Empowerment of
Persons with Disabilities
to Access Information and Knowledge
4th Annual International Exhibition and Forum...
UNESCO considers education, science, social science, culture and
communication and information
as the means to achieve the...
Globally,
the number of persons with disabilities
is not decreasing,
but in opposite is increasing.
There are over one bil...
In order to provide adequate response,
we need to know more about
those affected and vulnerable.
“Too often, development e...
Who are the most affected and vulnerable?

Elderly people
Women and young girls

People affected
by natural disasters

Peo...
Common challenges – different solutions
Poverty,
exclusion

Illiteracy
Negative
attitudes

Elderly people

Lack of life-lo...
Exclusion of Persons with Disabilities
has serious economic-socio-cultural implications
for societies

Major findings show...
United Nations Convention on
the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (2006)
141 countries have already ratified the UN Con...
Technological revolution
New (literacy) framework/paradigm
Greater connectedness,
Professionalism,
Participation and inclusion

Management

Wisdom
...
UNESCO’s approach

Knowledge Societies

Education
For
All

Cultural and
Linguistic
Diversity

Information
Access

Pluralis...
Four major topical areas for action for UNESCO
to provide access to information and knowledge for persons with disabilitie...
One of the scenarios for empowerment
Enabling
environment

Health care

Harmonization of
Public Policies
Procurement /
Uni...
Few concrete examples…
Promotion of rights of Persons with Disabilities
at global level

Inclusion of the rights of Persons with Disabilities
in ...
High Level Meeting on Disability
and Development (HLMDD)

This action-oriented document includes
strong provision on ICTs,...
Major documents, studies and reports
published recently

UNESCO World Report
‘Opening New Avenues for
Empowerment: ICTs to...
Asia-Pacific Regional Report (10)

Eastern Europe and Central Asia
Regional Report (11)

North Africa and Arab States Regi...
Focus of the report
There was a particular focus
on policy level

The ways in which the policy
is enabling practice

But t...
Major findings…
1.

Recognition of disability related characteristics goes first and only then planning of concrete
interv...
+ 18 major recommendations for action
Community
Lifelong learning

Inclusive and affordable ICT and policies

Workplace

C...
International cooperation : WSIS, IGF
A unique opportunity for
strategic debate and action
oriented partnerships
among various stakeholders
An opportunity to
co...
Accessible ICTs and personalized learning for
students with disabilities
•

The report summarizes the multi-stakeholder di...
Accessible digital office document project

http://adod.idrc.ocad.ca/
The Model Policy is an adaptable model designed
to assist Member States to promote the effective use of
inclusive ICTs in ...
THE ICT OPPORTUNITY
FOR A DISABILITY- INCLUSIVE
DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK
A GLOBAL CONSULTATION THAT COLLECTED OVER
ON ICTs, DISABILITY AND
EXPERT INPUTS
DEVELOPMENT

150

30% Civil Society Organi...
THE CURRENT ICT
OPPORTUNITY

The consultation outlines the most impactful
ICTs for social and economic activities
currentl...
The consultation also recommended the following actions to expand
the ICT opportunity to all persons with disabilities:

C...
International conference
“From Exclusion to Empowerment: Role of ICTs for Persons with Disabilities”
24-27 November 2014, ...
Thank you for your attention.
Ms Irmgarda Kasinskaite-Buddeberg
i.kasinskaite@unesco.org

http://www.unesco.org/new/en/com...
Dr. Irmgarda Kasinskaite Buddeberg - Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities to Access Information and Knowledge - IEFE F...
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Dr. Irmgarda Kasinskaite Buddeberg - Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities to Access Information and Knowledge - IEFE Forum 2014

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Dr Irmgarda Kasinskaite-Buddeberg
Knowledge Societies Division, Communication and Information Sector
UNESCO’s Headquarters in Paris, France

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Dr. Irmgarda Kasinskaite Buddeberg - Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities to Access Information and Knowledge - IEFE Forum 2014

  1. 1. Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities to Access Information and Knowledge 4th Annual International Exhibition and Forum for Education 2014 (IEFE 2014), Riyadh International Convention & Exhibition Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 4 February 2014 Dr Irmgarda Kasinskaite-Buddeberg Knowledge Societies Division, Communication and Information Sector UNESCO’s Headquarters in Paris, France
  2. 2. UNESCO considers education, science, social science, culture and communication and information as the means to achieve the ambitious objective of its founding charter: “Since wars begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that the defences of peace must be constructed.” UNESCO Constitution, 1946
  3. 3. Globally, the number of persons with disabilities is not decreasing, but in opposite is increasing. There are over one billion people with disabilities in the world, of whom between 110-190 million experience very significant difficulties. This corresponds to about 15% of the world’s population and is higher than previous World Health Organization (WHO) estimates, which date from the 1970s and suggested a figure of around 10%. http://www.who.int/disabilities/world_report/2011/factsheet.pdf
  4. 4. In order to provide adequate response, we need to know more about those affected and vulnerable. “Too often, development efforts have been hampered by a lack of the most basic data about the social and economic circumstances in which people live... Stronger monitoring and evaluation at all levels, and in all processes of development (from planning to implementation) will help guide decision making, update priorities and ensure accountability.’’ Post-2015 Development Agenda. Bali Communiqué of the High Level Panel, March 2013.
  5. 5. Who are the most affected and vulnerable? Elderly people Women and young girls People affected by natural disasters People affected by conflict and war Children Poor people
  6. 6. Common challenges – different solutions Poverty, exclusion Illiteracy Negative attitudes Elderly people Lack of life-long learning opportunities High cost Digital divide Limited services Unemployment Others People affected by natural disasters Women and young girls Children People affected by conflict and war Poor people
  7. 7. Exclusion of Persons with Disabilities has serious economic-socio-cultural implications for societies Major findings show that economic losses related to the exclusion of persons with disabilities from the labour force are large and measurable, ranging from between 3 and 7 % of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). ILO study “The price of exclusion: The economic consequences of excluding people with disabilities from the world of work” (2010). http://www.ilo.org/skills/pubs/WCMS_149529/lang--en/index.htm
  8. 8. United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (2006) 141 countries have already ratified the UN Convention 79 countries have already ratified optional protocol Articles linked to UNESCO’s mandate: 5. Equality and non-discrimination 6. Women with disabilities 8. Awareness-raising 9. Accessibility 21. Freedom of expression and opinion and access to information 24. Education 27. Work and employment 29. Participation in political and public life 30. Participation in cultural life, recreation, leisure and sport 31. Statistics and data collection 32. International cooperation
  9. 9. Technological revolution
  10. 10. New (literacy) framework/paradigm Greater connectedness, Professionalism, Participation and inclusion Management Wisdom Knowledge Information Data Change/Act Produce/Share Analyze/Evaluate Technology Understanding principles, practices and situations Understanding patterns and structures Access Understanding relations and dependencies Critical thinking
  11. 11. UNESCO’s approach Knowledge Societies Education For All Cultural and Linguistic Diversity Information Access Pluralism Preservation Access to Information and Knowledge Knowledge Creation Freedom of Expression Wisdom Dissemination Inclusion Diversity Openness Human Need sand Rights Participation Human Needs Human Rights
  12. 12. Four major topical areas for action for UNESCO to provide access to information and knowledge for persons with disabilities Professional and institutional training Context Tools and resources Mobilization of resources and international cooperation + Inclusive ICTs in education and other spheres Information and knowledge access ecosystem Accessible workplace, tools, content and services Lifelong learning - all citizens Strategies, Standards, Approaches
  13. 13. One of the scenarios for empowerment Enabling environment Health care Harmonization of Public Policies Procurement / Universal design for All ICTs and AT Education Integrated Approach Human Rights Based Approach Social – Charity based Approach Medical Approach Employment
  14. 14. Few concrete examples…
  15. 15. Promotion of rights of Persons with Disabilities at global level Inclusion of the rights of Persons with Disabilities in the Post-2015 development agenda High Level Meeting on Disability and Development (HLMDD) 23 September 2013 UN Inter-agency support group for the implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
  16. 16. High Level Meeting on Disability and Development (HLMDD) This action-oriented document includes strong provision on ICTs, urging states to. . . 23 September 2013 A meeting of UN Member States, observers and representatives of entities of the United Nations system, as well as representatives of civil society, organizations of persons with disabilities and the private sector. Resulting in an action-oriented Outcome Document in support of development goals for persons with disabilities, agreed upon by the global community and outlining actions to be taken. (e) Ensure accessibility, following the universal design approach, by removing barriers to the physical environment, … services, information and assistive devices, such as ICTs, … to achieve the fullest potential throughout the whole life cycle of persons with disabilities; (o) Encourage the mobilization of public and private resources on a sustainable basis to mainstream disability in the development at all levels, … including by facilitating access to and sharing accessible and assistive technologies …;
  17. 17. Major documents, studies and reports published recently UNESCO World Report ‘Opening New Avenues for Empowerment: ICTs to Access Information and Knowledge for Persons with Disabilities’ (February 2013) Joint report ‘The ICT Opportunity for a Disability-Inclusive Development Framework’ (September 2013) Model Policy on Inclusive ICTs in Education for Persons with Disabilities (February 2014)
  18. 18. Asia-Pacific Regional Report (10) Eastern Europe and Central Asia Regional Report (11) North Africa and Arab States Regional Report (8) Latin American and Caribbean Regional Report (20) African Regional Report (11) http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002197/219767e.pdf Policy recommendations for UNESCO‘s Member States on accessible, adoptive and affordable ICTs in education for Persons with Disabilities: • • • • • • • • • National/regional education and information policies Linkages with other policies Existing Open Educational Resources Gender issues Open document format Web accessibility standards Impact and sustainability issues Budgetary implications and funding sources Succesful cases studies at grassroot level
  19. 19. Focus of the report There was a particular focus on policy level The ways in which the policy is enabling practice But there also is a complementary focus on the ways in which ICTs are enabling tools for innovatory practice by various stakeholders at the local, national, regional and global levels
  20. 20. Major findings… 1. Recognition of disability related characteristics goes first and only then planning of concrete interventions. 2. ICTs transform teaching and learning environment of Persons with Disabilities. Promotion and mainstream of inclusive education at all levels, all teacher training programmes should include disability and assistive technologies as an integral components of their curriculum. 3. There is a need for policies that allow holistic and coherent interventions which are gender sensitive and culturally appropriate. Accessibility is included in many national documents. But, it is a low priority for many stakeholders. 4. Economic and budgetary pressures serve as a pretext of inaction (financial crisis): accessibility, affordability and adaptability. 5. Lack of accurate statistical data is needed for formulating appropriate policies and strategies. 6. Learning and teaching process using ICTs takes place in any stage of life and in all contexts. 7. There is a need for diverse technological solutions for persons with disabilities, including Free and Open solutions. 8. Awareness raising and capacity building of media, information and culture-related professionals to provide access to information and heritage which is accurate, affordable and accessible. 9. Accessible digital archiving and preservation of cultural heritage. Amendment of copyright laws including an exception permitting conversion and sharing of books in accessible formats without cumbersome procedural requirements or delay. Promotion of content sharing (open and accessible), such as virtual library networks for sharing accessible content. 10. Involvement of multi-stakeholder participation to oversee monitoring and implementation. Available in English on UNESCO’s website: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002197/219767e.pdf
  21. 21. + 18 major recommendations for action Community Lifelong learning Inclusive and affordable ICT and policies Workplace Capacity building Accessible content Accessible infrastructure Individual Society
  22. 22. International cooperation : WSIS, IGF
  23. 23. A unique opportunity for strategic debate and action oriented partnerships among various stakeholders An opportunity to collaboratively seek, identify, analyze, share, and create effective and durable solutions An open virtual space established for the promotion of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities http://www.wsis-community.org/ Other Knowledge communities: (i) 2013 WSIS+10 Review; (ii) Open Educational Resources (OER); (iii) Open Access (OA), and (iv) Gender Equality in Free and Open Source Software (FOSS). 23
  24. 24. Accessible ICTs and personalized learning for students with disabilities • The report summarizes the multi-stakeholder discussion organized by UNESCO in cooperation with Microsoft in Paris from 17 to 18 November 2011. • It is now available in English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic, Chinese and Portuguese languages. • The discussion focused on challenges of and practical solutions for promoting personalization through technology in the classrooms for students. • Successful case studies and recommendations show on how educators and students could use existing technological solutions in classrooms, and how UNESCO’s ICT Competences Framework for Teachers could be applied for teachers’ capacity building on issues related to the accessibility. • The key recommendations on practical solutions for the use of accessible ICTs contained in the report target teachers, policy makers and administrators. http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/CI/CI/pdf/accessible_ict_personalized_learning_2012%20.pdf 24
  25. 25. Accessible digital office document project http://adod.idrc.ocad.ca/
  26. 26. The Model Policy is an adaptable model designed to assist Member States to promote the effective use of inclusive ICTs in education for learners with disabilities. Guiding principles: • Social inclusion oriented approach • Reasonable accommodation of special needs • Active and effective involvement of learners with disabilities Critical Aspects: • Multi-stakeholder engagement and participation; • Cross sectorial and inter-governmental agency co-operation and co-ordination; • Multi-level policy objectives; • Progressive policy implementation based upon prioritisation of strategic actions; • Continuous monitoring and evaluation of policy implementation and achievement of targets and milestones.
  27. 27. THE ICT OPPORTUNITY FOR A DISABILITY- INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK
  28. 28. A GLOBAL CONSULTATION THAT COLLECTED OVER ON ICTs, DISABILITY AND EXPERT INPUTS DEVELOPMENT 150 30% Civil Society Organizations 21% Organizations of Persons with Disabilities 17% Governments 16% Private Sector 9% Academic Institutions 7% International Organizations from 55 countries
  29. 29. THE CURRENT ICT OPPORTUNITY The consultation outlines the most impactful ICTs for social and economic activities currently …in education Primary education WEB SITES TV set & services Other & Emerging technologies Secondary education WEB SITES Mobile device & services Te r t i a r y, p r o f e s s i o n a l , l i f e l o n g e d u c a t i o n WEB SITES Mobile device & services
  30. 30. The consultation also recommended the following actions to expand the ICT opportunity to all persons with disabilities: CSOs THE WAY FORWARD Raising Policy Makers, Awareness and Standards Advocacy to Policy Makers GOVERNMENT Enabling Environments Procurement policies and Legislation PRIVATE SECTOR UN SYSTEM Operational Activities, Monitoring and Evaluation, Policy Analysis, Mobilization Campaigns DPOs ORGANIZATIONS Price, Training, R&D, Employment Training, Raising awareness DPOs in Policymaking International Standardization Bodies R&D Promotion Raising Policy Makers Awareness
  31. 31. International conference “From Exclusion to Empowerment: Role of ICTs for Persons with Disabilities” 24-27 November 2014, New Delhi, India Structure of the event: • • • • • International conference Film festival on disabilities Exhibition for ICT & AT solutions Media event Social media campaign
  32. 32. Thank you for your attention. Ms Irmgarda Kasinskaite-Buddeberg i.kasinskaite@unesco.org http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/access-to-knowledge/access-for-people-with-disabilities/

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