The Legal framework of Political parties in the Republic of Moldova: critical reflections and policy recommendations<br />
Correlative approach?What do we have<br />Legislation/Regulations       Standards,practicies<br />
what do we have ?Legislation/Regulations<br />- Legal framework (international, european, national) that ensures to women ...
4<br />Internationaldocumentsthatstipulatethenecessityofgenderequalitypromotion<br />TheConventionontheEliminationofallfor...
National legal framework<br />Constitution of the Republic of Moldova (1994),chapter II,Fundamental Rights, Article 16 (2)...
Law on ensuring equality of chances between women and men<br />AArticle 7 Equality of chances in the electoral field, in t...
ce avem pe coordonataStandards, practicies<br /> - standards: lending, intentions, declarative, partially implemented <br ...
Women representation in the decision bodies on local level(evolution – involution – evolution)<br />1980   49,8%<br />1985...
Where it is easier for a woman to assert itself, in local or national politics? And why? (opened question)<br />in social ...
Representation of women in the state bodies<br />Parliament<br />During URSS	<br />33%	- formal quota<br />1990   3,8%   1...
Gender representation on the lists of candidates running for members of parliament in moldova<br />women<br />men<br />
Gender representation on the lists of candidates running for members of parliament, 2009 electoral campaign<br />average<b...
Gender topics ocassinally appear in the electoral platforms of political parties<br />Early elections 2009 – it is not a p...
Recovery measures<br />Identified priority problems: <br />a) subrepresentation of women in decision-making positions in t...
Proposalsregulations<br />Explicit provisions:<br />Law on Political Parties (2007)<br />! Law on Political Parties  (1999...
Proposalsregulations<br />Coherent state policy, implementation of Law on ensuring equal opportunities ...<br />Poitical a...
Proposals: Approach that would ensure gender balance (a better representation of women in politics)<br />Pillar I – abilit...
Consolidation of the political/apolitical women (increasing of leadership resources among the citizens and porposal of opi...
The role of media that could bring on the public agenda the validity of internal decision of political parties and the opp...
Women’s participation gains in political act<br />Promotion of a tolerat spirit at the level of attitudes and behaviour (9...
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Loretta Handrabura, Viceminister, Ministry of Education - Women representation in decision bodies

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Loretta Handrabura, Viceminister, Ministry of Education - Women representation in decision bodies

  1. 1. The Legal framework of Political parties in the Republic of Moldova: critical reflections and policy recommendations<br />
  2. 2. Correlative approach?What do we have<br />Legislation/Regulations Standards,practicies<br />
  3. 3. what do we have ?Legislation/Regulations<br />- Legal framework (international, european, national) that ensures to women and men the right and the chances to participate in politics<br />- Party programes and statutes (political agenda, gender stuructures, quota)<br />
  4. 4. 4<br />Internationaldocumentsthatstipulatethenecessityofgenderequalitypromotion<br />TheConventionontheEliminationofallformsofDiscriminationagainstWomen, 1979 (CEDAW) (ratifiedby Moldova in1994)<br />Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, 1995<br />UnitedNationsMilleniumDeclarations(Rezolution 55/2 a ofthe General Assemblyofthe UN adoptedonSeptember 8, 2000)<br />Recommendation (2003)3 of the Committee of Ministers of the member states (Council of Europe) on balanced participation of women and men in the decision-making process in political and public life<br />Recommendation (2007) of the Committee of Ministers of the member states (Council of Europe)<br />
  5. 5. National legal framework<br />Constitution of the Republic of Moldova (1994),chapter II,Fundamental Rights, Article 16 (2), Article 43-50<br />Electoral Code Article 11 Right to elect; Article 12 Right to be elected<br />Law on ensuring equality of chances between women and men No. 5-XVI adopted on 09.02.2006<br />National Program on ensuring the gender equality for 2010-2015 (29.XII,2009), Sphere of Participation in public and political decision-making process<br />
  6. 6. Law on ensuring equality of chances between women and men<br />AArticle 7 Equality of chances in the electoral field, in the activity of political parties and other social-political organisations<br />(1) Central Electoral Commission, councils and district electoral offices ensure the respect of the principle of equality between women and men in the elecotral field.<br />(2) The political parties and other social-political organisations are obliged to contribuite to ensuring equal rights and opportunities among thier members, women and men by:<br />a) Ensuring representation in the parties’ governing bodies of women and men;<br />b) Ensuring representation on the candidates lists of women and men without discrimination<br />
  7. 7. ce avem pe coordonataStandards, practicies<br /> - standards: lending, intentions, declarative, partially implemented <br />Declarative democracy (showcase democracy)<br /><ul><li>Training of Women Org. – structure of positive discrimination, to compensate the insvisiblity of women in the politica parties, constituted according to men vision, in order to mobilize the women public sentiment</li></li></ul><li>Positive practices,but inconsequent<br />Appointment of women in the decision-making bodies of the territorial party structures<br />Empowerment of women on the level of Local Public Authorities – more evident trend than at the level of Central Public Authorities<br />Mentaining the „Glass bell of politics” in terms of gender representation<br />Proportional representation – electoral strategy of PPCD (christian-democrats), 2005; or at least 30% - trend<br />
  8. 8. Women representation in the decision bodies on local level(evolution – involution – evolution)<br />1980 49,8%<br />1985 50,4%<br />1990 35% counselors 13% mayors<br />1996 39,2% counselors 10,3% mayors<br />1999 9,7% counselors 8,74% mayors<br />2003 10% counselors 15,4% mayors <br />3,1% Chiars of raion (district) executive committees<br />2007 17 %counselors 17,9% mayors<br />3,1% Chiars of raion (district) executive committees<br />Loretta Handrabura<br />dr. conf. univ.<br />
  9. 9. Where it is easier for a woman to assert itself, in local or national politics? And why? (opened question)<br />in social politics<br />Everywhere is difficult<br />It depends on the<br />abilities and may <br />compete with men<br />at any level<br />Where is accepted<br />by the rulers<br />Both<br />At the local level it is easier: <br />results, words and deeds <br />are closer<br />
  10. 10. Representation of women in the state bodies<br />Parliament<br />During URSS <br />33% - formal quota<br />1990 3,8% 12 out of 380<br />1994 4,9% 5 out of 101<br />1998 8,9% 9 out of 101 <br /> 2001 15,9% 16 out of 101<br /> 2005 21,7% 23 out of 101<br /> 2009 23,1% 25 out of 101<br />Government <br />1980 10% 3 out of 30<br />1990 7% 1 out of 13<br />1994 0% 0 out of 20<br />1996 0% 0 out of 17<br />1999 6% 1 out of 15<br />2001 11% 2 out of 18<br />2005 13% 2 out of 15<br /> 2008 37% 6 out of 16<br /> 2009 5% 1 out of 16<br />
  11. 11. Gender representation on the lists of candidates running for members of parliament in moldova<br />women<br />men<br />
  12. 12. Gender representation on the lists of candidates running for members of parliament, 2009 electoral campaign<br />average<br />Greens<br />United Moldova Party<br />Conservative party<br />Nation and Country Party<br />Republican Party<br />Christian Democrats<br />Independents <br />Humanist Party<br />Communist party<br />European Action <br />Democratic party<br />Our Moldova Alliance<br />Liberal Party<br />Social Democrats<br />Liberal Democrats<br />Union of Centrists<br />Women <br />Men <br />
  13. 13. Gender topics ocassinally appear in the electoral platforms of political parties<br />Early elections 2009 – it is not a priority, because the equal opportunities between men and women and the gender partnerships, emphasized in the regulations of the Women Oragnisations within the parties are still invisible and secondary for party and accordingly for state policies<br />
  14. 14. Recovery measures<br />Identified priority problems: <br />a) subrepresentation of women in decision-making positions in the public and political life<br />b) existence of structural barriers such as cultural, economic and social in the promotion of women in decision-making positions in the public and political life<br />
  15. 15. Proposalsregulations<br />Explicit provisions:<br />Law on Political Parties (2007)<br />! Law on Political Parties (1999) <br />Article. 9 (6): Political parties and other social-political organisations will promote the principle of equality between women and men in decision-making bodies at all levels<br />What is stipulated now?<br />Article 18. Obligations and responsibility of political parties<br /> (1)Political parties are obliged to respect the legislation of Republic of Moldova and the provisions of their statute.<br />(2) If the law changes, as well as in the case of finding mismatches of the statutes and programs contrary to legal provisions, the parties will adjust their documents in compliance with legal norms, modifying and amending them according to the established procedure.<br /><ul><li>Affirmative action – stuimulating funding</li></ul>II. Electoral Code<br />a. Electoral system based on proportionality (quota as an affirmative action)<br />b. If the statute of the political party provides representation quota, then the quota should be respected on electoral lsits<br />
  16. 16. Proposalsregulations<br />Coherent state policy, implementation of Law on ensuring equal opportunities ...<br />Poitical actions that would encourage women to participate in leading positions;<br />Clear mechanisms that are functional and sustainable for implementation;<br /> Gender-sensitive budget<br />
  17. 17. Proposals: Approach that would ensure gender balance (a better representation of women in politics)<br />Pillar I – ability to enter in politics<br /><ul><li>Decision to enter in politics (gender partnership education, perosnal ambitions and explotation of opportunities provided by legislation)
  18. 18. Consolidation of the political/apolitical women (increasing of leadership resources among the citizens and porposal of opinion leaders to the public)</li></ul>Pillar II – opportunity to be elected<br /><ul><li>Ensuring transperency of the process of nominating candidates
  19. 19. The role of media that could bring on the public agenda the validity of internal decision of political parties and the opportunity of the criteria used by the internal fora for nominating candidates for various important positions : a) the plus of the proportional system for women visibility; b)know how the candidates will be selected</li></ul>Pillar III – chance to be voted<br />- It is directly dependent on the voting system and of the dominant political culture<br />
  20. 20. Women’s participation gains in political act<br />Promotion of a tolerat spirit at the level of attitudes and behaviour (9,5%); <br />More active promotion of the democratic principels such as justice, equality, collaboration and cooperation, acceptance of (6,5%);<br />Explicit intentions and actions, honesty and morality (4,0%);<br />Persistance in actions and personal honor (3,0%);<br />Increasing the number of participants in political life (3,0%);<br />Ability to accept other visions without discrimination (3,0%).<br />Loretta Handrabura<br />dr. conf. univ.<br />
  21. 21. «There are no specific women problems, all the problems are related to women as well, that is why they must have access to discuss all issues and questions.»<br />

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