Investing in Conservation: Market-based Approaches to Protecting Biodiversity

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Investing in Conservation: Market-based Approaches to Protecting Biodiversity

  1. 1. Investing in Conservation Market-based Approaches to Protecting Biodiversity Nicole Robinson-Maness 13 February 2014
  2. 2. Tualatin River, Oregon Restoration for compliance Cooling Towers 35 miles of restoration Source: Adapted from The Freshwater Trust
  3. 3. Grey Infrastructure Green Infrastructure Cooling Towers Compliance – Achieved Cost – A lot Ecological Value – Not Much Restore 35 miles of stream Compliance – Achieved Cost – A lot less Ecological Value – Huge
  4. 4. Ecosystem Markets: Three Keys to Success 1. CLEAR DEMAND: Law/regulation, businesses, or funders that are on board 2. CLEAR PATH: Approved standards and protocols for measuring ecosystem services and implementing creditgenerating projects 1. CLEAR RISK: Third parties willing to finance and deliver compliance-grade projects
  5. 5. Ecosystem Markets: Three Keys to Success 1. CLEAR DEMAND: Law/regulation, businesses, or funders that are on board 2. CLEAR PATH: Approved standards and protocols for measuring ecosystem services and implementing creditgenerating projects 1. CLEAR RISK: Third parties willing to finance and deliver compliance-grade projects
  6. 6. Counting on the Environment Standards, Metrics, and Process
  7. 7. Recreation leases Stream restoration and Water quality trading CostShare Carbon sequestration Sustainable forestry/agriculture Wetland restoration Imagine… The portfolio approach to land management: multiple income Species recovery Conservation easement
  8. 8. Crediting Protocol Standards, Metrics, and Process Validate Validate Calculate Calculate Verify Verify Register Register Track Track
  9. 9. Crediting Protocol Quantification = Investment Restored wetland What did you do? Riparian Planting Riparian buffer Source: NRCS Conservation actions x area treated = credits
  10. 10. Multi-Credit Accounting Half-Mile Lane Mitigation Bank Validate Calculate
  11. 11. Suitable Local natives Density References Sustainable Stewardship Funding Legal protection Validate Avoid Minimize Permitted Calculate Verify Additional Business as usual No flipping Register Track
  12. 12. Multi-Credit Accounting Half-Mile Lane Mitigation Bank Validate Calculate Verify Register Calculate Baseline Track
  13. 13. Multi-Credit Accounting Half-Mile Lane Mitigation Bank Validate Calculate Verify Register Calculate Projected Restoration – 20yrs Track
  14. 14. Assessment Tools/Credit Calculators ORWAP SCORE x SITE AREA = CREDITS 0.7 (out of 1) 20 acres = 14
  15. 15. Calculating Credits
  16. 16. Counting on the Environment: Credit Types Terrestrial Habitat Aquatic Habitat Water Quality
  17. 17. Counting on the Environment: Credit Types Terrestrial TERRESTRIAL HABITAT Habitat CREDIT TYPES Upland Prairie Oak Woodland Sagebrush Aquatic Habitat Water Quality
  18. 18. Counting on the Environment: Credit Types AQUATIC HABITAT CREDIT TYPES Terrestrial Habitat Aquatic Floodplain Habitat Salmon Habitat Wetland Function Stream Function Water Quality
  19. 19. Counting on the Environment: Credit Types Terrestrial Habitat Aquatic Habitat WATER QUALITY CREDIT TYPES Water Temperature Water Nutrients Quality
  20. 20. Multi-Credit Accounting Third Party Verification  Eligibility  Calculation  On the ground Validate Calculate Verify Register Track Source: The Freshwater Trust
  21. 21. Multi-Credit Accounting Validate Calculate Verify Register Track
  22. 22. Multi-Credit Accounting Half-Mile Lane Mitigation Bank Accounting Area 4 Credit Type Temperature (Kcal/day) Validate Accounting Area 1 Credit Type Wetlands (functional acres) Quantity 6 Calculate Accounting Area 3 Credit Type Quantity Salmon (linear feet) 707 Verify Temperature (Kcal/day) 1,953,027 Wetlands (functional acres) 1 Register Accounting Area 2 Credit Type Wetlands (functional acres) Quantity 3.05 Track Quantity 1,000,000
  23. 23. Multi-Credit Accounting Half-Mile Lane Mitigation Bank Accounting Area 1 Credit Type Wetlands (functional acres) Accounting Area 4 Credit Type Temperature (Kcal/day) Quantity 6 Calculate Accounting Area 3 Credit Type Quantity . Salmon (linear feet) 707 (sell 353.5) Verify Temperature (Kcal/day) 1,953,027 (-976,513.5) Wetlands (functional acres) 1 (-0.5) Register Accounting Area 2 Credit Type Wetlands (functional acres) Quantity 3.05 Track Quantity 1,000,000

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