;d'bfodf cfwfl/t cg's'ng / h}ljs ljljwtf ;+/If0f  >L/fd ;'j]bL, nL - a8{, kf]v/f @! b]lv @$ >fj0f, nlntk'/
h}ljs ljljwtf ;+/If0fsf k4ltx? k/:yfgLo ;+/If0f oyf:yfgLo ;+/If0f v]taf/Ldf  g} ;+/If0f
k/:yfgLo ;+/If0f  ( Ex-situ )   <ul><li>Gene banks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arctic gene bank </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inter...
oyf:yfgLo ;+/If0f  (in -situ )   hxfF h'g lsl;dsf] jg:klt / k|f0fLx? x'G5g jf pTklt ePsf] xf], To;nfO{ Tolx 7fFpdf x's{g],...
v]taf/Ldf g} ;+/If0f  (On-farm conservation)   :yfgLo afnLx?nfO{ hft cg';f/ ;'xfpFbf] v]taf/Ldf lg/Gt/?kdf v]tL ul//xg'
;d'bfosf ;b:ox?sf] cu'jfO{df s[ifsx?n] aiff}{+ b]lv pTkfbg tyf pkef]u ub}{ cfPsf ljleGg :yfgLo afnL tyf k|hftLx?sf] vf]hLl...
;fd'bflos h}ljs ljljwtf Aoj:yfkg k4ltsf] z'?jft <ul><li>k':tf}+ b]lv s[ifs ;d'bfo ;fd'bflos h}ljs ljljwtf Aoj:yfkg k4lt ck...
;fd'bflos h}ljs ljljwtf Aoj:yfkgsf cfwf/e&quot;t l;4fGtx? ;fd'bflos h}ljs ljljwtf Aoj:yfkg ;fd'bflos h}ljs ljljwtf Aoj:yfk...
!= h}ljs ljljwtf tyf :yfgLo j:t'l:yltsf] cWoog ;fd'bflos h}ljs ljljwtf clen]v  h}ljs ljljwtf k|bz{gL  ;d&quot;x 5nkmn,  ;f...
@= :yfgLo ;+:yfut ;+/rgfsf] ljsf; / ;zlQms/0f  j8f !   h}=lj=;+=lj=;= h}=lj=;+=lj=;= h}=lj=;+=lj=;= Uf=lj=;= :t/Lo ;ldlt l...
g]kfn hnjfo '  kl/jt{gsf c;/x? k | lt lgDg sf/0fx?n] clt g} hf]lvdo 'Qm  5 <ul><ul><li>hnjfo '  kl/jt{g laZj cf};teGbf al9...
kl/jlt{t hnjfo'df cg's'n agfpg Plss[t sfo{qmd <ul><li>pko ' Qm s[lif tyf kz ' kfng k|lalw </li></ul><ul><li>lhlasf]kfh{gdf...
#= ;fd'bflos  ;r]tgf  (Community sensitization) <ul><li>ufFp :t/Lo sfo{zfnf uf]i7L </li></ul><ul><li>u|fdL0f ;8s gf6s -srx...
$=;fd'bflos h}ljs ljljwtf ;+/If0f tyf pkof]usf sfo{of]hgf lgdf{0f tyf sfof{Gjog <ul><li>ljljwtf k|bz{gL If]qsf] :yfkgf </l...
<ul><li>;fd'bflos g;{/L :yfkgf </li></ul><ul><li>aLp pTkfbg tyf ahf/Ls/0f </li></ul><ul><li>3/ au}+rf ;'wf/ </li></ul><ul>...
cf]tsf]  jf;:yfg  ;+/If0f r/fsf] jf;:yfg  ;+/If0f ;]tf] sdn ;+/If0f If]q ;|f]t s]Gb| h+unL wfg  ;+/If0f ;x/ df5f ;+/If0f L...
%= ;fd'blos h}ljs ljljwtf sf]if :ykgf tyf kl/rfng <ul><li>3'DtL sf]if </li></ul><ul><li>;fdm]bf/ ;+:yfx?sf] ;xof]u </li></...
Bee keeping and Fishery
Conservation and Embankments
Afforestation / Plantation
Local Efforts And Bio-brigade Production
^= ;fd'bflos cg'udg tyf d'NofÍg
- hnjfo' kl/jt{gD.f _ ;xeflutfd&quot;ns afnL k|hgg Mansara <ul><li>Breeding goal set by farmers: </li></ul><ul><li>Improve...
nL–a8{n] u/]sf ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t hf]lvd Go'gLs/0fsf k|of;x?  -hnjfo' kl/jt{g_
Building Resilience through promoting local landraces (Case: Shankarpur, Kanchanpur) <ul><li>s[ifsx?n] l56f] kfSg] pGgt hf...
3/ ju}rf Aoj:yfkg M h}ljs ljljwtf ;+/If0f Pj+ vfB ;'/Iff
<ul><li>le/fnf] hldg ;'wf/ sfo{qmd M df6f] tyf kfgL Aoj:yfkg </li></ul>
vfB ljljlws/0f, cfocfh{g / ;+/If0f  Urban consumers Rural farmers “ Value chain concept” Valued added local products Income
vfB ljljlws/0f / ahfl/s/0f Year Quantity (kg) Sale trend of Anadi, taro and its derived products by farmers’ cooperative “...
Demonstration of  jungle productions
 
lxpF klUnP d stf hfg] < wGojfb
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Agriculture adptation- shreeram subedi

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  • Recent Advances in PPB - L. Sperling 23 March, 2000
  • Agriculture adptation- shreeram subedi

    1. 1. ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t cg's'ng / h}ljs ljljwtf ;+/If0f >L/fd ;'j]bL, nL - a8{, kf]v/f @! b]lv @$ >fj0f, nlntk'/
    2. 2. h}ljs ljljwtf ;+/If0fsf k4ltx? k/:yfgLo ;+/If0f oyf:yfgLo ;+/If0f v]taf/Ldf g} ;+/If0f
    3. 3. k/:yfgLo ;+/If0f ( Ex-situ ) <ul><li>Gene banks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arctic gene bank </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul></ul>The Svalbard Global Seed Vault, or the Doomsday Vault www.sgrp.cgiar.org/
    4. 4. oyf:yfgLo ;+/If0f (in -situ ) hxfF h'g lsl;dsf] jg:klt / k|f0fLx? x'G5g jf pTklt ePsf] xf], To;nfO{ Tolx 7fFpdf x's{g], a9g] / lg/Gt/ lhljt /lx/xg kfpg] jftfj/0fsf] ;[hgf / ;'lglZrttf k|bfg ug'{ g} oyf:yfgLo ;+/If0f xf] .
    5. 5. v]taf/Ldf g} ;+/If0f (On-farm conservation) :yfgLo afnLx?nfO{ hft cg';f/ ;'xfpFbf] v]taf/Ldf lg/Gt/?kdf v]tL ul//xg'
    6. 6. ;d'bfosf ;b:ox?sf] cu'jfO{df s[ifsx?n] aiff}{+ b]lv pTkfbg tyf pkef]u ub}{ cfPsf ljleGg :yfgLo afnL tyf k|hftLx?sf] vf]hLlglt u/L To;sf] lbuf] ;+/If0f tyf pkof]u / ahf/Ls/0fsf sfo{qmdx? ;fd&quot;lxs ?kdf ;~rfng ul/g] k4ltnfO{ ;fd'bflos h}ljs ljljwtf Joj:yfkg elgG5 . ;fd'bflos h}ljs ljljwtf Aoj:yfkg eg]sf] s] xf] <
    7. 7. ;fd'bflos h}ljs ljljwtf Aoj:yfkg k4ltsf] z'?jft <ul><li>k':tf}+ b]lv s[ifs ;d'bfo ;fd'bflos h}ljs ljljwtf Aoj:yfkg k4lt ckgfO{/x]sf 5g </li></ul><ul><li>nL–a8{, gfs{ / afof]el;{6L O{G6/g]zgn gfds ;+:yfx?n] h'Dnf, sf:sL / af/f lhNnfdf ;~rfng u/]sf] cg';Gwfgd&quot;ns …oyf:yfg s[lif h}ljs ljljwtf ;+/If0fÚ kl/of]hgf </li></ul><ul><li>kl/of]hgfsf l;sfO{x? ;fd'bflos h}ljs ljljwtf Aoj:yfkgsf c;n cEof;x?sf] ?kdf ljsf; </li></ul>
    8. 8. ;fd'bflos h}ljs ljljwtf Aoj:yfkgsf cfwf/e&quot;t l;4fGtx? ;fd'bflos h}ljs ljljwtf Aoj:yfkg ;fd'bflos h}ljs ljljwtf Aoj:yfkgsf] cu'jfO{ / lg0f{o s[ifs ;d'bfon] ub{5g . ;fd'bflos ;+:yf / To;sf] ;zlQms/0f s[ifs ;d'bfo / cGo ;+3;+:yfx?lardf ;xsfo{ h}ljs ljljwtfsf] ;+/If0f, pkof]u / lhljsf]kfh{g Ps};fy
    9. 9. != h}ljs ljljwtf tyf :yfgLo j:t'l:yltsf] cWoog ;fd'bflos h}ljs ljljwtf clen]v h}ljs ljljwtf k|bz{gL ;d&quot;x 5nkmn, ;fdflhs tyf ;|f]t gSzfÍg
    10. 10. @= :yfgLo ;+:yfut ;+/rgfsf] ljsf; / ;zlQms/0f j8f ! h}=lj=;+=lj=;= h}=lj=;+=lj=;= h}=lj=;+=lj=;= Uf=lj=;= :t/Lo ;ldlt lhNnf :t/Lo ;ldlt h}=lj=;+=lj=;= /fli6«o :t/Lo ;ldlt j8f :t/Lo ;ldlt h}=lj=;+=lj=;= h}=lj=;+=lj=;= j8f @ h}=lj=;+=lj=;= j8f ( h}=lj=;+=lj=;= j8f ! h}=lj=;+=lj=;= j8f @ h}=lj=;+=lj=;= j8f ( h}=lj=;+=lj=;=
    11. 11. g]kfn hnjfo ' kl/jt{gsf c;/x? k | lt lgDg sf/0fx?n] clt g} hf]lvdo 'Qm 5 <ul><ul><li>hnjfo ' kl/jt{g laZj cf};teGbf al9 5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>g]kfndf ;a} k | sf/sf hnafo ' kfO{G5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>g]kfnsf kxf 8 x? le/fnf / sf]dn 5g </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>xfd | f] lhlasf k | s[ltdf e/ 5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cfly{s cj:yf sdhf]/ 5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>xfd | f] dfgjLo >f]t klg sdhf]/ 5 </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. kl/jlt{t hnjfo'df cg's'n agfpg Plss[t sfo{qmd <ul><li>pko ' Qm s[lif tyf kz ' kfng k|lalw </li></ul><ul><li>lhlasf]kfh{gdf lalalws/0f </li></ul><ul><li>hn>f]tsf] Aoa:yfkg </li></ul><ul><li>k|sf]k hf]lvd Go ' lgs/0f </li></ul><ul><li>ag tyf h}las lalawtfsf] ;+/If0f </li></ul><ul><li>:j:5 O{Gwgsf] k|of]u </li></ul><ul><li>r]tgf tyf lzIff </li></ul><ul><li>cWoog cg ' zGwfg </li></ul><ul><li>pko ' Qm lglt lgod </li></ul><ul><li>AolQmut cfr/0f </li></ul>
    13. 13. #= ;fd'bflos ;r]tgf (Community sensitization) <ul><li>ufFp :t/Lo sfo{zfnf uf]i7L </li></ul><ul><li>u|fdL0f ;8s gf6s -srx/L_ </li></ul><ul><li>u|fdL0f sljtf ofqf -;flxlTos_ </li></ul><ul><li>tLh uLt÷nf]s uLt k|ltof]lutf </li></ul><ul><li>k/Dk/fut vfBd]nf </li></ul><ul><li>s[lif h}ljs ljljwtf k|bz{gL </li></ul><ul><li>s[ifs e|d0f </li></ul><ul><li>nL - a8{sf] rf}tf/L] </li></ul><ul><li>ljBfnodf ;+/If0f lzIff </li></ul>
    14. 14. $=;fd'bflos h}ljs ljljwtf ;+/If0f tyf pkof]usf sfo{of]hgf lgdf{0f tyf sfof{Gjog <ul><li>ljljwtf k|bz{gL If]qsf] :yfkgf </li></ul><ul><li>;fd'bflos aLp a}+ssf] :yfkgf </li></ul><ul><li>u'0f:t/Lo k/Dk/fut vfB kl/sf/ pTkfbg tyf ahf/Ls/0f </li></ul><ul><li>;xeflutfd&quot;ns afnL k|hgg </li></ul>
    15. 15. <ul><li>;fd'bflos g;{/L :yfkgf </li></ul><ul><li>aLp pTkfbg tyf ahf/Ls/0f </li></ul><ul><li>3/ au}+rf ;'wf/ </li></ul><ul><li>:yfgLo aLp ;f6f;f6 </li></ul><ul><li>ljljwtf ls6 ljt/0f </li></ul>qmdzM 1998 1 HH-Diversity Fair 2000 1 Diversity block 2001 70 Diversity kits 2002 498 HH in home gardens
    16. 16. cf]tsf] jf;:yfg ;+/If0f r/fsf] jf;:yfg ;+/If0f ;]tf] sdn ;+/If0f If]q ;|f]t s]Gb| h+unL wfg ;+/If0f ;x/ df5f ;+/If0f Lotus Area k|fËfl/s v]tL, 8fn]3fF; pTkfbg :yfgLo df5f ;+/If0f If]q a[Iff/f]k0f If]q l;d;f/ If]qdf h}ljs ljljwtfsf] ;fd'bflos Joj:yfkg kof{j/l0fo ;]jf ;'ljwf
    17. 17. %= ;fd'blos h}ljs ljljwtf sf]if :ykgf tyf kl/rfng <ul><li>3'DtL sf]if </li></ul><ul><li>;fdm]bf/ ;+:yfx?sf] ;xof]u </li></ul><ul><li>:yfgLo ;d'bfosf] of]ubfg </li></ul>
    18. 18. Bee keeping and Fishery
    19. 19. Conservation and Embankments
    20. 20. Afforestation / Plantation
    21. 21. Local Efforts And Bio-brigade Production
    22. 22. ^= ;fd'bflos cg'udg tyf d'NofÍg
    23. 23. - hnjfo' kl/jt{gD.f _ ;xeflutfd&quot;ns afnL k|hgg Mansara <ul><li>Breeding goal set by farmers: </li></ul><ul><li>Improve taste of mansara rice and productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Retain its pro-poor traits of local adaptation in marginal conditions </li></ul>dG;/f X v'dn $ s|;
    24. 24. nL–a8{n] u/]sf ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t hf]lvd Go'gLs/0fsf k|of;x? -hnjfo' kl/jt{g_
    25. 25. Building Resilience through promoting local landraces (Case: Shankarpur, Kanchanpur) <ul><li>s[ifsx?n] l56f] kfSg] pGgt hftx? nufpg] </li></ul><ul><li>af9L cfpFbf l56f] kfSg] hftx? ;a} gf]S;fg </li></ul><ul><li>:yfgLo ltNsL / :ofdlh/faf6 pTkfbg lng ;kmn </li></ul><ul><li>log} :yfgLo hftx?sf] 5gf}6 tyf k|hgg4f/f ljsf; ug{ k|of; </li></ul>
    26. 26. 3/ ju}rf Aoj:yfkg M h}ljs ljljwtf ;+/If0f Pj+ vfB ;'/Iff
    27. 27. <ul><li>le/fnf] hldg ;'wf/ sfo{qmd M df6f] tyf kfgL Aoj:yfkg </li></ul>
    28. 28. vfB ljljlws/0f, cfocfh{g / ;+/If0f Urban consumers Rural farmers “ Value chain concept” Valued added local products Income
    29. 29. vfB ljljlws/0f / ahfl/s/0f Year Quantity (kg) Sale trend of Anadi, taro and its derived products by farmers’ cooperative “Pratigya” Begnas village
    30. 30. Demonstration of jungle productions
    31. 32. lxpF klUnP d stf hfg] < wGojfb

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