ICID News 2012 - 4th

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ICID News 2012 - 4th

  1. 1. ICID NEW S Managing Water for Sustainable Agriculture 2012 I FOURTH QUARTER MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENTDear friends and members of ICID, admission of individuals, institutionsThe time flies so quickly, and it is and companies as direct members,approaching the end of this year when organization of World Irrigation Forum,I write this message. For ICID this is a etc. This was made possible with yourvery special year with water and food active support. The preparation of thesecurity as the theme of World Water 1st World Irrigation Forum (WIF) is inDay and for many other key water full swing with a great support fromevents around the world. host National Committee (TUCID) and DSI. The Organizing and TechnicalThese events discussed and highlighted Committees have been established. Thethe importance of water and water theme and sub themes of the 1st WIFmanagement for food production have also been identified and developedand created an awareness of various and a “Call for Ppapers” has also beenchallenges to achieve food security and circulated to National Committeesneed to revitalize and improve irrigation and International Organizations. Theand drainage infrastructure and services. objectives of the first WIF are:This year ICID has played an importantrole in many global and regional (a) support multi-disciplinaryevents and endeavored to identify the discussions towards the solution tounderlying problems and consequent water management in agriculture, of Governors meeting, UN Rio+20,challenges, seek understanding and (b) exchange latest irrigation and IFAD’s 35th Session of Governingsolutions, and promote cooperation and drainage policies, innovations and Board Meeting, World Water Week,development. ICID and many National technologies, India Water Week, The 5th McGillCommittees have actively organized Conference on Global Food Security, (c) develop liaison, collaborationrelated conferences and technical 17th UN-Water Meeting, 5th among various national, inter-visits. I am glad to know about many International Yellow River Forum, 6th national institutions, organizationsworkshops and activities organized General Assembly of WWC, etc. In the and private sector working forby our National Committees and the preparatory process of the 1st WIF, we irrigated agriculture, andprogress on cooperation among National have got active support and involvement (d) explore and formulate concrete from FAO, IWMI, GWP, ADB, AWC,Committees. China Training Centre on inter-disciplinary proposals and UNESCO-IHE, the World Bank andIrrigation and Drainage organized an advocate political commitments. IFPRI, etc.‘International Advanced Workshop andTraining on Irrigation and Drainage’ in I encourage you all to visit ICID website Finally, I am very glad to inform youBeijing in September 2012. for getting updated information in time that ICID was elected as the memberI am extremely glad for successfully and contribute papers. I am confident of Board of Governors of World Waterorganizing the thematic priority 2.2 that with your active involvement Council during its 6th General Assembly“Contribute to food security by optimal and support we will have a great and held in Marseille from November 18-19,use of water” of the 6th World Water successful WIF. 2012. WWC is working on developingForum together with FAO. Nine major This year ICID could strengthen/ a strategic vision for the future of water.solutions and targets were identified reinforce the cooperation with other ICID will closely work together withand presented under the thematic international organization. ICID international water related community topriority 2.2. This year the 63rd IEC members actively participated in various promote sustainable water managementmeeting of ICID was hosted by the IAL/ conferences and other events organized and irrigated agriculture towards foodAustralian National Committee, and the by WWC, FAO, ADB, IWMI, IFAD, security and poverty alleviation.11th International Drainage Workshop United Nations, UN-Water, SIWI, Yours trulywas hosted by the Egyptian National UNESCO and other organizations andCommittee, and ICID Water for Food institutions, such as 6th WWF, FAOSub-forum was hosted during the 8th workshop on ‘Revitalizing IrrigationYellow River Forum. and Agricultural Water Governance Dr. Gao ZhanyiThis year ICID embarked upon launch in Asia Pacific’, ADB’s first ‘Asian President of ICIDof several historic decisions, such as Irrigation Forum’, UNESCO-IHE Board International Commission on IN THIS ISSUE 6 Sontek – IQ Irrigation and Drainage (ICID) was established in 1950 as 2-3 Challenges of Irrigation Development 7 Dujiangyan Irrigation System: a scientific, technical and in Brazil A Heritage of Water Wisdom voluntary not-for-profit non- 7 ICID Scholarship governmental international 4-5 Agriculture Drainage: Success Story organization. The ICID News of Egypt 8 ICID First WIF - Call for Papers QUARTER 1 NEWS 2012 I FOURTH is published quarterly by ICID Central Office, New Delhi, India.
  2. 2. CHALLENGES OF IRRIGATION DEVELOPMENT IN BRAZIL L. N. Rodrigues, Embrapa Cerrados, Brazil, and L. C. Tollefson, Canada, Vice President, ICIDLand, Water and ClimateThe Brazilian agribusiness sector isone of the most dynamic in the world.Significant production and productivitygains have been made over the last twodecades making it one of the top foodsuppliers for the world. Agribusinessin Brazil is responsible for 33% of theGDP, 42% of the exports and 37% ofthe jobs.Brazilian agriculture is exposed towide climatic variations rangingfrom severe drought to heavy rains.Irrigation therefore has a significantrole in the assured crop production.Due to country’s large size and variedtopography, the climate of Brazil hasa wide range of weather conditions,i.e. tropical, subtropical and semi-arid. Precipitation levels vary widelyhowever, most of Brazil has moderaterainfall between 1,000 and 1,500 mmper year and two well defined seasons.Climate is just one of many challenges irrigation systems depend on water in the use of localised (micro-irrigation)that Brazil faces as it attempts to expand supplies that have been developed equipped area. In recent years,and modernize its agricultural system using Government funds. Private surface irrigation area has decreased schemes have been developed by and sprinkler irrigation for grain andBrazil is capable of increasing its individuals or companies. It consistsagricultural production without micro-irrigation for fruit and vegetable of many forms of irrigation ranging production has increased. Water usejeopardizing the environment. It has from small to large-scale, and fromabout 12% of the planet’s available efficiency is estimated at 40-65% for simple to highly sophisticated irrigation surface, 60-85% for sprinkler and 78-water resources and a potential technology. There has been a greatirrigated area of 30 million hectares. 97% for micro-irrigation methods. diversity of performance between theThis includes only those areas public and private irrigation sectors.where irrigation can be sustainably Competing Water Demand Public irrigation has generally tendeddeveloped and excludes the areas of to progress slowly and fall short of The inefficiency of irrigation has causedhigh ecological value in the northern performance expectations while private Brazilian society at times to question theregion. In the savanna areas, which irrigation, especially in recent years, has importance of irrigation. The increaseoccupy 24% of Brazil´s territory, the expanded more rapidly providing higher in competition for the use of waterpotential for irrigation has expanded profits. among several sectors of society impliessubstantially in recent years, following the need to use the water resources inrecent advances in soil management and Modern Irrigation Technology a more efficient way to guarantee theirrigation techniques applicable in that sustainability of production in differentregion. Currently, in Brazil share of area sectors. In some regions of Brazil, coverage by different irrigation methods/ especially those where there has beenIrrigated Agriculture systems is - 19% center pivot, 30% excessive and little organized growth ofIn Brazil, share of freshwater withdrawal conventional sprinkler, 10% localized; irrigated agriculture, there are alreadyfor agriculture is 61%, 18% for industry, 11% furrow; 24% flood and 6% others. conflicts for the use of water, which areand 21% for municipal and domestic Use of irrigation techniques differs associated with an unequal distributionuses. Currently, the irrigated area in within regions; for example in the south, of this resource.Brazil is 5 million hectares (about rice paddies represent more than 90% In the São Francisco River Basin, for5% of the total cropped area) and of agriculture and use flood irrigation. example, studies indicate potentialis responsible for 16% of the total Modern irrigation methods, which often conflicts in the use of water, with theagricultural production and 35% of have higher water use efficiency and main players being energy generationagriculture income. Irrigation in Brazil require less labor are preferred by large and agriculture. In the Verde Grandeis however, somewhat inefficient, farmers in the Cerrados for crops such river basin, an important tributary ofcompared to potential levels of as wheat, soybean, maize, and cotton the São Francisco River, the demand forefficiency that could be achieved. and by the producers of vegetables and water for irrigation corresponds to 88% fruits near the metropolitan areas in the of the total demand for water in theIrrigated agriculture in Brazil is divided northeast. Due to the water scarcity in region. In the Paraiba do Sul basin thereinto public and private schemes. Public the northeast, there is a large increase have been reports of several conflicts.2 ICID NEWS 2012 I FOURTH QUARTER
  3. 3. These and other conflicts which havetaken place in Brazil, indicate thenecessity to organize the use of water,through the definition of protocolswhich can be realistically obeyed by thewater users.Irrigation ManagementThe range of crops grown underirrigated conditions is diverse (rice,corn, soybean, regular bean, orange,etc.) and varies from region to region.Irrigated sugarcane is particularlyimportant in the Cerrados region. It hasbeen projected that during the next 10years, both sugarcane and its processingindustry will demand 423 m3/s of waterrepresenting 49% of the current totaldischarge used by irrigation in Brazil.This fact demonstrates the importanceof good irrigation management andanalyzing irrigation in the contextof the watershed carefully watchingother users, like energy production.The development of agro-energy andirrigation are not only water intensive,but also strategic for the agriculturesector and for the country’s economicdevelopment, warranting adequateplanning with respect to land and waterallocation.In the recent seminar relating to thestate of the art of irrigated agriculturein Brazil, the participants indicatedirrigation management as the maintopic for research, while the capacitybuilding was the main factor for thedevelopment of irrigation. Agricultureresearch is carried out at the nationallevel by the Brazilian AgriculturalResearch Company (EMBRAPA). TheCompany has a number of researchand experimental stations throughoutBrazil, many of which are involvedin irrigation related activities. In orderto focus more on these emerging Innovation in Irrigation and Water grant criteria, and (v) to identify needsissues, the Nucleus of Reference and Resources (NURII) was launched. with respect to the development of NURII was formed with the partnership equipments and instruments. between Embrapa, the National Water Study projections indicate that irrigation Growing Rice with Center Pivots Agency, the UNESCO-HIDROEX in Brazil, even in the most pessimistic Foundation and the Secretariat of the Messrs Werner and Herbert Arns scenario, will continue to increase. It State of Minas Gerais for Science, from Brazil have jointly received is important, however that irrigation be Technology and Higher Education. The the ICID WatSave Technology managed in a sustainable manner. In objectives of NURII focus on four pillars Award 2007 for their work on water coming times water conflicts are likely viz., information, capacity-building, savings in growing rice using center to be seen in several places. Water research, and innovation. Its creation pivot sprinkler system instead of management strategies therefore must emanated from the need not only of the traditional surface irrigation, be implemented and a more integrated governmental institutions but also of where the fields are flooded with management adopted to avoid water agricultural producers to have a focal water over the growing season. conflict expansion and a decreasing point and with the specific objectives: They have succeeded in reducing livelihood in rural communities. (i) to concentrate and filter information irrigation water use by over 50%, for its transfer and training, (ii) to define besides increase in yields, crop Dr. Rodrigues can be contacted at and propose priorities for research, (iii) <lineu.rodrigues@embrapa.br> rotation, minimum tillage, and overall to integrate results, (iv) to consolidate reduction in the rice production cost. protocols for certification with respect to For further details at <http://www. adequate use of water and to improve icid.org/nl2007_4.pdf> ICID NEWS 2012 I FOURTH QUARTER 3
  4. 4. AGRICULTURE DRAINAGE: SUCCESS STORY OF EGYPT Dr. Ashraf El Sayed Ismail, Deputy Director, Drainage Research Institute, National Water Research Center, Egypt Enhancing Water Quality of Drainage Water using a weirIntroduction Drainage in Egypt end of March 2012 with a total costs of 3.3 billion Egyptian pounds (US$Drainage of agricultural lands has In Egypt, drainage system was 550 million), while the target area isproven to be a worthy investment in introduced at the end of the 19th 6.4 million feddans (2.7 mha). At theboth irrigated and rainfed agriculture century when perennial irrigation was same time about 8 million feddansaround the world. The functions of introduced. Implementation of modern (3.4 mha) are provided with openthe drainage system are not limited to drainage systems was initiated in the drains. The World Bank has beensafeguard for agriculture production sixties and reached its full thrust by the the main financing agency supportingbut also include mitigation and control beginning of the seventies. The target drainage projects in Egypt since 1970.of soil erosion, waterlogging, soil was to cover all the irrigated lands The techniques and technologiessalinity, salt water intrusion, floods, of the country with effective drainage used in the drainage practices weredamage to infrastructure and community systems consisting of subsurface field continuously developed on the basisproperties, health risk and protection of drains, main open drains and drainage of the latest advances in the worldarchaeological sites. Salinization affects pumping stations. Egyptian Public and were adopted to suit the localabout 20-30 million ha of the world’s Authority for Drainage Project (EPADP) conditions. The EPADP not onlyirrigated land. Of the 1500 million ha was created in 1973 by Presidential implements new projects, but alsoof cropped lands of the world, only Decree No.158. It is vested with all undertakes rehabilitation of old drainageabout 14% is provided by some form the necessary power over the financial, networks, which are 25-30 years oldof drainage. Of the 300 million ha of administrative and technical aspects and are no longer functional. Thearea equipped for irrigation, about 20% of implementation, operation and Authority is also working on makinghas been equipped with drainage. The maintenance of drainage systems. standards to determine the need fortotal area needing artificial drainage may Egypt was pioneering in applying cost rehabilitation with annual rehabilitationbe estimated as 300 million ha mainly recovery to recover the investment costs rate for about 75,000 feddan (31,500in the arid and tropical humid zones of the subsurface drainage systems. ha). The target area to be rehabilitatedof the developing countries (Nijland et Drainage objectives are changing by the year 2012 is 1.2 million feddansal 2005). With the current estimated from the sole objective of increasing (0.5 mha).drainage improvement programs productivity to the multiple objectivesglobally less than 0.5 million ha are of increasing agricultural production; Another development of land drainagecovered annually, which is inadequate drainage water reuse for irrigation and in Egypt by the end of the century isto keep pace with the current growth fish-farming; domestic water disposal; the introduction of synthetic envelopeof drainage affected areas. This and environmental management. materials as a more effective alternativearticle provides an overview drainage to the natural granular materials. About 5.8 million feddans (2.4 mha) Plastic tubes are rewrapped withdevelopment, present issues and were provided with pipe drains till the synthetic envelopes at the factory.challenges for research in Egypt.4 ICID NEWS 2012 I FOURTH QUARTER
  5. 5. Laser controlled machines are used toimprove the quality of drain depth andgrade. Achieving this goal takes morethan just introducing technology andtherefore there is a continuous effortto improve the quality of work (AbdelDayem, 2004).Future Research AgendaThe Drainage Research Institute (DRI)of National Water Research Centerwas created to carry applied researchon physical and hydrological aspectsof drainage; optimal design criteria,material, and machinery for drainagesystem construction and installation;and socio-economic and environmentalimpacts of installed systems. DRIhas researched introduction of newconstruction materials, site investigationmethods, design criteria, new subsurfacedrainage systems (modified system),and solution to drainage in problematic Laying of a main collector in Upper Egyptareas and soils, maintenance andrehabilitation criteria, and adoption in calcareous soils, feasibility. There is a potential to • Review and investigate the increase the life expectancy up to application of modified and control 40 years through improving the pipeA gricultural drainage is one of the core activity areas of ICID and a Working Group on Drainage • drainage, and Assess the idea of association of material (polypropylene), improving envelope and filter material and better maintenance program. (WG-DRG) has been functional in drainage stakeholders. this area since three decades. ICID, Discharge of industrial and domestic under the overall guidance of WG- Financial challenges effluent, which includes high suspended DRG has been organizing a series matter into surface drains would lead of International Drainage Workshops The present model for financing the to high sedimentation rate accentuating (IDWs) since 1978. The 11th subsurface drainage projects entails the need for remodelling the drain International Drainage Workshop additional financial burden to the cross section more frequently. Monthly on "Agricultural Drainage Needs Government. It is recommended to charges should be paid as part of the and Future Priorities" in the series develop a new model so that a farmer license permission for any effluents was organized by Egyptian National can get loan directly from banks while discharging into the surface drain. This Committee (ENCID) in cooperation the Drainage Authority can handle might contribute in improvement of the with National Water Research only planning, design and supervise Center (NWRC), and the Egyptian drainage system hydraulic performance, construction activities. the water front of the drain and finally Public Authority on Drainage Projects (EPADP) in Cairo from The Ministry of Water Resources and in improving catchment landscape. 23-27 September 2012. Summary Irrigation (MWRI) conducts a yearly References and outcome of the 11th IDW maintenance program for irrigation is available at <http://www.icid. and drainage systems to sustain and Nijland, H.J., F.W. Croon and org:8080/summary_11idw.pdf>. improve the hydraulic performance and H.P. Ritzema, 2005. Subsurface conveyance efficiency of the system. Drainage Practices: Guidelines for This requires remodeling and dredging the implementation, operation andof new technology in installation, of both irrigation and drainage channels maintenance of subsurface pipe drainageinspection and maintenance. Further through yearly maintenance plan. The systems. Wageningen, Alterra, ILRIworks and research agenda related MWRI also takes care of the disposal of Publication no. 60, pp. 608.to drainage would include issues dredged material. The dredged materialand measures to meet landscape is used for land filling in irrigation Safwat Abdel-Dayam, Jan Hoevenaars,interventions and environmental improvement and bank stability projects. Peter P. Mollinga, Waltina Scheumann,challenges such as: The dredged material could be a Roel Slootweg, Frank van Steenbergen valuable resource if recycled to meet 2004 .Reclaiming Drainage, Toward an• Review design criteria considering Integrated Approach. Agriculture and the demand of filling material for some maximizing net economic yield of Rural Development Report 1. The IBRD. other projects, leading to reduction in crops, contributing to irrigation water cost of the maintenance program for saving and minimizing the pollutant Dr. Ashraf El Sayed Ismail can be drainage systems. loads, contacted at: <ashsayed@hotmail.• Testing and selecting suitable drain The life expectancy of the covered com> envelope for protecting drain pipes drainage system is limited to 20 especially in calcareous soils, years. Expanding the life time of the system would remarkably reduce the• Review drainage design criteria for overall cost and improve the economic the new reclaimed areas especially ICID NEWS 2012 I FOURTH QUARTER 5
  6. 6. IQ TM Function: n a: b: Irrigation flow-control TOTAL VOLUME Designed for Turnouts simple installation Save water. Save money.Scientific papers, technical notes and SonTek-IQ specifi c l notes specifications at sontek.com/iq.Questions? E-mail: inquiry@sontek.com or call +1 858 q y +1.858. +1.858.546.8327.See the SonTek-IQ in action: y n: youtube/s youtube/sontekysi y 6 ICID NEWS 2012 I FOURTH QUARTER
  7. 7. DUJIANGYAN IRRIGATION SYSTEM: A HERITAGE OF WATER WISDOM Avinash C. Tyagi, Secretary General, ICIDA mong the cultural treasures of the world, there is a resplendent pearl– the well-known ancient hydraulicproject Dujiangyan Irrigation System.It is famed for its history, civilizationand fantastic view and has served as acradle of river management.Dujiangyan Irrigation System locatedon the Minjiang River in the northwestof Dujiangyan City. It was built over2,200 years ago around 250 B.C. underthe direction of Li Bing, the Governorof the Shu Prefecture of the Qin State.The Minjiang River running acrossthe vast Chengdu Plain,in the ancienttimes, used to cause devastation alongits course. Li Bing had a channel cutthrough Mount Yulei in the west of thecity to divert the river water through to divide the river into two parts: the and hydraulically efficient irrigationcanals and irrigate the Chengdu Plains, inner river and the outer river. In order and drainage network, which workswhich made it a “Land of Abundance” to control the flood and charge the silt, automatically to a remarkable degree.with a bumper harvest every year in- two spillways were built at the end ofspite of recurring droughts and floods in water-dividing dyke. During the long history of thethe region.The manmade structure has Dujiangyan Irrigation System, a numberwithstood the test of the time for over The dyke diverts the water of the of effective experiences have evolvedtwo thousand years and has sustainably Minjiang River scientifically and such as “Dredging the sand deeper andbrought great benefits to the agricultural rationally, 40% of which flows into the building the dam lower”, “Taking awayproduction through irrigation which outer river while 60% remains in the the capes where the river curves, andhas expanded gradually from 126,000 inner river during the flood season, and digging the middle of the riverbed deephectares to nearly 660,000 hectares. vice versa in dry season. Besides, 90% where the river does not curve”.These of the silt is carried away by the outer experiences have helped the world toThe design of the diversion structure is river. The Feishayan Spillway discharges understand the nature and evolve thealigned to the nature and makes use of flood and silt from the inner river to morphological principles almost twothe river morphological characteristics the outer river. Working in harmony millennia later.to its full advantage.In the middle of with one another, the three projectthe Minjiang River, a dyke was built components constitute a complete ICID Scholarship to Young Professionals for E-Learning Program of UNESCO-IHEE ffective operation, maintenance and management of irrigation systems,by adopting a user-centered and being organized by UNESCO-IHE from 01 Mar 2013 to 05 Jul 2013.The course is designed for mid-level irrigation Oriented-Management-for-Irrigation- Systems After filling the form on-line, UNESCO-user-driven approach, also known professionals and water managers IHE will send a notification by emailas Service Oriented Management of who are engaged or aspire to engage within 10 working days statingIrrigation Systems (SOMIS), is key into sustainable, service-oriented, and whether or not the application hasto the sustainable agriculture water participatory management of irrigation been accepted. Upon receivingmanagement. UNESCO-IHE offers the systems. Young Professionals, below the notification of acceptance ofSOMIS online course in full distance the age of forty years from developing the application from UNESCO-IHE,learning mode spanning four months countries and countries in transition applicants should send a copy of thewith a workload of 140 hours (8 hours are advised to apply online before 01st notification to ICID Central Officea week on average). The course is February 2013. <icid@icid.org> through the Chairmansub-divided into 8 subjects and a paper Further details of the course and the of the National Committee of ICID inassignment. on line form is available at http://www. his/her home country. The applicantsICID is happy to announce scholarship unesco-ihe.org/Education/Non-degree- will be intimated of the award ofto two Young Professionals to Programmes/Online-courses/Service- scholarship by ICID Central Office.participate in this e-Learning Program ICID NEWS 2012 I FOURTH QUARTER 7
  8. 8. modernization of irrigation (floods and droughts); Soil management FIRST W RLD infrastructure 2.3 Partnership of various stakeholders in and tillage practices to adapt to the impacts of a changing climate. financing the irrigation and drainage Submission of Papers and Short sector Communications FORUM Sub-theme 3: Integrated Water Manage- Full Papers (maximum of 10 pages of ment Approaches for Sustainable Food A-4 ) on the Sub-theme, topics and Production international workshops are solicited from CALL FOR PAPERS potential contributors. The papers will 3.1 Water-Land-Food- Energy nexus 29 September to 1 October 2013 go through a review process. Authors of 3.2 Challenges of sharing water between Mardin, Turkey selected papers would be invited to make sectors (domestic, industry agriculture, a presentation in 15 minutes throughICID is bringing together representatives and environment) in consideration maximum of 10-15 Power Point slides.of all stakeholders involved in irrigation with increasing population andof all types and at all scales under the climate change Schedule for submission of papersumbrella of World Irrigation Forum (WIF) 3.3 Irrigation and drainage for environmental sustainability (i) Submission of abstract(s) 15scheduled to be held from 29 September of full paper(s) (max. 300 Januaryto 1 October 2013 at Mardin, Turkey. Workshop 1: Water Wisdom and words): 2013It will include policy makers, experts, Sustainability (ii) Notification of 28research institutions, non-governmentalorganizations, private sector companies Water wisdom of the past and relevant acceptance of full papers Februaryand farmers, among others. The WIF case studies; Wisdom and knowledge & submission of short 2013is being organized in cooperation with management; Water and sustainability; communicationthe host Turkish National Committee on Case studies of sustainable historical water (iii) Submission of full 30 AprilIrrigation and Drainage (TUCID) and in schemes; Using the tradition methods paper/ notification of 2013partnership with FAO, IWMI, GWP, ADB for creative and modern innovations in acceptance of shortand IFPRI. water engineering; Re-learning the lost communication knowledge; Synergy and combination (iv) Notification to author, 30 JuneHow irrigated agriculture can meet of modern and traditional methods; as regards oral/poster 2013aspirations of various stakeholders under Comparison of traditional methods with presentationthe increasing food demands in the 21st modern technology in rural areasCentury requires systematic review ofthe policies, techniques, implementation Workshop 2: Developing Management Short Communications (maximum of 4strategies to identify more sustainable Strategies for Coping with Drought and pages of A-4) on sub-themes and topicswater management strategies under Water Scarcity are solicited from potential contributors.limiting natural resources – both land The short communications should describe Drought Management Strategies: new/promising products (equipment,and water- under competing financial Quantification or categorization of drought; software, models, management practices,resources. The Forum will therefore Predicting or forecasting drought; Drought institutional arrangements, etc.). Shortstrive to address under the main theme management strategies under national, communications will be invited to be‘Irrigation and drainage in a changing water management and end user levels; presented briefly in 5 minutes through 3-5world: challenges and opportunities for Implementation of strategies during real slides.global food security’ and sub-themes. In drought conditions; Effectiveness ofaddition other international workshops, Guidelines for authors are available at strategies during real drought conditionsspecial sessions and side events will be http://www.icid.org/wif_icid.html. Abstractsorganized. Coping with Water Scarcity: Quantification / papers / short communication must be or categorization of water short regions; submitted online after registering on theSub-theme 1: Policy, Science and Society Concepts and main aspects of water following URL: https://www.easychair.org/Interactions scarcity; new developments and trends conferences/?conf=fwif2013. All authors1.1 Policy requirements for better in coping with water scarcity in water are requested to create a new account governance stressed regions on the above URL for submission of their1.2 Innovations, extension and improved Rainfall Management/Water Harvesting: papers by using “sign up for an account”. irrigation and drainage services Rainfall management tools; Strategies The Secretariat, Turkish National1.3 Greater interaction among water / policies for rainfall management; Committee on Irrigation and Drainage users, agents, governmental Effectiveness of rainfall management; (TUCID); Devlet Mahallesi Inönü Bulvari organizations. Rainfall management effect on surface No. 16, 06100 Çankaya /ANKARA- runoff and stream flow TURKEY, Tel: +90-312-425-2059, Fax:Sub-theme 2: Challenges and Develop-ments in Financing Irrigation and Workshop 3: Management of Water, +90-312-425-4614, E-mail: icid2013@dsi.Drainage Sector Crops and Soils under Climate Change gov.tr, Website: www.icid2013.org, www. worldirrigationforum.org.2.1 Roles of water users, governmental Quantifying GHG emissions (N2O, CH4 organizations, and private sector in and CO2) and carbon sequestration under For further details/ clarification, if any, the development of irrigation and current irrigation practices; Developing please contact Dr. Vijay K Labhsetwar, drainage strategies and technologies for minimizing WIF Coordinator <icid@icid.org>2.2 Financing mechanisms for GHG emissions in water-managed investments in new technology, production systems; Use of improved crop construction, rehabilitation and varieties to cope with extreme events Editor: Dr. S.A. Kulkarni, Executive Secretary, ICID Central Office, New Delhi, India Tel: +91-11-2611 6837/5679, E-mail: icid@icid.org8 ICID NEWS 2012 I FOURTH QUARTER

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