Gender and the banana value chain in Imenti south district


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Gender and the banana value chain in Imenti south district

  1. 1. Gender and the Banana ValueChain in Imenti South DistrictAdvancing Agri-practice: Adding Value for Women KARI HQTS 23-24 May 2011Lydia Miriti, Maureen Miruka & Immaculate Maina Kenya Agricultural Research Institute
  2. 2. BackgroundBanana (Musa spp) traditionally widely grown inKenyaMajor food and cash crop- 90% farmers in HPareasAll year food and income securityHoldings of 0.5 acres =83.5% productionDeclining yieldsConstraints: marketing, pests and diseases,orchard management, planting material
  3. 3. Challenges in Banana Production
  4. 4. Gross margin of banana (1 acre of land) Variable + Establishment costs Unit cost (KShs.) Total cost (KShs.)Land preparationsHoling 444 holes 10.00 4,440.002 bags DAP × 50 Kg bags 2,500.00 5,000.00Tissue Culture suckers 444 80.00 35,520.00Manure 1.5 tons 1,500.00 2,250.00Planting 444 suckers 5.00 2,220.00Mocap 17 Kgs 1,000.00 17,000.00Irrigation 12 man days 150.00 1,800.00Weeding 15 Man days 150.00 2,250.00Desuckering 24 man days 150.00 3,600.00Harvesting 888 bunches 10.00 8,880.00Transportation 888 bunches 20.00 17,760.00Total variable Cost + Establishment cost 102,720.00Total output=444 stools each producing 2 bunches per year = 888 bunches @ Ksh.250 = Total Output Ksh. 222,000.00Total Variable & Establishment Costs = KSh.102,720.00Gross Margin = Ksh. 161,460.00 per yearTissue Culture = Ksh. 305,600.00 per year (Africa Harvest, 2007)
  5. 5. Objectives of the study To determine the gender roles and constraints in Banana production and marketing in Imenti South District Pro-Poor Agro-Enterprise Project: Develop strategies for addressing gaps and integrating gender in the banana value chain
  6. 6. Methodology Sites ◦ Abogeta, Nkuene and Igoji Divisions Quantitative data collection ◦ Formal survey with structured questionnaire ◦ Male and female farmers Qualitative data collection ◦ FGDs-male, female, mixed ◦ Key informant interviews ◦ Case studies
  7. 7. Findings Banana No 1 cash crop (45%) followed by coffee (13%) and maize (11%) Men & women have similar primary & secondary level education, 1% men have college education 70% women and 30% men, have no contact with extension 65% men compared to 35% women have received banana production and marketing training
  8. 8. Finding s Traditionally a woman’s crop Shift to cash crop and decline in coffee industry=men involvement
  9. 9. Banana marketing 1
  10. 10. Banana marketing 2Women not in organised groups as menLack of time, resources & informationPayment systems not suitable for womenHas led separation of roles & responsibilitiesWomen leasing own land and have bankaccountsEmpowerment of women, disempowermentof men, and increased the burden forwomen and household conflict
  11. 11. Banana Value Chain and GenderWhat Production Production Fresh banana Value addition & Processedprevent inputs sales processing salessmall scalefarmers 1 Small farm 3 6 Nonexistent, slow growing orfrom; Limited sizes inaccessible markets physical inputSellingmore use: -Varieties 4 -Slow growth domestic markets Poor on- farm Margin 5 -Fertilizers -Uncompetitive in export -Irrigation practices: Leakage: marketsGetting -Crop -Low farmer -Planting -Limited processing industryhigher material management sellingprices -Storage power -WhosalerHaving Subscale 2 search costslower volumes:costs -ExpensiveRaising inputsstandard Deficient Enablers;of living -Including transport, storage, financial services and resources What are the gender roles in production, processing, and marketing and how to take advantage of these to improve women’s access to higher-value markets and to secure a greater role for farmers in value chains
  12. 12. Gender Question How has the commercialisation of banana value chain affected the gender division of labour and in turn influenced household dynamics:- a) resource management? b) income flows? c) expenditure patterns? d) food and nutrition security? e) gender relations? f) hh decision making?Banana marketing in Ntarene, Meru South Dstrict 12
  13. 13. Strategies for intervening Approaches ◦ Farmer Field Schools ◦ Participatory Market Systems Development Partnerships- traditional and non-traditional Policy- at local and national level Business Development Services-(e.g. micro- finance)
  14. 14. Thank you