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Tips on Syllabification

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Tips on how to use syllable's/

Tips on how to use syllable's/

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  • 1. Tips on ICTACT Youth Talk & ICTACT Youth PRESENT Contests 2014 APPLY BEFORE 25 JUL 2014 Tips on Syllabification ICTACT Youth Talk & ICTACT Youth PRESENT Contests 2014 APPLY BEFORE 25 JUL 2014 – WWW.ICTACTYOUTH.IN Syllabification ICTACT Youth Talk & ICTACT Youth PRESENT Contests 2014 WWW.ICTACTYOUTH.IN
  • 2. Syllabification is the separation of each word into sounds and the word separated into parts is conventionally called as Syllables. What is a Syllable? A syllable is a unit of pronunciation, which is usually larger than a single sound but smaller than a word. Native speakers of the language internalise this notion of stress as they are exposed to the language since their early childhood. For non-native speakers, however, it could be a difficult concept to comprehend. Each word in English consists of at least one syllable. Humans use syllables to divide a stream of speech and give it a rhythm similar to what we hear in music. How do we identify the number of syllables in a word? The number of vowel sounds in a word equals the number of syllables in the word (a diphthong is considered a single vowel sound). The number of beats within a word corresponds with the number of syllables in that word. Here are some words divided into their component syllables: Mister = mis – ter Invention = in – ven – tion Spectacular = spec – ta – cu – lar Types of syllable Mono syllable - A word consisting of only one syllable eg., pen Di Syllable - A word having two syllables eg., in.side Tri syllable - A word having tthree syllables eg., grad.u.ate Poly syllable – A word having more than three syllables eg., spe.ta.cu.lar
  • 3. Rules of Syllabification Every syllable has one vowel sound eg., pen, pa.per The number of vowel sounds in a word equals the number of syllables. eg., home- monosyllables ,Sub.ject- disyllable , pub.lish.ing - tri syllables A one syllable word is never divided. eg., Stop, Feet, Bell Consonant blends and digraphs are never separated. eg., rest.ing, bush.el, reach.ing When a word has a Ck or an x in it, the word is usually divided after the ck or x eg., nick.el, tax.i A compound word is divided between the two words that make the compound word eg., in.side, foot.ball, tooth.brush When two or more consonants come between two vowels in a word, it is usually divided between the first two consonants. eg., Sis.ter, but.ter, hun.gry When a single consonant comes between two vowels in a word, it is usually divided after the consonant if the vowel is short. eg., lev.er, cab.in, hab.it When a single consonant comes between two vowels in a word, it is usually divided before the consonant if the vowel is long. eg., ba.sin When two vowels come together in a word and are sounded separately, divide the word between the two vowels. eg., ra.di.o, di.et, i.de.a When a vowel is sounded alone in a word, it forms a syllable itself eg., grad.u.ate, a.pron, u.nit A word that has a prefix is divided between the root word and the prefix. eg., dis.count, mis.fit, un.tie
  • 4. When be,de,ex and re are at the begining of a word, they make a syllable of their own. eg., be.came, de.fend, ex.hale, re.main A word that bas a suffix is divided between the root word and the suffix. eg., kind.ness, thank.ful, stuff.ing When a word ends in le, preceded by a consonant, the word is divided before that consonanat. eg., pur.ple, fum.ble, mid.dle When -ed comes at the end of a word, it forms a syllable pnly when preceded by d or t. eg., start.ed, fund.ed When a word or syllable ends in al ore el, these letters usually form the last syllable. eg., lev.el, us.u.al when ture and tion are at the end of a word, they make their own syllable eg., lo.tion, pos.ture A word should be divided between syllables at the end of a line. the hyphen(-) stays with the syllable at the end of the line. eg., By the time they decided to go to the Supermar-ket, it was already dark. What is syllabic stress? In some languages, some syllables are clearly stronger than other syllables; these can be described as stressed. Unlike sentence stress, wherein the word singled out for stress often depends upon the context in which the speaker speaks at that moment; in syllabic stress, the syllable, in any word, that is singled out for stress is nearly always the same, irrespective of the context. The word achieve, for example is always stressed on achieve and never on a. We must consider the fact, however, that if the word is not prominent in a sentence, none of its syllables get stressed in that particular sentence.