Research and Development in Nigeria: Building Research Networks Across and Beyond Nigeria

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Slides from Guiding Investments in Sustainable Agricultural Intensification in Africa (GISAIA) project launch held in Abuja, Nigeria on 6/17/2013

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Research and Development in Nigeria: Building Research Networks Across and Beyond Nigeria

  1. 1. Research and Development inNigeria: Building ResearchNetworks across and beyondNigeriaProfessor V.O. OkoruwaDepartment of Agricultural Economics,University of Ibadan,Ibadan, Nigeria2 0/06/20131
  2. 2. Outline of the presentationResearch and Development in Nigeria The Importance The TrendBuilding of Research Networksacross and beyond Nigeria Reasons to build research networks How to build research networks2 0/06/20132
  3. 3. Research and Development in NigeriaThe Importance R&D is the most sustainable means ofboosting sustainable economic development. It encourages competitiveness in the face ofrapid growth in the industries, countries andpopulation. It helps in raising the living standards of thepeople in a country2 0/06/20133
  4. 4. Trend in research and developmentin Nigeria1940s& 60s• R&D - Govt. Owned Departments• Headed by scientists and engineers• Universities1970s• Nigerian Council for Science and Technology (NCST)• 23 Research Institutes created• More universities1980s and90s• Creation of Ministry of Science and Technology• Creation of more research institutes and universities2 0/06/20134
  5. 5. 2 0/06/20135Table 1: Type of Research and Development Institutions in Nigeria andPeriods EstablishmentPeriod Year Type ofResearch and Development Institution‘40s 1940 Government owned department‘60s 1960 At least one research department in each ministry of thefederalgovernment of Nigeria‘70s 1970 Nigerian Council for Science and Technology (NCST)1971 The Agricultural Research Council1972 The Industrial Research Council1973 Medical Research Council and the Natural Science ResearchCouncil of Nigeria1977 National Science and Technology Development Agency[NSTDA]‘80s 1980 Ministry of Science & Technology1984 Ministry of Education, Science & Technology1985 Ministry of Science and Technology‘90s 1992 National Agency for Science and Engineering Infrastructure[NASENI]1993 Ministry of Science and Technology
  6. 6. R&D Challenges in the Country• Slow adoption of research materials andmethods from already developed researches• Little value added to industry and relevantfields• Inadequate funding• Poor collaboration within and between thedifferent and relevant research agencies inthe country and beyond• Absence of coordination with private andinternational research agencies.2 0/06/20136
  7. 7. Development of Research Networksacross and beyond NigeriaReasons to build research networksLocal knowledge recyclingLimited capacity to conduct research that leads todevelopmentLimited relevance and impact of researchFailure of the countries to finance her own researchIsolation of scientists and researchers fromcounterparts from other continentsThe needs for global competitiveness2 0/06/20137
  8. 8. Research Networks/Connections inAfricaGlobal Research on Africa (2004 – 2008) byAdams et al.’s (2010)First group lies in North Africa -Algeria, Egypt,Libya, Morocco and Tunisia.Second group- Francophone, largely WestAfrican, Cameroon as hub centre-Benin,Burkina Faso, Congo, Côte dIvoire, Mali, Niger,Senegal and Togo.2 0/06/20138
  9. 9. Report cont’dThird group – where English language plays aunifying role links Nigeria, the Gambia andGhana in West Africa with Botswana, Ethiopia;Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia andZimbabwe in the east.Fourth group- South Africa provides thegateway - Gabon, Lesotho, Madagascar,Mozambique, Namibia, Sudan and Swaziland.2 0/06/20139
  10. 10. RN in Africa with Developed Countries2 0/06/201310
  11. 11. Barriers to creating NetworksThese are identified to be rooted in:• heavily dependent on - and limited by thecolonial past,• Language,• Culture and history,• Infrastructure e.g. ICT, equipment etc;• And also in geography2 0/06/201311
  12. 12. Building research networksAchieved by building:Capacity: in form of training andscholarshipsInfrastructure: needs-based,practical andproblem solvingFunding: Institutional compatible, multi-donors, research agenda2 0/06/201312
  13. 13. Building research networks cont’dMentoring between senior and juniorresearchersAttendance in conferences and workshops:locally, sub-regionally or internationallyGetting research papers published in highimpact journalsUsing social research network platformslike Linkedin, Researchgate, Academia etc.2 0/06/201313
  14. 14. Thank you for listening2 0/06/201314

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