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Icidnews 11 3

  1. 1. Managing Water for Sustainable Agriculture 2011/3 Also available at http://www.icid.org Message from the PresidentDear ICID Colleagues and Friends, Minister of Water Resources Mr ChenIn preparing this message, I have been Lei, himself a stalwartreflecting on my three year term as of both ICID andPresident of ICID. The first item that came CNCID. The occasionto mind was how quickly time flies! was the hosting of anIt seems like only yesterday when you Internationalelected me to be your President. It was Workshop on Waterindeed a whirlwind tour of duty. Savings for FoodI have had the great fortune to meet many, Security and theto visit with you in our member countries official opening of anand national committees, and to share international trainingspecial and fond memories and interactions and research center inat national, regional and international irrigation andmeetings. Our collaborations and drainage. It wasinteractions have been thought provoking, totally evident at allstimulating, and in many cases led to far times during the visitreaching decisions. I think of the decisions that CNCID and ICIDtaken at our last two International Executive play a very strong With H.E. the Minister of Water Resources Chen Lei in BeijingCouncil meetings. We debated, discussed, role in thesometimes disagreed, but in the end we modernization and implementation of As your President, I have listened to yourretained a decorum of civility, professiona- irrigation, drainage and water supply concerns about ICID’s budgetary situation,lism, and respect for the opinion of others. projects in China. We are regarded as a and I have been fortunate to have theTo me this has been a hallmark of ICID. premier and highly respected organization counsel and guidance of a very responsibleOur unity of purpose, dedication and in China. It was further evident during that Management Board, Permanent Financecommitment to the cause of irrigation visit that other international organizations Committee, and Staff Committee. Throughdrainage, and flood control worldwide wished to replicate ICID’s successes in these organs, we have reviewed theetched an imprimatur, which can only be China and other parts of the world. financial operations of ICID, and staffing atthe envy of other international professional Central Office. And I am pleased to report China is just one such example. I can that the institution is on a better financialbodies. And we undertake our tasks in say the same for several other national footing. We have reduced the Centralmodesty in all its forms. committees. The point I want to make is Office staff by nearly 50%, primarilyICID is a volunteer organization, and I am that ICID is in an internationally envious through attrition, while improving theastounded by the many individuals who position, but equally I wish to emphasize efficiency of operations, through introduc-always respond so positively when asked to that we ought to take pride in ICID and tion of technology, better allocation oftake on a responsibility. I can safely say how we operate. One of my tasks as human resources, and outsourcing of somethat not a single person has ever said no, President has been to instill a sense of functions. This has not been easy for thewhen called upon. For this I am extremely pride in ICID both internally and externally. Secretary General and his staff. But I wantgrateful and thankful. It is a privilege to be I know for a fact that many envy us, given to pay a very special tribute to thesurrounded by such a dedicated cadre of that we do our job with a very small Secretary General and the staff of Centralpeople who give so freely of their time, fraction of what donors etc. provide to Office for their understanding of the world’sskills, energy and talent. other organizations. It is through your financial situation and the need to tighten voluntary efforts and the financial support the belt. They have done this with courageI recently had the honour and privilege to of our national committees, as well aslead a high level ICID delegation to China, and sacrifice, and we all owe them a debt through conferences, that we are able to of gratitude, since they have put theat the invitation of our Chinese National maintain our modest financial base.Committee (CNCID) and His Excellency the organization above their own interests andInternational Commission on Irrigation and Drainage IN THIS ISSUE(ICID) was established in 1950 as a scientific, technical • New Secretary General (Designate) 2 • SonTek – Believe in infinite possibility 6and voluntary not-for-profit non-governmental • Welcome to Tehran 3 • China Launches International Centre 4 • Steps to Improve Irrigation in Bangladesh 7international organization. The ICID News is published • Micro Irrigation for Enhancing Water • Upcoming and Future ICID Events 8quarterly by ICID Central Office, New Delhi, India. Productivity 5ICID News 2011/3 1
  2. 2. kept ICID at a peak level of performance appointed the next Secretary General of ICID has perhaps witnessed a renaissanceand responsiveness to the national ICID (see box below). I am pleased to over the past few years. There is renewedcommittees and work teams. The business report that Mr. Tyagi has agreed to accept interest in the organization. There is now aof ICID kept on ticking without interruption the post, and his appointment will be healthy competition for elected positions.or hindrance. One of my greatest brought to the Tehran IEC for ratification. All of this is good because it brings vigoursatisfactions has been to visit the Central The Selection Committee and I are and vitality to the institution.Office, and to meet and interact with the convinced that Mr Tyagi has the necessary The external community appreciates ourstaff. Their dedication is unparalleled and skills and international experience which strengths and is calling on us. We have aI ask that you continue to support the place him in an unenviable position of duty and an obligation to respond, and toCentral Office staff and operations in a very advancing the international agenda of ICID go beyond the imaginable. But to attainpositive way. in the coming years. I ask you to support such heights, we must remove the barriers Mr. Tyagi’s appointment and to welcomeOf course, the leader and guru of the that separate us. We must join hands in him to the ICID family. He is no strangerCentral Office is our Secretary General, unison and work together as equals. No to ICID, since he has attended some ofMr. Gopalakrishnan. He is a master in his national committee stands taller or greater our IEC meetings, and has been the WMOown right, and person of distinction who than another. No office bearer is more observer to IEC. We are extremelyhas led the Central Office with immaculate influential or has a greater say than fortunate to have a person of his calibergrace. Mr. Gopalakrishnan has been an another. Each country and its citizens have in our midst.indefatigable and tireless foot soldier on a right to its aspirations. We must respectbehalf of ICID. He has brought great During my mandate I sought to articulate those aspirations and at times differenceshonour to ICID and has commanded the importance of investments in irrigation in views. We owe this to our children andthe respect of several international and drainage to meet the challenges of their children, if we are serious about ourorganizations. I envy his energy level and world food security. Our views on the goals of reducing poverty, hunger, mal-unswerving commitment to ICID. He will subject have been sought by numerous nutrition and affliction through improvedbe stepping down this year, after 8 years national and international agencies, and we irrigation, drainage and flood controlof service, and I look forwarding to have been invited to speak on the topic at practices.thanking him formally at the Tehran IEC, several international fora. I have stressed I close by inviting you to our 21stin your presence. the importance of having a stronger International Congress and 62nd IEC in research and development capacity inThe position of Secretary General was Tehran, from October 15-23. I can assure irrigation and drainage, in order to ensureadvertized, and there were numerous you that the Iranian National Committee that water management for food security isapplicants. A Selection Committee, chaired has gone out of its way to organize an sustainable. I wanted to see ICID reclaimby President Honoraire Keizrul Bin exceptional set of meetings. They are and reinvigorate IPTRID, since this wasAbdullah, screened all the applications, superb hosts and I know that you will our brainchild. I am extremely pleasedand interviewed the shortlisted candidates. enjoy their fine hospitality and warmth. that in this regard, Iran and China haveThe Committee unanimously recommended I look forward to seeing you in Tehran. come forward with concrete proposals tothat Mr. Avinash Tyagi, a water resources lead various ICID efforts in R&D and Yours truly,expert who has worked extensively in international training. I urge more of ourIndia’s Ministry of Water Resources, and national committees with strong researchmore recently with the World Meteoro- establishments to also come forward and be Professor Dr. Chandra A. Madramootoological Organization in Geneva be part of this network. President Avinash Tyagi is the New Secretary General (Designate) of ICID Mr. Avinash Commission (CWC) and Ministry of Water Mr. Tyagi has worked closely with C. Tyagi, a Resources. various UN agencies and other 1973 graduate International organizations. He is from Mr. Tyagi is presently the Director of the known for his candid and professional University of Climate and Water Department of the approach to realize the benefits of Roorkee, World Meteorological Organization international cooperation and is an India and a (WMO), a specialized UN Agency, and is ardent advocate of multi-disciplinary post graduate responsible for providing support to the collaboration, a continuing dialogue from Indian countries in the field of water resources with various stakeholders and Institute of management including flood management community participation for solving Technology and adaptations to climate change complex development challenges in (IIT) Delhi, particularly in the water and agriculture the water sector. Mr. Tyagi has been has 37 years sectors. For the last 9 years at the WMO, associated with activities of ICID as an of experience he has developed an intimate knowledge observer in its Working Groups on dealing with of issues related to water resources flood management and climate change various facets of water resources management in developing countries and strived for closer relationship management. He has worked in water around the world. He is presently the between ICID and WMO. resources sector for Government coordinator of UN-Water Thematic Priority of India for 28 years at Central Water Area on Water and Climate Change. Hearty welcome to Mr. A.C. Tyagi!ICID News 2011/3 2
  3. 3. Welcome to ICID International Event at Tehran in October 2011 It is my Congress, and 62nd IEC meeting’ to be IRNCID Organizing Committee & Executive immense held in Tehran, Iran, during 15-23 October Board appreciate receiving your comments pleasure to 2011. IRNCID with its high-level private to ensure the success of this important invite all and public teams is gearing up to host the event via <irncid@gmail.com>. I would interested event as glorious as possible. Delegates be also personally available to deal with organizations will experience the warm, friendly, Iranian your individual inquiry with respect to and pro- hospitability. your attendance in this congress. Please fessionals in feel free to contact me at irrigation and Iran with a rich history on water resources <s.nairizi@toossab.com>. drainage across management approaches and more than the world to 8 million hectares of irrigation land, I’m looking forward to meeting you all in attend the surrounded with beautiful landscapes Tehran. unique which are supported by a very active and modern irrigation industry is an attractive Dr. Saeed Nairizi‘21st ICID Congress on Irrigation and venue to be visited. Senior Member, IRNCID Executive BoardDrainage, 8th International Micro-irrigationJust less than 45 days from now, the entire 300 papers/ posters will be presented water saving contributions, Best PerformingICID fraternity will gather at the historic during the event. The ‘3rd N.D. Gulhati National Committee, Best Performingcity of Tehran to participate in the 62nd IEC Memorial Lecture for International Workbody, and Best ICID Journal Paper.Meeting, 21st ICID Congress on Irrigation Cooperation in Irrigation and Drainage’ will A large technical exhibition of equipmentsand Drainage, 8th International Micro be delivered by Dr. Charles Michael Burt, and technologies in irrigation and drainageirrigation Congress to be held during 15-23 Chairman of the Board, Irrigation Training will be an added attraction. There will beOctober 2011. All the events will be held and Research Center, Cal Poly, USA. two technical tours to Mazanadaran andin a magnificent venue – IRIB International President Chandra Madramootoo will be Khuzestan, while two post conference toursConference Center (IICC) having world the keynote speaker for the 8IMIC. The to historic and scenic provinces of Isfahanclass conference facilities. Besides the renowned experts from international and Shiraz. Further details about theabove, annual meetings of various organizations will present their reports on registration procedure, accommodation,workbodies, special workshops/ sessions congress questions. Awards will be program and updates can be accessed atjointly with FAO will be held. More than presented to the winners of the outstanding the congress website <www.icid2011.org>. Program at a Glance – 15-23 October 2011, Tehran, Iran Monday Saturday Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday Day/Date 24 15 October 16 October 17 October 18 October 19 October 20 October 21 October 22 October 23 October October Time (Hours) 09.00-17.00 09.00-12.30 13.30-17.00 09.00-12.30 13.30-17.00 09.00-12.30 13.30-17.00 09.00-12.30 13.30-17.00 09.00-12.30 13.30-17.00 09.00-12.30 13.30-17.00 09.00-12.30 13.30-17.00 09.00-12.30 13.30-17.00 Registration Registration Registration Poster presentation, Poster presentation, 8th IMIC 21st Congress Registration EXHIBITION (3) Plenary session Closing Ceremony Start of NCs Displays NCs Displays NCs Displays (Conclusions) EXHIBITION (1) EXHIBITION (2) Q 56 Q 56 • Q56 • Conclusions & Q 56.1 (I) Q 56.1 (II) Q 56 8th IMIC (I) 8th IMIC (I) Recommendations WG-HIST / Intensi- Opening Q 56.2 (I) Q 56.2 (II) Q 56.1(III) 8th IMIC (II) 8th IMIC (II) INTERNATIONAL EXECUTIVE • Q57 Theme WG-TRUE EB-JOUR C-PR&P Seminar fication-TRID Ceremony Q 56.3 (I) Q 56.3 (II) Q 56.2 (III) 8th IMIC (III) 8th IMIC (III) COUNCIL (IEC) • Declaration ‘Knowledge’ Q 56.4 (I) Q 56.4 (II) Q 56.5 (III) • 8 IMIC th Q 56.5 (I) Q 56.5 (II) • Awards/ Plaques Combined Q Combined Q 57 (I) 57 (II) Q 56 • Address by N.D. Gulhati (Q 57.1 (Q 57.1 Q 56.1 (IV) President Memorial Q 57.2 Q 57.2 Q 56.2 (IV) Lecture Q 57.3 Q 57.3 Q 56.5 (IV • Address by Q 57.4) Q 57.4) President-elect WG-SDTA and WS WG- Theme ‘Basin’ WG-ENV WG- WG-CAFM PCTA • Address by Chair, REGISTRATION DROUGHT CLIMATE Start of Technical and Post-conference Tours Organizing WG- Committee POVERTY WG-MIS Theme ‘System’ WG-DRG WG-WATS MDG* WG-ON- Theme ‘On-Farm’ C-CONGR WG-PQW WG-CROP FARM ERWG ASRWG RWGs WG-YPF AFRWG / AMRWG PCSO ST-LCB WG-IDSST TF-WWF6 TF-BIO- Special ENERGY Session on Task Forces TF-FIN and WS TF-WWF6 Water for TF- Food SEDIMEN- Security TATION with FAO SC FAO Side event (15.00-17.00) Mtg. NCs- Mtg. NCs- MT-JOUR Side Meetings PFC OBs (08.00- VPs (17.00- (17.00-18.00) 09.00) 18.00) Mtg. OBC MB (18.00-20.00) Workshops/ SS on SS for YPF FAO-ICID-IRNCID Special Australian Symposium/ Symposium Moderni- (15.00-1800) Session Session Special Sessions zation Reception / Open Reception/ Open Welcome Reception Reception / Open Turkish Night Australian Reception Farewell Dinner and Cultural Show Receptions (19.00-21.00) (19.00-21.00) (19.00-21.00) (19.00-21.00) (19.00-21.00) (19.00 – 21.00) (18.30 – 22.00) PCSO Workbodies PCTA Workbodies Task Forces Workshop/Seminars/Special Sessions 21st Int. Congress on Irrigation & Drainage 8th Int. Micro Irrigation Congress Tea/ Coffee Breaks: 11.00-11.30 hours and 15.15-15.45 hours; Lunch Break: 12.30-13.30 hoursICID News 2011/3 3
  4. 4. China Launches International Centre for Training and Research in Irrigation and DrainageAn International Workshop on Water Saving Irrigation and Food Security was hosted by the Chinese National Committee (CNCID)in Beijing in July 2011. The Workshop is a maiden effort following the ICID’s renewed efforts to invigorate the IPTRID.On this occasion, China Research and Training Centre in Irrigation and Drainage was launched at the hands of President ChandraMadramootoo. This marked the birth of the first nodal Centre for the new IPTRID. In a high level meeting held between ICIDPresident and H.E. Dr. Chen Lei, the Hon’ble Minister for Water Resources declared a strong commitment in supporting the ICIDand in promoting its mission across the globe. A brief report.International Workshop on WaterSaving Irrigation and Food SecurityThe international workshop was held inBeijing during 11-14 July 2011 and wasjointly organized by ICID and CNCID withthe support of the Ministry of WaterResources, China. This was in tune withthe signing of MoU between CNCID andICID at Yogyakarta in October 2010.The workshop was opened by H.E. JiaoYong, the Vice Minister, Ministry of WaterResources, China. President Madramootooin his keynote speech urged on the need Workshop delegates with Minister H.E. Chen Lei, Vice Minister H.E. Jiao Yong of Ministry of Waterfor global food security and the importance Resources, China and President Prof. C. Madramootoofor water savings in agriculture which shalldrive the future technology and research in prevalent in Asia; the wide ranging The participants of the workshop werethe sphere. The workshop attracted an practices and measures in addressing cost privileged to participate in an impressiveoverwhelming participation of nearly 100 recovery for irrigation; the need for launching ceremony of an Internationalprofessionals from China and from 12 revamping existing large-scale irrigation Centre for Training and Research incountries, covering over 60% of the total schemes using new technology and tools; Irrigation and Drainage in Beijing at theworld irrigated area. The workshop was the need to bridge in the gap between the hands of President Chandra Madramootoo,graced by the presence of PH Aly Shady, field research and its uptake by farmers, thanks to the great support of the MinistryProf. Wang Aiguo, Chairman CNCID, Prof. and; ICID member countries could gain by of Water Resources, The Government ofJia Jinsheng, President ICOLD, VPH Cai the new IPTRID process by twinning China.Lingen, VPH Karim Shiati, VPH Gao interests and hence an institutional mecha- nism to share the available technology and The launch function was attended byZhanyi, VP W.F. Vlotman, and VP A.K. delegates of the workshop besides Prof. LiBajaj. CNCID sponsored the international knowledge base among countries and regions across the world. Yangbin, DG of China Irrigation andtravel and stay of the participants who Drainage Development Center and its staff,were in need of such support. The workshop was preceded by the visit to Thierry Facon (FAO) and the representa-Secretary General Gopalakrishnan IWHR and field trips to Daxing Irrigation tives of the participating nationalhighlighted ICID contributions to the global Experimental Station of IWHR, Water- committees.water savings efforts. Country presentations saving Project, and Water Saving Demonstration Base of MoWR in Beijing. The workshop and the launch of theby representatives from Australia, China, Training and Research Centre go on recordCanada, India, Iran, Nepal, Malaysia,Niger, Pakistan, South Africa, and Launch of International Centre for as the maiden effort following the Training and Research in Irrigation engagement of National Committees inUzbekistan, besides FAO were made. ICID in their renewed efforts onThe main topics covered were - irrigation and Drainage “Intensification of Irrigation and Drainagemanagement, water productivity Research to achieve Global Food Security”improvement at different scales, and as enshrined in the discussion documentirrigation technology for small holders, floated during the 61st Council meetingenvironmental aspects of water saving held in Yogyakarta.irrigation, rainwater harvesting, etc.,The workshop brought out the - importance The workshop presentations can befor water savings with the ever growing viewed at <http://icid.org/stress on land and water for food security; news_online.html#beijing11>the multipronged approach by adoptinghard and soft options to enhance water andland productivity; developing ‘pro-poor’cost effective portable irrigation systems (From L): VP W.F. Vlotman, Pres. Chandrathat can fit in small holder situations Madramootoo, and VPH Gao ZhanyiICID News 2011/3 4
  5. 5. Micro irrigation for Enhancing Water Productivity A Summary of the Lecture delivered on 62nd Foundation Day of ICID“With growing demand for irrigation water and increasing competition across other water use sectors, the world now faces achallenge to produce more food with less water. This goal will be realistic, only if appropriate strategies are adopted for watersavings and for more efficient water use in agriculture” said Anil Jain, Managing Director, Jain Irrigation Systems Ltd. – which is theworld’s second largest multi-national Irrigation Company located at Jalgaon, India. Jain was the chief guest at the function organizedby ICID Central Office. The following are the key highlights of Jain’s speech.Global ScenarioThe global population is set to increaseto 7.8 billion by 2025 and 80% of thisincrease will occur in developing countries.This factor puts a lot of pressure on foodsecurity and concomitantly on resourceslike water for irrigation. Irrigated agricultureis the major contributor to the world foodsecurity for the last 4-5 decades. Forexample, 17% of irrigated cropland in theUnited States produces nearly 50% of totalcrop revenues. On a global scale, irrigatedagriculture accounts for less than 20% of (From L) S.A. Kulkarni, Executive Secretary; Anil Jain, Managing Director, JISL,the total cropland area but provides 40% of A.K. Bajaj, Chairman, CWC/ INCID, M. Gopalakrishnan, Secretary Generalagricultural output.Irrigation accounts for 72% of global fresh Indian Scenario piped conveyance systems. Such pipedwater withdrawals of water (90% in many distribution enables adoption of drip/developing countries). Water shortages In India, micro irrigation has been silently sprinkler irrigation in the command area.threaten to reduce global food supply by creating another green revolution and This approach has already been adoptedmore than 10% in the next 25 years yet transforming agriculture and horticulture in in the States of Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh,food production must double by 2050 to many parts of the country. It is more than Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Rajasthan.meet the demand of the world’s growing just a water saving tool and has emerged Other complementary technologies andpopulation. McKinsey reports that the global as a single most important technological measures such as mulching, use of draughtwater requirement is likely to rise from the intervention in crop productivity enhance- resistant cultivars, bio-technology, soilpresent 4500 billion m3 to 6900 billion m3 ment. However today, India has only 6 moisture sensors for irrigation scheduling,by 2050 which is 40% more than the million ha i.e. less than 10% of irrigated subsurface drainage will provide multipliercurrent accessible or reliable water supply. area under sprinkler and micro irrigation. effect of such interventions. Thus the country needs to accelerate theGlobally, of the 300 million ha of area growth of micro irrigation technology by Micro irrigation schemes should be givenunder irrigation, only 45 million ha, i.e. adding minimum 10 million ha in the the status of infrastructure projects and15% is currently under sprinkler and micro coming decade. receive support for multilateral funding.irrigation. Of this 80% is under sprinkler In a major initiative Government of Indiairrigation, including pivot irrigation and Some of the key benefits due to adoption has recently created the ‘National Mission20% is under micro irrigation. In the of micro irrigation accrued over on Micro Irrigation’ which has given muchUnited States, widespread adoption of the period include: quantum jump in needed recognition to the impending needcenter pivot irrigation has dramatically production of fruits and vegetables, for wider use of micro irrigation in theimproved agricultural water use efficiency. dramatic yield increase in crops like red country. Various State Governments haveBetween 1969 and 2003, the average U.S. gram (300%), sugarcane (100%); catalyst strongly supported the use of drip irrigationwater application rate has declined by in harnessing full potential of new as a way to save water and increase20% or over 125 mm per acre. Over the technologies like Bt. cotton, tissue culture productivity. The Government providessame period, water efficiency gains in banana, hybrid seeds, water soluble up to 75% subsidy on the purchase priceallowed farmers to increase total irrigated fertilizers, etc.; arid and saline lands, of micro irrigation equipments.acreage by over 40% while applying only ravine and steep mountain lands can now11% more water. be used for growing fruit trees like - For faster and successful implementation custard apple, pomegranate, ber (jujube), of the micro irrigation technology in India,Enhancing water productivity, therefore is there is a need for boosting training and dates, etc. Micro irrigation can address thea key challenge. For example, productivity knowledge transfer to farmers through Farm dry periods between rain spells. In remoteof irrigated rice is 0.13-0.15 kg/m3 in the Schools, Agricultural Science Centres, areas, drip irrigation systems can beconventional rice cultivation situation while satellite communication and digital media operated by solar pump sets.it can be increased to 0.57-0.63 kg/m3. in the operation and maintenance of microTechnologies currently available for In order to bring the benefits of micro irrigation systems, irrigation scheduling,irrigation and crop management are capable irrigation technologies in the canal supply of crop water requirement (Etc)of producing more crops per command areas conventional conveyance data to farmers, etc.drop of water. network will have to be replaced byICID News 2011/3 5
  6. 6. ICID News 2011/3 6
  7. 7. Pioneering Steps to Improve Irrigation Management in Bangladesh Regulator on Feni Closure DamWith Asia home to 71% of the world’s 300 million hectares of irrigated land, the need to make existing irrigation systems performmore efficiently is an essential requirement for meeting growing food demands. Despite the introduction of participatory irrigationmanagement (PIM) to compliment investments in irrigation infrastructure and to contribute to sustainability of system improvements,making gains on major rice-based irrigation schemes remains challenging. Ms. Yasmin Siddiqi, Senior Water Resources Specialist,Asian Development Bank provides a brief of a pioneering approach for improving irrigation management in Bangladesh.With the need for increased food security are often undermined by weak stakeholder where it is lifted for irrigation by aboutand the confines posed by increasing water participation. This adversely affects 1100 low lift pumps.scarcity and global climate change, the operation and maintenance (O&M) and To improve the management, operation andAsian Development Bank (ADB) has been overall system performance. Yet, small-scale maintenance of major irrigation systems aproviding investments in irrigation systems (<1000 ha) have demonstrated pilot project encompassing the entiremanagement and system improvement over better performance with an increasing secondary and tertiary system of MIP is tothe past three decades to its developing number of well managed, stakeholder be established. This will require use of amember countries including Bangladesh. driven schemes. The challenge is to adapt Specialized Management Unit (SMU) which conventional PIM solutions to betterAbout 70% of the Bangladesh poor live will be tasked to: Ensure water users respond to large scale systems.in rural areas with low agricultural receive reliable and equitable supplies;productivity and unreliable food supplies. One such option has been recently Establish a transparent and equitable systemPromoting agricultural growth is a critical assessed in Bangladesh under ADB for recovering some proportion of the costselement of the government‘s strategy aimed financing1. The study provided a more associated with delivering water; andat food security and poverty alleviation. focused analysis of managing major Strengthen the assessment, planning,Efficient and sustainable irrigation systems irrigation systems, including Muhuri financing, and implementation of O&M.are central to boosting agricultural Irrigation Project (MIP) located in south BWDB will have overall responsibility forproductivity and encouraging crop eastern Bangladesh. MIP was designed for (i) bulk water supply to the primary system;diversification. Failure to rehabilitate dry season irrigation and supplemental wet (ii) implementing all irrigation systeminfrastructure and properly manage and season irrigation by constructing the Feni improvements at the primary and secondarymaintain large-scale surface irrigation Regulator downstream of the confluence of levels of the system, (iii) maintainingschemes has negative impacts on farm the Feni, Muhuri and Kalidash-Pahalia rivers responsibility for the management,production, household incomes and and creating a reservoir. Water flows operation, and maintenance of the headpoverty. There is a pressing need to through canal network by gravity from works and primary system, (iv) entering intoimprove existing scheme performance Impediments to efficient system management a contract for the services of a facilitatingthrough innovative management approaches entity to establish the SMU and (v)and institutional frameworks as a platform Low irrigation service charge collection monitoring the contract between BWDBfor designing and implementing a new which is inadequate to support system and the facilitating entity to ensuregeneration of more effective large-scale O&M, compliance.surface water schemes. It is expected that No systematic procedure for assetthese will in future, contribute to national management and to identify O&M needs, If the SMU proves to be successful, itfood security and poverty alleviation. Limited participation and consultation with would itself become a registered beneficiaries on O&M requirements, independent entity and contract directlySince 1977, ADB has financed 35 technical Lack of asset inventory and condition with BWDB to continue to provide theassistance ($22 million) and 20 loan survey on which to develop maintenance requisite services. The facilitating entity willprojects ($730 million) in Bangladesh. budget, also develop an asset inventory of allRecognizing the key role of the policy and Proposed annual budgets for O&M are irrigation infrastructures to establish ainstitutional environment, ADB has curtailed due to insufficient funds, system performance benchmark of MIP andincorporated these aspects to support its Funds released for O&M do not reflect institutional performance of the entity.investments in water resources infrastructure requirements for annual, periodic ordevelopment. Ms. Yasmin Siddiqi may be contacted at emergency maintenance of a system, and <ysiddiqi@adb.org>Generally, performance of investments has Lack of enforcement of cost recovery orbeen mixed. Large-scale surface water contribution to O&M costs in particular for (Disclaimer:The views expressed and theschemes, under the responsibility of annual maintenance. conclusions reached are those of the authorBangladesh Water Development Board 1 Technical Assistance 7260-BAN: Developing Innovative and not necessarily those of ADB)(BWDB) of the Ministry of Water Resources Approaches to Management of Major Irrigation Systems, 2011ICID News 2011/3 7
  8. 8. Upcoming and Future ICID Events62nd IEC, 21st Congress and 8th on soil and water resources; and History more details, please contact: Dr. S.A.International Micro Irrigation Seminar on Possibilities of using traditional Assadollahi, Secretary General, CongressCongress Tehran, Iran, 15-23 October methods in modern water management Secretary, Iranian National Committee on2011. The theme of the Congress is systems. The theme of the 8th International Irrigation and Drainage (IRNCID), No. 1, Micro Irrigation Congress is “Innovation Shahrsaz Alley, Kargozar St., Zafar Ave.,“Water productivity towards food security” in technology and management of micro Tehran, Iran, Postal Code: 19198-34453.and will be held on Question 56: Water irrigation for enhanced crop and water Tel: (+9821) 2225 7348 – 22250162,and land productivity challenges; Question productivity”. Other events viz. E-mail: <irncid@gmail.com>,57: Water management in rainfed International Workshop (TF-FIN), Special <icid2011@gmail. com>, Website: http://agriculture; Special session on Moderni- Sessions of “FAO-ICID-IRNCID” and www.icid2011.org. (Also see page 3)zation of water management schemes; “Australia” have also been planned. ForSymposium on Climate change impacts3rd African Regional Conference food security in Africa in the context of paper(s) to amid-mali@orangemali.net and/(AfRC) and 3rd African Exhibition of climate change; and (3) Water Productivity or inf@arid-afrique.org. The full length in agriculture and the challenge of climate papers (oral and poster) should be receivedIrrigation and Drainage (SAFID), 29 change. Two panels of experts (including by 31 October 2011. Contact: Dr. AdamaNovember - 5 December 2011, development partners, political and water SANGARE, Secretary General, AssociationBamako, Mali. The main theme of the users’ representatives) will discuss and Malienne des Irrigations et du Drainageconference is: Food Security and Climate exchange with the delegates on important (AMID), Au Modibo Keita, Im Sulla andChange: How to improve the contribution issues such as environmental risks, Fils, BP 1840, BAMAKO, Mali. Tel: (223)of irrigation and drainage? The Sub-themes agriculture insurance, etc. 222 75 21, Mobile No.: (223 )674 08 94,are: (1) Climate change impacts on the Fax: (223) 223 48 82, E-mail:development of Irrigation in Africa; (2) All those persons interested in contributing a.sangare@betico.net; betico@betico.net,Policies and strategies to improve the to the afore mentioned themes are Website: http://www.amid-mali.org.contribution of irrigation an drainage to requested to send abstract(s) of their63rd IEC Meeting, 7th Asian Regional emphasis on the themes: (i) Regional contact: Conference Secretariat, E-mail:Conference, and Irrigation Australia Cooperation for Water and Food Security, IAL2012@saneevent.com.au, Tel: 61 22012 Conference and Exhibition, and (ii) Droughts, Floods, Environment: 9553 4820 or VPH Dr. W.F. Vlotman,24-30 June 2012, Adelaide, Australia. Managing Consumptive Water needs Chairman, ICID-NCA at E-mail: Sustainably. For further details, please <Willem.Vlotman@mdba.gov.au>Abstracts are invited from researchers andpractioners for conference session with11th International Drainage Workshop Priorities. Contact : Workshop Secretariat, Tel:( +2 02) 44464505 / 010-16419861,(IDW), 23-27 September 2012, Cairo, c/o Prof. Dr. Mohamed Hassan Amer, Fax: (+2 02) 44464504, E-mail:Egypt. The theme of the workshop is: ENCID Chairman, Coastal Protection <encid@link.com.eg>, ENCID website:Agricultural Drainage Needs and Future Building, Fum Ismailiya Canal, Shoubra El- http://www.encid.org.eg, IDW website: Kheima 13411, P.O. Box 40, Cairo, Egypt. http://www.encid.org.eg/idw1164th IEC Meeting and 8th Asian Flood. Contact : Mrs. Serpil KOYLU, 06100 Cankaya, Ankara, Turkey, Tel/Fax:Regional Conference, October 2013, Turkish National Committee, ICID (TUCID), + 90 312 425 4614, E-mail :Mardin, Turkey. Theme: Drought and Delvet Mahallesi Inönü Bulvari No. 16, tucid@dsi.gov.tr.12th International Drainage Workshop Secretary General, National Committee of B. Akademicheskaya ul. 44, 127550,(IDW), June 2014, St. Petersburg, the Russian Federation on Irrigation and Moscow, Russia. Tel/Fax: +7 095 153Russia. Contact: Ms. Irena G. Bondarik, Drainage (RUCID), VNIIGiM, Room 601B, 94 06, E-mail: <ibond@online.ru>, <rusiptrid@mail.ru>65th IEC Meeting and 22nd Secretary General, Korean National of Korea. Tel: +82 31 400 1755/1758,International Congress on Irrigation Committee on Irrigation and Drainage +82 31 400 1759, Fax: +82 31 406and Drainage, 2014, Republic of (KCID), 1031-7 Sa-dong, Sangnok-gu, 7278, E-mail: <kcidkr@gmail.com>, Ansan-Si, Gyeonggi-do 425-170, Republic <kcid@ekr.or.kr>Korea. Contact: Dr. Jin-Hoon JO, Editor: Dr. S.A. Kulkarni, Executive Secretary, DTP: K.D. Tanwar, ICID Central Office, New Delhi, India Tel: +91-11-2611 6837/5679, E-mail : icid@icid.orgICID News 2011/3 8

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