Planning Energy Knowledge ICLEI Freiburg June 07 Adrian Hewitt Climate Change Team Leader London Borough of Merton LETIT – European partnerships The power of municipal government to combat climate change Stabilization at 450 ppm Currently at 380 ppm 70 ppm to “tipping point” Rising at 3 ppm annually 70 ÷ 3 = 23.3 years
Canadian micro-generation strategy, Vancouver – Apr 07 a) Cut the most CO 2 b) Do so fastest – dependant on c) d) We have the most control over c) Have the most financial logic – dependant on d) Merton Climate Change Strategy Cut CO 2 by 15% by 2015 – How..? By doing the things that: Tools of Government action Mitigation/Compensation Rights Education Incentive/Disincentive Regulation Ownership & Operation
What do we have the most control over ? ICLEI Stockholm May 2006 Buildings Waste Activity CO 2 emissions High Low Very high Influence Medium Low Transport Industry Food / Lifestyles ✔ ✔
Domestic and municipal waste ICLEI Stockholm May 2006 Municipal assets Landfill / Sewerage gas Low Agricultural / Wood biomass Low High Solar / Micro-wind / GS Heat Medium Geothermal / Hydro / Wind Low High Buildings High Planning High Information Fuel assets Value Energy assets Value Physical asset Value Regulatory asset Value Value Virtual (ignored) asset
<ul><li>Academic partners </li></ul><ul><li>Oxford University </li></ul><ul><li>Worcester Polytechnic Institute – Mass </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Institute of Technology </li></ul><ul><li>University College London </li></ul>Build a municipal strategy <ul><li>Merton Environment Forum </li></ul><ul><li>Residents associations </li></ul><ul><li>Community groups and Charities </li></ul><ul><li>“ Green” groups - Friends of the Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Professionals - engineers, architects </li></ul><ul><li>Private companies </li></ul><ul><li>Merton Council officers </li></ul><ul><li>Local politicians </li></ul>Perm State University, Russia – Sept 06 London Regional Government Merton is the London pilot “ Energy Action Area”
COMBINED HEAT & POWER EU (LETIT) Brussels – May 06 Step 4 Technology risk assessment 1 2.0 4 1 1 Public Political Corporate 2.3 3 2 2 mark Public Political Corporate Support 1.3 1 1 2 Operating Fuel costs Investment 2.3 1 4 2 mark Operating Fuel costs Investment Finance 1.7 3 1 1 Safety Biodiversity CO 2 emissions 2.0 2 1 3 mark Safety Biodiversity CO 2 emissions Environmental 2.7 3 2 3 Reliability Operation Machinery 1.3 1 2 1 mark Reliability Operation Machinery Technical 3.0 1 4 4 mark 1.7 3 1 1 Storage Supply Availability Storage Supply Availability Fuel Pyrolysis & Anaerobic Digestion Bio-gas Natural gas 1= Negligible. 2 = Low. 3: Needs attention. 4 = Problem but resolvable. 5 = Irresolvable. Risk perceived by local municipality
EU (LETIT) Brussels – May 06 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 Natural gas Bio-gas Fuel Technology Environmental Financial Support
Combined Heat and Power Renewable energy “ Emergent” Decentralised Energy CH 4 Bio-gas British High Commission, Rome - April 07 Hydrogen fuel cell
Property tax The Acacia Avenue scenario in 10 – 15 – 20 – 25 years B&Q Green family Retired Green converts Urban eco-chic Municipal MertonRule Conversion Mortgage addition Keeping up with the Jones’ Acacia Avenue Municipal energy co Dahlia Drive Rowan Crescent Beech Close Sycamore Lane “ Emergence” Renewable Energy Association - May 07
“ To mobilize we must develop a technique and methods so simple that the citizen of good common sense can readily grasp the idea.” Adrian Hewitt London Borough of Merton Copyright LB of Merton – not to be used or copied without permission Contact: [email_address] Oxford University - Institute of Russian and Slavonic Studies - Nov 06 Global to Local Community based decentralization Freiburg June 07
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