ROLE OF COMMUNITY BASED INSTITUTION IN
ENHANCING FARM PRODUCTIVITY, ENSURING
FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY
International Foo...
Community Institution – Tradition to Contemporary
• Traditional panchayat – Community Governance
• Panchayatraj systems – ...
Community Institutions building process in Kolli Hills
Hosted By:Sponsored By:
 A decade old movement organized
community...
Land Less
14%
Below 250
61%
250-500
20%
Above 500
5%
Household Land Holding Details (in %)
Demographic & Land Holding stat...
Community Institutions Nurtured in APM context
Hosted By:Sponsored By:
Community Based Institution Purpose
Farmers Researc...
Community Institution in APM site in Kolli Hills
2011-2014
PSC+VKCMC SHG FC FRG NAG
16
66
114
36
8
50
88
134
114
Gender Ra...
Farmers Research Group
Constraints in Farming
• Limited access to quality seeds in time
• Reduced diversity of local food ...
Farmers Research Group
Learning and Sharing Platform
•Enabling a learning and discussion platform for different class of
f...
Farmers Club - Promising Pathway
Constraints of Farmers
• Lack of awareness on
conservation, multiplication and seed
stora...
Pond User Groups
•Underutilized community ponds and private farm ponds
•Limited access and availability of fish
•Lack of a...
Hosted By:Sponsored By:
Under-utilized water bodies and
Community Governance
0
5
10
15
20
25
MARGINAL
SMALL
MEDIUM
LARGE
L...
Community Action Group on Nutrition (CAN)
•Non diversified food menu
•Prevalence of nutritional deficiency diseases
•Lack ...
Nutrition
Awareness
management of
Kitchen Gardens
Personal Hygiene
/ anemia control
Family
Nutrition
School
children
progr...
Entrepreneurial Groups
• Lack of local employment opportunities and unequal
access to income generating opportunities
• In...
Community Feedback Mechanism
•Project Site Committee (PSC) -
advising on implementing project
activities
•Council of membe...
Community Based Knowledge Management
• Poor access to information and communication
• Lack of awareness on nutrition and f...
Farm Productivity Nutrition Training Fish - Training Enterprise
294
787
74
154
337
316
119
36
Gendered Participation in Ma...
Linkages - Activity and Sustainability
• Sustainability of the activity
• Imparting need based training to groups
• Promot...
Hosted By:Sponsored By:
Thank You
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Sustainable Food Production: Role of Community Based Institutions in enhancing farm productivity and ensuring food and nutrition security

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Sustainable Food Production: Role of Community Based Institutions in enhancing farm productivity and ensuring food and nutrition security

  1. 1. ROLE OF COMMUNITY BASED INSTITUTION IN ENHANCING FARM PRODUCTIVITY, ENSURING FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY International Food Security Dialogue 2014 “Enhancing Food Production, Gender Equity and Nutritional Security in a Changing World.” Hosted By:Sponsored By: G.VENKATESAN, S.ABUBACKER SIDDICK, E.D.I.OLIVER KING, V.BALAMURUGAN, K.MATHESH Alleviating Poverty and Malnutrition in Agro biodiversity Hotspots Project, M.S.SWAMINATHAN RESEACH FOUNDATION, Kolli Hills, Tamil Nadu, India
  2. 2. Community Institution – Tradition to Contemporary • Traditional panchayat – Community Governance • Panchayatraj systems – 1980’s • Social capital building - SHGs movement in Tamil Nadu – Since 1980’s • Community institution - Self Help Groups, Farmers club, Thematic groups • Crucial role in sustaining through micro credit and thrift/ savings • Livelihood enhancement programs of the state Hosted By:Sponsored By:
  3. 3. Community Institutions building process in Kolli Hills Hosted By:Sponsored By:  A decade old movement organized community members in to a concept based groups  Concept based community institutions to conserve traditional agriculture system, Crops for Food and nutritional security, herbal cultivation, local healers and folk arts  Promotion of organic farming and Entrepreneurship Development for sustainable livelihood  Providing training on capacity building for their livelihood  Promotion of Small Scale on farm and off farm Enterprises for the Small and Marginal Farm Families Community Mobilization Group formation Technology Transfer System Management System Management KHABCoFED
  4. 4. Land Less 14% Below 250 61% 250-500 20% Above 500 5% Household Land Holding Details (in %) Demographic & Land Holding status in APM site, Kolli Hills Hosted By:Sponsored By: 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 Male Female 0-5 06-18 19 - 65 above 65 Demographic Details Valappur Panchayat
  5. 5. Community Institutions Nurtured in APM context Hosted By:Sponsored By: Community Based Institution Purpose Farmers Research Group (FRG) Assessment of constraints on cultivation practices, Participatory research trials and demonstrations, Vermi-composting Conservation and Management of Nutritious Underutilized crops Farmers Club (FC) Seed bank, Pulverizer units, Farm machinery utilization and maintenance Self Help Groups (SHG) & Women Farmers Club (WFC) Community enterprise activities Pond User Group (PUG) Carp fish culture in community ponds and private wells Community Action Groups on Nutrition (CAN) Nutrition awareness training Behavioral Change Communication
  6. 6. Community Institution in APM site in Kolli Hills 2011-2014 PSC+VKCMC SHG FC FRG NAG 16 66 114 36 8 50 88 134 114 Gender Ratio in Community Based Institutions Male Female
  7. 7. Farmers Research Group Constraints in Farming • Limited access to quality seeds in time • Reduced diversity of local food crops • Lack of awareness on crop management practices Research Group as Solution •Conservation and multiplication of seeds of local food and cash crops •Seeing is believing (Field exposures on improved cultivation practice ) •Sharing traditional knowledge with scientific knowledge and distribution of local land races and improved variety Hosted By:Sponsored By: 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Marginal Farmers Small Farmers Medium Big Farmers Number of participants FarmersCategoryBasedonlandholding Farmers Participation in Agriculture Research Trials Male Female
  8. 8. Farmers Research Group Learning and Sharing Platform •Enabling a learning and discussion platform for different class of farm families •Encouraging farm families on cultivation of nutritious and under utilized crops •Participatory assessment on constraints of cultivation practices •Participation in varietal selection trials & demonstrations •Selection of best varieties and multiplication of its seeds •Introducing processing mills at locally Hosted By:Sponsored By: •Millet – 16 varieties observed for suitable variety selection •Paddy – 8 varieties (Kharif) & 6 varieties (Rabi) •Cassava – 11 varieties observed for selecting the best •Banana – Integrated approach on pest & disease control •Vermi-composting – 200 farm families trained and involved in vermicompost & vermi-wash production
  9. 9. Farmers Club - Promising Pathway Constraints of Farmers • Lack of awareness on conservation, multiplication and seed storage • Lack of awareness on collective action on plant protection • Limited access to get government entitlement and subsidy schemes Farmers Club a Forum to Discuss •Collection and Conservation of seeds on local food and cash crops at locally •Multiplication of quality seeds and distribution •Promoting seeds exchange practice among farmers •Provision of farm equipments for ease of access at limited cost Hosted By:Sponsored By: •Farmers Clubs – 11 •Total members – 154 (Female-88, Male-66) •Total village seed banks – 20 •Pulverizing units – 3 •Power tiller operation & management group – 1 (F6, M6)
  10. 10. Pond User Groups •Underutilized community ponds and private farm ponds •Limited access and availability of fish •Lack of awareness on fish varieties and fish farming •Lack of awareness on cooking of fish foods among women •Limited awareness about fish based nutrition Sponsored By: •Understand fresh water fish farming - Underutilized community ponds brought in to optimal use on carp fish farming •Ensuring harvest and consumption at local level •Participation in Fish dressing and Cooking demonstrations •women in the group have a stake in decision making, feeding, managing pond and selling of fish. Hosted By:
  11. 11. Hosted By:Sponsored By: Under-utilized water bodies and Community Governance 0 5 10 15 20 25 MARGINAL SMALL MEDIUM LARGE LAND LESS Land based category of - farmers participation in Pond User Group FEMALE MALE •Total number of Community Ponds – 4 •Total private farm ponds – 29 •Total number of Pond User Groups – 4 •Total members in the pond user group - 92
  12. 12. Community Action Group on Nutrition (CAN) •Non diversified food menu •Prevalence of nutritional deficiency diseases •Lack of nutritional awareness among children and women •Lack of awareness on healthy cooking practice •Lack of awareness on anaemia among adolescents/ Mothers Hosted By:Sponsored By: Good Nutritional Practice (GNP)s • Nutrition garden groups and Family Nutrition Education • Establishment and Management of Home Nutrition Gardens • Cookery Demonstration and Training • Children Nutrition Clubs for awareness training on personal hygiene among school children • Anemia awareness training for Adolescent groups, PNC/ANC mothers • Behavioral Change Communication programs for target groups in villages • Promotion of nutritive native food crops in home nutrition garden
  13. 13. Nutrition Awareness management of Kitchen Gardens Personal Hygiene / anemia control Family Nutrition School children program Cooking Demo Field Exposure visits Children Nutrition Club Nursery Production Processing of Veg/ Fruits Adolescent girls Nutrition Training and Awareness Program on Nutrition Village Action Groups on Nutrition Female Male Total Adolescent Girls group 67 0 67 Child Nutrition club 47 36 83 School Children Group 180 72 252 Nutrition Garden Groups 199 48 247 Below 15 15-30 30-45 45 & above 59 220 284 60 39 45 68 46 Age wise & Gendered Participation in Nutrition Awareness Programs Female Male
  14. 14. Entrepreneurial Groups • Lack of local employment opportunities and unequal access to income generating opportunities • Increasing migration and poor access to nutritive food • Lack of awareness on diverse income sources that build upon local resources/crops and livestock Hosted By:Sponsored By: Actions Key Outputs Power tiller operating unit Earned Net income =Rs. 15000/-Season Country chicken rearing in cage system Earned Net Income =Rs. 15072/- from one cycle (on going) Country chicken rearing in Shed system Earned Net income Rs= 28012 from one cycle, II batch taken up by the group Stall fed Goat Rearing unit (2 groups) Number increased (birth to colts) Expected Net income Rs.32000/ year
  15. 15. Community Feedback Mechanism •Project Site Committee (PSC) - advising on implementing project activities •Council of members from local panchayat, lead farmers and SHG representatives •A forum to learn and share about the adoption of implementing project activities by the community • Close monitoring and follow-up of activities with project team members Sponsored By: Panchayat Members Lead Farmers Women Representatives MSSRF Representatives Project Site Committee Members Hosted By:
  16. 16. Community Based Knowledge Management • Poor access to information and communication • Lack of awareness on nutrition and food security entitlements Sponsored By: Panchayat Representatives School Teachers Lead Farmers (M+F) MSSRF Representatives VKC - Management Committee • Managing the knowledge centers and supporting for its effective functioning • Imparting scientific information and knowledge through the knowledge workers • Computer and adult literacy to the community • Know about Government schemes and social entitlements Hosted By:
  17. 17. Farm Productivity Nutrition Training Fish - Training Enterprise 294 787 74 154 337 316 119 36 Gendered Participation in Major Training Program Organized Through Village Knowledge Centre and Village Resource Centre Female Male
  18. 18. Linkages - Activity and Sustainability • Sustainability of the activity • Imparting need based training to groups • Promoting locally suitable livelihood activity • Sustainability of the institutions » Providing training on managing group » Linking with research and training institution » Linking with banks and National Development Agencies for financial and training support » Merging with KHABCoFED a unique body of Biodiversity Conservers Federation for sustainable run Sponsored By:
  19. 19. Hosted By:Sponsored By: Thank You

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