Early in voyageMany ways to look at itGeneral shapes forming
What OERu is / not
OERu on WikieducatorOperated by The OERU foundation Background – SCOPE – 2 Meetings Anchor partners – UNESCO/CoL, BC Campus supportMore structured toward programs and degreesRather than individual coursesCredible qualifications – quality control provided by each institution (publicly accredited)Business modelScalableSustainable2 meetings so far—preceded by Scope discussions BC CampusPrototypeFirst year courses Credit toward existing credentials Grad course:Learner support – digital skillsAnchor partners autonomyOpen processes - WikiEducatorEach institution contributingInstitutional autonomyOpen processes
Open educationRoots in distance educationOpen University in UK Open Learning – rooted as well Access, democratization, underserved – challenge to existing systemFree software GNU General Public License Free software -> Open source- Large range - Learning objects Late 90s, 2000s Object oriented movement Problems – context tagging, finding, usingOpen courseware MIT 2001/2 Courses online Vast effortOERs UNESCO 2002 Forum – Open Educational Resources
MIT- Mainly a publishing project – 2000 courses- Some include exams & solutions, image galleries, video- Course schedule – topics- Can download and use (Itunes U for rich media)- No formal credit- No others can use for formal credit- CC: BY-NC-SA- RSS feeds and monthly newsletterView all 2000 COURSESAeronautics and Astronautics Introduction to Aerospace Engineering and DesignNote icons Note Download course materials- Walk throughSyllabusObservationsTextbooks (others sometimes required) – editions etc. Learning activities –group required? Lot of American Need to recontextualize? “Link rot”ConnexionsRice University Content creation tools Community orientation Lenses – ways of endorsing/affiliating with contentSaylorLarge amount of material still linked due to copyright issuesSome full and complete courses – fully self containedE.g. Psych 101Open textbook challengeOpen courseware250 plus universitiesGood toolkitOER AFRICACultural imperialismGood materials – e.g. Communications SkillsOPEN TEXTBOOKS – LinkFlatworld Knowledge - Creative Commons Non-Commercial Share-Alike licenseMERLOTMultimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online TeachingPeer reviews- K-12 with some HE-Menu left – disciplines and material types- Also content builderScience simulations- Out of U ColoradoStates of matterTopics and levels on the left Attribution license – but GNU GPL if source code desired Researched and tested Download one or all, embed or leave hosted
Learningspace – Open UniversityOpen Study
Etug 2012 presentation
The Open Education Resource University: View from the inside Irwin DeVries ETUG – Vancouver 2012
Overview• Overview and background• Examples• Tour of the OERu• Big questions• Reflections
CaveatOrtelius world map 1570. Public Domain. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:OrteliusWorldMap.jpeg.
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ASorbona_2005b.jpgBy Bilboq (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons from Wikimedia Commons
A parallel learning universehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AInflation_Universe.png By NASA/WMAP Science Team(http://map.gsfc.nasa.gov/media/060915/index.html) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons from Wikimedia Commons
Where did it come from?• OER Foundation – NFP NZ – – Otago Polytechnic• Taylor (2007)• Discussions on BC Campus SCoPE• Two inaugural meetings• Implementation began 2012
The milieu Open Open source Learningeducation software objects Open OERs courseware
Various definition(s): Open Educational Resources• Open provision of educational resources, enabled by information and communication technologies, for consultation, use and adaptation by a community of users for noncommercial purposes (UNESCO 2002)• Available under open license – e.g. CC (Downes, 2007)• 4 R’s reuse – redistribute – revise – remix (Wiley, 2008)• “Without cost but not necessarily without conditions” (Hylén, 2011)• Full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming video, tests, software and other tools used to support access to knowledge (Hewlitt, 2009)• Tools needed for interaction and collaboration (Lane, 2009)• OERs as a “common good” (Lane, 2008)
Licensing: A critical piece of the puzzle From: http://www.squidoo.com/cc-flickr
Examples• MIT – Example• Connexions• Open Courseware Consortium – Toolkit• OER Africa – Materials• University of the People• Open Yale• Open textbooks – Flatworld Knowledge• Open journals Used under Creative Commons license from Ian Britton FreeFoto.com• Saylor http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ASleeping_students.jpg By Love Krittaya (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons from Wikimedia Commons
Moving beyond content• OER used for informal learning – Faculty, students, other universities use OER in many ways• But… – Support – institutional, faculty, pee rs? – Assessment? – Recognition/credit? – What are the next steps? By Flickr user "Elson”http://www.flickr.com/photos/elson/1269568294/ [CC-BY-SA- 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons from Wikimedia Commons
Moving beyond content Link between OER and formalWhat about MOOCs?Connectivism? educational sectorsUniversities as dinosaurs? Sustainable and affordable for students Building learning “ecosystems”Photo used under Creative Commons from Bbanuch
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AParis_tourists.jpg By zoetnet (Flickr) [CC-BY-2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], viaWikimedia Commons from Wikimedia Commons
Big Questions• credentials?• learner support strategies?• grading/assessment strategies?• cost analysis/ financial breakdown (value proposition)?• level of support for course development?• quality standards in the course design?
Reflections• Critiques – Need to track and – Dreams and nightmares understand our learners – This is a huge, long-term• Own experience & undertaking thoughts • Personal benefits – Working in WikiEducator • Need to develop practices – Reignites sense of • & workflow purpose • Rethinking everything – Incredible contacts – Learning about copyright – A live learning lab – Explaining the concept – Need lots of time
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.