IBM Research Future Internet


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Irish Future Internet Forum, 2011.
Session 3.
Pol Mac Aonghusa, IBM.

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IBM Research Future Internet

  1. 1. Pol Mac Aonghusa<br />IBM Research, Dublin<br />Future Internet<br />
  2. 2. Interact<br />Organize & Represent<br />Infrastructure<br />Disruptive Technologies to exploit the Future Internet<br />Protocols<br />Network<br />Sensors<br />With strong local synergy <br />Core of my presentation<br />Outside scope in 15 minutes!<br />
  3. 3. Social/Demographic <br /><ul><li>More than 50% of the world’s population lives in a city
  4. 4. Urban population will double between 2010-50 (6.4B!)
  5. 5. Asia will become 50% urban in next 15 years
  6. 6. Rapid urbanization is stressing most of Asia</li></ul>Economic<br />Technological<br /><ul><li>Top 100 metros produce 25% of WW GDP
  7. 7. $41T of urban infra invest needed by 2030
  8. 8. Economic austerity demands optimization
  9. 9. Networks, sensors & analytics converging
  10. 10. 60% WW penetration of mobile subscribers
  11. 11. Location services and social networking</li></ul>Environmental<br /><ul><li>Drive to cut carbon and up renewable energy
  12. 12. 1.2 billion cars on the road by 2015 (~1 car/6 people)
  13. 13. 95% of cities dump raw sewage into their waters</li></ul>Source: Various; IBM MI Analysis<br />Drivers for the Future Internet<br />
  14. 14. Platform = More, faster, smaller<br />Overall Performance = 1000X Performance / watt = 135X Performance / $ = 1000XFootprint = <2%<br />Referenced to1PF system<br />1 PetaFlop <br />72 BG/P Racks<br />Silicon Photonics<br />CPU<br />Phase Change <br />Memory<br />3D<br />Software<br />The Next Ten Years<br />10 PetaFlop <br /> 100 P7IH Racks<br />1 PetaFlop = 1/3 rack<br />
  15. 15. Critical Mass, cross-disciplinary approaches required<br />Modern Data Center<br />Machine Room Gallery<br />Machine Room Subfloor<br />Rack<br />Drawer<br />MCM<br />Processor<br />Centre for the 10 Petaflop ‘Blue Waters’ computer @ NCSA UIUC<br />Every element of the design is integrated.<br />
  16. 16. Number of Connected Devices<br />50 Billion<br />50<br />40<br />30<br />20<br />15 Billion<br />10<br />7 Billion<br />2010<br />2015<br />2020<br />ContinuousCreation of Big/Fast & Noisy/Dirty Data<br />Continuous sensor & mobile data feeds<br />External & Value-added Sources<br />Factual & statistical data <br />
  17. 17. Homeland Security<br />600,000 records/sec, 50B/day<br />1-2 ms/decision<br />320TB for Deep Analytics<br />Exa<br />Up to 10,000 Times larger<br />Peta<br />Telco Promotions<br />100,000 records/sec, 6B/day<br />10 ms/decision<br />270TB for Deep Analytics<br />Data at Rest<br />Tera<br />Data Scale<br />Giga<br />DeepQA<br />100s GB for Deep Analytics <br />3 sec/decision<br />Traditional Data Warehouse and Business Intelligence<br />Mega<br />Data in Motion<br />Up to 10,000 times faster<br />yr<br />mo<br />wk<br />day<br />hr<br />min<br />sec<br />…<br />ms<br />s<br />Smart Traffic<br />250K GPS probes/sec<br />630K segments/sec<br />2 ms/decision, 4K vehicles<br />Kilo<br />Occasional<br />Frequent<br />Real-time<br />Decision Frequency<br />New Analytics for Big, Fast and Noisy<br />
  18. 18. Data Volume & Complexity<br />Organization & Exploration <br />System of Systems<br />Interfaces & Standards<br />Knowledge Representation & Reasoning will be key<br />Open access to data requires automated, scalable approaches to data release and management<br />Unlocking value requires scalable semantic technologies to identify and organise contextual linkages across and within cross domain data<br />A sustainable ecosystem requires robust and scalable tools and interfaces to support interaction with and use of data and services<br />
  19. 19. 100%<br />WatsonY/E 2010<br />“Winners Cloud”<br />Precision<br />Starting Point &State-of-the-Art<br />2007<br />0%<br />% Answered<br />100%<br />0%<br />Technologies for real-world computer reasoning will accelerate<br />
  20. 20. Interact<br />Organize & Represent<br />Infrastructure<br />Disruptive Technologies to exploit the Future Internet<br />Competences<br />Data<br />Connections<br />Network<br />Collaboration<br />Sensors<br />