Monitoring and Promoting Internet Freedoms in Africa
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Monitoring and Promoting Internet Freedoms in Africa

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A presentation by Ashnah Kalemera titled Monitoring and Promoting Internet Freedoms in Africa during the Uganda Internet Governance Forum 2013 ...

A presentation by Ashnah Kalemera titled Monitoring and Promoting Internet Freedoms in Africa during the Uganda Internet Governance Forum 2013

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  • 1. Monitoring and Promoting Internet Freedoms in Africa Ashnah Kalemera Uganda Internet Governance Forum September 18, 2013 Hive Colab, Kampala - Uganda
  • 2. The Internet in Africa • 16% Internet Penetration (ITU) • 63% Mobile Phone Subscribers (ITU) • Alexa.com website traffic rankings: Facebook, YouTube, Twitter and blogger among top websites. • Numerous incidents that infringe on online freedoms • Long-existent but often vague laws, and also extra-legal means curtail online freedoms
  • 3. 2012 Freedom on the Net Report Promoting effective and inclusive ICT policy in Africa Free South Africa Kenya Partly Free Nigeria Uganda Rwanda Not Free Ethiopia
  • 4. Jan – June 2013 Facebook Data Requests Country Total Requests Users/Accounts requested Compliance rate Botswana 3 7 0% Egypt 8 11 Ivory Coast 4 4 Uganda 1 1 South Africa 14 9 Global Highest India 3,245 4,144 50% United States of America 11,000 – 12,000 20,000 – 21,000 79%
  • 5. 2012 Content Removal Requests to Google 1 1 1 1 2 2 6 1 1 1 60 2 2 19 Djibouti Egypt Kenya Sierra Leone Madagascar Mauritius South Africa No. of Items Requested to be Removed No. of Requests
  • 6. Other Notable Events • July 2013 Gambia – The Information Communications Act 2013 clamps down on critiquing government officials online. • The law seeks to punish “instigating violence against the government or public officials”, and also targets individuals who “caricature or make derogatory statements against officials” or “impersonate public officials”. • Zimbabwe – ‘Whistle blower’ ‘Bada Jukwa’ being hunted by the government. • May 2013, Uganda to establish ‘Social Media Monitoring Centre’ Promoting effective and inclusive ICT policy in Africa
  • 7. Role of Government, Civil Society, Media and Private Sector • There are few conversations in East African countries on these matters. Where these conversations related to internet freedoms are taking place, they are often not informed by research, nor are they driven by an agenda that seeks to educate citizens and promote liberal regimes of online rights Promoting effective and inclusive ICT policy in Africa
  • 8. Way Forward? • Understand how policy and practice affect internet freedoms in the region • Identify aspects of policies that need to be changed to make legislation more supportive of online freedoms • Formation of a network of national and regional actors involved in the promotion of internet freedoms • Raising awareness and spurring multi-stakeholder conversations on the importance of protecting internet rights the way human rights have always been protected and promoted Promoting effective and inclusive ICT policy in Africa
  • 9. Promoting effective and inclusive ICT policy in Africa OpenNet Africa • Policy analysis • Intermediary Liability • Incident reports Document and Research • Online portal , social media platforms and mailing list • Policy briefs, articles, blog posts and press releases • Mapping of actors and initiatives Dissemination, Dialogue, Engagement and Advocacy • Practical clinics for safety and security training • Network development • Toolkit Skills and Knowledge Development
  • 10. OpenNet Africa • Focus countries: Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, South Africa, Tanzania and Uganda • Launch September 2013 • Welcome stakeholders to share ideas, report a violations etc
  • 11. THANK YOU! Contact and further information OpenNet Africa c/o CIPESA Email: programmes@cipesa.org URL: www.opennetafrica.org www.cipesa.org Promoting effective and inclusive ICT policy in Africa