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Menarid: Evaluation of Socio-economic Impacts of Development Project on Women Empowerment in Syria
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Menarid: Evaluation of Socio-economic Impacts of Development Project on Women Empowerment in Syria


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  • 1. Impact Evaluation is assessment of the positive and negative results of development interventions. These could be intended or unintended, direct or indirect, primary or secondary effects generated by interventions. More proudly, impact evaluation aims to determine whether the project had the desired effects on individuals, households, and institutions, and whether those effects can be attributed to project interventions. Impact evaluation can also explore unintended consequences whether positive or negative on beneficiaries. One specific area that is critical to ensure development impact is on women empowerment. There are now plenty of development literature showing that inequality is a major constraint to development and nations need to seek gender equality in development interventions. Study Objective The main objective of the study is to assess the socio-economic dimensions of the southern region development project, Syria, and evaluate its effects on women empowerment , through: 1 - Identifying socio-economic characteristics of project beneficiaries. 2 -Monitoring and evaluating the specific objectives of the project on women empowerment. 3-Determination of socio-economic impacts of the project activities at the local level in various aspects contributing to the women empowerment. 4-Providing critical recommendations to the appropriate design of future projects. Research Questions This study aims to main questions : -Is the intervention producing the intended benefits? -what was the over all impact on the beneficiaries? -Could the project be better designed to achieve the intended out comes? Methodology Using statistical random sampling method, the study implemented a survey interviewing 150 beneficiaries (79 are women) from 15 villages in the southern region of Syria in 2012-2013, econometric and statistical tools (using EXCEL and SPSS software) were applied. Evaluation of Socio-Economic Impacts of Development Projects on Women Empowerment in Syria Saja Taha Al-Zoubi, Ph.D. Al-Zoubi Center For Gender and Development Research The results show, that the project has contributed to women empowerment through micro-finance, which (60) women were provided with different loans: Another beneficiary activity was training; the study shows that (29) women attended trainings, (10)of them got loans after they finished the training courses which varied between literacy courses, health- and the establishment of small-scale projects for women. . The effects of courses and related Project activities were evaluated on the basis of the questions addressed to the beneficiaries. The findings indicate that the project successfully completed micro-finance; where 61% of the surveyed households received services and 32% of the women have confirmed they were provided with micro-finance facilities. While most women, who has followed courses, had positive review of the project courses and considered they were beneficial to them. The effects of the project on women empowerment are obvious, the most important socio-economic impacts are: Livelihood , psychologically, Community awareness. Training courses impact T Micro finance impact The project success in achieving the desired impact can be measured by the level of achievement of deliverables, which was estimated at over 60%. So training course impact has mostly psychological and self esteem impact, while micro finance has a direct impact in improving women livelihood as well as their self esteem, particularly by generating income with different ratios which are related to the project. Introduction Results &Conclusions