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Factors Driving Biodiversity Offsets
The Nature Conservancy of Canada’s
Biodiversity Benefits Program Standards

Universit...
Summary of Presentation
1.
2.

3.

Factors driving biodiversity offsets
Developing NCC standards of
practice
Early experie...
Westbridge Mountains





Over 1 million ha protected
across Canada
NCC owns and manages
habitat for 26% of Canada’s
Spe...






Leading some of the largest
restoration projects in Canada
Conservation Volunteer
program that engages
communitie...
Factors Driving Biodiversity Offsets
Ecosystem Status &
Trends in Canada
• 70% of prairie
grasslands lost
• 200,000 km2 of...
Factors Driving Biodiversity Offsets




Increasing response to
protect and restore
nature,
Yet, the overall state of
bi...
Factors Driving Biodiversity Offsets
1.
2.
3.

Voluntary
Regulatory
Carbon
Wood Turtle
Endangered
Ontario/Canada/IUCN Red ...
Voluntary Offsets

NCC Founders
1962

Point Pelee National Park
Established 1918
Voluntary Offsets
Voluntary Offsets
Regulatory Offsets




Federal Fisheries Act
Federal Wetland Policy
Endangered Species Act
(Ontario)
King Rail
Endanger...
DRAFTING NCC STANDARDS OF PRACTICE
Working Principles
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.

Adherence to mitigation hierarch...
Experiences & Challenges
Challenges & Opportunities
1.
2.

3.

How can we reduce risk and uncertainty?
How can we best match biodiversity offset fu...
Challenges & Opportunities
How can we reduce
risk and uncertainty?

Globally Rare Alvar Habitat
Carden Plain
Challenges & Opportunities
How can we best
match biodiversity
offset funding with
priority projects?
Challenges & Opportunities
How can we measure
biodiversity offsets?

Prescribed Fires for Prairie Management
and Grassland...
Existing Site
Viability assessment/ description1

Proposed Offset
Viability assessment/ description

Net Gain

Size

POOR-...
Dan Kraus, Nature Conservancy of Canada
dan.kraus@natureconservancy.ca
BLOG: Search “NCC Land Lines”
Factors Driving Biodiversity Offsets: The Nature Conservancy of Canada’s Biodiversity Benefits Program Standards
Factors Driving Biodiversity Offsets: The Nature Conservancy of Canada’s Biodiversity Benefits Program Standards
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Factors Driving Biodiversity Offsets: The Nature Conservancy of Canada’s Biodiversity Benefits Program Standards

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Written by Dan Kraus, Manager, Conservation Science and Planning, Nature Conservancy of Canada

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Transcript of "Factors Driving Biodiversity Offsets: The Nature Conservancy of Canada’s Biodiversity Benefits Program Standards"

  1. 1. Factors Driving Biodiversity Offsets The Nature Conservancy of Canada’s Biodiversity Benefits Program Standards University of Ottawa 13 February 2014 Dan Kraus, Manager of Conservation Science & Planning Nature Conservancy of Canada, Ontario Region
  2. 2. Summary of Presentation 1. 2. 3. Factors driving biodiversity offsets Developing NCC standards of practice Early experiences and challenges Wild Hyacinth Threatened Restricted to Western Lake Erie Islands
  3. 3. Westbridge Mountains   Over 1 million ha protected across Canada NCC owns and manages habitat for 26% of Canada’s Species at Risk Cockburn Island Missouri Coteau
  4. 4.    Leading some of the largest restoration projects in Canada Conservation Volunteer program that engages communities Lead large-scale biodiversity planning initiatives
  5. 5. Factors Driving Biodiversity Offsets Ecosystem Status & Trends in Canada • 70% of prairie grasslands lost • 200,000 km2 of wetland lost prior to 1990
  6. 6. Factors Driving Biodiversity Offsets   Increasing response to protect and restore nature, Yet, the overall state of biodiversity continues to deteriorate and threats continue to increase.
  7. 7. Factors Driving Biodiversity Offsets 1. 2. 3. Voluntary Regulatory Carbon Wood Turtle Endangered Ontario/Canada/IUCN Red List
  8. 8. Voluntary Offsets NCC Founders 1962 Point Pelee National Park Established 1918
  9. 9. Voluntary Offsets
  10. 10. Voluntary Offsets
  11. 11. Regulatory Offsets    Federal Fisheries Act Federal Wetland Policy Endangered Species Act (Ontario) King Rail Endangered in Canada and Ontario
  12. 12. DRAFTING NCC STANDARDS OF PRACTICE Working Principles 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Adherence to mitigation hierarchy Limits to offsets Significant net gain Additional conservation outcomes Long-term outcomes Geography of offsets All-in costing Community engagement Equity Transparency and standards Science and local knowledge
  13. 13. Experiences & Challenges
  14. 14. Challenges & Opportunities 1. 2. 3. How can we reduce risk and uncertainty? How can we best match biodiversity offset funding with priority projects? How do we measure biodiversity offsets?
  15. 15. Challenges & Opportunities How can we reduce risk and uncertainty? Globally Rare Alvar Habitat Carden Plain
  16. 16. Challenges & Opportunities How can we best match biodiversity offset funding with priority projects?
  17. 17. Challenges & Opportunities How can we measure biodiversity offsets? Prescribed Fires for Prairie Management and Grassland Bird Habitat Restoration Rice Lake Plains
  18. 18. Existing Site Viability assessment/ description1 Proposed Offset Viability assessment/ description Net Gain Size POOR-FAIR - approximately 50 acres of cultural meadow in discontinuous blocks Condition FAIR - cultural meadow - site currently not managed for conservation GOOD -at least 60 acres of new breeding habitat for Bobolink, and other grassland birds will be restored on secured conservation land - 30 additional acres of alvar will be secured VERY GOOD - native alvar grassland habitat with longterm management to maintain these conditions Landscape Context POOR - located within the urban limits -no other large patches of grassland in vicinity -<50 acres of other grasslands within 1 km - within an agricultural and urbanizing landscape Increase in the amount of breeding habitat by 40 acres . Restored habitat for Bobolink will be in one continuous block. Increase in alvar grassland that will be managed for grassland birds and for the benefit other species and communities at risk. New grassland habitats will be created within a key area for grassland bird conservation in Ontario. VERY GOOD - offset will be located in the Carden Alvar, one of the largest natural grasslands in Ontario, with one of the highest relative densities of Bobolink in Ontario - at least 500 acres of additional grasslands will be within 1 km of the site - patch size (restored area plus existing alvar grassland will be over 200 acres) - the project site is over 1 km from a road, and over 3 km away from a major road.
  19. 19. Dan Kraus, Nature Conservancy of Canada dan.kraus@natureconservancy.ca BLOG: Search “NCC Land Lines”
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