Update on Global Rust Reference Center: Overview and Challenges Ahead
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Update on Global Rust Reference Center: Overview and Challenges Ahead

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Mogens S. Hovmøller

Mogens S. Hovmøller
Aarhus University, Denmark

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Update on Global Rust Reference Center: Overview and Challenges Ahead Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Update on Global Rust Reference Center: Overview and Challenges Ahead Mogens S. Hovmøller Aarhus University, Denmark International Wheat Stripe Rust Sympsium ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria, 18-20 April 2011 A A R H U S U N I V E R S I T Y – Faculty of Agricultural Sciences – Dept. Integrated Pest Management (GRRC)
  • 2. Update on Global Rust Reference Center: Overview and Challenges Ahead
    • Background
    • Present activities / results
    • Challenges & perspectives
    A A R H U S U N I V E R S I T Y – Faculty of Agricultural Sciences – Dept. Integrated Pest Management (GRRC)
  • 3. Increasing international concern about yellow rusts
  • 4. Morocco April 27, 2009: Early senescence due to YR A A R H U S U N I V E R S I T Y – Faculty of Agricultural Sciences – Dept. Integrated Pest Management
  • 5.  
  • 6. Frequency distribution of aggressive & high-temperature tolerant YR strains (2008) Hovmøller et al. 2008: Mol. Ecol. 17, 3818-3826 First detected 2000 First detected 2000 First detected 2002 A A R H U S U N I V E R S I T Y – Faculty of Agricultural Sciences – Dept. Integrated Pest Management (GRRC)
  • 7.
    • A Reference Center for YR that can accept samples…
    • Year round
    • From any country (in principle)
    • Limited activities:
    • Race analyses
    • Assist in training
  • 8. A A R H U S U N I V E R S I T Y – Faculty of Agricultural Sciences – Dept. Integrated Pest Management (GRRC)
  • 9. A A R H U S U N I V E R S I T Y – Faculty of Agricultural Sciences – Dept. Integrated Pest Management (GRRC)
  • 10. 2011: GRRC extended to stem rust (DRRW phase II) A A R H U S U N I V E R S I T Y – Faculty of Agricultural Sciences – Dept. Integrated Pest Management (GRRC)
  • 11. GRRC rust activities - Aarhus University, Denmark 1 USD= 5.4 DKK April 1st 2011: Aarhus University established a professorship with emphasis on further development of GRRC A A R H U S U N I V E R S I T Y – Faculty of Agricultural Sciences – Dept. Integrated Pest Management (GRRC)
  • 12. A A R H U S U N I V E R S I T Y – Faculty of Agricultural Sciences – Dept. Integrated Pest Management (GRRC)
  • 13. Table 1. Number of yellow rust samples submitted to GRRC in 2010 A A R H U S U N I V E R S I T Y – Faculty of Agricultural Sciences – Dept. Integrated Pest Management (GRRC)
  • 14. Table 2. Races detected by GRRC 2010 A A R H U S U N I V E R S I T Y – Faculty of Agricultural Sciences – Dept. Integrated Pest Management (GRRC)
  • 15. Table 3. Races detected at GRRC 2011 (samples submitted November-December 2010) A A R H U S U N I V E R S I T Y – Faculty of Agricultural Sciences – Dept. Integrated Pest Management (GRRC)
  • 16.
    • GRRC perspectives
    • Serve as global hub for network of regional rust reference laboratories (methodology, protocols, common sets of DNA markers, differentials, analyses, exploit current strengths)
    • Undertake race analyses for areas with insufficient facilities
    • Facilitate R-gene postulation for rust resistance in wheat
    • Assist in training in wheat rust pathology
    • House a gold-mine of isolate ressources for research in pathogen genomics, evolution and dispersal pathways at global scales (diversity in both time and space)
    • Host ’wheat rust toolbox’ – database and web-based dissemination of results for disease surveillance and pathogen diversity
    A A R H U S U N I V E R S I T Y – Faculty of Agricultural Sciences – Dept. Integrated Pest Management (GRRC)
  • 17. Thanks for your attention A A R H U S U N I V E R S I T Y – Faculty of Agricultural Sciences – Dept. Integrated Pest Management (GRRC)
  • 18. The European and Mediterranean Cereal Rusts Foundation http://www.crpmb.org/
    • RCF Macer
    • JG Manners
    • RW Stubbs
    • JC Zadoks
    • P Bartos
    • R Johnson
    • - and many others