Rio de Janeiro in-depth   social ecological analysesCecilia P. Herzog and Ricardo Finotti       Cities and Biodiversity Ou...
Summary• Rio de Janeiro Occupation and Context• Case 1: Verdejar NGO – Inhaúma District• Case 2: Restored Parks – Barra da...
Rio de Janeiro Context
Rio de Janeiro      City LimitsMassifs and River basins                                         1                    Sourc...
1 - Maracanã river lowlands                                                     2008                                      ...
04.26.2011   Maracanã “River”
Rio de Janeiro      City LimitsMassifs and River basins                                      1                            ...
2 - Rodrigo de Freitas Ocean Lagoon
Rua Jardim Botânico, Rio de Janeiro 06.04.2010 (crédito: Alex Herzog)                                                     ...
Rio de Janeiro                  City Limits            Massifs and River basins                                           ...
Vulnerable Areas to Sea Level rise     Sea level rise projection                       Cotas em metros                    ...
Barra da Tijuca                  1960’s                    2005
A NATUREZA está se tornando cada vez mais virtual...
Case Studies
(Instituto Pereira Passos - IPP a partir dos dados do IBGE - Censo 2010 andhttp://sigfloresta.rio.rj.gov.br/)
1. Misericordia Massif: Verdejar2. Barra da Tijuca: Península, Gleba F and Mello Barreto Parks
1. Misericordia Massif: Verdejar             Rio de Janeiro Context2. Barra da Tijuca: Península, Gleba F and Mello Barret...
Inhaúma District (Misericórdia Massif)           Verdejar (NGO)Bottom-up Urban Biodiversity Restoration
Challenges in 1980’s:• LOW SOCIAL AND ECOLOGICAL VALUE• Degraded remnants of grassy areas, subject tofurther invasion• Are...
Opportunities:• Volunteer reforestation, agroforestry and foodproduction in more accessible areas to avoid furtherillegal ...
Barra da Tijuca DistrictPenínsula, Mello Barreto and Gleba F ParksTop-Down Urban Biodiversity Restoration
Challenges:• Dregde dump area surrounded by mangroveremnants in some areas• Irregular occupation of lagoon margins• Invisi...
Opportunities:• Environmental Legislation enforced the RealEstate Entrepreneur/Owner to Preserve,Conserve and Restore an a...
Before OccupationNot dated probably early 1970’s
Case Study 2December 1997 (Photo Carvalho Hosken)
Restored and Natural Parks October 2008 (Photo Carvalho Hosken)
The pioneer Brazilian       ecological landscape architect,     Fernando Chacel was hired in 1986      to plan and design ...
Gleba F Park                                          Península Park                                                      ...
Threatened speciesAjaya ajaya
Final RemarksThe two case studies present substantially different social-ecological contexts, although both provide abioti...
Final Remarks     The city faces URGENT CHALLENGES   to control urban sprawl and ecosystems                 suppression.  ...
Thank you!Cecilia P. Herzog and Ricardo Finotti       Cities and Biodiversity Outlook   A preview of the first global asse...
Rio de Janeiro in Depth Social Ecological Analyses-Herzog
Rio de Janeiro in Depth Social Ecological Analyses-Herzog
Rio de Janeiro in Depth Social Ecological Analyses-Herzog
Rio de Janeiro in Depth Social Ecological Analyses-Herzog
Rio de Janeiro in Depth Social Ecological Analyses-Herzog
Rio de Janeiro in Depth Social Ecological Analyses-Herzog
Rio de Janeiro in Depth Social Ecological Analyses-Herzog
Rio de Janeiro in Depth Social Ecological Analyses-Herzog
Rio de Janeiro in Depth Social Ecological Analyses-Herzog
Rio de Janeiro in Depth Social Ecological Analyses-Herzog
Rio de Janeiro in Depth Social Ecological Analyses-Herzog
Rio de Janeiro in Depth Social Ecological Analyses-Herzog
Rio de Janeiro in Depth Social Ecological Analyses-Herzog
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Rio de Janeiro in Depth Social Ecological Analyses-Herzog

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Transcript of "Rio de Janeiro in Depth Social Ecological Analyses-Herzog"

  1. 1. Rio de Janeiro in-depth social ecological analysesCecilia P. Herzog and Ricardo Finotti Cities and Biodiversity Outlook A preview of the first global assessment Rio de Janeiro, June 18th, 2012
  2. 2. Summary• Rio de Janeiro Occupation and Context• Case 1: Verdejar NGO – Inhaúma District• Case 2: Restored Parks – Barra da TijucaDistrict• Final Considerations
  3. 3. Rio de Janeiro Context
  4. 4. Rio de Janeiro City LimitsMassifs and River basins 1 Source: Prefeitura do Rio de Janeiro
  5. 5. 1 - Maracanã river lowlands 2008 1808Pereira (Guta), 2008
  6. 6. 04.26.2011 Maracanã “River”
  7. 7. Rio de Janeiro City LimitsMassifs and River basins 1 2 Source: Prefeitura do Rio de Janeiro
  8. 8. 2 - Rodrigo de Freitas Ocean Lagoon
  9. 9. Rua Jardim Botânico, Rio de Janeiro 06.04.2010 (crédito: Alex Herzog) 04.06.2010 Rua Jardim Botânico, Rio de Janeiro ,1988 More than 250 deaths in http://aleosp2008.files.wordpress.com/2008/11/rua-jardim-botanico-rj-1988_11-29- 2008.jpg em 02.05.09 the State of Rio de Janeiro
  10. 10. Rio de Janeiro City Limits Massifs and River basins 1 3 2Urban sprawl induced by new transit Prefeitura do Rio de Janeiro Source: system – new tunnel and highways
  11. 11. Vulnerable Areas to Sea Level rise Sea level rise projection Cotas em metros 0 - 0,50 1,00 - 1,50 0,50 – 1,00 1,50 – 2,00 (Gusmão, P.P. et al., 2008)
  12. 12. Barra da Tijuca 1960’s 2005
  13. 13. A NATUREZA está se tornando cada vez mais virtual...
  14. 14. Case Studies
  15. 15. (Instituto Pereira Passos - IPP a partir dos dados do IBGE - Censo 2010 andhttp://sigfloresta.rio.rj.gov.br/)
  16. 16. 1. Misericordia Massif: Verdejar2. Barra da Tijuca: Península, Gleba F and Mello Barreto Parks
  17. 17. 1. Misericordia Massif: Verdejar Rio de Janeiro Context2. Barra da Tijuca: Península, Gleba F and Mello Barreto Parks
  18. 18. Inhaúma District (Misericórdia Massif) Verdejar (NGO)Bottom-up Urban Biodiversity Restoration
  19. 19. Challenges in 1980’s:• LOW SOCIAL AND ECOLOGICAL VALUE• Degraded remnants of grassy areas, subject tofurther invasion• Area subject to recurrent fires in dry season• Garbage dump slopes – NO PUBLIC SERVICES• Low income residents• Surrounded by favelas (slums)• Lack of formal education• Drug trafic controled region (until today).
  20. 20. Opportunities:• Volunteer reforestation, agroforestry and foodproduction in more accessible areas to avoid furtherillegal occupation and offer ECOSYSTEMS SERVICES tolocal community residents since 1985, intensified in1990’s.• Verdejar promotes garbage collection,environmental education, arts and culture eventsregularly.•“Mutirão Reflorestamento” (“Reforestation CommonEffort” - Public Reforestation Program in upper areassince 1995)• HIGH ECOLOGICAL AND SOCIAL VALUE TODAY
  21. 21. Barra da Tijuca DistrictPenínsula, Mello Barreto and Gleba F ParksTop-Down Urban Biodiversity Restoration
  22. 22. Challenges:• Dregde dump area surrounded by mangroveremnants in some areas• Irregular occupation of lagoon margins• Invisibility of the lagoon and natural ecosystems(residents ignored their existence before – no socialvalue)• Highly transformed landscape eliminatedecosystems remnants – globalization andhomogeneization of plant species• Lack of ecological education, comprehension andvalue of natural areas
  23. 23. Opportunities:• Environmental Legislation enforced the RealEstate Entrepreneur/Owner to Preserve,Conserve and Restore an area thatencompasses connected ecosystemsfragments.• Protection and restoration of 460,000 m² ofprotected forests along 6.5 Km of coastallagoons, in three PUBLIC ECOLOGICAL PARKS• Visible native ecosystems and lagoon – HIGH ECOLOGICAL AND SOCIAL VALUE
  24. 24. Before OccupationNot dated probably early 1970’s
  25. 25. Case Study 2December 1997 (Photo Carvalho Hosken)
  26. 26. Restored and Natural Parks October 2008 (Photo Carvalho Hosken)
  27. 27. The pioneer Brazilian ecological landscape architect, Fernando Chacel was hired in 1986 to plan and design two parks to conserve and restore degraded mangrove and restinga (sandbank) ecosystems. The final building license was issued by the City in 2005. The parks were maintained by the owneruntil the buildings were constructed and sold.
  28. 28. Gleba F Park Península Park Mello BarretoEspécie Parkameaçada deextinçãoColhereiro -Ajaya ajaya October 2008 (Photo Carvalho Hosken)
  29. 29. Threatened speciesAjaya ajaya
  30. 30. Final RemarksThe two case studies present substantially different social-ecological contexts, although both provide abiotic, bioticand cultural ecosystems services.First case study: Verdejar participants have a deepunderstanding of the ecosystems services the forest providelocally, regionally and even globally, and continue to workto improve the environmental legislation and governance.Second case study: the interviewed residents wereattracted to live there because of the green areas, althoughthey only have a vague perception of the ecological benefitsof the forests. They value the biodiversity, and are eager tolearn more about the local ecosystems.
  31. 31. Final Remarks The city faces URGENT CHALLENGES to control urban sprawl and ecosystems suppression. The two cases are useful to inform futureactions and interventions where biodiversitymay play a central role in the planning, design and retrofitting of urban ecosystems.
  32. 32. Thank you!Cecilia P. Herzog and Ricardo Finotti Cities and Biodiversity Outlook A preview of the first global assessment Rio de Janeiro, June 18th, 2012

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