Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet

572
views

Published on

Irish Future Internet forum Conference, 2011. …

Irish Future Internet forum Conference, 2011.
Session 1


0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
572
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. New models of communicationfor the Future Internet
    Michel RIGUIDEL
    michel.riguidel@telecom-paristech.fr
    Paris, France
  • 2. Packet routing in a net
    P Baran (1962-64)
    Security architecture
    1/6/2011
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
    2
  • 3. 3
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
    1/6/2011
  • 4. The network used to be a graph (nodes and links)
    Routing packets into a net
    D Poisson Law
    A Markov Chain
    1/6/2011
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
    4
  • 5. 3D environments
    Ubiquitous computing
    Porous media (permeability laws)
    Ambient Intelligence
    Pervasivity
    Omnipresence and mobility
    Reconfiguration and adaptivity
    Heterogeneous geometry
    Core network
    Capillarity
    at the periphery
    Flows
    Multiphasic
    voice, data, video
    1/6/2011
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
    5
    Darcy
  • 6. The network is thickening and lumpy
    1/6/2011
    6
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
    Heavier Interactions between the ICT functions
  • 7. Wires (telephone), Graphs (network), Clouds
    1/6/2011
    7
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
  • 8. Fragmentation of Internet into Autonomous Systems
    1/6/2011
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
    8
    Internet
    Peering and Transit - Protocol BGP
    Fix networks between telecom operators
    Protocol IP
  • 9. A hierarchical and centralized Internet
    1/6/2011
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
    9
    12 500 AS
    760 000 IP adresses
  • 10. Expansion of the Universe / Concentration of Internet
    1/6/2011
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
    10
    Hegemonic Governance of Internet:
    Control Loss of
    information circulation & digital heritage
    2005
    2007
  • 11. ICT: a flower with 3 petals
    Computation
    Storage
    Communication
    1/6/2011
    11
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
  • 12. A Darwinian ecosystem
    The principle of variation
    how “copies” of an entity differ from one another (duplicated clones end up being modified)
    how entities in competition differentiate themselves from each other.
    The principle of adaptation
    products or copies that are the best adapted to their niche survive and find greater deployment
    The principle of heredity (or of descent)
    which posits that advantageous characteristics in a line of products, an architectural family or a conceptual philosophy are transmitted as a hereditary characteristic (with ascendant compatibility)
    => in IT, crucial questions of interfaces
    interoperability more than excellence in the private parts
    1/6/2011
    12
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
  • 13. Internet, a network of networks
    Invasion of monochromic interconnection
    1/6/2011
    13
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
  • 14. A network: a field of colorful flowers
    1/6/2011
    14
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
  • 15. Michel Riguidel, Paris
    15
    Digital hybrid urbanization :Holistic future Internet or Balkanization of networks
    No more monochromic, mono-technology security
    Current Internet
    WDM-IPv4-IPv6-MPLS
    Post-Beyond 3-4G
    Services
    Hooked to several infrastructures
    Internet of Things
    Galileo-GPS-Glonass - Beidu
    Clock and Position
    1/6/2011
  • 16. Regionalization of the digital sky
    1/6/2011
    16
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
    The dominance of the date & hour and of mobility of
    persons & material & intangible objects
    GPS
    Glonass
    Beidu
    Galileo
  • 17. The engines of evolutionPrinciples for progress in IT
    The principle of enrichment
    The principle of imitation
    The principle of separation
    The principle of fragmentation
    The principle of plasticity
    The principle of action and reaction
    1/6/2011
    17
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
  • 18. The mechanism of IT developments
    The condition of the emergence of new paradigms
    New needsEnrichmentby abstractionComplexification
    Need for flexibilityEvolution by fragmentationModularity
    Conceptual leapwith need ofdegree of freedom
    1
    2
    3
    Thickening
    Fragmentation
    New Model
    The metamorphosisoperates with slack
    1/6/2011
    18
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
  • 19. Loosening :metamorphosis of paradigms requires a bit of slack
    J Von Neumann
    Architecture of a computer
    1/6/2011
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
    19
    To ease up, to leave in a bit of slack into the structures
  • 20. Tears of the Web
    The single whiteboard (1985)
    Web pages (1991)Syndication of flows
    Web 2.0 (2006) Copernican Web (2015?)
    with geography and history
    Deepening and widening
    Web : Wide Electronic Board
    1/6/2011
    20
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
  • 21. Cryptography
    Symmetric
    Asymmetric
    Next Generation
    The single key has been broken
    +
    Prime Numbers
    Other Keys + new mathematical approach
    Quantum Communications
    1/6/2011
    21
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
  • 22. Scansions in IT : accordion-like movements
    distribution
    concentration
    Serveur farm at Amazon
    Actio-reactioprinciple
    Arial view of Google’s farms
    1/6/2011
    22
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
  • 23. The Internet & the anti-Internet
    Networked applications & architectures=> horizontality
    Cloud Computing: “time sharing and batch processing ” of yore => network-agnostic
    Tunneled Session
    1/6/2011
    23
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
  • 24. Peer-to-peer architecturestill too poor, too rigid
    1/6/2011
    24
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
    Dialectic in architecture & topology
    • Structured P2P
    • 25. Unstructured P2P
    • 26. With or without SuperNodes
    • 27. Artificial hierarchy
    • 28. Manual setup
    • 29. Topology
    • 30. neighborhood (DHT, more sophisticated geometry)
  • Two opposed & dialectical momentumsin the evolution of software
    Virtualization of:
    memory, storage
    hardware (virtual machine)
    software (virtual OS)
    architecture (overlay)
    protocols (circuit / packet)
    Incarnation, embodiment, incorporation, profiling
    Thinking requires a posture
    Knowledge is not only calculation
    Intelligence requires a body
    Introduction of topology, neighbors
    1/6/2011
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
    25
    Virtual Plane
    to erase
    space and motion
    Engineering Plane
    to implement technologies
    and infrastructures
    Aichi
    Receptionist
    • See “How the Body Shapes the Way We Think: A New View of Intelligence” by Rolf Pfeifer and Josh C. Bongard, MIT Press, 2006
  • The invisible seams of the virtual world
    Management of abstractions in protocols and architectures
    Engineering to override multi-technology complexity
    Mechanisms adapted to reaction speed, to spatial distribution hooking physical and computer science reality
    Above : overlays
    Overlay Structures / architecture
    Virtual wires sewed with hashing functions
    Under : underlays
    Mobility models
    Physical Landmarks hooked and linked through signal processing and probabilistic models
    On the sides : crosslayers
    Transgression of OSI layers to react faster
    Triggers, logical wires to short-cut classical paths to perform rapidly
    Virtual Plane
    Physical & Logical Plane
    1/6/2011
    26
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
  • 31. Virtualisation
    Juggling with entities of different orders to erase the rough forms and reduce complexity: a view from multiple perspectives and granularities
    Local
    View Angle
    Global
    1/6/2011
    27
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
  • 32. The narrow approach of juxtaposed virtualizations
    1/6/2011
    28
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
  • 33. Virtual Router
    GENI’s Slices
    1/6/2011
    29
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
  • 34. Evolution of computer languages:complexification of abstract typing
    1/6/2011
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
    1965
    1958
    1955
    1986
    1992
    Pointers:
    Notions of objects
    autonomous
    dynamic
    Programs
    Pointers:
    Static,
    heterogeneous
    Structures
    Lists :
    Organization of the
    memory in chains
    Floatings, Integers:
    Independent
    in the memory
    Dennis M. Ritchie
    Bjarne Stroustrup
    John Mac Carthy
    John Backus
    C
    Lisp
    C++
    Java
    Fortran
    30
  • 35. Evolution of Networks: history repeats itselfcomplexification of abstract typing links
    1/6/2011
    31
    2020-2030
    2010-2020
    2000-2010
    1960-2000
    Ecosystem
    3D Fluid, Plastic
    Games and rules
    Between different players
    porous media
    History
    Ubiquitous ICT
    Plate 2D
    Statistics on links
    Topology (P2P)
    Flow of content
    Geography
    Traditional networks
    Graphs
    Of nodes and links
    Waiting Lists,
    Poisson, Markov
    A programmable
    3D space
    dynamic, semantic
    programmable
    Architecture
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
  • 36. The engine of network research :towards a new simple markup language
    Application Layer
    Intelligent, rich and free
    Layer
    20 Years
    Simple, efficient
    Layer
    Network Layer
    Data Link Layer
    1/6/2011
    32
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
  • 37. Perspective of networks:more flexibility in syntax & semantics
    Sophisticated
    Markup Language
    XML, HTML, HTML5
    10 – 20
    years
    IP, Ethernet, MPLS
    with tags, not independent
    but forming a language
    Simple
    Markup Language
    1/6/2011
    33
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
  • 38. VirtualPeer-to-VirtualPeer Structuresin the future
    1/6/2011
    34
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
    Pieces of chess: Virtual entities on the network with their own routing rules Entities are discovering recognizing each other
    Security is included within each piece
    Chessboard:
    Current Internet
    Tiered Abstractions at the level of the virtual entities :
    Towards a new network language? Compiled addressing ?
    Towards a new differentiated & hierarchical routing ? Compiled or interpreted routing?
  • 39. Virtuosity of skill (fingering)versus rhythmic Flow of sounds
    Exploration of new Piano keyboard technology around 1830
    Exploration of new harmonies around 1915
    Claude Debussy : Book I , Study n°6, footsteps on the snow
    1/6/2011
    35
    Michel Riguidel, Paris
    F Chopin
    (1810-1849)
    C Debussy
    (1862-1918)