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  • Úvod – RES in the Czech Republic

Transcript

  • 1. Tomáš Kukuczka Czech RE Agency, o.p.s. Freiburg – 14 th June 2007
  • 2. Natural development
  • 3. Content
    • Regional and national support of RES
    • State of the art of RES in the Czech Republic
    • Best practice and development of PV
  • 4. CZECH RE AGENCY Activities and Support of RES
  • 5.
    • Status:
    • non-government organization for development of renewable energy sources (RES) established in April 2004
    • Activities:
    • Support, development and education of RES, especially photovoltaic (PV)
    • Involvement in European and Czech projects (R &D , promotion of RES)
    • Education and training
    • Organization of conferences, seminars and workshops
    • Feasibility studies, analyzis
    • Bank credits requests, subsidies requests
  • 6.
    • Membership:
    • International Solar Energy Society (ISES)
    • Asociace energetických manažerů (AEM)
    • EU PV Technology Platform
    • Oborová platforma environmentálních NNO
    • Platforma podnikatelského sektoru pro zahraniční rozvojovou spolupráci
    • Cooperation:
    • Joint Research Center (Ispra, Itálie)
    • European Photovoltaic Industry Association (EPIA)
    • Warsaw University of Technology
    • VUT Brno, ČVUT Praha, FÚ AV ČR
    • Solartec, EkoWatt, Calla
  • 7. Joint European Position Paper and Action plan (2007) Status of PV 2006 in EU New Member States Joint Declaration for a European Directive to Promote Renewable Heating and Cooling European PV Associations' Position Paper on a Feed-In Tariff for P V Solar Electricity
  • 8. http://mapa.czrea.org Interactive Map of RES in the Czech Republic
  • 9. Project is focused on realization interactive map of the Czech Republic with presentation of RES installations. Map serves to public use through internet and provides many of its interactive components for comparison and presentation of results for research, study or practical utilization. Interactive Map of RES in the Czech Republic
  • 10. Map of windmills with installed capacity over 100 kW in the Czech Republic
    • Legend:
    • working
    • out of order
  • 11. 4 4 Map of larger PV systems in the Czech Republic
  • 12. http://www.solpool.info SOLPOOL - Solar Energy use in Outdoor S wimming Pools T he main objective of the project is to develop and implement campaigns for the increased use of solar thermal systems for the heating of outdoor swimming pools.
  • 13. http://www.eupvplatform.org European Photovoltaic Technology Platform The Photovoltaic Technology Platform is an initiative which aims at mobilising all the actors sharing a long-term European vision for photovoltaic; realising the European Strategic Research Agenda for PV for the next decade(s) and give recommendations for implementation; ensuring that Europe maintains industrial leadership.
  • 14. Study and Methodology of Feed-in Tariff of RES Study has focused on feed-in tariff of RES, especially of PV and recommends amendments for new renewable energy act in the Czech Republic (implementing i.a. Directive 2001/77/EC on the promotion of electricity produced from RES in the internal electricity market).
  • 15.
    • helps High Tatras in their crisis time
    • makes comfort for tourists during their relax in the cottage
    • serves as very suitable for similar activities and promotes RES among the cottage visitors
    Electrification of Teryho Cottage by Energy from the Sun Goal of this project was to provide highest pointed year-round open Teryho cottage in High Tatras, Slovakia with energy from the sun. Solar energy is the most appropriate renewable energy source for the conditions of Teryho cottage:
  • 16. Before … After … Electrification of Teryho Cottage by Energy from the Sun
  • 17. Integration of Devices for Utilization of Renewable Energy Sources into Structure of Buildings Project is focused on wide challenges for integration RES into buildings facades while taking account into minimalization of energy sufficiency, maximalization of energy gain, quality of design, utility value, high degree of safety and economy recycling after lifetime.
  • 18.
    • O ptimal utilization of RES thanks to their combination in the Czech Republic
    • A chieve more stable system in RES providing into the grid
    • O ptimal utilization of RES thanks to their combination in the Czech Republic
    Synergy Research in RES Applications
  • 19. Share of RES in Zlin region
  • 20.  
  • 21. Average wind speed
  • 22. RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES Legislation and Development
  • 23.
    • feed-in tariffs as well as green bonuses are set up by energy regulator (ERU) on a yearly basis
    Act 180/2005 Sb. on Promotion of Use of Renewable Energy Sources
    • feed-in tariff guarantied for 15 years (in contrast to green bonuses), taking into account the price index of industrial products
    • create conditions for fulfilment of the indicative target for the share of electricity from RES in the gross consumption of electricity in the Czech Republic amounting to 8% in 2010
    Legislation of Renewable Energy Sources
  • 24. Act 180/2005 Sb. on Promotion of Use of Renewable Energy Sources Legislation of Renewable Energy Sources
    • preferential connection to the trans mission system or to the grid systems for green el ectricity plants
    • obligation for operators of the regional grid systems and the operator of the TS to purchase all electricity from renewable sources
    • in accordance with the legislation of the European Communities (Directive 2001/77/EC) – in force from August 1st 2005
  • 25. Feed-in Tariff x Green Bonus for 2007 Exchange rate 1 EUR = 28,50 CZK 17,2-79,3 490 - 2.260 82,1 -118,6 2 . 34 0 -3 . 38 0 Biomass 12 . 75 0 3 . 51 0 1 . 95 0 1 . 15 0 - 1.920 1 . 34 0 Green Bonus CZK/ M Wh 472,3 157,9 86,3 79,6-106,6 83,8 Feed_in t ariff € /MWh 447,4 13 . 46 0 Photovoltaic 123,2 4 . 5 0 0 Geothermal energy 68,4 2 . 46 0 Wind energy 40,4 – 67,4 2 . 27 0 -3.040 Combustion of landfill gas 47,0 2 . 39 0 Small hydro (new locations) Green Bonus €/ M Wh Feeed-in t ariff  CZK/ M Wh RES
  • 26.
    • managed by Ministry of Industry and Trade in the frame of OPBI
    • 4 mld CZK (cca 140 mil €) – 2007-2013
    • 2 forms – soft loan or subsidy
    • subsidies up to 100 mil CZK (cca 3,5 mil €) and up to 60 % of investment costs
    • soft loan only for SME, 1 %, 15 years (life of loan), max 50 mil CZK (cca 1,75 mil €), 30 % of loan could be remissed
    Eko-energy Programme (EU)
  • 27.
    • managed by Ministry of Environment in the frame of OP Environment
    • 17,5 mld CZK (614 mil €) 2007-2013
    • entrepreneur – subsidy up to 45 %
    • not entrepreneur – subsidy up to 90 %
    • level of subsidy will depend upon financial and economic analysis
    Environment Programme (EU)
  • 28. RES share in 2005: Total share of RES in the gross electricity consumption in 2004: 4,04% Total share of RES i n the gross electricity consumption in 2005: 4,48% Total share of RES in the primary energy supply in 2005: 3,99% Total share of RES in the gross electricity production in 2005: 3,78% RES national targets in 2010: Total share of RES in the gross electricity consumption in 2005: 8,00% Total share of RES in the primary energy supply in 2005: 6,00 %
    • Priorities for EU subsidies:
    • Energy efficiency
    • Electricity from RES
    • Heat from RES
    • Production of pellets
    • Electricity from RES:
    • Small Hydro
    • Biomass
    • Biogas
    • Photovoltaic
    • Wind Energy
  • 29. Electricity Production (2005) Source: Ministry of Industry and Trade
  • 30. Share of Electricity Production from RES (2005) Source: Ministry of Industry and Trade
  • 31. EuroBarometer: Survey was performed among 1.161 of Czech inhabitants in 2005 Public Preference Survey on Energy
  • 32. Wind Energy
  • 33. 2005 Czech Hydrometeorological Institute Wind Maps of the Czech Republic
  • 34. PHOTOVOLTAIC TECHNOLOGY Best Practice Example
  • 35.
    • Installed capacity > 5000 MW
    • Annual increase of production > 35 %
    • World annual turnover > 10 billion Euro
    • Price of PV cell decreased during last 20 years by 80 %
    • Energy payback time = 2 until 3 years
    Photovoltaic at Present
  • 36.
    • Increase of employment
    • (1 ,5 mil. jobs until 2025 )
    • Decrease of energy dependancy
    • Stable and insurance of economy
    • Improvement of Environment
    • ( 353 mil. tones of CO 2 year savings until 2025 )
    • More stable infrastructure
    • Increase of energy security
    Advantages of Photovoltaic
  • 37.
    • Administrative and legislative obstacles
    • Absence of transparent strategies (RES generally)
    • Unsufficient knowledge of solar energy
    • Weak support of research and development
    • PV market in a cradle
    • Strong fossil and nuclear lobby
    Barriers for PV Development
  • 38. Czech Hydrometeorological Institute 2005 European Communities 2002-2005
  • 39. - 50% of diffused light Global radiation Direct radiation Difuse radiation KWh/m2 daily Photovoltaic in the Czech Republic
  • 40. Installed capacity in the Czech Republic: Photovoltaics – Energy of Sun
  • 41. PV plan until 2010: EU PV target: Czech Republic: 2010: 3 GW ~ 84 MW 2020: 41 GW ~ 541 MW 2030: 200 GW ~ 6000 MW Photovoltaics – Energy of Sun
  • 42. Source: Photovoltaic Energy Barometr, Solarbuzz Comparison of installed capacity with EU countries
  • 43. (1€ = 28,50 Kč) Feed-in Tariffs and Subsidies in the EU
  • 44. Germany Czech Subsidies 0,62 € 0,47 € Structural Funds of EU Feed-in Tariff in the Czech Republic vs Germany:
  • 45.  
  • 46. 2005 2010 2015 2020 2030 Price development of PV in Europe
  • 47. Coclusions and recommendations:
    • Government and local organizations are key player s f or support of RES
    • Creation of stable and long term subsidy environment for support RES
    • Preservation of feed-in tariff and green bonus rates to stabilize the market
    • At least 30 % of investment subsidies of the RES costs
    • Photovoltaic is long term perspective but with weak support (higher FiT)
    • Financial motivation of farmers to grow energy crops
    • Administration and legislative barriers slow down utilisation of RES
    • Elimination of systematic disadvantaged RES by massiv subsidies into fossil and nuclear power plants
  • 48. Czech RE Agency, o.p.s. Office: Americká 17 120 00 Praha 2 Tel: 222 512 764, Fax: 222 512 774 Residence: Televizní 2618 756 61 Rožnov pod Radhoštěm Tel: 575 750 092, Fax: 575 750 098 E-mail: [email_address]