UDP and Rice Production in Nigeria: The Experience So Far
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UDP and Rice Production in Nigeria: The Experience So Far

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Slides from Guiding Investments in Sustainable Agricultural Intensification in Africa (GISAIA) project launch held in Abuja, Nigeria on 6/17/2013

Slides from Guiding Investments in Sustainable Agricultural Intensification in Africa (GISAIA) project launch held in Abuja, Nigeria on 6/17/2013

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UDP and Rice Production in Nigeria: The Experience So Far UDP and Rice Production in Nigeria: The Experience So Far Presentation Transcript

  • IFDCUDP and Rice production inNigeria: The experience so farProf. B. Tarfa & Brian KigerGISAIA 2013:“Guiding Investments in Sustainable Intensificationin Africa”Abuja, Nigeria – June18, 2013
  • IFDCUDP Technology… Agenda What is UDPtechnology? What are USG? How to apply briquettes? Benefits of briquettes Challenges Building Demand Enabling Supply Moving Forward
  • IFDCWhat is UDP technology?Urea Deep Placement (UDP) is the practice of placingbriquetted urea 5-7cm deep in puddled transplanted ricefields, at spacing of 40 cms.40 cm20cm
  • IFDCWhat are USGs? Urea Super Granules (USGs) are applied once agrowing season— a week after transplanting riceseedlings. One USG is applied geometrically between 4 ricestands. They are oval compacted pellets produced bybriquetting granular urea using briquetting machinesto 1.8 gram or 2.7 grams. Notore Chemical industries is currently producingand marketing 2.7g in 10 kg bags. USG releases N slowly and is placed out of the reachof weeds’ roots.
  • IFDCThe briquette productUrea Briquettes NPK BriquettesUrea + Diammonium phosphate +Muriate of Potash
  • IFDCHow do farmers apply UDP technology?
  • IFDCHow do farmers apply UDP technology?
  • IFDCHow do farmers apply UDP technology?
  • IFDCHow do farmers apply UDP technology?
  • IFDCUDP Technology
  • IFDCComparison of N Balance in RiceFieldsUrea Deep PlacementUrea Split Application
  • IFDCComparison of Urea Applications1 Out of 3 Bags of Urea lost using USG2 Out of 3 Bags of Urea lost by Broadcast
  • IFDCWhat are the benefits of UDPtechnology? Increases efficiency of N use in rice by placing it in thesoil—reducing N loss through gaseous emissionsand/or floodwater run-off. In broadcast application ofurea, 40% of N fertilizers volatizes into the atmosphere. Nitrogen use efficiency under irrigated rice increasesby 40%. Reduces weed competition as fertilizer is placed nearrice plants’ roots. Irrigated rice crop yields increase up to 20-30% (NigerState 2012).
  • IFDCUDP Benefits Rice SectorStakeholdersFor farmers:• Decrease in production cost• Increase in yield• Increase in profitFor entrepreneurs:• New area of business & profit• Opportunity to contribute to national developmentFor the national economy:• Increase in rural employment opportunities• Increase in rice productionFor the environment:• Reduces Nitrogenrunoff and volatization
  • IFDCWhat are the challenges of UDPtechnology adoption in Nigeria? Limited Supply and Demand of USG UDP Best Practices are not well-known to rice farmers Many farmers complain that USG application is labor-intensive Farmers incorrectly apply USGs to other crops and/ordo not practice rice cultivation and field managementbest practices, limiting USG’s yield effect.
  • IFDCSince April 2012…The FMARD (via NPFS), Notore andMARKETS II/IFDC began collaboratingon expanding the Supply and Demandof Urea Super Granules in targetedNigerian rice producing regions.
  • IFDCBuilding Demand:UDP Technology Transfer Centers (TTCs)Wurno, Sokoto 2013Badegi, Niger 2013
  • IFDC-1.002.003.004.005.006.007.008.00Gombe Kebbi Niger Average6.797.746.687.074.185.713.264.382.612.033.422.69Yields(Mt/Ha)UDP (Mt/Ha)* Farmers Practice (Mt/Ha)* Difference (Mt/Ha)2012 Dry Season Yieldswith Transplanted Rice
  • IFDCCost-Benefit Analysis from2012 UDP Demonstrations(50,000)-50,000100,000150,000200,000250,000300,000350,000400,000450,000Production Costs Harvest Revenue Overall Profit311,813267,847(43,966)299,150447,051147,900NairaFarmers Practice UDP
  • IFDCSince 2012, MARKETS II/ IFDC…• 13 Technology Transfer Centers (TTCs) managedby rice farmers and state ADP officers;• Trained more than 6,000 farmers (includingNotore staff) on UDP technology best practices;• Developed training curriculums to improvedissemination of USG benefits to farmers forcoming seasons;• Partnered with Notore, the FMARD (via NPFS),and state ADPs on supplying USG to pilot ricegrowing markets.
  • IFDC
  • IFDCBuilding Supply: Notore’s CommercialProduction of USG
  • IFDC020406080100120Briquetted urea supplied to the marketsince April 2012
  • IFDCSince April 2012, Notore… Developed a production line for briquetting urea,packaging and shipping it to select retailers; Developed supply channels of USG to targetedrice grower regions in Nigeria; Stocked 230 Mt of USG in 10kg bags (23,000 unitsales); Developed agro dealer demonstration plots afterattending the MARKETS II trainings at TTCs.
  • IFDCMoving Forward Continue working with old and new partners toexpand briquetted fertilizer supply while continuingto develop and expand market demand Explore briquetted fertilizer application rates onother crops (soya, maize, tomatoes, sorghum) Develop briquetting NPK capacities Develop mechanized applicator to facilitate labor ofbriquetted fertilizer application Explore innovative ways to expand Extensiontraining
  • IFDC
  • IFDCThank you