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Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet
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Michel Riguidel - ENST the Future of the Internet

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Irish Future Internet forum Conference, 2011. …

Irish Future Internet forum Conference, 2011.
Session 1

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  • 1. New models of communicationfor the Future Internet<br />Michel RIGUIDEL<br />michel.riguidel@telecom-paristech.fr <br />Paris, France<br />
  • 2. Packet routing in a net<br />P Baran (1962-64)<br />Security architecture<br />1/6/2011<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />2<br />
  • 3. 3<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />1/6/2011<br />
  • 4. The network used to be a graph (nodes and links)<br />Routing packets into a net<br />D Poisson Law<br />A Markov Chain<br />1/6/2011<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />4<br />
  • 5. 3D environments<br />Ubiquitous computing<br />Porous media (permeability laws)<br />Ambient Intelligence<br />Pervasivity<br />Omnipresence and mobility<br />Reconfiguration and adaptivity<br />Heterogeneous geometry<br />Core network<br />Capillarity<br />at the periphery<br />Flows<br />Multiphasic<br />voice, data, video<br />1/6/2011<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />5<br />Darcy<br />
  • 6. The network is thickening and lumpy<br />1/6/2011<br />6<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />Heavier Interactions between the ICT functions<br />
  • 7. Wires (telephone), Graphs (network), Clouds<br />1/6/2011<br />7<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />
  • 8. Fragmentation of Internet into Autonomous Systems<br />1/6/2011<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />8<br />Internet<br />Peering and Transit - Protocol BGP<br />Fix networks between telecom operators<br />Protocol IP<br />
  • 9. A hierarchical and centralized Internet<br />1/6/2011<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />9<br />12 500 AS<br />760 000 IP adresses<br />
  • 10. Expansion of the Universe / Concentration of Internet<br />1/6/2011<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />10<br />Hegemonic Governance of Internet:<br />Control Loss of<br />information circulation & digital heritage<br />2005<br />2007<br />
  • 11. ICT: a flower with 3 petals<br />Computation<br />Storage<br />Communication<br />1/6/2011<br />11<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />
  • 12. A Darwinian ecosystem<br />The principle of variation<br />how “copies” of an entity differ from one another (duplicated clones end up being modified)<br />how entities in competition differentiate themselves from each other.<br />The principle of adaptation<br />products or copies that are the best adapted to their niche survive and find greater deployment<br />The principle of heredity (or of descent)<br />which posits that advantageous characteristics in a line of products, an architectural family or a conceptual philosophy are transmitted as a hereditary characteristic (with ascendant compatibility)<br />=> in IT, crucial questions of interfaces<br />interoperability more than excellence in the private parts<br />1/6/2011<br />12<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />
  • 13. Internet, a network of networks<br />Invasion of monochromic interconnection<br />1/6/2011<br />13<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />
  • 14. A network: a field of colorful flowers<br />1/6/2011<br />14<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />
  • 15. Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />15<br />Digital hybrid urbanization :Holistic future Internet or Balkanization of networks<br />No more monochromic, mono-technology security<br />Current Internet<br />WDM-IPv4-IPv6-MPLS<br />Post-Beyond 3-4G<br />Services<br />Hooked to several infrastructures<br />Internet of Things<br />Galileo-GPS-Glonass - Beidu<br />Clock and Position<br />1/6/2011<br />
  • 16. Regionalization of the digital sky<br />1/6/2011<br />16<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />The dominance of the date & hour and of mobility of<br />persons & material & intangible objects<br />GPS<br />Glonass<br />Beidu<br />Galileo<br />
  • 17. The engines of evolutionPrinciples for progress in IT<br />The principle of enrichment<br />The principle of imitation<br />The principle of separation<br />The principle of fragmentation<br />The principle of plasticity<br />The principle of action and reaction<br />1/6/2011<br />17<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />
  • 18. The mechanism of IT developments<br />The condition of the emergence of new paradigms<br />New needsEnrichmentby abstractionComplexification<br />Need for flexibilityEvolution by fragmentationModularity<br />Conceptual leapwith need ofdegree of freedom<br />1<br />2<br />3<br />Thickening<br />Fragmentation<br />New Model<br />The metamorphosisoperates with slack<br />1/6/2011<br />18<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />
  • 19. Loosening :metamorphosis of paradigms requires a bit of slack<br />J Von Neumann<br />Architecture of a computer<br />1/6/2011<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />19<br />To ease up, to leave in a bit of slack into the structures<br />
  • 20. Tears of the Web<br />The single whiteboard (1985)<br />Web pages (1991)Syndication of flows<br />Web 2.0 (2006) Copernican Web (2015?)<br />with geography and history<br />Deepening and widening<br />Web : Wide Electronic Board<br />1/6/2011<br />20<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />
  • 21. Cryptography<br />Symmetric<br />Asymmetric<br />Next Generation<br />The single key has been broken<br />+<br />Prime Numbers<br />Other Keys + new mathematical approach<br />Quantum Communications<br />1/6/2011<br />21<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />
  • 22. Scansions in IT : accordion-like movements<br />distribution<br />concentration<br />Serveur farm at Amazon<br />Actio-reactioprinciple<br />Arial view of Google’s farms<br />1/6/2011<br />22<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />
  • 23. The Internet & the anti-Internet<br />Networked applications & architectures=> horizontality<br />Cloud Computing: “time sharing and batch processing ” of yore => network-agnostic<br />Tunneled Session<br />1/6/2011<br />23<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />
  • 24. Peer-to-peer architecturestill too poor, too rigid<br />1/6/2011<br />24<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />Dialectic in architecture & topology<br /><ul><li>Structured P2P
  • 25. Unstructured P2P
  • 26. With or without SuperNodes
  • 27. Artificial hierarchy
  • 28. Manual setup
  • 29. Topology
  • 30. neighborhood (DHT, more sophisticated geometry)</li></li></ul><li>Two opposed & dialectical momentumsin the evolution of software<br />Virtualization of:<br />memory, storage<br />hardware (virtual machine)<br />software (virtual OS)<br />architecture (overlay)<br />protocols (circuit / packet)<br />Incarnation, embodiment, incorporation, profiling<br />Thinking requires a posture<br />Knowledge is not only calculation<br />Intelligence requires a body<br />Introduction of topology, neighbors<br />1/6/2011<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />25<br />Virtual Plane<br />to erase<br />space and motion<br />Engineering Plane<br />to implement technologies<br />and infrastructures<br />Aichi<br />Receptionist<br /><ul><li>See “How the Body Shapes the Way We Think: A New View of Intelligence” by Rolf Pfeifer and Josh C. Bongard, MIT Press, 2006</li></li></ul><li>The invisible seams of the virtual world<br />Management of abstractions in protocols and architectures<br />Engineering to override multi-technology complexity <br />Mechanisms adapted to reaction speed, to spatial distribution hooking physical and computer science reality<br />Above : overlays<br />Overlay Structures / architecture<br />Virtual wires sewed with hashing functions<br />Under : underlays<br />Mobility models<br />Physical Landmarks hooked and linked through signal processing and probabilistic models<br />On the sides : crosslayers<br />Transgression of OSI layers to react faster<br />Triggers, logical wires to short-cut classical paths to perform rapidly<br />Virtual Plane<br />Physical & Logical Plane<br />1/6/2011<br />26<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />
  • 31. Virtualisation<br />Juggling with entities of different orders to erase the rough forms and reduce complexity: a view from multiple perspectives and granularities<br />Local<br />View Angle<br />Global<br />1/6/2011<br />27<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />
  • 32. The narrow approach of juxtaposed virtualizations<br />1/6/2011<br />28<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />
  • 33. Virtual Router<br />GENI’s Slices<br />1/6/2011<br />29<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />
  • 34. Evolution of computer languages:complexification of abstract typing<br />1/6/2011<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />1965<br />1958<br />1955<br />1986<br />1992<br />Pointers:<br />Notions of objects<br />autonomous<br />dynamic<br />Programs<br />Pointers:<br />Static,<br />heterogeneous<br />Structures<br />Lists :<br />Organization of the<br />memory in chains<br />Floatings, Integers:<br />Independent<br />in the memory<br />Dennis M. Ritchie<br />Bjarne Stroustrup<br />John Mac Carthy<br />John Backus<br />C<br />Lisp<br />C++<br />Java<br />Fortran<br />30<br />
  • 35. Evolution of Networks: history repeats itselfcomplexification of abstract typing links<br />1/6/2011<br />31<br />2020-2030<br />2010-2020<br />2000-2010<br />1960-2000<br />Ecosystem<br />3D Fluid, Plastic<br />Games and rules<br />Between different players<br />porous media<br />History<br />Ubiquitous ICT<br />Plate 2D<br />Statistics on links<br />Topology (P2P)<br />Flow of content<br />Geography<br />Traditional networks<br />Graphs<br />Of nodes and links<br />Waiting Lists,<br />Poisson, Markov<br />A programmable<br />3D space<br />dynamic, semantic<br />programmable<br />Architecture<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />
  • 36. The engine of network research :towards a new simple markup language<br />Application Layer<br />Intelligent, rich and free<br />Layer<br />20 Years<br />Simple, efficient<br />Layer<br />Network Layer<br />Data Link Layer<br />1/6/2011<br />32<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />
  • 37. Perspective of networks:more flexibility in syntax & semantics<br />Sophisticated <br />Markup Language<br />XML, HTML, HTML5<br />10 – 20<br />years<br />IP, Ethernet, MPLS<br />with tags, not independent<br />but forming a language<br />Simple<br />Markup Language<br />1/6/2011<br />33<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />
  • 38. VirtualPeer-to-VirtualPeer Structuresin the future<br />1/6/2011<br />34<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />Pieces of chess: Virtual entities on the network with their own routing rules Entities are discovering recognizing each other<br />Security is included within each piece<br />Chessboard:<br />Current Internet<br />Tiered Abstractions at the level of the virtual entities :<br />Towards a new network language? Compiled addressing ?<br />Towards a new differentiated & hierarchical routing ? Compiled or interpreted routing?<br />
  • 39. Virtuosity of skill (fingering)versus rhythmic Flow of sounds<br />Exploration of new Piano keyboard technology around 1830<br />Exploration of new harmonies around 1915<br />Claude Debussy : Book I , Study n°6, footsteps on the snow<br />1/6/2011<br />35<br />Michel Riguidel, Paris<br />F Chopin<br />(1810-1849)<br />C Debussy<br />(1862-1918)<br />

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