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  • 1. Energy efficiency measures in the public building sector: the DEEP project Freiburg, 14 June 2007 Philipp Tepper Sustainable Procurement ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability
  • 2. ICLEI – an overview
    • International association of local authorities dedicated to sustainable urban environment
    • Organisation founded by local authorities to represent them at the strategic level, and assist them in developing tools and campaigns for sustainability
    • Sustainable Procurement team: www.iclei-europe.org/procurement
    • Product groups: green electricity, IT devices, energy-efficient buildings, low-emission transport, organic food, health-oriented cleaning services, Fair Trade
  • 3.
    • DEEP Project overview
    To develop new and review existing key purchasing criteria with a view to latest market developments for green electricity , building materials , and energy performance . To promote the opportunities in improving energy efficiency through high environmental standards for public office buildings To apply the criteria in public authorities throughout Europe through Procura + , ICLEI’s Sustainable Procurement Campaign
  • 4. Green Public Procurement (GPP) criteria development I
    • FIVE fundamental needs to balance:
      • Real environmental improvement
      • Applicable across Europe
      • Easy-to-use and practicable for procurers
      • Legally valid and possible to verify compliance
      • Realistic – must be possible for the market to meet the demands
  • 5. Green Public Procurement (GPP) criteria development II
    • Methodology:
    • Criteria developed by experts in the field, and through discussion with stakeholders at a series of expert roundtables
    Scientific experts Local Authorities Constructors / Producers
  • 6. Sustainable construction and public procurement I
    • Building environment one of the largest sectors where energy is consumed in Europe – 40% of final energy consumption
    • EC research demonstrates that energy efficiency improvements could lead to over 40% CO 2 emission savings
    • Construction activities consume more raw materials by weight (about 50%) than any other industrial sector cause the largest waste streams (between 40 and 50%)
  • 7. Sustainable construction and public procurement II
    • Differing national calculation methods and standards
    • Lack of universally valid Lifecycle Assessment (LCA) construction tools
    • Local/national differences in availability and sustainability of materials used
    • Different construction procedures
    • Different climatic zones
    Hurdles to universal EU standards for sustainable construction
  • 8. Sustainable construction and public procurement III
    • Results
    • One set of universally applicable criteria is not possible
    • Solution: “Guidelines” presenting several options for each issue, depending on the regulatory framework in the country and the level of expertise in the authority
      • see also EPBD (Energy Performance of Buildings Directive) country reports: www.buildingsplatform.org
  • 9. Sustainable Construction – structure of the guidelines
    • The issue addressed
    • Energy consumption
    • Use of renewable energy sources (RES)
    • Use of sustainable building materials
    • Monitoring and user aspects
    • Experience of the architect
    • The stage of the tendering process
    • Preliminary design/architects’ competition
    • Tendering of the building construction
    • Tendering of the building services
    • The place in the tender document
    • Technical specifications
    • Award criteria
    • Contract conditions
  • 10. Sustainable Construction – example I Energy consumption – architects’ competition
    • Option 1 - Minimum standards for net energy demand (Specification):
      • National/regional standards are available together with calculation methods, or
      • Expertise is available to the authority to set standards and select calculation methods
    • Option 2 - Competition around shape/volume ratio (Award phase):
      • Possible without existing standards or expert knowledge
  • 11. Sustainable Construction – example II Experience of the architect – architects’ competition
    • Selection criteria - Experience with sustainable building design:
      • Energy efficient construction design. Including specific energy demand per m² space for previous construction
      • Airtightness and heat recovery
      • Use of RES
      • Bioclimatic architecture
      • Reference list of used sustainable building materials
      • Use of LCA tools in design
  • 12. Sustainable Construction – example III Use of renewable energy sources – tendering for building services
    • Option 1 - Minimum percentage of the energy demand met by localised RES (Specifications)
    • Option 2 - Competition around the percentage of energy demand met by localised RES (Award criteria)
  • 13. Green electricity and public procurement
    • Complementary to building and construction sector
    • RELIEF project results - if all European public authorities purchased green electricity: reduction of 60 mill. tonnes of CO2-equiv. – 18% of Kyoto commitments
    • Challenges in tendering for green electricity
      • How to define „green“ electricity?
      • How to verify compliance with standards set?
  • 14. Specifications for green electricity tender a) At least 50% of the supplied electricity must come from renewable energy sources (RES-E). Eligible sources : as defined by EU Directive 2001/77/EC Verification: C redible independent third party ( Guarantees of Origin according to RES-E Directive if possible). Alternatively, “tradable certificates” b) 30% of supplied RES-E must be from “new” renewable plants. Definition: Plants which came into operation less than 7 years ago. Or a commitment to bring a new plant online within the next 2 years
  • 15.
    • Green electricity - award phase criteria
    • Further recommendations
    Bonus points for every additional X% the electricity supplied from RES plants, beyond the minimum. Bonus points for every additional X% the electricity supplied from “new” renewable plants.
    • Adopt political commitment at municipal level in view of the green electricity tender process.
    • To support small green electricity suppliers through tenders could be divided in partial lots
    • Consider excluding nuclear power
    • Request additional energy services (Training, awareness raising)
  • 16. Green Public Procurement (GPP) criteria publication www.procuraplus.org www.iclei-europe.org/deep
  • 17. DEEP Energy Efficient Procurement Toolkit
    • Package of resources designed to help public authorities who would like to use purchasing power to improve their energy efficiency performance.
    • Guidance on developing and implementing an energy efficient procurement policy
    • Life-cycle costing tool, and introductory presentations
    • Self-assessment energy audit tool
    • Purchasing criteria for electricity, buildings and IT products
  • 18. Further information Website: www.iclei-europe.org/deep E-mail: [email_address] Thank you very much for your attention!