2012 GLOBALHUNGER INDEXThe Challenge of Hunger:ENSURING SUSTAINABLEFOOD SECURITY UNDERLAND, WATER ANDENERGY STRESSES
Concern Worldwide• Founded in 1968, operational in Mozambique since 1987• Supports 25 countries, majority in SSA• Concern CEO Tom Arnold current member of the Lead Group of Scaling Up Nutrition Movement• Concern CEO member of the UN High Level Hunger Task Force and the Irish Hunger Task Force• Developed the approach Community Based Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM)• Founder initiator of the Global First 1,000 Days Movement• Lead of the First 1,000 Days Movement in Ireland
Global launch of the 2012 Global Hunger Index• The IFPRI, Concern, Welthungerhilfe collaboration aims to reach global policy developers and implementers with the recommendations in the GHI, therefore in October 2012, launch events of the GHI are being held in;• Washington, London, Berlin, Paris, Dublin, DeMoines, Belfast, Milan, Nairobi, Harare, Freetown, Maputo
Why a Global Hunger Index?• To raise awareness of regional and country differences in hunger• To show progress over time• To help learn from successes and failures in hunger reduction• To provide incentives to act and improve the international ranking• To focus on one major hunger-related topic every year
GHI measures three dimensions of hunger• Undernourishment• Child underweight• Child mortalityGHI = (PUN + CUW + CM)/3 GHI: Global Hunger IndexPUN: proportion of the population that is undernourished (in%)CUW: prevalence of underweight in children under five (in%) CM: proportion of children dying before the age of five (in%)
Countries ranked on a 100 point scaleMinimum and maximum values not observed in practice
3 countries “extremely alarming” 17 “alarming”Country GHI Country GHI Country GHIBurundi 37 Ethiopia 29 Zambia 23Eritrea 34 Chad 28 Mozambique 23Haiti 31 Timor-Leste 27 India 23 Central African Rep. 27 Madagascar 23 Comoros 26 Niger 22 Sierra Leone 25 Djibouti 22 Yemen 24 Sudan 22 Angola 24 Nepal 20 Bangladesh 24No complete data for: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bhutan, Democratic Republic of Congo,Iraq, Myanmar, Oman, Papua New Guinea, Qatar, Somalia
Summary of Key Findings“Recent events—drought, scrambles to invest in farmland around theworld, shifts in energy prices and shocks in energy supplies—underline the scarcity of resources we depend on to produce theworld’s food supply.”“The stark reality is that the world needs to produce more foodwith fewer resources, while eliminating wasteful practices andpolicies.”• Hunger on a global scale remains “serious.” 20 countries have levels of hunger that are “alarming” or “extremely alarming.”• South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa – highest levels of hunger• More than 50 percent of the population is undernourished in Burundi, Eritrea, and Haiti.
Summary of Key Findings 2• The 2012 world GHI fell by 26 percent from the 1990 world GHI.• Largest absolute improvements: Angola, Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Malawi, Nicaragua, Niger, and Vietnam.• Haiti’s GHI score fell about one quarter from 1990-2001, but most of this improvement was reversed in subsequent years.• Almost all the countries in which the hunger situation worsened from the 1990 GHI to the 2012 GHI are in Sub-Saharan Africa.• Mozambique movement - 23.7 in 2010, 22.7 in 2011, 23.3 in 2012
Theme of the 2012 GHI ReportHow to ensure sustainable food security under conditions of land, water and energy stress Land Produce more food Nexus with fewer resources Water Energy
Conventional World Scenario - Policies that threaten sustainable food security
Sustainable World Scenario - Policies that lead to sustainable food security
Responsible governance of natural resources: Getting the policy frameworks right• Secure land and water rights• Phase out subsidies (on water, fossil fuels, fertilizer)• Create a macroeconomic enabling environment • Market based payments for resource conservation • Enhanced regional trade to make production more efficient & offset effects of climate change • Encourage farmers to move up the value chain
Scaling up technical approaches: Addressing the nexus• Invest in agricultural production technologies that support increased land, water, and energy efficiency• Foster approaches resulting in more efficient land, water, and energy use along the value chain• Prevent resource depletion by monitoring and evaluating strategies in water, land, energy, and agricultural systems
Addressing the drivers of natural resource scarcity: Managing the risks• Address demographic change, women’s access to education and reproductive health• Raise incomes, lower inequality, and promote sustainable life-styles• Mitigate and adapt to climate change through agriculture
Concern Worldwide work on Hunger and Climate Risk Reduction in Mozambique• Will add a v. brief summary with some images
Concerns’ area of operation onFood/Hunger/Resilience as of Oct 2012 Zambezia Manica
Using asset and vulnerability poverty ranking for targeting support Wealth ranked income and expenditure - Livelihood Zone 13c Inhassunge Interior Agriculture and Fishing Zone (Oct, 2012, Food Economy Group/Concern
Food Income Markets, Income Equity and Nutrition Vulnerability –Joaquina Mauricio’s damaged house, Chinde April 2012Mucuandaia Garden group, Chinde 2012Supporting women and up to 16,200 farm families– produce more volume and variety with increasedaccess to income and its management and minimise Internal view - simple the impact of natural disasters bracing and geometry
On behalf of IFPRI, Concern and Welthungerhilfe, thank you for your attention.
• GHI is Available in English, German, Spanish, French, and Italian• Download from www.ifpri.org www.welthungerhilfe.de www.concern.net• Embed interactive world hunger map• Wikipedia and Google Books• Available as interactive e-book for Kindle, iPad, and mobile phone
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