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Nordic Solutions for Sustainable Cities
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Nordic Solutions for Sustainable Cities

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    Nordic Solutions for Sustainable Cities Nordic Solutions for Sustainable Cities Presentation Transcript

    • • We are eight Nordic cities with a reputation for being ‘green’. Our city leaders champion green growth and actively support innovation that could help us secure a more sustainable urban environment• Over the years, we’ve collaborated with each other sharing our knowledge and learning each other’s lessons• We’ve jointly funded projects, shared the risk of experimentation and all benefited from the results• As climate change and resource depletion are generic global challenges, we’ve found that many of our solutions are transferable• We now want to share our expertise and forward-thinking with other cities
    • Here’sto cities changing the world
    • Who are the Nordic Eight? Eight cities located in northern Europe around the Baltic Sea and Northern Atlantic Ocean. NuukGREENLANDPopulation Reykjavik Mariehamn 15,522 ÂLAND ISLANDS ICELAND Stockholm Population Population SWEDEN 118,810 11,232 Oslo Population Tórshavn NORWAY 861,010 FAROE ISLANDS Population Population 614,798 19,915 Helsinki FINLAND Copenhagen Population DENMARK 588,549 Population 539,542
    • The challenges cities face• Climate change, population growth, urbanisation and resource depletion• 80% of global greenhouse gas emissions are emitted by the world’s cities• But also hold the key to addressing these challenges: - the world’s cities are currently home to 4 billion people - by 2050 this number is projected to reach 6 billion people; 70% of the human race
    • Seven City Challenges• We’ve identified seven major challenges facing cities today. » Urban Planning » Transport » Street lighting » Energy » Water » Smart Information Management » Behaviour
    • Urban Planning• City populations are growing and people are aspiring to an ever better quality of life • Resources can’t keep pace with demand. Many are non-renewable • Land is at a premium • The challenge remains to provide citizens with a high standard of living, restrict resource consumption to sustainable levels and keep development within a compact system
    • Urban planning: The Nordic Eight Solutions Our approach:• Regeneration within the existing city boundary to prevent urban sprawl• Enhanced urban mobility through improved access and transport nodes • Protection of resources as a key and central part of urban planning
    • Urban Planning – Case Study : StockholmWith an ever-growing population, Stockholm decided to develop a former brownfieldsite (an old industrial harbour area) into a modern eco neighbourhood. Integral toachieving this was the implementation of a unique eco-cycle - the Hammarby ModelThe outcome• Hammarby Sjöstad: 11,000 apartments; 10,000 office places• Water consumption has reduced from 200 litres/day to 150 litres/day• No bins are used. ‘Refuse chutes carry waste to a central collection station using vacuum suction and a network of underground tunnels• District heating and cooling: 50% of the energy will be supplied through harnessing wastewater and combustible solid waste• Public transport, walking and cycling has risen to 82% of all journeys• 10% of residents belong to a carpool scheme where 75% of the cars are bi-fuelled
    • Transport – The Challenge• Integrate sustainable transport into their urban plans and development• Allow people to traverse their cities easily and cheaply, but with lower environmental impact
    • Transport – The Nordic Eight Solutions• Improving urban planning to incentivise walking, cycling, and public transport• Improving public transport facilities to encourage increased use• ‘Greening’ vehicles through encouraging ownership of more environmentally friendly cars and by procuring environmentally friendly public transport• Discouraging the use of private cars
    • Transport – Case Study : CopenhagenCopenhagen faced a very real traffic congestion and pollution problem with daily car tripsacross the city border rising from 392,000 to 535,000Solution:Developing better integration between bus, train and the metro services. To do this: – Legislation to stop competing public transport operators charging different prices – One ticket valid on the bus, train and metro – Passengers can buy their ticket via SMS – New transport nodes where buses, trains and metro routes intersect to make passenger journeys easier – Bicycle parking facilities in each metro and train station and bicycles can be taken on the trains
    • Street Lighting – The Challenge• Street lighting is often inefficient, generally switched on full beam throughout the entire night• Severe light pollution causes adverse effects on health, welfare and nocturnal biodiversity• Old, inefficient tungsten street lighting is energy- intensive and expensive• Energy savings can be achieved through implementing intelligent, adaptive street lighting measures
    • Street Lighting – The Nordic Eight SolutionsOur Approach• Using more efficient bulbs: Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) reduce energy consumption and associated costs• Using the lights more effectively through enhanced control and individual operation
    • Street LightingCase Study : Copenhagen, Oslo & Torshavn• The cities are wirelessly linking individual street lamps to a central control• This means:- - Lamps can be turned on and off or dimmed individually - Lamps can be adjusted according to the ambient light levels from natural and artificial sources, for example, when it snows, up to 80% less light is need - Replacing the traditional lamps with LEDs alone accounts for approx 37% energy savings
    • Smart Information Management :the challenge• It’s estimated that 15% of global CO2 emissions could be reduced through smart technology• Smart includes everything from household appliances which can turn themselves on or off in response to changing electricity prices, to electric vehicles providing storage for the electricity grid• The benefits of smart technologies are only realised when they work within well-integrated and holistic systems• Smart cities use a combination of data and technology to become more efficient
    • The Nordic Eight Solutions • We have followed these key strategies: • Investing in information technology infrastructure • Exploring smart-enabled efficiencies through both bottom-up behaviour change empowerment and top-down management improvements • Introducing flexibility into people’s work-life balance
    • Smart Information Management :Case study - Nuuk and HelsinkiInstallation of smart meters into people’s homes: - send hourly readings of consumption to the services companies for more accurate bills - can compare consumption data of similar buildings, so it’s simple to identify the buildings where energy efficiency improvements are needed - enable consumers to see their real time consumption• Nuuk has installed smart power, heat and water meters throughout the entire city for each individual consumer, as part of a national programme• Helsinki aims to have 350,000 smart power meters and 14,000 smart heat meters in service by 2013. 60% have already been installed
    • LOOKING TO THE FUTURE: join us