PES tools from ICRAF

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Tools for Payments for Environmental Services from the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)

Tools for Payments for Environmental Services from the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)

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  • 1. (Rapid) Assessment Tools for Negotiation Support and Rewards for Environmental Services Brent Swallow, Vanessa Meadu and Thomas Yatich with the ASB Partnership and RUPES and TULSEA Projects in Southeast Asia World Agroforestry Centre, Nairobi, Kenya Katoomba Private Meeting, Morogoro, Tanzania September 18, 2008
  • 2. Outline of presentation • Quick introduction to the World Agroforestry Centre and ASB • Tools for improved agroforestry systems, water harvesting and conservation agriculture • Tools for negotiation support and rewards for environmental services
  • 3. World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Mission is to generate science-based knowledge about the diverse roles trees play in agricultural landscapes and to use its research to advance policies and practices to benefit the poor and the environment. Locations: Headquarters in Nairobi, Regional Teams in East Africa, Southern Africa, West and Central Africa, Amazon Basin, South Asia and Southeast Asia.
  • 4. ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins • Alternatives to Slash and Burn (ASB) began in 1994 • ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins in 2006 • Network of international and national organizations known for sound comparative studies across the margins of the humid tropical forests • Global Coordination Unit at the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) in Nairobi and regional coordination for SE Asia, Africa and the Amazon
  • 5. Tools for improved agroforestry systems, water harvesting and conservation agriculture • quality germplasm that is appropriate to the local context • management systems that integrate trees effectively into farming systems and agricultural landscapes • water harvesting for domestic use and agriculture in water constrained areas of Africa and South Asia • conservation agriculture in East and Southern Africa
  • 6. Tree Seed http://www.worldagroforestry.org/Sites/TreeDBS/TSSD/seed.htm Also: CDs for tree biodiversity assessment Map-based recommendations of suitable trees for anywhere in Kenya
  • 7. SEARNET for Water Harvesting http://www.searnet.org/searnetfinal/home.asp
  • 8. Former RELMA for Conservation Agriculture http://www.relma.org/
  • 9. ASB Matrix http://www.asb.cgiar.org Global Agronomic Smallholders’ Policy & Meta Land Uses Environmental Sustainability Socioeconomic Institutional Concerns Concerns Issues Natural Forest Forest Extraction Complex, Multistrata Agroforestry Systems Simple Treecrop Systems Crop/Fallow Systems Continuous Annual Cropping Systems Grasslands/Pasture TP Tomich
  • 10. Summary Matrix: Sumatra GLOBAL AGRONOMIC SUSTAINABILITYb NATIONAL POLICYMAKERS’ SMALLHOLDERS ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS CONCERNS / CONCERNS ADOPTABILITY BY SMALLHOLDERS LAND USE Carbon Biodiversity Plot-level production sustainability Potential Labor Returns Household SYSTEMS storage profitabilityc require- to Laborc food securityd ments Abovegrou Aboveground Soil Nutrient Crop Returns to Labor $/ Entitlement nd tC/ha (plants) Structure Export Protection Land (private person- person- Path (time- #species per prices) $/ha day/ha/yr day (Operational averaged)a standard plot (private Phase) prices) Forest 306 120 0 0 0 0 0 0 na Community-based $+ forest management 120 100 0 0 0 5 0.2 to 0.4 4.77 consumption Commercial logging 94 90 -0.5 0 0 1080e 31 0.78 $ Rubber agroforest 79 90 0 0 -0.5 0.70 111 1.67 $ Rubber agroforest with clonal planting material 66 60 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 878 150 2.25 $ Oil palm 62 25 0 -0.5 0 114 108 4.74 $ Upland rice/bush fallow 37 45 0 -0.5 -0.5 -62 15 to 25 1.47 consumption Continuous $+ cassava/imperata 2 15 -0.5 -1.0 -0.5 60 98 to 104 1.78 consumption
  • 11. ASB opportunity cost of ER from avoided deforestation
  • 12. Tools for negotiation support and rewards for environmental services 1994 ASB ADB: land use & environmental services in SEA Ford & DfID RUPES 1 grants PRESA TULSEA RUPES 2 2010
  • 13. Trees in multi-use landscape in Southeast Asia (TUL-SEA): A negotiation support toolbox for integrated natural resource management
  • 14. Participatory Landscape Analysis (PaLA)
  • 15. Rapid Hydrological Appraisal for PES
  • 16. Rapid Carbon Stock Appraisal
  • 17. Carbon Stocks Monitoring http://www.worldagroforestrycentre.org/sea/Publications/searchpub.asp?publish id=1159
  • 18. GENeric Model of RIVER Flow (GEN-RIVER)
  • 19. Quick Biodiversity Survey (QBS)
  • 20. Rapid Agro-Biodiversity Appraisal (RABA)
  • 21. Rapid Landslide Mitigation Appraisal (RaLMA)
  • 22. Tree-Tree interaction Model: the Spatially Explicit Individual-based Forest Simulator (SexI-FS)
  • 23. Water Nutrient and Light Capture in Agroforestry Systems (WaNuLCAS)
  • 24. Tree architecture and scaling rules: Functional Branch Analysis (FBA), above and belowground
  • 25. Rapid Appraisal of Drivers of Land Use Change (DriLUC)
  • 26. Participatory Analysis of Poverty, Livelihoods and Environment Dynamics (PAPOLD)
  • 27. Other Tools… • Fair & Efficient REDD Value Chains Allocation (FERVA) • Rapid Market Appraisal (RMA) • Rapid Land Tenure Assessment (RaTA) • Forest, Agroforest, Low-value Landscape or Wasteland (FALLOW) Model
  • 28. Visit our online library http://presa.worldagroforestry.org
  • 29. Join the PRESA community! http://presa.worldagroforestry.org