparative project yield (Kg/ha) - St. Kitts Irrigated Not irrigated Carribean FAOSTATS 2012 values
  28. 28. RESULTS : Using the McGill IRRIMOD© Soil Water Balance Model Average monthly irrigation requirement at the three study sites during 2005-2012
  29. 29. RESULTS: Post-harvest Losses Mapping
  30. 30. RESULTS: Controlling Post-harvest Losses Direct sunlight control Packaging materials Wrapping materials
  31. 31. School Feeding RESULTS: School Feeding
  32. 32. • Baseline Data: food security; nutritional status; obesity • Produce Procurement by school meals Centre: – produce supplied by local Farmers – Diversity of produce procured • Cost of Improved lunch menu • Menu Compliance • Diet Quality : – Nutrient content of meals as offered – Meal Acceptance ( plate waste) • Nutrition outcomes of children – 24 h recall dietary intake – Fruit and vegetable intake – Anthropometry (BMI; height for age) School Feeding data Collected
  33. 33. BASELINE RESULTS: BMI of subjects in St. Kitts
  34. 34. Food security status % Overweight and Obesity among children (%) % of Thin among children (%) Food insecure 46 28 5 Food secure 54 38 4 Baseline RESULTS : Food Security vs nutrition in Trinidad and St. Kitts
  35. 35. 2013 2014 Product Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Sept Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Tomato 26 19% surplus 83% surplus 0 0 17 57 43 53 36 82 78 80 Pumpkin 19 0 23 45 62 88 25 72 97 22 67 88 94 Cucumber 63 33% surplus 25 0 30 73 14% surplus 0 38 67 33 0 0 String Beans 43 33 41 8 33 20 15 0 53 70 17 18 43 Carrots 8 25 5% surplus 33 14% surplus 92 0 0 0 86 77 82 8% Surplus Sweet Potato 73 0 33 0 19 35 19 58 59 0 22 28 10 White Potato 0 29 31 60 14 0 0 16 0 0 43 87 1% Surplus Cabbage 0 0 0 0 92 0 0 23 93 0 86 97 92 Watermelon 0 0 21 14 79 26 25 0 9 0 8 0 13 Cantaloupe 0 0 0 0 0 0 26 0 0 0 0 0 0 Banana 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 25 0 4 7 1 Other fruits 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 13 53 25 8 3 0 Onion 28 42% Surplus 85 Mutton 0 0 24 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Extent of produce supplied by Local Farmers (Project and Non Project Farmer) in St. Kitts relative to School Meal Centre Needs – January 2013 to March 2014 school year Extent of supplied (%) 0-25 26-50 51-70 76-100 Surplus RESULTS: Food Procurement
  36. 36. Roots – White potato, Sweet potato, Carrots and Breadfruit; Vegetables – Tomato, Pumpkin, Cucumber, Cabbage. Collard leaves and Onions; Pulses – String beans; Fruits – Watermelon, Banana, Cantaloupe, Oranges, Sour orange, Star fruit and Lime; Mutton 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Jan-Jun 2013 Sept-Dec 2013 Jan-Mar 2014 7 17 6 37 55 96 28 30 26 51 34 100 4 0 0 %ofProducesupplied Proportion (%) of produce supplied to St. Kitts School Meals Centre (SMC) by local farmers ("project" and non-project farmers ) in relation to SMC needs- January 2013 until March 2014 school year Fruits Vegetables Pulses Roots Mutton RESULTS: Food Procurement
  37. 37. 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 January February March April May June September October November December* January February March 2013 2014 Quantityofproduce(Kg) Total quantity of all produce received by St. Kitts School Meals Centre from local farmers ("Project "and non-project farmers) - January 2013 until March 2014 school year All farmers Project farmers 19.7 tonnes of produce RESULTS: Food Procurement
  38. 38. 6 5 7 5 7 7 8 6 11 7 13 13 11 4 5 5 4 5 6 5 5 8 7 12 11 9 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 January February March April May June September October November December* January February March 2013 2014 NumberofVegetablesandFruits Diversity (number ) of Fruits, Vegetables , Pulses and Roots received by St. Kitts School Meals Centre from local farmers ("Project" and Non Project Farmers) -January 2013 to March 2014 school year All farmers Project farmers RESULTS: Food Procurement
  39. 39. 319 391 0 200 400 600 Calories (Kcal) Energy intake (Kcal/child/d/lunch meal) by school children in St. Kitts Control Schools Intervention Schools 15 47 2 7 27 44 3 11 0 10 20 30 40 50 Protein (g) Carbohydrates (g) Fiber (g) Fat (g) Nutrient intake (g/child/d/lunch meal) by school children in St. Kitts Control Schools Intervention Schools 1078 4 2307 12 1 10 100 1000 10000 Vitamin A (IU) Vitamin C (mg) Vitamin intake ( per child/d/lunch meal) by school children in St. Kitts Control Schools Intervention Schools
  40. 40. Intervention 24hr recall “End of project” intake of fruit and vegetables (no. of servings) by children (8 to 12 year old) in Trinidad, based on 24 h dietary recall and the number of children eating the school lunch meals on recall day (preliminary results) 0.36 0.35 1.16 0.52 0.00 0.20 0.40 0.60 0.80 1.00 1.20 Fruit intake Vegetable Intake No.ofservings Intake of fruit and vegetable by children (8 to12 year old) Control Improved menu
  41. 41. Control Test meal -April 2013 Test meal – Sept-Oct 2013 Fruit /Veg servings 0.13 0.51 1.07 % of Children accepting new foods (%) N/A 46-85 -- Cost per meal per child ($EC) 0.96 ($0.39 CAD) 1.57 ($0.64 CAD) 2.06 ($0.84 CAD) Meal cost & acceptance in St. Kitts
  42. 42. MODEL Adoption and Preconditions Preconditions for successful farm to fork model
  43. 43.  Collective action  Innovation  Technology adoption  Social capital  Policy Farm to Fork Model for CARICOM Food & Nutrition Security
  44. 44. 1. CARICOM project: First in CARICOM to adopt a multi-sectoral approach to generating an integrated package of scientific evidence for solutions to food and nutrition insecurity. 2. Preconditions for model adoption: – Equipping small holder farmers with sustainable agricultural technologies and technology uptake by farmers; – Strengthening markets & mechanisms for produce procurement for school feeding; – Investments in and strengthening of School Feeding Programmes and Policy – Acceleration of technical and institutional capacity – Need for collective action and Knowledge flows among Institutions, policy makers, community and stakeholders Comments and Preconditions for successful farm to fork model
  45. 45. Regional and National emphasis on components of Food Security Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI) Council for Trade and Economic Development (COTED) Guyana St. Kitts
  46. 46. • School feeding programs (SFP,s) are underutilized vehicles for reversing the obesity trends in CARICOM while providing market opportunity for small holder farmers ; • Equipped with drip irrigation and other agricultural technologies, local farmers delivered about 20 tonnes of new nutritious produce in one year to the SFP in St. Kitts- a novelty in food procurement by the SFP in the Eastern Caribbean • Project results from serve to construct a useful farm to fork model for regional application in finding solutions to CARICOM food and nutrition insecurity • Findings from the Project could inform policy makers of a new, and integrated approach to addressing food insecurity in CARICOM Conclusions
  47. 47. Acknowledgements Funding for this project was provided by The Canadian International Food Security Research Fund (CIFSRF) a program of Canada’s International Development Research Centre (IDRC) undertaken with the financial support of the Government of Canada provided through Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada (DFATD). We acknowledge the enormous support and contribution for the institutional partners and personnel in St. Kitts-Nevis Special appreciation is expressed to Patrick Cortbaoui, all other Project Team members and Project Partners for their contributions to the project. Project website: https://www.mcgill.ca/globalfoodsecurity/research-initiatives/caricom-project Acknowledgments
  48. 48. THANK YOU CARICOM Project website: www.mcgill.ca/globalfoodsecurity/research-initiatives/caricom- project

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