Social and Biodiversity Impact Assessment (SBIA) Stage 3: Project design
SBIA Stage 3: Project Design Results chains
How will the social objective be achieved? OBJECTIVE FOR THE FOCAL ISSUE
What is a results chain A results chain is a tool that clarifies assumptions about how strategies arebelieved to contribute to reducing threats and achieving the social or biodiversity targets.
It demonstrates the desired future condition (with project)
It helps identify “conceptual leaps” It is a diagram that maps out a series of causal statements that link factors in an “if…then” fashion
Basic components of a results chain: Change over time
Components of a results chain• Impact – The desired future state of a focal issue. A goal is a formal statement of an impact• Outcome – The desired future state of a direct or contributing factor (An objective is a formal statement of an outcome)• Output – The desired product of an activity or task• Strategies – The set of actions that a project implements• Result – A generic term used to describe the desired future state of a focal issue. Includes impacts, outcomes, and outputs
Results chains do not generally show inputs andoutputs, but rather focus on performance-oriented results
Criteria for a good results chain:• Simple: There is only one result per box.• Results oriented: Boxes contain desired results (e.g.,reduction of hunting), and not activities (e.g., conduct astudy).• Causally linked: There are clear “if…then” connectionsbetween successive boxes.• Demonstrates change: Each box describes how youhope the relevant factor will change (e.g., improve,increase, or decrease).• Reasonably complete: There are sufficient boxes toconstruct logical connections but not so many that thechain becomes overly complex.