Yellow rust status pakistan

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Yellow rust status pakistan

  1. 1. STATUS OF STRIPE RUST (PUCCINIA STRIIFORMIS) IN PAKISTAN ANJUM MUNIR Crop Diseases Research Institute Pakistan Agricultural Research Council Islamabad, Pakistan
  2. 2. Wheat Scenario in Pakistan
  3. 3. Wheat: Economic Impact  Largest Crop of Pakistan’s Food Security  Wheat Production in the country increased by 598% and 129% increase in Area between 1948 to 2010  A worth of Rs. 844 billion wheat is produced in the country (1 US $ = Rs. 97)  1% loss or gain in wheat production worth Rs. 8.4 billion
  4. 4. AREA PRODUCTION & YIELD OF WHEAT IN PAKISTAN Year Area (million ha) Production (million mt) 2004-05 8.36 21.61 2005-06 8.45 21.28 2006-07 8.58 23.29 2007-08 8.55 22.95 2008-09 9.05 24.03 2009-10 9.13 23.31 2010-11 8.89 24.10 2011-12 8.86 23.3 2012-13 8.70 24.30 2013-14 8.89 25.00 - Federal Committee on Agriculture, MinFA, GOP
  5. 5. Wheat Losses Due to Diseases in Pakistan Diseases Years Loss (M Rs) Wheat Rusts 1960’s 67 Leaf Rust 1978 2580 Complete Bunt 1960’s 11 Partial Bunt 1960’s 3 Loose Smut 1960’s 26 Yellow rust 1994 270
  6. 6. Pioneer of Cereal Rust Research In Pakistan S.F. Hassan Crop Diseases Research Institute ‘Hassan is the Torch Bearer’ ‘ We are the followers in footsteps’
  7. 7. Crop Diseases Research Institute 1953 Conceived as research scheme “investigations on rust of wheat and barley in Pakistan” Department of Plant Protection, Food and Agricultural Council of Pakistan 1955 Scheme Initiated 1958 Cereal Research Station 1977 Cereal Research Institute 1978 Taken over by Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC) 1983 Crop Diseases Research Institute 2002 Crop Diseases Research Programme (part of IPEP through restructuring). 2012 Re-designated as Crop Diseases Research Institute
  8. 8. March 22, 1960   Today has been a very  interesting day. The new  Murree Cereal Diseases  Research Station is something  Pakistan can be extremely  proud of. From it will come  many valuable results, which  will help to solve the cereal  problems of Pakistan. I  congratulate all of you.  Norman E. Borlaug
  9. 9. March 19, 2000   Forty years later I am pleased to see that the Murree Rust (Disease) Research Station continues to contribute to improving Pakistan Agriculture. You all played a vital role in bring the so-called Green Revolution to the world in the 1960’s and 1970’s. Currently you - the current staff of the Murree Diseases Research Station are expanding the important work which is essential to keep food production moving forward. Keep up the good work and the excellent spirit of research, which is essential. Best Wishes.          Norman E. Borlaug
  10. 10. 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1950 1953 1957 1973 19761978 1982 1995 1999200420052006200820092010201120122013 Stem Rust Yellow Rust Leaf Rust Temporal Situation of Wheat Rusts
  11. 11. FSCRDFSCRD INTERNATIONAL CENTERS INTERNATIONAL CENTERS Crop Diseases Research InstituteCrop Diseases Research Institute NATIONAL COORDINATED PROGRAM NATIONAL COORDINATED PROGRAM FEDERAL & PROVINCIAL WHEAT IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMS FEDERAL & PROVINCIAL WHEAT IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMS Partners in Wheat improvement
  12. 12. COORDINATED WHEAT PROGRAMME  INTERNATIONAL  CENTRES -   CIMMYT -   ICARDA PROVINCIAL AND  FEDERAL BREEDERS PRELIMINARY &  ADVANCE TESTING CANDIDATE VARIETY  RELEASED/ RECOMMENDED FOR  DIFFERENT ECOLOGIES RECOMMENDATIONS TO  VARIETY EVALUATION  COMMITTEE (VEC)     DATA ANALYSES  & COMPILATION BEST LINES SELECTED         NWDSN (CDRI)   FSC & RD QUALITY NUYT DISEASE (CDRI) ADAPTATION FARMER   SEED AGENCIES     -   MATERIAL DEVELOPED                 THROUGH HYBRIDIZATION     -   TESTING OF   INTERNATIONAL  MATERIAL National Wheat Improvement Programme
  13. 13. • Pathogen Monitoring I. Distribution and Prevalence ii. Pathotype/ virulence analysis • Resistance Development I. Identification of sources ii. Incorporation and deployment iii. Genetic analysis
  14. 14. I. Wheat Rust Trap Nursery (WRTN) ii. Green house virulence/ Pathotype iii Surveillance Pathogen Monitoring
  15. 15. http://rusttracker.cimmyt.org/?page_id=2395
  16. 16. Distribution of most prevalent Yr races in 2013-14
  17. 17. • Newly wheat varieties Pirsbak-2013, Lillema-13, Shahkar-2013, Dharabi-13, Pakistan-13 Benazir- 2013 were found highly resistant to yellow rust • Galaxy-13 the newly released wheat showed ineffectiveness after release • Some candidate lines were in the pipeline for releasing as a wheat variety in Pakistan found highly resistant to yellow rust in screening nurseries as well as other sites Current Status
  18. 18. Future Challenges Local Scenario Domestic Climatic Changes Narrowing of Wheat Season (Sowing and Harvesting) High Price of Cotton and Rice Non Availability of Certified Seed Continuous sowing of susceptible varieties International Information Sharing Use of similar germplasm across borders
  19. 19. Thank You
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