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“Cities Can Save the Earth”: The City of Gwangju and its Urban Environment Policy-Kang
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“Cities Can Save the Earth”: The City of Gwangju and its Urban Environment Policy-Kang


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  • 1. Rio+20 Speech“Cities Can Save the Earth” : The City ofGwangju and Its Urban Environment Policy Kang, Un-Tae Mayor, Gwangju Metropolitan City, Rep. of Korea Co-Chairperson, UEA Members Alliance 1
  • 2. Climate Change andand CitiesClimate Change Cities- The pace of climate change: faster than what we expected- Time to need Decision for Our Common FutureThe 5th IPCC report : 2050 Climate Estimation- Precipitation : 30% Increase- Temperature : 2.3 ℃ Increase- Sea level : 34cm Increase in elevation2050 Climate estimation of Korea- Summer : four -> five months- Winter : three -> two months- Abnormal climate : scorching heat, heavy rainfall※ Cities are major causes of global warming and climate change. Cities have a responsibility to address global warming 2
  • 3. Introduction to GwangjuSouth Korea’s 5th largest city, with population of 1.5 million 3
  • 4. The Driving Force of Korean Democracy- Gwangju’s May 1980 Democratic Movement Archives: listed on the UNESCO Memory of the World in May, 2011The city of Culture and Art- Home of Gwangju Biennale and Gwangju Design Biennale, global art festivalsThe city of cutting-edge science industry 4
  • 5. Create an environment-friendly green city Carbon Bank System- Citizens are the key decision makers on carbon reduction  Each citizen, the main actor of GHG reduction- Grant carbon points to households with lesser energy (electricity, gas, and water)use compared to previous two years use- Participation: 44% of 540,000 households in Gwangju  100% by 2015 Carbon Reduction Effects - GHG Reduction: 26 thousand tons reduced in 2011 - Equivalent to planting 9.18 million pine trees 5
  • 6. Further directionThe range expanded to: - Increase in the use of public transport and bicycle - Food waste reduction - Environmental protection work - Food mileage campaign, etcSecuring Additional Administration Funds- Green Fundraising : Participation from central government, cities, and companies The icon of citizens’ green-life practices 6
  • 7. Implementing Policy on Land Usecomprehensively Policy Directions - A synergistic organization of each field - urban planning, transportation, forestry, housing, promotion of industry - Urban planning focused on control of commuting distance, cost of traffic congestion, and excessive energy use from a long-term perspective - More focus on city rehabilitation, instead of sprawl to city outskirts Examples of Gwangju - Re-development of old flats into housing for 2015 Gwangju Summer Universiade ※ Unprecedented case in the history of international sports - Urban improvement project in 22 residential sectors - Completion of Asian Culture Complex [600 million US$ budget] at the previous government facility 7
  • 8. Fostering and Spreading Green IndustryDirections Virtuous cycle between the environment and economy- Fostering Green Industry: Investment in environment · Drive for job creation and economic growth- Creating public demand toward “Greenness”Examples of Gwangju- LED Products made locally replace existing public and private light fixtures. Public100% and Private 60% replacement by 2020 ※ 134 LED-related companies in Gwangju- The major production facility of KIA Motors, a global automobile producer · All public buses: natural gas replacement in 2011 · Electric vehicles encouraged: 300 units by 2014 8
  • 9. Proposal to enhance urban environment1st Strengthening Exchange and Cooperation on Environmental Policies among Worldwide CitiesPurpose- To share problem-solving ability through mutual exchange among cities- To establish resourceful circulation in all cities throughout the worldExamples of Gwangju [Technology Export]- Conclusion of an environmental technology exchange agreements (waste disposal, etc) ᆞᆞ Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam), with Rwanda (Angola) with- Installation of a waste-using power generating facility ᆞᆞ be installed in Luanda, Angola, September 2012 to 9
  • 10. 2nd Developing Standardized Urban Environment Evaluation Index Purpose of Enactment- to provide a guideline for urban environment Evaluation and green cities- to foster worldwide cities to become low-carbon green cities※ Co-development with UNEP from 2011 to 2013 Characteristics of the index- Commonly applied to cities of both developed and developing countries- Considering the current status of a city and outcome of current policies- An index that can be certified and standardized internationally Future Plan- Awarding “International Low Carbon Green City” from 2014 ᆞᆞ Apply index to the world cities ᆞᆞ Select cities of excellence ᆞᆞ Organization in collaboration with UNEP 10
  • 11. 3rd An urgent need to introduce a new financial incentive to citiesfor carbon reduction such as Urban CDM The Existing CDM Urban CDM- limited in technology and - Make wide-ranged access available in Urban Planning, Land-use, and Green Governancescale approaches (single - UN Green Climate Fund supported for GHGproject-based) reduction annually compared to BAU- At the 2011 Gwangju Summit of UEA, 120 cities and international organizations have agreed on the international application of Urban CDM○ UN Green Climate Fund - 100billion US$ to be created every year by 2020 - It should be prepared sooner to reduce carbon emission 11
  • 12. Conclusion ○ Cities, the cause and the victim of climate change ○ Peril of the Earth: Challenges and Opportunities - Cities actively commit themselves to solve the environmental problems - Work together for the common good 12
  • 13. Thank you for your attention