Alain Bravo: Catalysing European Competitiveness in a Globalising World

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This presentation was held by Alain Bravo during the FITT conference „ICT Innovations: Research > Business > Society“ on 10 May 2011 in Brussels. …

This presentation was held by Alain Bravo during the FITT conference „ICT Innovations: Research > Business > Society“ on 10 May 2011 in Brussels.

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  • 1. ICT Innovations - 10 May 2011 “Catalysing European Competitiveness in a Globalising World” by Alain Bravo Director General SUPELEC, Chair of FP7-ICT Interim Evaluation Panel
  • 2. Panel report: Summary
    • ICT programme is
      • Relevant
      • Solid and largely well implemented
    • 11 recommendations grouped in 3 sets of actions
      • Strengthening European ICT research in a globalising world
      • Exploiting the pervasiveness of ICT via integrated policies
      • Sharing risk
  • 3. Conclusions and recommendations (1/3)
    • Strengthening European ICT research in a globalising world
      • Continue with ICT in FP8 in a further strengthened form , flexibility and interdisciplinarity are needed to support dynamic and radical ICT innovation
      • Continue to build ERA combining national and European programmes (but)
        • clarify (fit for purpose) of portfolio of instruments and
        • address issues of dual management
      • To ensure balance between consensus-based R&D and longer term
        • expand (FP7) and extend FET (FP8)
      • Keep extending global reach of FP7-ICT
        • taking into account characteristics and capabilities of various parts of the world (reciprocity, longer term competitiveness)
        • more proactive policy and EU presence in pre-normalisation and standardisation
  • 4. The new ERA instruments: the JTIs & the AAL JP
    • Value of the new initiatives
      • Proved particularly effective in mobilising industry stakeholders
      • Led to an enhanced involvement of SMEs in research at European level
      • Allows researchers to strengthen and broaden their R&D alliances with industry participants
      • Especially in ARTEMIS and the AAL JP, allowed for a pronounced involvement of key immediate or end users of the technologies
    • Overall evaluation of the participants
      • High level of relevance because of the strong alignment with industry & user needs
      • Current implementation methods criticised , especially because of the difficulties and additional costs caused by the dual governance
    ERA 2020 vision: To build a globally competitive Research and Innovation System optimised at the European level, aligning regional and national policies and institutions to this new scale
  • 5. FET – Future and Emerging Technologies new ideas for ICT research An incubator and pathfinder for new ideas and themes for long-term research in the area of ICT
    • FET Proactive
    • top-down approach
    • spearheading transformative research and supporting community building
    • FET Open
    • bottom-up approach
    • exploring new and alternative ideas at the frontiers
    61 M € 110 M € High risk research, offset by potential breakthrough with high technological and/or societal impact
  • 6. Conclusions and recommendations (2/3)
    • Exploiting the pervasiveness of ICT via integrated policies
      • ICT task force spanning across DGs to coordinate ICT-relevant policy development
      • Explore opportunities for demand-based measures that open new arenas for innovation …
        • (aggregating and) making visible user needs
        • deepen the role of demand side in the ICT programme and
        • its links to take-up and practice
      • use the power of higher education system in spreading innovation and providing new skills and competencies
        • encourage participants to develop curricula in new and emerging areas
      • To reach the Programme’s immediate ICT objectives two major actions are needed
        • reverse the downward trend in industry participation
        • incorporate plans for large-scale ICT test-beds for advanced services
  • 7. The increasing pervasiveness of ICT … R&D in ICT involves a wide range of stakeholders from the most varied market sectors
  • 8. Links to demand are weak in some areas
    • 50% of the participants: collaboration in RTD of all actors in the product/service value chain is a key factor for the achievement of excellence in R&D
    • Participants pointed at a limited involvement in FP7 ICT of key immediate or end users in the Programme, including private enterprises as well as Public Authorities and NGOs
    • The alignment of the research results with the user needs was a concern voiced by ~30% of the industry participants in FP7 mainstream ICT research
  • 9. Human capital and research/innovation capacity building
    • Higher Education key for new ICT skills, multidisciplinary competences, dissemination of ICT research
    • Higher Education institutions accounted for ~40% of the overall participation & funding
      • ~80% were important players at national or European level
      • a high-level involvement of European research leaders in the fields of ICT
    • Little explicit transfer of knowledge from research and innovation to the ‘education’ pillar
      • ‘ educational outreach’ activities implemented, amongst others, in the fields of robotics and photonics
      • doctoral schools …
    • Little evidence on the development of joint Master Programmes - one of the positive effects of the NoEs in FP6
    Under-emphasis of the third element in the knowledge triangle
  • 10. Conclusions and recommendations (3/3)
    • Sharing risk …
      • to ensure participation of key European players and attract global participants, EC must:
        • reduce administrative burden and (perceived) arbitrariness of auditing practice
        • radically overhaul the financial regulations ensuring the principle of shared risk and mutual trust
      • to increase SME participation:
        • simplify and reduce the burdens of their participation with a lightweight form of subcontracting or associate partnership
      • To reduce the waste of effort in proposal writing:
        • test a more sophisticated 2-stage application process with proposals going into 2 nd stage having 30-50% chance of funding