Session 5: Enhancing capacities for disaster risk cambodia and philippines

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Session 5: Enhancing capacities for disaster risk cambodia and philippines

  1. 1. Enhancing Capacities for Disaster Risk Reduction in Agriculture in Cambodia and the Philippines Duration: July 2012- December 2013
  2. 2. Outline of Presentation    • • • Project background: focus and objectives, key result areas; Thematic Pillars on DRR for FNS Key Results Areas Practices/Activities Lessons learnt Recommendations
  3. 3. DRR for FNS thematic pillars contribute to the priorities for Action of the HFA
  4. 4. Project Areas  Cambodia: Kampong Speu Province,  Philippines: Bicol and CARAGA Region Project Results  Developed and institutionalized capacities and tools for better planning and implementation of DRR in Agriculture  Good Practice Options for DRR/M widely disseminated and replicated  Enhanced Climate Information Products for agriculture regularly prepared and disseminated  Improved PDNA methodology for agriculture, including web-based application software
  5. 5. Background: • Agriculture (livelihood) is highly vulnerable to hydrometeorological hazards; • Philippines: 20 typhoons annual average, floods, droughts, etc…; • Cambodia: frequently affected by drought and floods; Project Focus: • Builds upon the lessons learned and capacities gained from previous projects; • Focused more on up-scaling (rather than pilot testing); • Replication of good practices and mainstreaming of DRR in agriculture. “To enhance livelihoods resilience of small-scale farmers and fisher-folks in “To enhance livelihoods resilience of small-scale farmers and fisher-folks in disaster-prone areas through institutionalization of DRR in agriculture” disaster-prone areas through institutionalization of DRR in agriculture”
  6. 6. Indicators Indicators Tools & Tools & Methodologies Methodologies Project Project Partners Partners Results Results Framework of Implementation capacities and capacities and tools for DR Rin R tools for DR in Agriculture (PoA) Agriculture (PoA) W eb-based eb-based W P DNA DNA P m ethodology ethodology m CBSUA CBSUA Good P ractice ractice Good P Options for Options for DRR/M DRR/M Bicol Bicol University University DA RFO-5 DA RFO-5 PCA & FIDA PCA & FIDA NGOs NGOs Clim ateInfo. ate Clim Info. P roductsfor roducts for P agriculture agriculture PAGASA PAGASA LGU’s (Prov/Mun/City) LGU’s (Prov/Mun/City) MAFF MAFF MOWRAM MOWRAM Consultation Workshops/ Capacity Consultation Workshops/ Capacity Buildings/Brainstorming Sessions Buildings/Brainstorming Sessions GP Selection GP Selection Tool Tool Interpretation of Interpretation of climate outlooks for climate outlooks for agriculture agriculture CBDRRM/LGU CBDRRM/LGU Planning Planning Establishmen Establishmen t tof GP/CFFS of GP/CFFS Dissemination Dissemination through web, radio, through web, radio, trainings, etc trainings, etc Software Software Programing & Programing & Training Training PARTIPATORY APPROACH Mainstreamed DRR/CCA in Capacitated Human Mainstreamed DRR/CCA in Capacitated Human Agriculture Agriculture Resource INSTITUTIONAL LEVEL Resource Food Security Food Security Enhanced Livelihood Enhanced Livelihood Resilience Resilience FARM/COMMUNITY LEVEL
  7. 7. PHILIPPINES’ Experience Paddy Rice Production in Bicol, 1970-2010 • Provides employment to 40.7% of the labor force and close to 40% of all families derived their income from the sector. • The sector accounts for 70% of all commodity outflows of the region (food and live animals) • Poverty incidence is high in rural and coastal areas where majority of livelihood depend on agri/fishery Poverty Incidences of Families by Province, Bicol Region First Semesters of 2006, 2009 and 2012
  8. 8. Case Study in the Philippines Developed and institutionalized capacities and tools for Developed and institutionalized capacities and tools for better planning and implementation of DRRinAgriculture R better planning and implementation of DR in Agriculture • CBDRR/M: Emphasis on agriculture/ livelihood HVCA (using tools developed in the TCP); • Integration of GP options in the plans based on HVCA climate/ weather outlooks and advisories; • Basis/input in the local DRR/M plans and PoA
  9. 9. Case Study in the Philippines • Good practice options (under CS-FFS): alternate technologies aimed at securing livelihoods and improving food security - stresstolerant/early maturing rice varieties, ratooning, integrated crop and livestock • • prsd.pagasa.dost.gov.ph/legazpi/speci al-farm-weather www.bicol.da.gov.ph/climate %20outlook%20Oct-Dec%202013.pdf • web-based application software for assessing the potential and actual damages on rice, corn abaca and coconut.
  10. 10. C A S E S T U D Y Specific Weather and Climate information product Plans of Action for DRR/M in agriculture I N C A M B O DRR/M Good Practice Options in Agriculture
  11. 11. • Plan of Action for DRR in Agriculture • Plan of Action for DRR in Agriculture for Provincial Dept. of Agriculture of Kampong Speu • CBDRR plans for 4 selected communes Integration of DRR/CCA into Planning Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations · Cambodia
  12. 12. D R M P L A N S I N A G R I Why DRR/CCA Plan in Agriculture? • • • • • Address potential hazards in agriculture Commitment to fulfill HFA’s adopted SNAP Guiding document for further action in agriculture Promote synergy: actions and resources Ensure agricultural sustainability/resilience Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations · Cambodia
  13. 13. R E H A B I R R I G A T I O N • Name: Ank Takeb Reservoir • Place: Nitean Irrigation Commune, Baseth District, Kampong Rehabilitation Speu Province • Beneficiaries: 8,900 people living in 1,869 HHs • 1000 ha of paddy field in rainy season; 80 ha of ground nuts and 70 hectares of dry season rice • Budget: $ 64,618.71 • Construction Period: 20 Apr-25 Sept 13 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations · Cambodia
  14. 14. Why selected Ank Takeb Reservoir? •Poor infrastructure and malfunctioned system •Relatively poor community •One rice crop per year •Frequently affected by drought and flash flood •Committed council committee members •Priority for CIP and sectoral plan of PDoWRAM Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations · Cambodia
  15. 15. R E H A B I R R I G A T I O N Importance of the irrigation -Mitigate the impact of agriculture drought and short spell of rain -Regulate flood (flash flood in the area) -Safer and confident in farming -Increase production yields -Reduce time and labor for production transportation -Promote accessibility and connectivity to other area ADB through PDoWRAM continues to extend the canal for 3 Km more. The whole system irrigates approximately 2000 Ha of paddy Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations · Cambodia
  16. 16. C O M M O N N U R S E R Y From Healthy Seedlings To Wealthy Crops - Common Rice Nursery 120 HHs involved 19 HHs contribute lands 8 Ha of nursery in 8 different plots - Market oriented rice seeds (Phka Rumdoul variety Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations · Cambodia
  17. 17. C O M M O N N U R S E R Y Why common rice nursery? -Areas affected by drought/pest infestation -Provide equal opportunity for farmers -Produce healthy seedlings -Secure rice productivity - avoid unnecessary abandoning harvest time/decreasing yield due to lack of seedlings -A showcase – a social solution for technical issue Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations · Cambodia
  18. 18. A G R O M E T I N F O R M A T I O N - Weather and Climate Information Strategy Paper for Agriculture - 26 MRGs installed - Training to local observers for data collection - Connect to national data network Enhancing EWS Information in Agriculture Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations · Cambodia
  19. 19. A G R O M E T I N F O R M A T I O N Why Agromet & EWS for Agriculture application? •Provide accuracy, timely, and relevant info •The majority of people are farmers or living based on agriculture production/productivity •Improve resilience in agriculture sector/ensure livelihood sustainability •Avoid unnecessary drop out from agriculture sector Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations · Cambodia
  20. 20.  L E A R N T  Better understanding of good practice options, climate/ weather forecast & timely delivery of advisories to farmers enhances local disaster preparedness and reduces livelihood losses;  L E S S O N Mutual cooperation and/or partnership among local key agencies/institutions with defined roles/ obligation, including enabling policies and good plans are necessary in mainstreaming DRR/CCA; Active DRR Strategy-as an entry point to encourage GO to get involved  Use of PDNA web-based tool provide fast, location and sector-specific analysis  Combination of social processes with technical options  Policy makers convinced and planning process spearheaded by GO gain ownership Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations · Cambodia
  21. 21. R E C O M M E N D A T I O N  Guidebook for mainstreaming DRR/CCA focusing on agriculture for community based planning and local governance including and enabling policies (i.e. tools/options integrated in the PoA )  Community-Based Adaptation (CBA): wider adoption of CBDRR/M tools in CLIMATE-SMART FFS;  Use web-based PDNA and crop modelling tools (climate outlook impacts on production) for EW and improve the dissemination system  Supports needed for implementation of sectoral plans Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations · Cambodia
  22. 22. Thank you! Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

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